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Old January 24th, 2012, 06:19 PM
Default IIFT Papers

Hi friends, can you tell me from where I can get Indian Institute of Foreign Trade (IIFT) old question paper with solutions for preparation its MBA exam? Actually I am doing MBA from there and this year applied for IIFT MBA 1st sem exam. So plz provide me
Indian Institute of Foreign Trade (IIFT) MBA question paper with solutions?
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Old April 27th, 2012, 07:37 PM
shibu sahu
Default IIFT Papers with Solutions

Hy dear here I am searching for the Indian Institute of Foreign Trade Papers with Solutions so please can you give me the Papers with Solutions and tell me from where can I download the Indian Institute of Foreign Trade Papers with Solutions?
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Old May 4th, 2012, 10:11 AM
Default IIFT Papers

Hello Friend’s I am taking part in the Indian Institute of Foreign Trade exam and for that reason I need the sample paper of the IIFT so please can you give me the papers and tell me from where can I download the papers free of cost?
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Old May 4th, 2012, 02:14 PM
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Join Date: Jun 2011
Default Re: IIFT Papers

List of colleges in Bangalore under CAT

Alliance Business Academy
IIM Bangalore
IFIM Business School
PES Institutions
Indian Business Academy
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Old March 23rd, 2014, 02:44 PM
Default Re: IIFT Papers

Will you please give me question paper for The Indian Institute of Foreign Trade examination ??
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Old March 23rd, 2014, 02:55 PM
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Join Date: Jun 2011
Default Re: IIFT Papers

here I am giving you question paper for The Indian Institute of Foreign Trade examination in PDF file attached with it so you can get it easily..

some questions are given below :
Section I (Part 1)

1. In the word HEIRARCHICAL, If the first and

second, third and fourth, fourth and fifth, fifth

and sixth letters are interchanged up to the last

letter, which are the two position from the left on

which R would appear and on which positions

2. In the following series, what numbers should

(3) 3, 20, 25 (4) Cannot be ascertained

3. Here are some words translated from an artificial

Which word could mean “maple syrup”

4. Gita is older than her cousin Mita. Mita’s brother

Bhanu is older than Gita. When Mita and Bhanu

are visiting Gita, all three like to play a game of

Monopoly. Mita wins more often than Gita does.

Which of the following can be concluded from the

(1) When he plays Monopoly with Mita and Gita.

5. Priya is taller than Tiya and shorter than Siya.

Riya is shorter than Siya and taller than Priya.

Riya is taller than Diya, who is shorter than Tiya.

Arrange them in order of asending heights.

6. Statement 1: All chickens are birds.

Statement 2: Some chickens are hens.

Statement 3: Female birds lay eggs.

If the above statement are facts, then which of the

following must also be a fact?

I. All birds lay eggs.

II. Hens are birds.

III. Some chickens are not hens.

(1) II only

(2) II and III only

(3) I, II and III

(4) None of the statement is a known fact

7. Statement 1: Pictures can tell a story.

Statement 2: All storybooks have pictures.

Statement 3: Some storybooks have words.

If the above statement are facts, then which of the

following must also be a fact?

I. Pictures can tell a story better than words

II. The stories in storybook are very simple

III. Some storybooks have both words and

(1) I only

(2) II only

(3) III onlr

(4) None of the statement is a known fact

8. If IQS : LNV, then JRM : ?

(1) OKS (2) MOP

(3) NIP (4) MOQ

Directions for Questions 9 – 10: Some information

is provided in the paragraph below. Answer the

questions based on this information

A weekly television show routinely stars six actors, J,

K, L, M, N and O. Since the show has been on the air

for a long time, some of the actors are good friends

and some do not get along at all. In an effort to keep

peace, the director sees to it that friends work

together and enemies do not. Also, as the actors have

become more popular, some of them need time off to

do other projects. To keep the schedule working, the

director has a few things she must be aware of:



M-PP-02 1.3

J will only work on episodes on which M is

N will not work with K under any circumstances.

M can only work every other week, in order to be

At least three of the actors must appear in every

9. In a show about L getting a job at the same

company J already works for and K used to work

for, all three actors will appear. Which of the

following is true about the other actors who may

10. Next week, the show involves N’s new car and O’s

new refrigerator. Which of the following is true

Directions for Questions 11 – 12: Some information

is provided in the paragraph below. Answer the

Era is in charge of seating the speakers at a table. In

addition to the moderator, there will be a pilot, a

writer, an attorney, and an explorer. The speakers’

names are Gaj, Hema, Jaya, Kumar, and Lalit

The moderator must sit in the middle, in seat #3

The attorney cannot sit next to the explorer

The writer and the attorney sit on either side of

Hema, who is not the moderator, sits between

The moderator does not sit next to Jaya or Lalit

12. Where does Jaya Sit?

(1) seat #1 (2) seat #2

(3) seat #3 (4) seat #4

Directions for Questions 13 – 14: Some information

is provided in the paragraph below. Answer the

questions based on this information.

A number arrangement machine, when given a

particular input, rearranges it using a particular rule.

The following is the illustration and steps of the


Input 105 241 67 347 150 742 292 589


67 105 241 347 150 742 292 589



67 742 105 241 347 150 292 589



67 742 105 589 241 347 150 292



67 742 105 589 150 241 347 292



67 742 105 589 150 347 241 292


Arrangement at Step V is the last for the given input

13. What should be the fourth step of the following


64 326 187 87 118 432 219 348

(1) 64 432 87 326 118 187 219 348

(2) 64 432 87 348 326 187 118 219

(3) 64 432 87 348 118 326 187 219

(4) None of the above

14. How many steps will be required to get the final

output from the following input?

319 318 746 123 15 320 78 426

(1) Four (2) Five

(3) Six (4) Seven

15. P ≠ Q implies that Q is standing 2 kms to the right

of P

P * Q implies that Q is 2 kms to the left of P

P @ Q implies that Q is 2 kms below P

P $ Q implies that Q is standing 2 kms above P

If F ≠ S $ B * V, in which direction is F with

respect to V?

(1) North (2) South

(3) East (4) West

M-PP-02 1.4

16. Immediately after leaving his house, Ratvik

turned right and walked for 40m. Then he turned

left and walked for 20mts. Then he again took a

left turn and walked for 30mts. There he met a

friend and turned right to go to the coffee shop

20 mts away. After having coffee, he walked back

straight for 40mts in the direction he had come

(1) Y (2) O (3) D (4) G

18. In a four-day period – Monday through Thursday

– each of the following temporary office workers

worked only one day, each a different day. Jai was

scheduled to work on Monday, but he traded with

Raj, who was originally scheduled to work on

Wednesday. Farid traded with Kajal, who was

originally scheduled to work on Thursday.

Finally, Jai traded with Kajal. After all the

switching was done, who worked on Tuesday?

19. Which four bits can be joined together to form

two words that have opposite meanings?


1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

20. If a clock is kept on the table in such a way that at

3 : 10 pm the hour hand points south, after how

much time will the minute hand point east?

Section I (Part 2)

Directions for Questions 21 – 25: Analyse the

following chart showing the exports and imports of

Sono Ltd. and answer the questions based on this

21. Approximately by what percentage are the total

Exports greater/ smaller than the total imports

22. If the absolute difference between imports and

exports are ranked in ascending order, which

(3) 2009 (4) None of the above

23. In which year was the fifth largest annual

percentage increase in exports recorded?

(3) 2009 (4) None of the above

24. Which year saw the second largest annual

(3) 2006 (4) None of the above

25. What is the approximate percentage point

difference in the maximum annual percentage

increase in export and the minimum annual

percentage decrease in Imports?

(1) 28 (2) 48 (3) 64 (4) 12

Directions for Questions 26 – 31: Answer the

questions on the basis of the table given below

Table : Production of Major Minerals and Metals

(Million Tonnes)

Year Aluminium Coal Copper Gold

2005 69 91 71 15 100

2006 75 88 75 18 120

2007 81 97 79 21 102

2008 98 107 88 25 131

2009 93 110 92 24 143

2010 99 116 97 20 154

2011 105 122 103 25 163

26. Which mineral/metal witnessed highest growth

rate in production from 2005 to 2011?

(1) Iron Ore (2) Aluminium

(3) Gold (4) Copper

27. Which year has witnessed highest absolute

increase in total production of minerals and


(1) 2006 (2) 2008

(3) 2011 (4) None of the above

28. Highest annual growth rate in production is

recorded in

(1) Iron Ore in 2008

(2) Gold in 2011

(3) Aluminium in 2008

(4) Gold in 2006

29. If annual average growth rate in production

exhibited during 2006 to 2011 continues for next

4 years, then what will be the approximate

production of aluminium in the year 2015?

(1) 125 million tonnes

(2) 140 million tonnes

(3) 155 million tonnes

(4) 160 million tonnes

30. In which year is the proportion of copper

production in the total mineral and metal

31. Which mineral/metal witnessed the minimum

growth rate in production from 2006 to 2010?

(1) Aluminium (2) Coal

(3) Copper (4) Gold

Directions for Questions 32 – 34: Answer the questions on the basis of the following table.

Table : Region Wise Origin of Foreign Tourists Arriving Into India

Number of Arrivals

2007 2008 2009 2010

1 North America 1,007,276 1,027,297 1,051,209 1,173,664

2 Central and South America 42,319 43,505 46,604 54,728

3 Western Europe 1,686,083 1,709,525 1,634,042 1,750,342

4 Eastern Europe 152,764 185,110 183,475 227,650

5 Africa 157,485 141,750 164,474 204,525

6 West Asia 171,661 210,542 204,843 235,317

7 South Asia 982,428 1,051,846 1,001,401 1,047,444

8 South East Asia 303,475 332,925 360,191 409,043

9 East Asia 352,037 355,230 322,797 411,947

10 Australasia 167,063 178,308 182,451 210,275

11 Others 58,913 35,565 16,212 12,757

32. Which region witnessed the highest compound

annual growth rate(CAGR) of tourists arriving

Following charts present data about the domestic

sales and production of LCD, LED and Plasma TVs

produced and sold in a country (in number of units).

Differences in production and sales will be bridged

through external trade (i.e. exports and imports) of

the TV category during a given year.

33. Tourists arriving into India from how many

regions experienced CAGR of more than 10%?

34. The highest annual growth rate recorded in

tourists arriving from any region in any year is

(1) Africa (2) Eastern Europe









Directions for Questions 35 – 37: Read the

information given below, analyse the following chart

of Domestic sales and production of a country and

Directions for Questions 38 – 39: Study the

following pie charts regardig to sales of 5 models of

cars for the years 2010 and 2011, and answer the





2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011



35. What year has registered the highest external

36. In which year are the net exports (exports –

imports) of all the categories taken together the




II. Net exports of all the categories of TVs for all

III. In only one year the production of plasma

38. If the 2010 sales for all car models is 80,000 and

these have grown by 25% in 2011, then what is

the approximate increase in the number of Figo

cars sold in 2011 over 2010?

(1) 4,860 (2) 12,200

(3) 4,500 (4) 2,200

39. If the 2010 sales for all car models is 80,00 and

these have grown by 25% in 2011, then how

many models have grown more than the average

growth rate for all the models taken together?

(1) 2 (2) 3

(3) 4 (4) None of the above

Section II

is greater

40. If k is an integer and 0.0010101 × 10k

than 1000, what is the least possible value of k?

41. Ashish is studying late into the night and is

hungry. He opens his mother’s snack cupboard

without switching on the lights, knowing that his

mother has kept 10 packets of chips and biscuits

in the cupboard. He pulls out 3 packets from the

cupboard, and all of them turn out to be chips.

What is the probability that the snack cupboard

contains 1 packet of biscuits and 9 packets of

(3) two solutions (4) three solutions

43. The annual production in cement industry is

subject to business cycles. The production

increases for two consecutive years consistently

by 18% and decreases by 12% in the third year.

Again in the next two years, it increases by 18%

each year and decreases by 12% in the third year.

Talking 2008 as the base year, what will be the

approximate effect on cement production in

(1) 24% increase (2) 37% decrease

(3) 45% increase (4) 60% decrease

+ 4) are in

arithmetic progression, then x is equal to

45. A student is required to answer 6 out of 10

questions in an examination. The questions are

divided into two groups, each containing 5

questions. She is not allowed to attempt more

than 4 questions from each group. The number of

different ways in which the student can choose

the 6 questions is

(1) 100 (2) 160

(3) 200 (4) 280

46. The answer sheets of 5 engineering students can

be checked by any one of 9 professors. What is

the probability that all the 5 answer sheets are

checked by exactly 2 professors?

(1) 20/2187 (2) 40/2187

(3) 40/729 (4) None of the above

47. Mr. Mishra invested Rs. 25,000 in two fixed

deposits X and Y offering compound interest @

6% per annum and 8% per annum respectively. If

the total amount of interest accrued in two years

through both fixed deposits is Rs. 3518, the

amount invested in Scheme X is

(1) Rs. 12,000 (2) Rs. 13,500

(3) Rs. 15,000 (4) Cannot be determined

48. The probability that in a household LPG will last

60 days or more is 0.8 and that it will last at most

90 days is 0.6. The probability that the LPG will

last 60 to 90 days is

(1) 0.40 (2) 0.50

(3) 0.75 (4) None of the above

49. In 2011, Plasma – a pharmaceutical company –

allocated Rs. 4.5 × 107 for Research and

Development. In 2012, the company allocated Rs,

60,000,000 for Research and Development. If

each year the funds are evenly divided among 2 ×

102 departments, how much more will each

department receive this year than it did last year?

(1) Rs. 2.0 × 105 (2) Rs. 7.5 × 105

(3) Rs. 7.5 × 104 (4) Rs. 2.5 × 107

50. In a circular field, there is a rectangular tank of

length 130 m and breadth 110 m. If the area of

the land portion of the field is 20350 m2 then the

radius of the field is

(1) 85 m (2) 95 m

(3) 105 m (4) 115 m

51. A hemispherical bowl is filled with hot water to

the brim. The contents of the bowl are

transferred into a cylindrical vessel whose radius

is 50% more than its height. If diameter of the

bowl is the same as that of the vessel, the volume

of the hot water in the cylindrical vessel is

52. There are two buildings, one on each bank of a

river, opposite to each other. From the top of one

building – 60 m high, the angles of depression of

the top and the foot of the other building are 30°

and 60° respectively. What is the height of the

53. It takes 15 seconds for a train travelling at 60

km/hour to cross entirely another train half its

length and travelling in opposite direction at 48

km/hour. It also passes a bridge in 51 seconds.

54. 12 men can complete a work in ten days. 20

women can complete the same work in twelve

days. 8 men and 4 women started working and

after nine days 10 more women joined them.

How many days will they now take to complete

55. The Howrah-Puri express can move at 45

km/hour without its rake, and the speed is

diminished by a constant that varies as the

square root of the number of wagons attached. If

it is known that with 9 wagons, the speed is 30

km/hour, what is the greatest number of wagons

56. At a reputed Engineering College in India, total

expenses of a trimester are partly fixed and

partly varying linearly with the number of

students. The average expense per student is Rs.

400 when there are 20 students and Rs 300

when there are 40 students. When there are 80

students, what is the average expense per


(1) Rs. 250 (2) Rs. 300

(3) Rs. 330 (4) Rs. 350

57. Rohit bought 20 soaps and 12 toothpastes. He

marked-up the soaps by 15% on the cost price of

each, and the toothpastes by Rs. 20 on the cost

price each. He sold 75% of the soaps and 8

toothpastes and made a profit of Rs. 385. If the

cost of a toothpaste is 60% the cost of a soap and

he got no return on unsold items, what was his

overall profit or loss?

(1) Loss of Rs. 355 (2) Loss of Rs. 210

(3) Loss of Rs. 250 (4) None of the above

(1) 1 (2)2

(3) 3 (4) 4

59. The unit digit in the product of (8267)153 ×

(341)72 is

(1) 1 (2) 2

(3) 7 (4) 9

60. Z is the product of first 31 natural numbers. If X =

Z + 1, then the numbers of primes among X + 1, X

+ 2, ..., X + 29, X + 30 is

(1) 30

(2) 2

(3) Cannot be determined

(4) None of the above

61. A 10 litre cylinder contains a mixture of water

and sugar, the volume of sugar being 15% of total

volume. A few litres of the mixture is released

and an equal amount of water is added. Then the

same amount of the mixture as before is released

and replaced with water for a second time. As a

result, the sugar content becomes 10% of total

volume. What is the approximate quantity of

62. Eight points lie on the circumference of a circle.

The difference between the number of triangles

and the number of quadrilaterals that can be

63. The perimeter of a right-angled triangle

measures 234 m and the hypotenuse measures

97 m. Then the other two sides of the triangle are

(1) 100 m and 37 m (2) 72 m and 65 m

(3) 80 m and 57 m (4) None of the above

64. A sum of Rs. 1400 is divided amongst A, B, C and

A’s share : B’s share = B’s share : C’s share

Section III (Part 1)

Directions for questions 65 – 66: A number of

sentences are given below, which when properly

sequenced, form a coberent paragraph. Choose the

most logical order of sentences from the choice given

I. Have you ever gone through a book that was

so good you kept hugging yourself mentally

II. Now, notice the examples I have used

III. Have you ever seen a play or motion picture

that was so charming that you felt sheer

IV. I have not spoken of books that grip you

emotionally, of plays and movies that keep

you on the edge of your seat in surprise, or of

food that satisfies a ravenous hunger.

V. Or perhaps you have had a portion of

pumpkin pie, light and airy and midly

flavoured, and with a flaky, delicious crust,

that was the last word in gustatory

I. All these help hasten download and optimize

the farmer’s usage of the internet within the

II. ITC has learnt invaluable lessons from

finding creative local solutions on the

ground, to some of these apparently

III. Solutions include the use of RNS kits in the

telephone exchanges or, setting up VSAT to

tide over connectivity problems, and using

solar power as the back-up source of

IV. It has also adopted special imaging

V. It has applied the template approach to

Directions for questions 67 – 68: In each question, a

sentence is written in four different ways. Choose the

option which gives the most effective and

grammatically correct sentence. Pay attention to

grammar, word choice and sentence construction.


(1) It was thought that freedom and prosperity

would spread gradually throughout the word

through an orderly process, and it was hoped

that tyranny and injustice would continually


(2) It was gradually thought that throughout the

world, freedom and prosperity would spread

through an orderly process, and it was hoped

that tyranny and injustice would continually


(3) Through an orderly process, it was thought

that freedom and prosperity would spread

gradually throughout the world, and it was

hoped that tyranny and injustice would

continually diminish.

(4) It was thought, through an orderly process

that freedom and prosperity would spread

gradually throughout the world and it was

hoped that tyranny and injustice would

continually diminish.


(1) He must again learn to invoke the energy of

growing things and to recognize, that one can

be taking from the earth and the atmosphere

only so much as one puts back into them, as

did the ancient in India centuries ago.

(2) As did the ancient in India centuries ago, he

must again learn to invoke the energy of

growing things and to recognize that one can

take from the earth and the atmosphere, only

so much as they put into them.

(3) He must again learn to invoke the energy of

growing things and to recognize, as did the

ancient in India centuries ago, that one can

take from the earth and the atmosphere, only

so much as one puts back into them.

(4) He must again learn, as did the ancient in

India centuries ago, to invoke the energy of

growing things and to recognize, that one can

be taking from the earth and the atmosphere,

only so much as one puts back into them.

Directions for questions 69 – 70: From the choices

provided, identify the pair of words with a

relationship similar to that of the given word pair.

Direction for questions 71 – 72: Choose the option

which gives the correct meaning in the same order as

clinch or seize without

embarrassment due to


to enroll for compulsory

4 Conscript iv to swing back and forth

To bring before court of

an alcoholic drink taken

2 Ethereal ii fleeting/short lived

spiritual/not of this

(3) 1 – iv, 2 – v, 3 – i, 4 – ii, 5 - iii

(4) 1 – ii, 2 – v, 3 – i, 4 – iii, 5 - iv

Directions for questions 73 – 74: Each question has

five sentences. Identify the sentence which is

grammatically correct.


(1) Each of the six boys in the class has finished

their task.

(2) One must finish his task in time.

(3) Either Ram or Shyam will give their book.

(4) Each of the girls must carry her own bag.


(1) The reason why he missed his classes was

that he overslept.

(2) Before the rain would stop, they would have

reached home.

(3) When you will come to see me, we will go to


(4) I have written both to their branch office and

head office

Directions for question 75 – 76: Choose the most

appropriate option for filling in the blanks. The

sequence of words in the correct option should match

the sequence of the sentences in which they should be


i. There is so much love………………the two of


ii. I have not seen Aditi………………Friday.

iii. I started my exam


iv. The three sisters did not look for new friend

as they were quite happy playing…..….


v. I have not seen Mohan………………..six months.

(1) between, from, since, among, for

(2) among, from, for, between, since

(3) among, since, for, between, from

(4) between, since, from, among, for


i. He succeeded……………..perseverance and

sheer hard work.

ii. ………………………………the power vested in me,

I hereby declare these premises sealed.

iii. ……………..his illness he could not finish his

iv. …………………need, please contact me at the

(1) by virtue of, by dint of, in case of, in

(2) by dint of, by virtue of, in consequence of, in

(3) by virtue of, in consequence of, by dint of, in

(4) by dint of, in consequence of, by virtue of, in

78. Which of the following is an oxymoron?

(1) She accepted it, as the kind cruelty of a

(2) The camel is the ship of the desert

Direction for questions 79 – 80: Pick the correct

Directions for questions 81 – 82: Pick the word

Directions for questions 83 – 84: Pick the odd word



(1) Perilous (2) Precarious

(3) Hazardous (4) Copious


(1) Propitiate (2) Appreciate

(3) Appease (4) Conciliate

Section III (Part 2)

Direction for questions 85 - 100: Read the

following passages carefully and answer the

Asked what a business is, the typical businessman is

likely to answer, “An organisation to make a profit.”

The typical economist is likely to give the same

answer. This answer is not only false, it is irrelevant.

The prevailing economic theory of the mission of

business enterprise and behaviour, the maximization

of profit which is simply a complicated way of

phrasing the old saw of buying cheap and selling dear

— may adequately explain how Richard Sears

operated. But it cannot explain how Sears, Roebuck or

any other business enterprise operates, or how it

should operate. The concept of profit maximization is.

in fact, meaningless. The danger in the concept of

profit maximization is that it makes profitability

Profit and profitability are, however, crucial for

society even more than for the individual business.

Yet profitability is not the purpose of, but a limiting

factor on business enterprise and business activity.

Profit is not the explanation, cause, or rationale of

business behaviour and business decisions, but rather

the test of their validity. If archangels instead of

businessmen sat in directors’ chairs, they would still

have to be concerned with profitability, despite their

total lack of personal interest in making profits.

The root of the confusion is the mistaken belief that

the motive of a person — the so called profit motive

of the businessman is an explanation of his behaviour

or his guide to right action. Whether there is such a

thing as a profit motive at all is highly doubtful. The

idea was invented by the classical economists to

explain the economic reality that their theory of static

equilibrium could not explain. There has never been

any evidence for the existence of the profit motive,

and we have é long since found the true explanation

of the phenomena of economic change and fig growth

which the profit motive was first put forth to explain.

It is irrelevant for an understanding of business

behaviour, profit, and profitability, whether there is a

profit motive or iiot. That Jim Smith is in business to

make a profit concerns only him and the Recording

Angel. It does not tell us what Jim 5 Smith does and

how he performs. We do not learn anything about the

work of a prospector hunting for uranium in the

Nevada desert by being told that he is trying to make

his fortune. We do not learn anything about the work

of a heart specialist by being told that he is trying to

make a livelihood, or even that he is trying to benefit

humanity. The profit motive and its offspring

maximisation of profits are just as irrelevant to the

function of a business, the purpose of a business, and

the job of managing a business.

In fact, the concept is worse than irrelevant: it does

harm. It is a major cause of the misunderstanding of

the nature of profit in our society and of the deep —

seated hostility to profit, which are among the most

dangerous diseases of an industrial society. It is

largely responsible for the worst mistakes of public

policy — in this country as well as in Western Europe

— which are squarely based on the failure to

understand the nature, function, and purpose of

business enterprise. And it is in large part responsible

for the prevailing belief that there is an inherent

contradiction between profit and a company’s ability

to make a social contribution. Actually, a company

can make a social contribution only if it is highly


To know what a business is, we have to start with its

purpose. Its purpose must lie outside of the business

itself. In fact, it must lie in society since business

enterprise is an organ of society. There is only one

valid definition of business purpose: to create a


Markets are not created by God, nature, or economic

forces but by businesspeople. The want a business

satisfies may have been felt by the customer before

he or she was offered the means of satisfying it. Like

food in a famine, it may have dominated the

customer’s life and filled all his waking moments, but

it remained a potential want until the action of

business people converted it into effective demand.

Only then is there a customer and a market. The want

may have been unfelt by the potential customer; no

one knew that he wanted a Xerox machine or a

computer until these became available. There may

have been no want at all until business action created

it — by innovation, by credit. by advertising, or by

salesmanship. In every case, it is business action that

85. The author of this passage is of the opinion that

(1) The purpose of setting up a business

(2) The sole goal and responsibility of a

(3) The test of validity of business existence

(4) The guiding factor for a businessman‘s

86. This passage highlights that the theory of profit

(1) Is largely responsible for the worst mistakes

(2) Is a synchronised goal with a ,,cf)mpany’s

ability to make a social contribution

(3) Is the main purpose and job of managing a

(4) Was an idea not invented by classical

87. As stated in this passage, the purpose of a

(1) Make profits (2) Increase wants

(3) Create customers (4)Manage Demand

88. According to the author of this passage, what

The first thing I learned at school was that some

people are idiots; the second thing I learned was that

some are even worse. I was still too young to grasp

that people of breeding were meant to affect

innocence of this fundamental distinction. and that

the same courtesy applied to any disparity that might

rise out of religious. racial, sexual class, financial and

(latterly) cultural difference. So in my innocence I

would raise my hand every time the teacher asked a

question, just to make it clear I knew the answer.

After some months of this, the teacher and my

classmates must have been vaguely aware I was a

good student, but still I felt the compulsion to raise

my hand. By now the teacher seldom called on me,

preferring to give other children a chance to speak,

too. Still my hand shot up without my even willing it,

whether or not l knew the answer. If I was putting on

airs, like someone who even in ordinary clothes, adds

a‘gaudy piece of jewellery, it’s also true that I admired

my teacher and was desperate to cooperate.

Another thing I was happy to discover at school was

the teacher’s ‘authority’. At home, in the crowded and

disordered Pamuk Apartments, things were never so

clear; at our crowded table, everyone talked at the

same time. Our domestic routines, our love for one

another, our conversations, meals and radio hours;

these 'were never debated — they just happened. My

father held little obvious authority at home, and he

was often absent. He never scolded my brother or me,

never even raised his eyebrows in disapproval. In

later years, he would introduce us to his friends as

‘my two younger brothers’, and we felt he had earned

the right to say so. My mother was the only authority

I recognised at home. But she was hardly a distant or

alien tyrant: her power came from my desire to be

loved by her. And so - I was fascinated by the power

my teacher wielded over her twenty-five pupils.

Perhaps I identified my teacher with my mother, for I

had an insatiable desire for her approval. ‘Join your

arms together like this and sit down quietly,’ she

would say, and I would press my arms against my

chest and sit patiently all through the lesson. But

gradually the novelty wore off; soon it was no longer

exciting to have every answer or solve an arithmetic

problem ahead of everyone else or earn the highest

mark; time began to flow with painful slowness, or

stop flowing altogether.

Turning away from the fat, half-witted girl who was

writing on the blackboard, who gave everyone —

teachers, school caretakers and her classmates — the

same vapid, trusting smile, my eyes would float to the

window, to the upper branches of the chestnut tree

that I could just see rising up between the apartment

buildings. A crow would land on a branch. Because I

was viewing it from below, I could see the little cloud

floating behind it — as it moved, it kept changing

shape: first a fox’s nose, then a head, then a dog. I

didn’t want it to stop looking like a dog, but as it

continued its journey it changed into one of the four-
legged silver sugar bowls from my grandmother’s

always—locked display case, and I’d long to be at

home. Once I’d conjured up the reassuring silence of

the shadows of home, my father would step out from

them, as if from a dream, and off we’d go on a family

outing to the Bosphorus. Just then, a window in the

apartment building opposite would , open, a maid

would shake her duster and gaze absentmindedly at

the street that I could not see from where I was

sitting. What was going down there? I’d wonder. I’d

hear a horse cart rolling over the cobblestones, and a

rasping voice would cry out ‘Eskiciiiiiii! The maid

would watch the junk dealer make his way down the

street before pulling her head back inside and

shutting the window behind her, but then, right next

to that window, moving as fast as the first cloud but

going in the opposite direction, I’d see a second cloud.

But now my attention was called back to the

classroom, and seeing all the other raised hands, I

would eagerly raise my hand too: long before I

worked out from my classrnates’ responses what the

teacher had asked us, I was foggily confident I had the

It was exciting, though sometimes painful, to get to

know my classmates as individuals, and to find out

how different they were from me. There was that sad

boy who, whenever he was asked to read out loud in

Turkish class, would skip every other line; the poor

boy’s mistake was as involuntary as the laughter it

would elicit from the class. In first grade, there was a

girl who kept her red hair in a ponytail, who sat next

to me for a time. Although her bag was a slovenly

jumble of half-eaten apples, simits, sesame seeds,

pencils and hair bands, it always smelled of dried

lavender around her, and that attracted me; I was also

drawn to her for speaking so openly about the little

taboos of daily life, and if I didn’t see her at the

weekend, I missed her, though there was another girl

so tiny and delicate that I was utterly entranced by

her as well. Why did that boy keep on telling lies even

knowing no one was going to believe him‘? How could

that girl be so indiscreet about the goings-on in her

house? And could this other girl be shedding real

tears as she read that poem about Atatiirk?'

Just as I was in the habit of looking at the fronts of

cars and seeing noses, so too did I like to scrutinise

my classmates, looking for the creatures they

resembled. The boy with the pointed nose was a fox
and the big one next to him was, as everyone said, a

bear, and the one with the thick hair was a hedgehog...

I remember a Jewish girl called Mari telling us all

about Passover — there were days when no one in

her grandmother’s house was allowed to touch the

light switches. Another girl reported that one evening,

when she was in’her room, she turned around so fast

she glimpsed the shadow of an angel — a fearsome

story that stayed with me. There was a girl with very

long legs who wore very long socks and always

looked as if she was about to cry; her father was a

government minister and when he died in a plane

crash from which Prime Minister Menederes emerged

without a scratch, I was sure she’d been crying

because she had known in advance what was going to

happen. Lots of children had problems with their

teeth; a few wore braces. On the top floor of the

building that housed the lycée dormitory and the

sports hall, just next to the infirmary, there was

rumoured to be a dentist, and when teachers got

angry they would often threaten to send naughty

children there. For lesser infractions pupils were

made to stand in the corner between the blackboard

and the door with their backs to the class, sometimes

one leg, but because we were all so curious to see

how long someone could stand on one leg, the lessons

suffered, so this particular punishment was rare.

89. The synonym for the term ‘vapid’ is

(1) Lively (2) Original

(3) Lacklustre (4) Spicy

90. Who is the least talked about character in this


(1) Mother (2) Classmates

(3) Grandmother (4) Teacher

91. Which among the following cannot be concluded

from this passage?

(1) The author was a good student but

sometimes felt bored in class

(2) The author got along fairly well with his


(3) The author came from a very authoritarian

home environment

(4) The author had an imaginative mind

92. What did the teachers do when they get angry?

(2) Denied them a chance to answer questions

(3) Made them‘ join their hands togetlier and sit

(4) Threatened to send them to the dentist .

Not many people saw it coming. It had seemed that

the time for Kaun Banega Crorepati had come and

gone. This column argued as much a few years ago,

when Shah Rukh Khan took over the reigns of the

show. He did well enough, but it still seemed that the

time for the genteel game of knowledge had passed.

There was too much blood in reality television, and

KBC simply did not have enough platelets for it. It had

no backbiting intrigue, it lacked a cast of almost-
losers and missed the low-life loquaciousness of other

reality shows, and nothing ever needed to be beeped

out on it, a sure touch that it was out of touch with the

And yet, not only is KBC back, but it is back in a very

real sense not just as a TV show that gets good

ratings, but as an idea that connects with something

deep and real in our lives. What makes this

particularly interesting is that not very much has

changed in the show. Its focus has shifted to smaller

towns andan ‘aadmi’ more ‘aam’, and the prize money

has gone up over the years, but these are minor

adjustments, not major departures. The format is

pretty much the same and the return of Amitabh

Bachchan restores to the show both the gravitas and

Perhaps KBC works because it reconciles many

competing ideas for us. For a show that bestows

undreamt of wealth on people who win. and does so

with reasonable regularity, KBC manages somehow to

rise above the money it throws 1 around. By locating

money squarely in the context of small dreams, family

and community, KBC shows us a face of money that is

ennobling. The money of KBC is treated not as a

jackpot but as a ‘vardaan’, a gift from divinity that

comes for one’s persistent effort, a prize for the

penance called ordinary life. The images that

surround the winners are not big cars and fancy

brands. but houses made ‘pukka’ and IAS dreams

pursued. The winners have been remarkable

ambassadors for the show, focusing not what the
money buys them but what it enables them to work at

in the future. Money speaks in the language of

responsibility, not indulgence and steeps a larger

collective in its pleasing warmth.

The format of the show ensures that we see people as

they are, rather than the usual sight of raw innocents

losing their transparent naiveté in a haze of hair dye

and exfoliation. On other reality shows, fame and

money are insistent in transforming those that they

favour and what they tell us is that success must put

distance between destination and sources. between

who we are and what we must become. On it iw the

innocence that is spoken to and as an audience it is

this quahty we respond to. When a Sushi] Kumar

descnbes hfe and attributes his success to his_wife,

who in turn is quick to shyly shrug off the credit, we

see, for once, something that smacks of the real on a

reality show.

As the reality show evolved, it found reality too

boring and vapid. It was so much for fun to

manufacture it by making people act in unpleasant

ways. and say unsavoury things to each other. Now,

no reality show can really bring us reality; any act of

representation and framing creates its own version of

reality in many different ways I by aestheticizing it.

emotionalising moments, dramatising revelations,

withholding information selectively, or by imbuing

some moments with significance, while ignoring

others and even KBC uses these techniques. The

difference is that it uses these to drive us towards the

central premise of the show rather than see those as

individual ‘masala’ elements. In a world where

television is racked by anxiety about itself, and where

every new season is an exercise in renewed

desperation, KBC stands apart by continuing to tell a

human story about dreams and their fulfilment and

doing so without trying too hard.

There is no question that KBC rests on the persona of

Amitabh Bachchan for he reconciles for us the idea of

fame and humility, of achievement and empathy in

the way he treats the participants. He has a special

ability to look into the ordinary and find something

special and the humility to be awed by it. He is

simultaneously. The Amitabh Bachchan, the wax God

who we touch and squeal when we find out that it is

real and a fellow sympathizer and co-traveller on the

journey called life. As a a carrier of life-altering

destiny, he underplays his role to perfection,

acknowledging the enormity of that winning means

for the participant while revealing the wisdom that

knows that it is only money. Under his steerage

money is no longer cold acquisitive urgency but

KBC shows us, close-up and in slow motion, the act of

a miracle colliding with a dream. In doing so, it tells

us that money can change things for the better, when

it finds the right home. By appliying good fortune to

good intention. It keeps the miracle alive, well after

the movement of impact. As the winners no doubt

find out, one can never have enough money, and that

relative scale makes everyone a relative pauper. In

the final analysis, Kaun Banega Crorepati reveals both

the nobility and the eventual poverty of money, no

93. According to the author’s opinion a few years

before writing this article, which of the following

ii. The show was too refined to compete with

iii. Shah Rukh Khan as the show host would take

iv. The show’s viciousness was leading it, to its

94. Unlike most reality shows, KBC has gained

(1) Using glamorous participants on the show

(2) Getting participants to say unpleasant things

(3) Making major adjustments to its format time

(4) Connecting with the depth and reality of lives

95. According to the author, KBC presents the prize

(4) a reason for changing the real person

96. In what context does the author use the phrase “a

relative pauper”?

(1) No one can ever have enough money

(2) Money can change who we are

(3) Money is cold and has materialistic


(4) Money can change things for better only if it

finds the right home

Babur’s head was throbbing with the persistent ache

that dogged him during the monsoon. The warm rain

had been falling for three days now but the still.

heavy air held no promise of relief‘ The rains would

go on for weeks, even months. Lying back against

silken bolsters in his bedchamber in the Agra fort, he

tried to imagine the chill, thin rains of Ferghana

blowing in over the jagged summit of Mount Beshtor

and failed. The punkah above his head hardly

disturbed the air. It was hard even to remember what

it was like not to feel hot. There was little pleasure

just now even in visiting his garden the sodden

flowers, soggy ground and overflowing water

channels only depressed him.

Babur got up and tried to concentrate on writing an

entry in his diary but the words wouldn’t come and

he pushed his jewel-studded inkwell impatiently

aside. Maybe he would go to the women’s apartments.

Hewould ask Maha_m to sing. Sonhetimes she

acoompanied herself on the round-bellied, slender-
necked lute that had once belonged to Esan Dawlat.

Maham lacked her grandmother’s but the lute still

made a sweet sound in her hands.

Or he might play a game of ehess with Humayun. His

son had a shrewd, subtle mind — but so, he prided

himself, did he and he could usually beat him. It

amused him to see Humayun’s startled look as he

claimed victory with the traditidnal cry shah mat —

‘check-mate’, ‘the king is at a loss’. Later, they would

discuss Babur’s plans to launch a campaign when the

rains eased against the rulers of Bengal. In their

steamy jungles in the Ganges delta, they thought they

could defy Moghul authority and deny Babur’s


‘Send for my son Humayun and fetch my chessmen,’

Babur ordered a servant. Trying to shake off his

lethargy he got up and went to a casement projecting

over the riverbank to watch the swollen, muddy

waters of the Jumna rushing by. A farmer was leading

Hearing footsteps Babur turned, expecting to see his

son, but it was only the white-tunicked servant.

‘Majesty, your son begs your forgiveness but he is

Humayun was never ill. Perhaps he, too, was suffering

from the torpor that came with the monsoon, sapping

the energy and spirit of even the most vigorous.

‘I will go to him.’ Babur wrapped a yellow silk robe

around himself and thrust his feet into pointed

apartments to Humayun’s on the opposite side of a

galleried courtyard, where water was not shootingr

as it should, in sparkling arcs from the lotus-shaped

marble basins of the fountains but pouring over the

Humayun was lying on his bed, arms thrown back,

eyes closed, forehead beaded with sweat, shivering.

When he heard his father’s voice he opened his eyes

but they were bloodshot, the pupils dilated. Babur

could hear his heavy wheezing breathing. Every

scratchy intake of air seemed an effort which hurt

‘Why wasn’t I told?’ Babur looked angrily at his son’s

attendants. ‘Send for my hakim immediately!’ Then he

dipped his own silk handkerchief into some water

and wiped l-lumayun’s brow. The sweat returned at

once — in fact, it was almost running down his face

and he seemed to be shivering even more violently

Abdul-Malik went immediately to Humayun’s

bedside, laid a hand on his forehead, pulled back his

eyelids and felt his pulse. Then, with increasing

concern, he pulled open Humayun’s robe and,

bending, turned his neatly turbaned head to listen to

Abdul-Malik paused. ‘It is hard to say, Majesty. I need

to examine him further.’ ‘

Whatever you require you only have to say...’

‘I will send for my assistants. If I may be frank, it

would be best if you were to leave the chamber,

Majesty. I will report to you when l have examined

the prince thoroughly - but it looks serious, perhaps

even grave. His pulse and heartbeat are weak and

rapid.’ Without waiting for Babur’s reply, Abdul-Malik

turned back to his patient. Babur hesitated and, after

a glance at his son’s waxen trembling face, the room.

As attendants closed the doors behind him he found

that he, tob, was trembling.

A chill closed round his heart. So many times he had

feared for Humayun. At Panipat he could have fallen

beneath the feet of one of Sultan Ibrahim’s war

elephants. At Khanua he might have been felled by the

slash of a Rajput sword. But he had never thought

that Humayun — so healthy and strong — might

succumb to sickness. How could he face life without

his beloved eldest son? Hindustan and all its riches

would be worthless if Humayun died. He would never

have come to this sweltering, festering land with its

endless hot rains and whining, bloodsucking

mosquitoes if he had known this would be the price.
97. Babur was feeling depressed because...

(1) the rulers of Bengal were defying Moghul


(2) he could not usually beat Humayun at chess

(3) he did not like the warm rains and the

heaviness of monsoon air

(4) Maham could not play the lute as well as her


98. Which among the following things did Babur not

consider doing to relieve himself of depression?

(1) Go to the women’s apartments

(2) Visit his garden

(3) Play a game of chess with Humayun

(4) Listen to Maham sing

99. What was it that Babur currently feared for


(1) Humayun could fall beneath the feet of war


(2) Humayun could be felled by the slash of a

(3) Humayun may not be treated properly by the

(4) Humayun might succumb to sickness

100. According to this passage, which of the following

has not been used to describe Humayun?

Section IV

101. What was the picture shown on the first stamp of

102. Which of the following venues has hosted the

Summer Olympics Games the maximum number

103. What is a good estimate for the length of the

104. Which treaty led to creation of the single

105. In ecology, what name is given to the measure of

diversity that is often used to quantify the

biodiversity of a habitat by taking into account

the number of species present, as well as the

106. Match the Memoir/Autobiography in Column 1

with the person on whom it is based in Column 2:

Column 1 Column 2

1 Open i Hillary Rodham

2 Living History ii Lance Armstrong

iii Andre Agassi

(1) 1 – iv, 2 – i, 3 – iii, 4 - ii

(2) 1 – i, 2 – iv, 3 – ii, 4 - iii

(3) 1 – iii, 2 – i, 3 – iv, 4 - ii

(4) 1 – iii, 2 – ii, 3 – iv, 4 - i

107. Which of the following is NOT TRUE about the

Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) of the

United Nations (UN)?

1. There are 8 MDGs that 193 UN Members

states have agreed to achieve

2. The year set for achieving the MDGs is 2020

3. Ensuring environmental sustainability is not

one of the MDGs

4. Eradication of extreme poverty and hunger is

one of the prime MDGs

(1) 1 & 2 (2) 2 & 3

(3) Only 3 (4) Only 4

108. Match the Country in Column 1 with its Capital

city in Column 2 and its Currency in Column 3



1 Hungary a Tehran i Dirham

2 Iran b Rabat Ii Rial

3 Morocco c Bucharest Iii Leu

4 Romania d Budapest iv Forint

(1) 1 – d – iv, 2 – a – i, 3 – b – ii, 4 – c- iii

(2) 1 – d- iv, 2 – a- ii, 3 – b – i, 4 – c – iii

(3) 1 – b – i, 2 – a- iv, 3 – d –ii, 4 – c - iii

(4) 1 – b – i, 2 – a – ii, 3 – d – iii, 4 – c- iv

109. Who is the Indian to be named as one of the six

winners of the prestigious Magsaysay Award for


(1) Medha Pathkar

(2) Jeet Thayil

(3) Kunlandei Francis

(4) Avind Kejiriwal

110. Match the name of the automobile company in

Column 1 with the brand of cars owned ny them

in Column 2

4 Every Second Counts iv Micheal Caine

Column 1 Column 2

1. BMW i. Bentley

2. Fiat ii. Cadilla

3. General Motors iii. Chrysler

4 Volkswagen iv. Mini

111. Who, among the following, has not been a Vice

President of India before becoming the President

112. GAAR has been in news recently. What does

(1) Global Accounting Alliance Regime

(3) Government Affairs Assessment Rule

(4) Generally Accepted Accounting Rules

113. Match the description given in Column 1 with the

Column 1 Column 2

1 First Hindi Film a. Mother India

b Alam Ara

c Kisan Kanya

d Raja Harischandra

114. Which year is known as the year of the great
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