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Old January 12th, 2017, 09:59 AM
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Default Re: Inference Questions Lsat

Inference Questions present you a series of facts and ask you to find out a statement that is most supported by the facts.

In other words, you need to find a statement that is most likely to be true if the given statements in the stimulus are true.

Here are a few examples of Inference question stems:

The main point of the passage is that…

Which of the following statements about… is best supported by the statements above?

Which of the following best states the author’s conclusion in the passage above?

Which of the following conclusions can be most properly drawn from the data above?

Which of the following is [implied, must be true, implicit, most reasonably drawn] in the passage above?

Which of the following conclusions can most properly be drawn if the statements above are true?

Sample Questions

Question #1

Although Locke has been hailed as a giant figure in European intellectual history, his ideas were largely borrowed from his predecessors, who are now unfairly neglected by historians. Furthermore, Locke never wrote a truly great book; his most widely known works are muddy in style, awkwardly constructed, and often self-contradictory.

With which of the following would the author most likely agree?

Locke made use of ideas without acknowledging his predecessors as the sources of those ideas.

Current historians are re-evaluating the work of Locke in the light of present-day knowledge.

Locke’s contributions to the development of European thought have been greatly exaggerated.

Historians should reexamine Locke’s place in European intellectual history.

Although Locke’s ideas were important, his way of expressing them in writing was sadly inadequate.

The author makes two assertions about Locke: that his ideas were not original and that his books were not very good. On the basis of these assertions, the author concludes that Locke’s reputation as an intellectual giant is undeserved. Choice (3) accurately summarizes this conclusion.

Focuses on a subsidiary point, not the main idea; moreover, it makes an assumption unsupported by the passage namely, that Locke did not acknowledge the sources of his ideas.

Is wrong because although the passage clearly indicates that the author is “re-evaluating” Locke’s work, it does not suggest that “current historians” in general are doing so.

This choice best expresses the point, that Locke’s contributions were not original.

Is tricky because it is a good answer, but it is not the best answer. (4) implies that the author recommends that other historians re-examine Locke. Since no recommendation exists in the argument, Choice (3) is the only option.

Not addressed.

Question #2

In 2008, Gotsland used three-times as much energy from non-renewable sources as renewable sources. Gotsland’s proposed ten-year energy plan would result in the country using as much renewable as non-renewable energy by 2018, while using a larger amount of energy than in 2008.

Which of the following must happen for Gotsland’s plan to work?

By 2018, Gotsland will more than triple its use of energy sources.

Gotsland will have to make a political effort to have a more sustainable energy economy.

By 2018, Gotsland will have to decrease its reliance on non-renewable energy sources.

By 2018, Gotsland will more than triple its use of renewable energy sources over 2008 levels.

New technologies must be developed to make the cost of renewable resources more competitive with renewables.

Now that we have our facts laid out we can review the answer choices.

Gotsland does not need to triple its energy sources (just renewables).

Isn’t relevant.

Gotsland doesn’t need to decrease its use of non-renewables. It is mathematically possible for it to increase the total usage of total energy. In this scenario, non-renewables remains at 150 and renewables increases to 150 as well.

Yes, Gotsland MUST at least triple its use of non-renewables (to be at least 150 megawatts).

This may be the case, but there is nothing in the question to make this point.
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