June 10th, 2013 08:30 PM | |

HimanshuV | Re: B.Sc Chemistry SyllabusAs you want to get the B.Sc Chemistry Syllabus of University of Delhi,So I am providing you the syllabus of B.Sc Chemistry first semester: The subjects are:Inorganic Chemistry-I Organic Chemistry –I Technical writing and Communication in English Mathematics-I The syllabus is here:Inorganic Chemistry – I Unit I: Atomic Structure: Bohr’s theory, its limitations and atomic spectrum of hydrogen atom. Wave mechanics: de Broglie equation, Heisenberg’s uncertainty principle and its significance, Schrödinger’s wave equation, significance of ψ and ψ2. Quantum numbers and their significance. Normal and orthogonal wave functions. Sign of wave functions. Radial and angular wave functions. Radial and angular distribution curves. Shapes of s, p, d and f orbitals. Contour boundary and probability diagrams. Pauli’s exclusion principle, Hund’s rule of maximum multiplicity, Aufbau’s principle and its limitations, Variation of orbital energy with atomic number. Unit II: Periodicity of Elements: s, p, d, f block elements, the long form of periodic table. Detailed discussion of the following properties of the elements, with reference to s & p- block. (a) Effective nuclear charge, shielding or screening effect, Slater rules, variation of effective nuclear charge in periodic table. (b) Atomic radii (van der Waals) (c) Ionic and crystal radii. (d) Covalent radii (octahedral and tetrahedral ) (e) Ionization enthalpy, Successive ionization enthalpies and factors affecting ionization energy. Applications of ionization enthalpy. (f) Electron gain enthalpy, trends of electron gain enthalpy. (g) Electronegativity, Pauling’s/ Mulliken’s/ Allred Rachow’s/ and Mulliken-Jaffe’s electronegativity scales. Variation of electronegativity with bond order, partial charge, hybridization, group electronegativity. Sanderson’s electron density ratio. Organic Chemistry – I:-Unit-I: Basics of Organic ChemistryOrganic Compounds: Classification, and Nomenclature, Hybridization, Shapes of molecules,Influence of hybridization on bond properties. Electronic Displacements: Inductive, electromeric, resonance and mesomeric effects,hyperconjugation and their applications; Dipole moment; Organic acids and bases; their relative strength. Homolytic and Heterolytic fission with suitable examples. Curly arrow rules, formal charges; Electrophiles and Nucleophiles; Nucleophlicity and basicity; Types, shape and their relative stability of Carbocations, Carbanions, Free radicals and Carbenes Introduction to types of organic reactions and their mechanism: Addition, Elimination and Substitution reactions. Unit II: StereochemistryFischer Projection, Newmann and Sawhorse Projection formulae and their interconversions; Geometrical isomerism: cis–trans and, syn-anti isomerism E/Z notations with C.I.P rules. Optical Isomerism: Optical Activity, Specific Rotation, Chirality/Asymmetry, Enantiomers, Molecules with two or more chiral-centres, Distereoisomers, meso structures, Racemic mixture and resolution. Relative and absolute configuration: D/L and R/S designations. Unit III: Chemistry of Aliphatic HydrocarbonsA. Carbon-Carbon sigma bonds Chemistry of alkanes: Formation of alkanes, Wurtz Reaction, Wurtz- Fittig Reactions, Free radical substitutions: Halogenation - relative reactivity and selectivity. B. Carbon-Carbon pi bondsFormation of alkenes and alkynes by elimination reactions, Mechanism of E1, E2, E1cb reactions. Saytzeff and Hofmann eliminations. Reactions of alkenes: Electrophilic additions their mechanisms (Markownikoff/ Anti Markownikoff addition), mechanism of oxymercuration-demercuration, hydroboration-oxidation, ozonolysis, reduction (catalytic and chemical), syn and anti hydroxylation (oxidation). 1, 2- and 1, 4- addition reactions in conjugated dienes and, Diels-Alder reaction; Allylic and benzylic bromination and mechanism, e.g. propene, 1-butene, toluene, ethyl benzene. Reactions of alkynes: Acidity, Electrophilic and Nucleophilic additions. Hydration to form carbonyl compounds, Alkylation of terminal alkynes. C. Cycloalkanes and Conformational Analysis Types of cycloalkanes and their relative stability, Baeyer strain theory, Conformation analysis of alkanes: Relative stability: Energy diagrams of cyclohexane: Chair, Boat and Twist boat forms; Relative stability with energy diagrams. Unit IV: Aromatic HydrocarbonsAromaticity: Hückel’s rule, aromatic character of arenes, cyclic carbocations/carbanions and heterocyclic compounds with suitable examples. Electrophilic aromatic substitution: halogenation, nitration, sulphonation and Friedel-Craft’s alkylation/acylation with their mechanism. Directing effects of the groups TECHNICAL WRITING AND COMMUNICATION IN ENGLISH:-Unit 1Communication: Language and communication, differences between speech and writing, distinct features of speech, distinct features of writing. Unit 2Writing Skills; Selection of topic, thesis statement, developing the thesis; introductory, developmental, transitional and concluding paragraphs, linguistic unity, coherence and cohesion, descriptive, narrative, expository and argumentative writing. Unit 3Technical Writing: Scientific and technical subjects; formal and informal writings; formal writings/reports, handbooks, manuals, letters, memorandum, notices, agenda, minutes; common errors to be avoided. Mathematics – I:-Unit I: Recapitulation:Fundamentals. Mathematical functions, polynomial expressions, logarithms, the exponential function, units of a measurement, interconversion of units, constants and variables, equation of a straight line, plotting graphs. Uncertainty in experimental techniques: Displaying uncertainties, measurements in chemistry, decimal places, significant figures, combining quantities. Uncertainty in measurement: types of uncertainties, combining uncertainties. Statistical treatment. Mean, standard deviation, relative error. Data reduction and the propagation of errors. Graphical and numerical data reduction. Numerical curve fitting: the method of least squares (regression). Algebric operations on real scalar variables (e.g. manipulation of van der Waals equation in different forms). Roots of quadratic equations analytically and iteratively (e.g. pH of a weak acid). Numerical methods of finding roots (Newton-Raphson, binary –bisection, e.g. pH of a weak acid not ignoring the ionization of water, volume of a van der Waals gas, equilibrium constant expressions). Mathematical series: Power series, Maclaurin, Taylor series, convergence (e.g. pressure virial equation of state, colligative properties). Pythagoras theorem in three dimensions. Trigonometric functions, identities. Differential calculus: The tangent line and the derivative of a function, numerical differentiation (e.g., change in pressure for small change in volume of a van der Waals gas, potentiometric titrations), differentials, higher order derivatives, discontinuities, stationary points, maximum- minimum problems, inflexion points, limiting values of functions: L’Hôpital’s rule, combining limits. Unit II: Integral calculus:The process of integration, odd and even functions, indefinite integrals, standard integrals,methods of integration (e.g. integrated rate law for second order reaction), numerical integration (Trapezoidal and Simpson’s rule, e.g. entropy/enthalpy change from heat capacity data), probability distributions (gas kinetic theory) and mean values. Calculus of the trigonometric functions. Calculus with several independent variables: Functions of several independent variables, change of variables, relations between partial derivatives (e.g. change in pressure for small changes in volume and temperature), total differentials, chain rules for partial differentiation, Euler’s theorem, exact and inexact differentials (thermodynamics), line integrals. For more detail syllabus I am uploading a file so download this file:- |

June 10th, 2013 01:21 PM | |

Unregistered | B.Sc Chemistry SyllabusI want to get the B.Sc Chemistry Syllabus of Delhi University, can you provide me? |

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