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Sathyabama Institute of Science and Technology B.E.  Civil Engineering SCIA1302 Mechanics of Fluids Syllabus SATHYABAMA INSTITUTE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY SCIA1302 MECHANICS OF FLUIDS UNIT 1 FLUID PROPERTIES AND FLUID STATICS 9 Hrs. Fluid  Definition,  Units and dimensions  Properties of fluids  density, specific weight, specific volume, specific gravity, temperature, viscosity, Types of fluids  Compressibility  Vapour pressure, Capillarity and Surface tension. Fluid statics: Concept of fluid static pressure(Pascal’s law and Hydrostatic law), absolute and gauge pressures  Pressure measurements by manometers and pressure gauges  forces on planes (vertical, horizontal and inclined)  Total pressure  centre of pressure  buoyancy  Meta centre. UNIT 2 FLIUD KINEMATICS AND DYNAMICS 9 Hrs. Fluid Kinematics  Flow visualization  lines of flow  types of flow  velocity field and acceleration  continuity equation (one and three dimensional differential forms)  Equation of streamline  stream function  velocity potential function  circulation  flow net. Fluid dynamics  equations of motion  Euler's equation along streamline  Bernoulli’s equation  applications Venturi meter, Orifice meter and Pitot tube. Momentum equation and its application. UNIT 3 FLOW THROUGH PIPES 9 Hrs. Viscous flow  Laminar flow through circular tubes (Hagen poiseulle's)  friction factor  pipe roughness  Major and minor losses of flow in pipes  Darcy  Weisbach's equation  Hydraulic and energy gradient  Pipes in series and in parallel  Moody's diagram UNIT 4 BOUNDARY LAYER 9 Hrs. Boundary layer  definition  boundary layer on a flat plate  thickness and classification  displacement, energy and momentum thickness  Boundary layer separation and control  drag in flat plate  drag and lift coefficients. UNIT 5 DIMENSIONAL ANALYSIS AND MODEL STUDIES 9 Hrs. Fundamental dimensions  dimensional homogeneity  Rayleigh’s method and Buckingham PiTheorem Dimensionless parameters  Similitude and model studies  Distorted Models. Max. 45 Hrs. COURSE OUTCOMES On completion of the course, student will be able to CO1  Get a basic knowledge of fluids in static, kinematic and dynamic equilibrium. CO2  Compute hydrostatic forces acting on submerged surfaces. CO3  Apply conservation laws to solve steady state fluid flow problems. CO4  Learn types of flow and losses of flow in pipes. CO5  Compute drag coefficient using the boundary layer flows. CO6  Gain knowledge about dimensional and model analysis TEXT / REFERENCE BOOKS 1. Modi P.N. and Seth "Hydraulics and Fluid Mechanics including Hydraulic Machines", Standard Book House, New Delhi. 2002. 2. Ramamirtham, S., "Fluid Mechanics and Hydraulics and Fluid Machines", Dhanpat Rai & Sons, Delhi, 2014, 9th Edition. 3. Bansal, R.K., “Fluid Mechanics and Hydraulics Machines”, 5th edition, Laxmi Publications Pvt. Ltd, New Delhi, 2018, 10th Edition. 4. Streeter, V.L., and Wylie, E.B., “Fluid Mechanics”, McGraw Hill, 9th Edition, 2017. 5. Fox W.R. and McDonald A.T., Introduction to Fluid Mechanics John Wiley and Sons, Singapore, 9th Edition, 2005. 6. Jain A. K. "Fluid Mechanics", Khanna Publishers, 2014. 7. Roberson J.A, and Crowe C.T., "Engineering Fluid Mechanics", Jaico Books Mumbai, 12th Edition. 8. White, F.M., “Fluid Mechanics”, Tata McGraw Hill, New Delhi, 8th Edition, 2005. END SEMESTER EXAMINATION QUESTION PAPER PATTERN Max. Marks: 100 Exam Duration: 3 Hrs. PART A: 10 Questions of 2 marks each  No choice 20 Marks PART B: 2 Questions from each unit of internal choice; each carrying 16 marks 80 Marks 
