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Old April 5th, 2013, 10:17 AM
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Default Re: J&K Board Of School Education Srinagar

You are looking for the syllabus of Class 12th of Jammu and Kashmir State Board of School Education. Here I am providing that:

A. Fundamentals of Human Geography
--Unit I: Human Geography: Nature and Scope

--Unit II: People
Population of the world – distribution, density and growth;
Population change-spatial patterns and structure; determinants of population change;
Age-sex ratio; rural-urban composition;
Human development – concept ; selected indicators, international comparisons.

--Unit III: Human Activities
Primary activities – concept and changing trends; gathering, pastoral, mining, subsistence agriculture, modern agriculture; people engaged in agriculture and allied activities – some examples from selected countries;
Secondary activities – concept; manufacturing: agro-processing, household, small scale,
large scale; people engaged in secondary activities – some examples from selected countries;
Tertiary activities – concept; trade, transport and communication; services; people engaged in tertiary activities – some examples from selected countries;
Quaternary activities – concept; knowledge based industries; people engaged in quaternary activities – some examples from selected countries.

--Unit IV: Transport, Communication and Trade
Land transport – roads, railways – rail network; trans-continental railways;
Water transport – inland waterways; major ocean routes;
Air transport – Intercontinental air routes;
Oil and gas pipelines;
Satellite communication and cyber space;
International trade – Basis and changing patterns; ports as gateways of international trade, role of WTO in International trade.

--Unit V: Human Settlements Marks 05
Settlement types – rural and urban; morphology of cities (case study); distribution of mega cities; problems of human settlements in developing countries.

--Unit VI: Map work on identification of features based on above units on the outline Political map of world.

B. India: People and Economy
--Unit VII: People Marks 05
Population – distribution, density and growth; composition of population: linguistic, sex
and religious; rural-urban population change through time – regional variations; occupations.
Migration: international, national – causes and consequences;
Human development – selected indicators and regional patterns; Population, environment and development.

--Unit VIII: Human Settlements
Rural settlements – types and distribution;
Urban settlements – types, distribution and functional classification.

--Unit IX: Resources and Development
Land resources – general land use; agricultural land use – major crops; agricultural
development and problems, common property resources;
Water resources – availability and utilization – irrigation, domestic, industrial and other
uses; scarcity of water and conservation methods – rain water harvesting and watershed
management (one case study related with participatory watershed management to be
Mineral and energy resources – metallic and non-metallic minerals and their distribution;
conventional and non-conventional energy sources;
Industries – types and distribution; industrial location and clustering; changing pattern of
selected industries – iron and steel, cotton textiles, sugar, petrochemicals, and knowledge
based industries; impact of liberalization, privatization and globalization on industrial
Planning in India – target area planning (case study); idea of sustainable development
(case study).

--Unit X: Transport, Communication and International Trade
Transport and communication — roads, railways, waterways and airways; oil and gas
pipelines; national electric grids; communication networkings – radio, television, satellite
and internet;
International trade — changing pattern of India’s foreign trade; seaports and their hinterland
and airports.

--Unit XI: Geographical Perspective on Selected Issues and Problems
(One case study to be introduced for each topic)
Environmental pollution; urban-waste disposal;
Urbanization-rural-urban migration; problem of slums;
Land Degradation.

--Unit XII: Map work on locating and labeling of features based on above units on the outline Political map of world.

For complete syllabus of Class 12th of Jammu and Kashmir State Board of School Education, here I am providing you an attachment:

J&K Board Of School Education syllabus of class 12

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