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Sathyabama Institute of Science and Technology B.E. - Civil Engineering SCIA1302 Mechanics of Fluids Syllabus

SATHYABAMA INSTITUTE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

SCIA1302 MECHANICS OF FLUIDS

UNIT 1 FLUID PROPERTIES AND FLUID STATICS 9 Hrs.
Fluid - Definition, - Units and dimensions - Properties of fluids - density, specific weight, specific volume, specific gravity,
temperature, viscosity, Types of fluids - Compressibility - Vapour pressure, Capillarity and Surface tension. Fluid statics:
Concept of fluid static pressure(Pascal’s law and Hydrostatic law), absolute and gauge pressures - Pressure measurements
by manometers and pressure gauges - forces on planes (vertical, horizontal and inclined) - Total pressure - centre of
pressure - buoyancy - Meta centre.

UNIT 2 FLIUD KINEMATICS AND DYNAMICS 9 Hrs.
Fluid Kinematics - Flow visualization - lines of flow - types of flow - velocity field and acceleration - continuity equation (one
and three dimensional differential forms) - Equation of streamline - stream function - velocity potential function - circulation -
flow net.
Fluid dynamics - equations of motion - Euler's equation along streamline - Bernoulli’s equation - applications Venturi meter,
Orifice meter and Pitot tube. Momentum equation and its application.

UNIT 3 FLOW THROUGH PIPES 9 Hrs.
Viscous flow - Laminar flow through circular tubes (Hagen poiseulle's) - friction factor - pipe roughness - Major and minor
losses of flow in pipes - Darcy - Weisbach's equation - Hydraulic and energy gradient - Pipes in series and in parallel -
Moody's diagram

UNIT 4 BOUNDARY LAYER 9 Hrs.
Boundary layer - definition - boundary layer on a flat plate - thickness and classification - displacement, energy and
momentum thickness - Boundary layer separation and control - drag in flat plate - drag and lift coefficients.

UNIT 5 DIMENSIONAL ANALYSIS AND MODEL STUDIES 9 Hrs.
Fundamental dimensions - dimensional homogeneity - Rayleigh’s method and Buckingham Pi-Theorem Dimensionless
parameters - Similitude and model studies - Distorted Models.
Max. 45 Hrs.

COURSE OUTCOMES

On completion of the course, student will be able to
CO1 - Get a basic knowledge of fluids in static, kinematic and dynamic equilibrium.
CO2 - Compute hydrostatic forces acting on submerged surfaces.
CO3 - Apply conservation laws to solve steady state fluid flow problems.
CO4 - Learn types of flow and losses of flow in pipes.
CO5 - Compute drag coefficient using the boundary layer flows.
CO6 - Gain knowledge about dimensional and model analysis

TEXT / REFERENCE BOOKS

1. Modi P.N. and Seth "Hydraulics and Fluid Mechanics including Hydraulic Machines", Standard Book House, New Delhi.
2002.
2. Ramamirtham, S., "Fluid Mechanics and Hydraulics and Fluid Machines", Dhanpat Rai & Sons, Delhi, 2014, 9th Edition.
3. Bansal, R.K., “Fluid Mechanics and Hydraulics Machines”, 5th edition, Laxmi Publications Pvt. Ltd, New Delhi, 2018,
10th Edition.
4. Streeter, V.L., and Wylie, E.B., “Fluid Mechanics”, McGraw Hill, 9th Edition, 2017.
5. Fox W.R. and McDonald A.T., Introduction to Fluid Mechanics John Wiley and Sons, Singapore, 9th Edition, 2005.
6. Jain A. K. "Fluid Mechanics", Khanna Publishers, 2014.
7. Roberson J.A, and Crowe C.T., "Engineering Fluid Mechanics", Jaico Books Mumbai, 12th Edition.
8. White, F.M., “Fluid Mechanics”, Tata McGraw Hill, New Delhi, 8th Edition, 2005.

END SEMESTER EXAMINATION QUESTION PAPER PATTERN
Max. Marks: 100 Exam Duration: 3 Hrs.
PART A: 10 Questions of 2 marks each - No choice 20 Marks
PART B: 2 Questions from each unit of internal choice; each carrying 16 marks 80 Marks Reply to this Question / Ask Another Question