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Old November 24th, 2012, 10:58 AM
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Default Journalism Education Details In Osmania University

I want to do PG Journalism course from Osmania University so give me entrance details of journalism course for me?

I am giving the syllabus of PG entrance examination of Osmania University for your reference. Go through it. M.C.J. (MASTER OF COMMUNICATION & JOURNALISM)
Comment on Contemporary media issues ; Advertising or Public Relations campaign or script for TV indicating campaign objectives, media and creative strategies ; Editing passage in English and giving a headline.

For the rest of the details you can download the pdf file provided.

Osmania was first university in India to start a Bachelor’s Degree (BJ) course in 1962. The Master’s Degree (MJ) course was started in 1974 & the M.Phil in 1991 and PhD in 2005.The courses were also renamed as ‘Bachelor of Communication and Journalism’ (BCJ) and ‘Master of Communication and Journalism’ (MCJ).

B.C.J Syllabus:
I Semester
Introduction to Communication and Mass Media
Reporting and Editing - I
Electronic Media and Film

II Semester
Reporting and Editing - II
Media Laws and Ethics
Corporate Communication
Optional (Any one)
Magazaine and Photo Journalism
Telugu Journalism

M.C.J Syllabus
I Semester
Trends in Communication Theory, International Communication
Communication Research Methods and Applications
Development and Rural Communication
Optional (Any one)
Electronic Media - I
Print Media – I

II Semester
Corporate and Organizational communication
Integrated Marketing Communication
Information and Communication Technologies and New Media
Optional (Any one)
Electronic Media - II
Print Media - II

Osmania University
Osmania University Main Rd, हैदराबाद, Andhra Pradesh 500007 ‎
040 2709 8043

Attached Files Available for Download
File Type: pdf OU MCJ Entrance Syllabus.pdf (197.0 KB, 79 views)

Last edited by Aakashd; December 21st, 2019 at 02:54 PM.
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Old February 11th, 2014, 12:15 PM
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Join Date: Jun 2011
Default Re: Journalism Education Details In Osmania University

I am giving the syllabus of PG entrance examination of Osmania University for your reference. Go through it. M.C.J. (MASTER OF COMMUNICATION & JOURNALISM)
Comment on Contemporary media issues ; Advertising or Public Relations campaign or script for TV indicating campaign objectives, media and creative strategies ; Editing passage in English and giving a headline.


The Syllabus for the entrance test in all the languages is based on the second language syllabus of the UG courses of Osmania University. The broad
details of the syllabus in each subject is given below:

PART – A: (40 Marks)
Fundamentals of Indian Archaeology, Indian Art and Architecture
PART – B: (60 Marks)
Indian History from the earliest time to the present day including political, social, economic, religious and cultural aspects.

Part – A (40 Marks)
Grammar : The following topics: Kalima, Aqsam-ai-Kalima, Fail, Aqsama-ai-fail, Jumla ismia wa Failia, Murakkab Idafi, Murakkab Touseefi, Mubtada
Khabar, Wahed, Tasnia Jama Muzakkar and Muannas, Zameer Zarf Zaman and Makan, Huroof Jarra. (Book prescribed: al-Nahwu-Al-Wadihatul
Part–I) Translation: from the prescribed text book, Duroos-al-Lugha, al Arabia (Part-II by Dr. V. Abdur Raheem.)
Part – B (60 Marks)
Prose : I. The Prose book “Duroos-ul-Lughtil Arabiya Part II by Dr. V. Abdur Raheem
II. The following five surahs: Wadhuha, Insherah, Teen, Zilzal and Qadar
Poerty: 10 Poems: 1. Fazl-al-Lugath; 2. Al-Tair; 3.An-Naseedul-Mudarari; 4.Al-Kitab; 5.Unshudu Al-Sabah; 6.Nasheed Al-Kashafa; 7.Al-Zahiar; 8.Al-
Tabiah; 9.Tahyi Al-Maktab; 10.Al-ustaz wal alwalid.
History of Arabic Literature: Pre-Islamic Period: 1.Mazaya-al-Lugha-al-Arabia; 2.Al-Muallaqa-al-Saba; 3.Khasais Al-Shair Al-Jahili; 4.Tadween-al
Quraan; 5.Mumayyizat Khitabat al Asr Jahili; 6.Mumayyizat Khitabad Asr Al-Khulfa Al-Rashideen.

Part – A (40 Marks)
Comprehension of a passage (15 Marks) Language skills (25 Marks): (Sentence construction, spellings, antonyms and synonyms, and logic and reasoning)
Part – B (60 Marks)
Media awareness (20 Marks) Current affairs (20 Marks) General awareness (10 Marks) Words frequently used in media (10 Marks)

PART – A: (40 Marks)
(Books, Periodicals, Reasoning, Mental Ability and Arithmetic) News Papers & Periodicals – their place of publication; Books – subjects, Books –
Authors; Verbal Reasoning, Mental Ability; and General Arithmetic, Quantitative Ability.
PART – B (60 Marks)
(General Knowledge, Awareness, and Current Affairs) Popular and Technical Terms in various fields – their subject and meaning; Famous Persons –
their Specialization, filed of activity, Awards, honours etc.; Learned Regional, National and International Institutions, Societies, Associations – their
location, activities, etc.; Current Affairs and Events – Regional, National and International (Social, Political, Economic, etc); sports and games – terms,
specifications, rules and persons etc.; Geographical locations, names and terms – cities, countries, rivers, mountains, parks, forests, capitals, etc.
Inventions, Discoveries, Explorations, etc.; and Questions relating to specific subjects – Arts, Social Sciences & Sciences (Literature, Economics,
Medicine, Physics, Engineering, etc.

PART – A: (40 Marks)
INDIAN ECONOMY AND ENVIRONMENTAL ECONOMICS: Economics of Development: Meaning and definition of economic development, Measures
of economic development, GNP, PQLI and HDI-Factors affecting development; Capital formation and Labour; Growth of population, Poverty and
income inequalities in developing economics, Technology and environment, resource depletion and pollution, Concept of sustainable development,
Balanced and unbalanced models of growth, the role of choice of goods and techniques in economic development. Current Structure of the Indian
Economy and Economic Planning: Basic features, Natural resources-Land, water and forest resources; Broad demographic features-Population size
and growth rates, sex composition, rural urban migration, Occupational distribution; Population policy, infrastructure development, National income,
trends, composition and structure in India, poverty inequalities and unemployment-causes and consequences, Current five year plan-objectives,
allocation and targets; new economic reforms-liberalisation, privatization and globalisation in India. Indian Agriculture: Nature and importance; Trends
in agricultural production and productivity; Factors determining productivity, new agricultural strategy and green revolution, rural credit, agricultural
marketing, agricultural price policy, agricultural infrastructure and food security. Indian Industry and Services: Present structure and growth of Indian
industry since independence; industrial policy of 1956 and 1991; FEMA, Growth and problems of small scale industries. Role of public, private and
foreign sector enterprises in India’s industrialization, Dis-investment policy in India. Growting importance of social sector in India. Environment and
Ecology: Environment economy linkage, environment as a necessity and luxury, population-environment linkage, environmental use and environmental
disruption as an allocation problem; market failure for environmental goods; environment as a public good; the commons problem; property right
approach to environmental problem; valuation of environmental damages; land water, air and forest, prevention, control and abatement of pollution.
PART-B(60 Marks)
(a) MICRO ECONOMICS: Introduction: Nature, definition and scope of economics; methodology in economics; micro-macro-static-dynamic,
normative and positive, inductive and deductive analysis, partial and general equilibrium, choice as an economic problem. Consumer’s Behaviour:
Utility-cardinal and ordinal approaches, law of diminishing marginal utility, law of equi-marginal utility, indifference curve; consumer’s equilibrium (Hicks
and Slutsky); Giffin goods; demand analysis, elasticity of demand, price, income and cross Elasticites; consumer’s surplus; Engel curve. Theory of
Production and Cost: Production decisions, production function; isoquant; factor substitution; law of variable proportions, returns to scale;
economies of scale; different concepts of costs and their interrelation; equilibrium of the firm; expansion path. Market Structure: Market forms-perfect
and imperfect markets, equilibrium of firm-perfect competition, monopoly and price discrimination, measures of monopoly power; monopolistic
competition, duopoly (Cournot’s model), oligopoly (Kinky demand curve), notion of controlled and administered prices. Factor Pricing: Marginal
productivity theory of distribution; theories of wage determination; wages and collective bargaining; wage differentials; rent-scarcity rent; differential
rent; quasi rent; interest-classical, neo-classical and Keynesian theories; profits-innovation, risk and uncertainty theories. (b) MACRO ECONOMICS:
National Income and Social Accounts: Meaning, definition and importance of macro economics, concepts and measurement of national income;
limitations of national income as an indicator of economic welfare, circular flow income, social accounting. Theories of Output and Employment:
Say’s law of markets and classical theory of employment; Keynes’ objection to classical theory, aggregate demand and aggregate supply functions;
the principle of effective demand-average and marginal propensity to consume; factors influencing consumption spending; the investment multiplier
and its effectiveness in LDCs; Theory of investment-autonomous and induced investment; marginal efficient of capital; meaning and phases of trade
cycle. Money: Meaning, function and classification of money; Gresham’s law; role of money in capitalist, socialist and mixed economies; budgets and
money supply, money supply and open economy, control of money supply. Quantity Theories of Money: Quantity theory of money – transactions
and cash balance approaches; The Keynesian approach; definition, types, causes and effects of inflation; demand pull and cost-push inflation;
measures to control inflation. Banking: Meaning and types of commercial banks; Functions of commercial banks; The process of credit creation,
purpose and limitations; Liabilities and assets of commercial banks; Functions of the Reserve Bank of India; quantitative and qualitative methods of
credit control.

PART-A (40 Marks)
Vocabulary (Antonyms, Synonyms, Single word substitutes), Grammar, Correction of sentences (Spotting the error), Spelling.
PART-B (60 Marks)
History of Literature, Literary terms, Authors and Books, General Awareness of Literature in English.
PART-A (40 Marks)
Spelling of Words, Correct form of sentences, Basic Grammar (Gender, Case, Tense Number), Meaning of the words.
PART-B (60 Marks)
History of Hindi Literature; Basic Hindi Grammar (Theory); Hindi, Prose, Poetry and Fiction etc; General Awareness about Hindi Language and
PART – A: (40 Marks)
History of Modern Europe ( 1789 – 1960 A.D.) : Introduction : Brief outlines of Renaissance, Reformation, Geographical Discoveries, Rise of
Nation States; French Revolution : Causes – Course – Constitutional Assembly – National Convention – Directory – Effects of the Revolution;
Emergence of Napoleon Bonaparte – Expansion – Consolidation and Downfall; Vienna Congress – Concert of Europe – Metternich – Revolutions of
1830 – 1848; The Industrial Revolution – its effects ; Second Republic in France – Napoleon III – Paris Commune – The Rise of III French Republic;
National Movements : Unification of Italy, Unification of Germany; Liberalism and Democracy in Britain; The Eastern Question – Crimean War – Berlin
Congress; Revolution in Turkey – Balkan wars; Scramble for African and Asian Colonies – Theories and Mechanisms of Imperialism; Power blocks in
Europe – Imperial Rivalry – Causes and System; First World War – Causes and Effects – Treaty of Versailles; Russian Revolution 1917 – Causes
and Significance; World under Economic crisis – Great Depression and Recovery; Rise of Fascism and Nazism; League of Nations – Achievements
and Failures; Second World War – Causes, Course and Effect; Post Second World War Developments – U.N.O. – Cold War – Rise of third block.
History and Culture of India up to 1950 A.D.
Unit 1: Introduction to History – Influence of Geography on History – Survey of the Sources- Pre-Historic period – Paleolithic, Mesolithic and
Neolithic Cultures – Role of Technology. Indus Valley Civilization – Its Characteristic Features – Vedic Culture – Early and Later Vedic Periods – Post-
Vedic period – Emergence of Varna and Jati – Rise of New Religious Movements – Jainism and Buddhism in 6th Century B.C. Impact on Society and
Culture. Unit2: A Brief Survey of Political Conditions in Ancient Indian – Magadha, Alexaunder’s Invasion and Mauryas – Ashoka’s Dhamma, Its
Nature and Propagation – Mauryan Administration, Society and Economy – Art and Architecture. Unit 3: Post-Mauryan period in North India – A Brief
Political Survey of Kushans, Guptas, Pushyabuthi and Rajputs: Polity and Administration – Social Conditions – Caste System – Position of Women
– Economy, Indian Feudalism – Art - Architecture – Education, Literature, Philosophy, Science and Technology. Unit 4: A Brief Political Survey of
South India – Sangam Age – Satavahanas – Pallavas – Cholas – Chalukyas and Rastrakutas – Kakatiyas and Vijayanagara: Polity and Administration,
Society, Economy Art, Architecture and Literature. Unit 5: Invasions of Arabs, Ghaznavids and Ghoris and Delhi Sultanate – A Brief Political Survey
of Delhi Sultanate Polity and Administration, Reforms of Allauddin and Mohd. Bin Tuglaq. Society, Nobility – Status of Women, Economics and
Technological Developments. Agriculture – Industry – Trade and Commerce – Urbanization, Art and Architecture – Fine Arts – Education and Literature.
Unit 6: Impact of Islam on Indian Society and Culture – Bhakti and Sufi Movements – Emergence of Composite Culture. Unit 7: Survey of Sources
– Establishment of Mughal Empire – Shershah Sur – Brief Survey of Political History up to A.D. 1707 – Polity and Administration – Society – Social
Composition – Ulema – Nobility – Peasantry – Artisans – Slaves – Status of Women – Economy: Agriculture Industries, Trade and Commerce –
Economic and Technological Developments. Religion – Hindu-Muslim Relations – Composite Culture. Education, Literature, Art, Architecture and Fine
Arts. Decline and Disintegration of Mughal Empire – Rise of Regional Powers – Marathas and Sikhs. Unit 8: Advent of European Powers – Portugese,
Dutch, English and French Expansion and Consolidation of British Empire – Wars – Diplomacy – Policies Pursued – Subsidiary Alliance – Doctrine of
Lapse; Economics Policies and Changes – Mercantilism and Free Trade Policies – Land Revenue Settlements – permanent – Ryotwari – Mahlawari
Systems – Irrigation – Commercialization of Agriculture – Condition of Peasants – Famines – Decline of Cottage Industries. Unit 9: Anti-colonial
Upsurge – Peasant and Tribal Revolts, Revolt of 1857 – Causes – Nature and Results. Unit 10: Factors for Social Change – Christian Missionaries
– Western Education – Emergence of New Middle Classes – Growth of Press – Socio-Religious Reforms Movements – Brahma Samaj – Arya Samaj
– Theosophical Society – Ramakrishna Mission – Aligarh Movement – Jyotiba Phule – Narayana Guru, Periyar’s Self-Respect Movement – Dr.B.R
Ambedkar. Unit 11: National Movement – Factors for the Growth of Nationalism – Indian National Congress – Three Phases of Freedom Struggle –
Revolutionary Movements – Left Wing Movements – Peasant and Workers Movements. Unit 12: Emergence of Communal Trends – Partition of India
– Integration of Princely states into Indian Union – Formation of Indian Republic.
Part – A (40 Marks)
1. Fundamental beliefs and practices of Islam. Prophethood, Revelation. Compilation of the Qur’ an. Economic, Political and Ethical teachings of
the Qur’ an. Hadith: Definition, Compilation and types of Hadith. 2. Source of Islamic Law, Schools of Islamic Law, Marriage, Dissolution of marriage,
Part – B (60 Marks)
3. Pre-Islamic Arabia: Geo-political, Social and religious conditions. Life of the Prophet and Early caliphate. 4. The Umayyads and the Abbasids:
Administration, Society, Contribution to Science, Literature, Fine Arts & Architecture, Petty Dynasties. 5. Concepts of Ummah, Khilafah and Imamah.
Muslim Philosophy: Mutalzilities, Asharites. Sufism: Origin and development. Sufis and Sufi orders. Suggested Readings: P.K. Hitti, History of the
Arabs; Muinuddin Nadavi, Tarikh-i-Islam, Vol-I to IV; Ameer Ali, The Spirit of Islam; Shibli Numani and Suleman Nadvi, Sirat al-Nabi; C. Brockelman,
History of Islamic people; A.A.A. Fyzee, outlines of Muhammadan Law M. Hamiddullah, Introduction to islam Muzaffaruddin Nadvi, Muslim thought and
its sources M.M.Sharif, A History of Muslim Philosophy Vol. I&II Abbus salam Nadvi, Tarikh e-Fiqh e-Islami. Aslam Jairajpuri, Tarikh al – Ummat, Vol - I to
VIII Mulla, Principles of Mahammadan Law.
PART-A (40 Marks)
Finding of correct form of words and sentences, meanings of words, basic grammar and composition.
PART-B (60 Marks)
History of Literature, Literary works and authors, grammar, Prosody and general awareness about the language.
PART – A (40 Marks)
Popular ideas and beliefs about language. Countries/States and their official languages. Languages and the scripts in which they are written. Names
of the language families to which a given language belongs to. Largest/Second largest spoken language in a country/region. Awareness of language
related subjects. Famous authors of the world and the language in which they wrote/have been writing. World famous books and the language in which
they are written. General English: awareness of English alphabets and the sounds they represent, spelling, basic knowledge of English grammar,
synonyms and antonyms.
PART – B: (60 Marks)
This section consists of 60 bits based on the natural/hypothetical language data to test the Analytical ability of the candidate.
PART-A: (40 Marks)
History of Marathi Literature.
PART-B: (60 Marks)
Forms of Literature: Poetry, Short Story, Novel, Drama, Essay, Biography, Autobiography.
Comment on Contemporary media issues ; Advertising or Public Relations campaign or script for TV indicating campaign objectives, media and
creative strategies ; Editing passage in English and giving a headline.
Model question paper: (For descriptive part - A (30) and part - B objective (70)
1. Write an essay on contemporary media issues on any one of the following: (1 x 10 = 10 Marks)
a. Politics and Media ; b. Censorship
2. Prepare an Advertising campaign on any one of the following indicating campaign objectives, media and creative strategies (1 x 10 = 10 Marks)
a. Child Labour ; b. Motorcycle
Prepare a Public Relations campaign on any one of the following indicating campaign objectives, media and creative strategies
a. for Reliance Industry on Green City ; b. for Tourism Dept. of A.P. on Conserving heritage sites
Write a five minute script for TV on “Educating the girl child”
3. Edit the following passage and give a three line single column headline (1 x 10 = 10 Marks)
Alternative arrangements have been made for public and goods transport vehicles to ply between 6 am and 10 pm traffic on national highway
will be diverted along alternate routes in view of the Aero-India 2007 air show, to be held from Feb 6 to 11 at the Hakimpet Air Force Station.
PART – A (40Marks)
1. Library Classification 2. Library Cataloguing 3. Library Management
PART – B (60 Marks)
1. Reference and Information Sources and Services 2. Library and Society 3. Introduction to Computers.
PART –A (40 Marks)
Social Work profession, philosophy and concepts social science concepts for social workers:
1. Nature, scope and definition of social work, goals of social work developmental/promotion/remedial/ameliorative. Values of social work profession,
social welfare, social services, social development and social change. 2. Evolution of social work in India – religious roots of charity and philanthropy:
role of traditional institutions such as joint family, caste and panchayat. 3. Emergence of rationalistic and humanistic traditions, concepts of social
reform: major social reform movements in India. 4. Fundamentals rights and duties under the Indian constitution-directive principles of state policy,
role of social work in relation to human rights and social justice. 5. Professional commitment and code of conduct for social workers. 6. Basic
psychological processes- motivation, perception, learning, adjustments, attitudes, stereo types, prejudice, etc. Personality, stages of human
developments-prenatal and postnatal stages. 7. Society and culture, process and socialization, agencies of socialization, social control, social
deviance, social groups social inequality and social stratification, urban, rural and tribal society, social change. 8. Origin and development of the state
role of the state in social welfare. 9. Relationship between economics and social work, economics of under development, role of state in planning and
economic development, relationship of anthropology to social work, social and economic development programme for tribal. 10. Social science
concepts for social work: community development and modernization, definitions and processes, minorities- demographic and socio economic
characteristics-the politics of minority status, human diversity and modern society.
PART - B (60 Marks)
Social work intervention – methods, strategies and fields of social work practice:
1.Social group work as a method of a social work specified objectives, values and principles of social group work. Types of groups process of group
work, approaches and models in group work practice – therapeutic/social treatment, development group and task-oriented group. 2. community
organization as a method of intervention and its scope: definition and principles of community organization. 3. Meaning and scope of social action,
social action as a technique and method of social work. 4. Social work research, social work research process, tools of social work research. 5.
Introduction, scope and need to different fields i.e. family and child welfare. 6. Medical social work – concept of health and illness, relationship between
body and mind and psychological components in Tuberculosis, HIV/AIDS and other social diseases and conditions. Psychiatric social work, community
health and health education, role of group workers in working with mentally and physically challenged. 7. Urban and rural community development –
programmes of urban and rural community development, 8. Criminology and correctional administration – social legislation, role of correctional socia
worker in prison. 9. Weaker sections development, definition of weaker section, programs and services of weaker sections. 10. Labour welfare and
personnel management.
PART-A: (40 Marks)
PART-B (60 Marks)
Life histories of the following Poets and Authors: Rudaki, Firdausi, Unsari, Nizami, Attar, Rumi, Khayyam, Amir Khusro, Saidi, Hafiz, Iqbal, Chahar
Maqala by Nizami aroozi Samarqerndi, Anwar-e-soheli by Mulla Waiz Kashif. Translation: Lessons prescribed for second language.
PART – A (40 Marks)
1. Definition of Philosophy – Different branches of Philosophy Introduction to Greek Philosophy 2. Characteristics of Indian Philosophy – Vedas,
Upanishads and Bhagvad Gita. 3. Definition, nature and scope of Ethics. Moral concepts – Relation of Ethics to Religion and Politics. 4. Definition,
scope and value of logic – knowledge and its sources – Forms of knowledge – The uses of logic.
PART – B (60 Marks)
1. Problem of substance –problem of Being and Becoming sophists – Socrates and his method – Plato and his theory of ideas – Aristotle and his theory
of causation. 2. Modern Western Philosophy – Rationalism of Descartes, Spinoze and Leibnitz. Empiricism of Locke, Berkeley and Hume. Synthesis
of rationalism and empiricism in Kant. 3. Hegal’s Dialectical method. Marxian approach to History. Existentialism – Linguistic analysis and Pragmatism.
4. Carvaka Philosophy, Buddhism and Jainism. Sankhya and Yoga School of Thought 5. Nyaya and Vaisesika’s theory of knowledge. Mimamas and
Vedanta School of Philosophy 6. Ethics of Bhagavad Gita – Ashramadharmas – Doctrine of Purusharthas – Ethics of Gandhi – Concept of Ahimsa and
PART – A: (40 Marks)
I) Political Thought: 1) Ancient Indian Political Thought: a) Sources of Ancient Indian Political Thought; b) Manu: Varnadharma and Dandaneeti;
c)Kautilya: State and Society; d) Gautama Buddha: social and political Ideas; 2) Modern Indian political Thought: a) Reformist Thought: Rajaram Mohan
Roy & Phule; b) Gandhi: Ahimsa and Satyagraha; c) Nehru: Democratic Socialism, d) Ambedkar: Annihilation of Caste; 3) Western Political Thought:
Plato, Aristotle, St. Thomas Aquinas, Machiavelli, Thomas Hobbes, John Locke, J.J. Rousseau, Jeremy Bentham, J.S.Mill, Hegel, Marx and Gramsci.
II) International Relations: 1) Evolution, Nature Scope and Significance; 2) History of International Relations: Rise of Sovereign Nation State
System. First World War, Second World War and Cold War- Phases; 3) Concepts of International Relations: Power – Elements of National Power,
Super Power, Regional Power, Hegemony – Uni-polarity, Bipolarity, Multipolarity Security, Diplomacy; 4) International Political Economy: i) Historical
Overview: Colonialism, Decolonisation, Developing Nations and Problems: ii) International Financial Institutions: World Bank, WTO- Functions and
Role; iii) Globalisation and its Impact on Developing Nations; 5. International Organisations: United Nations – Organisation, Structure, Role and need
for revision of the charter. Regional Organisations – European Union, SAARC and ASEAN; 6) International Security: Arms Race, Arms Control and
Disarmament. Issues in Nuclear Politics; 7) Foreign Policy: India’s Foreign Policy, Determinants and Features. Non-Alignment – Recent Trends; 8)
Contemporary Issues in International Relations: Environment, Human Rights and Terrorism.
I) Political Science Concepts, Theories and Institutions: 1. Introduction: Definition, Scope and Importance of Political Science; 2. Approaches to
the Study of Political Science: Liberal and Marxist; 3. State – Nation and Civil Society; 4. Sovereignty: Monism and Pluralism; 5. Theories of Origin of
the State: Social Contact and Evolutionary (Historical); 6. Concepts: a) a. Law: Sources of Law and Concept of Rule of Law; b) Liberty and Equality
– Their Relationship; c) Theories and kinds of Rights; Human Rights; d) Power, Authority and Legitimacy, e). Public Policy: Meaning and Importance;
7. Ideologies: Individualism, Anarchism, Fascism and Socialism; 8. Forms of Government; a). Democracy: Direct and Indirect, b). Unitary and
Federal, c). Parliamentary and Presidential; 9. Theory of Separating of Powers; 10. Organs of Government: a) Legislature: i) Unicameral and Bi-
Cameral; ii) Powers and Functions; b) Executive: i) Powers and Functions; c) Judiciary: i) Powers and Functions; ii) Independence of Judiciary and
Judicial Review
II) Indian Government and Politics: 1. Salient Features of Indian Constitution: A Comparative Perspective with the Constitutions of UK, USA and
Switzerland; 2. Evolution of Indian Constitution – Nationalist Movement and Philosophical Foundations; 3. Nature of Indian State: Liberal and Marxist
Perspective; 4. Indian Federation – Centre- State Relations – Recent Trends; 5. Fundamental Rights and Duties, Constitutional Remedies. Directive
Principles of State Policy, 6. President –Election, Powers and Functions – Prime Minister and Council of Ministers; 7. Parliament – Composition, Powers
and Functions; 8) Judiciary – Supreme Court, Composition, Powers, Functions. Judicial Review and Judicial Activism; 9) Party System: National and
Regional Parties; Coalitional Politics; 10. Election Commission – Electoral Reforms and Voting Behavior; 11. State Government – Governor, Chief
Minister and Council of Ministers – Powers and Functions; 12. Social and Economic Factors – Language, Religion, Caste and Regional Identities; 13.
Challenges to National Integration: Communalism and Terrorism; 14. Social movements: Agrarian, Working Class, Women, Tribal, Dalit and Environmental;
15. Local Government Institutions: Recent Trends and – 73rd & 74th Constitutional Amendments.
PART – A (40 Marks)
1. Introduction: The Nature of Modern Psychology-psychological conception of Man-Branches of Psychology. Methods of Psychology-Experimental
method, observation of method, case study method; survey method. 2. Biological basis of behaviour: (a) Nervous system and its organization – The
structure of neuron-Central nervous system-Brain and Spinal Cord-Localization of Brain functions-Autonomic nervous systems (b) Harmonal basis of
behaviour-The major endocrine glands and their functions; Mechanisms of heredity – Chromosomes and genes. Influence of heredity and environment
on behaviour. 3. Sensation and perception (a) Sensory processes – vision, audition, Chemical senses, sense of equilibrium and kinesthetic sense (b)
Perceptual processes: Principles of perceptual organization-Attention and perception-perception of space, perception of Movement-Perceptual constancies
Illusions. 4. Motivation: Psychological motives-psycho social motives – unconscious motivation – Maslow’s theory of motivation. 5. Emotion: Primary
emotions-Development of emotions – Psychological changes in emotion-Theories of emotions-James-Lange, Cannon-Bard and Schachter. 6. Learning:
Conditioning-Classical conditioning and operant conditioning-Cognitive learning-Motivation and learning-Transfer of training. 7. Memory and Forgetting:
Kinds of retention-Retrieval processs-Nature of forgetting-Improving memory. 8. Thinking: Concept formation-Reasoning: problem-solving-creative
thinking. 9. Development of Behaviour: Principles of development-stages in development-developmental tasks. 10. Intelligence and Aptitude: Nature
of Intelligence-Measurement of intelligence-Distribution of Intelligence-genetic basis of Intelligence-Theories of Intelligence-Sp; earman, Thurstone-
Guilford-Aptitude-Aptitude tests.
PART – B (60 Marks)
1. Personality: Approaches to the study of personality-Psychoanalytic – Behavioristic –Humanistic-Trait factor approach – Personality assessment.
2. Psychology of Adjustment: Dynamics of Adjustment-Conflict-Frustration-Anxiety-Defense Mechanisms. 3. Abnormal Behaviour: Neurotic Reactions:
Anxiety reactions-Obsessive and compulsive reactions Phobias – Dissocitive reactions conversion reactions - Neurotic Depression. 4. Abnormal
Behaviour, Psychotic reactions: Schizophrenia, Manic-depressive Psychosis, organic and toxic psychosis. 5. Applications of Psychology-Educational
Psychology, Clinical, organizational Psychology. 6. Altered states of consciousness: Sleeping and dreaming-Hypnosis-Meditation –Drug induced
states. 7. Elementary Statistics: Frequency distribution-Measures of Central tendency-Measures of variability-Coefficient of Correlation. 8. Nature of
scope of Social psychology, Relation to General Psychology, Sociology and Anthropology, Methods of Social Psychology. 9. Socialization: Some
common features of all Societies-The Transformation of non-social neonate into social adult; problems involved in Socialization. 10. Social norms, roles
and status: Features of Social norms – formation of norms. Social role-Features-Social status, Social perception. 11. Communication: Nature of
Communication-Communication-process-Communication among animals, Mass media communication. 12. Social motivation and Social incentives.
Social drives, Need for affection. Dependences, aggression, self assertion, achievement motive, Social incentives-Rewards and punishment.
13. Social attitudes: Importance of social attitudes-Distinctive features of social attitudes-Formation of attitude, Measurement; method of equal
appearing intervals-Likert method of summated ratings-Method of social distance. 14. Public Opinion: Basis steps in opinion formation-Guaging public
opinion-Analysis of editorials: letters to the editors etc. 15. Propagandas propaganda and education; propaganda and suggestion, techniques of
propaganda. 16. Prejudice: Stereotypes and social distance-Growth of Prejudice; Methods of reducing prejudice. 17. Collective behaviour: Crowds;
Blumer’s classification-Brown’s classification-a Mobs and audience. Characteristic of Mob behaviour-varying thresholds of mob behaviour, kinds of
mobs. Audience, other mass phenomena Rumours and mass hysteria. 18. Kinds and formation of groups. Kind of groups: Primary and Secondary,
formal and informal, Ingroups and out-groups. Memberships groups and reference groups. Essential properties of small information groups. Group
dynamics. 19. Leadership Types of leaders. An experimental study of leadership-Important kinds of leadership-Authoritative and democratic
leadership; Theories of leadership-Trait theories, Behavioristic Theories; Contingency theories.
Management of Resources: 1. Concept, Scope and importance of Human Resource Management. 2. Role of Civil Service in a Developing Society
3. Bureaucracy, Representative Bureacracy and Debreaucratisation. 4. Recruitment – Methods, Sources (Campus Recruitment, Employment Exchange,
Advertisement, Employee Referrals at the Gate Recruitment, Word of the Mouth, Union Referrals, Recruitment Policy, Selection Methods, Union
Public Service Commission. 5. Human Resource Development – Concept of HRD; Training – Objectives, Types, Evaluation, Training of All India
Services. 6. Promotion – Meaning, Principles, Performance Indicators & Performance Appraisal 7. Pay – Components, Principals, Principles, Pay
Commissions 8. Civil Service Unions, Whitely Councils & Joint Staff Councils 9. Issues in HRM – Downsizing, Outsourcing, Voluntary Retirement
Scheme. Financial Management: 1. Meeting, Scope and Importance of Financial Management 2. Budget – Concept, Principles of Budgeting;
Preparation, Enactment and execution of the budget 3. Parliamentary Financial Committees – Public Accounts Committee & Estimates Committee 4.
Accounting and Auditing 5. Comptroller and Auditor General of India 6. Union – State Financial relations and the role of the Finance Commission 7.
Organization and functions of the Finance Ministry
PART-B(60 Marks)
Concepts & Theories: 1. Meaning and Scope and importance of Public Administration 2. Politics & Administration – Dichotomy – Woodrow Wilson 3.
Evolution of Public Administration 4. Relations with other Social Sciences with special reference to Political Science & Economics 5. Administrative
management – Fayol 6. Structures & Principles of Organization – Gullick & Urwick 7. Scientific Management – Taylor 8. Bureaucracy – Weber and Karl
Marx 9. Human Relations Approach – Elton Mayo 10. Simon: Decision Making 11. Barnard: Authority & Informal Organizations 12. Mc Gregor: Theory
X and Theory Y 13. Comparative Public Administration – Riggs 14. Development Administration – Weidner 15. New Public Administration 16. New Public
Management Perspective 17. Public Administration in the context of Globalization, Privatization and Liberalization 18. Concepts in Administration:
Planning Leadership, Supervision 19. Communication, Public Relations, Motivation. Public Administration in India: 1. Evolution of Indian Administration
– Ancient, Medieval and British Periods – Continuity and Change in Indian Administration after Independence 2. Context of Indian Administration –
Social, Economic and Political 3. Union Government and Administration – President, Prime Minister, Council of Ministers, Central Secretariat, Cabinet
Secretariat, Cabinet Committees and Prime Minister Office 4. Union and State Relations and Agencies – Administrative Relations – Inter State Council,
Finance Commission, All India Services, Planning Commission, National Development Council. 5. Public Enterprises in India: a) Forms of Public
Enterprises: i) Departments ii) Corporation and Company b) Issues: Privatization, Dis-investment downsizing 6. State Government and Administration:
Governor, Chief Minister, Council of Ministers, State Secretariat/Directorates, Regional Administration/General Administration and Chief Secretary 7.
District Administration: Changing Role of District Collector - Special Agencies - DRDA, ITDA 8. Governments - Rural and Urban - Structure and
functions - 73rd and 74th Constitutional amendment 9. Controls Over Administration: a) Legislative Control b) Judicial Control c) Citizen’s Control - Lok
Pal/Lokayukta d) Consumer Protection Forum e) CVC (Central Vigilance Commission) 10. Administration of Welfare Programmes for Weaker Sections
- SCs, STs Women, Minorities 11. Administrative Reforms, Recommendations of important Commissions and Committees 12. Good Governance and
PART-A (40 Marks)
Declensions : Marking the correct declensional form as indicated, Marking the correct Vibhakti as indicated, Conjugation : Marking the correct
Tinganta verbal forms, Marking the correct lakara-tense and mood. Samasas – Compounds : Marking the correct vigrahvakya, Marking the correct
samasas against given vigrahavakya.
PART-B: (60 Marks)
Sandhis: Joining the words, Disjoin the sandhis.
Kridantas: Marking the correct Kridanta form. Alankaras: Identify alankara, Define alankara. History of Literature: Identifying the poet. Identifying the text.
PART-A: (40 Marks)
SOCIAL ANTHROPOLOGY: Definition and Meaning of Anthropology, nature and scope of Anthropology, Divisions of Anthropology and their relationship,
Social Anthropology-Definition, Nature, scope and its relationship with other social sciences; Definition and concept of Culture, Characteristics and
aspects of culture. Culture process- Evolution and diffusion; Society: Characteristics of tribal society, Difference between tribal and Non-tribal
societies; Family,Marriage and kinship: Definition, characteristics and functions, ways of acquiring mates and forms of marriage Definition, characteristics
and functions of family. Types of family; Definition of kinship and kinship terminology. Kinship group lineage, clan, phratry and moiety; Tribal
Economy: General features of tribal economy. Forms of tribal economy, Reciprocity, redistribution and exchange; Political Organisation: General
features of tribal polity. Forms of tribal political organization. Tribal law and justice; Religious Organisation: Definition, forms and functions of religion,
animatism. Definition, forms and functions of magic. Relationship between religion, magic and science; Tribes of India: Geographical distribution of
tribes in India. Racial and linguistic classification of Indian tribes socio-economic features of Indian tribes; Tribal welfare: Culture contract and Allied
problems. Policy towards tribes in pre-independent Indian Constitutional safeguards for tribes. Tribes in Andhra Pradesh – A board outline. Tribal
Development in India and Andhra Pradesh.
PART-B: (60 Marks)
PRINCIPLES OF SOCIOLOGY : Sociology-Definition, Nature and scope – its relation to the other Social Sciences-Economics, Psychology, Anthropology,
History and Political Science. A brief introduction-Augusts comts, Herbert Spencer, Durkhaim, Weber and Karl Marx; Human society – its nature,
characteristics and function-individual and society – Socialisation, its meaning-process and agencies – theories of socialiation-Cooley, mood and fruid
– Culture and personality; social structure and organization : social Groups, (Primary & secondary, Formal & Informal, In and out groups); Institutions,
Associations and Communities, Role, Status, Norms, values, power and authority; Social disorganisation and social control-Agencies of social control;
Heredity and environment-their influence on the individual-Natural and social selection and social heritage; Social Interaction – associative and
disassociative social processes, Co-operation, Accomodation, assimilation, acculturtion and integration and competion and conflict; Forms and
functions of social stratification – Caste, Class and status groups.
INDIAN SOCIETY: Indian Society-Racial, Linguistic, Culture and religious divisions; Hindu social organisation – varnasharma Dharmas and purushathao;
Varna and Caste – Forms of Marriage, Nature of Family – Status of Women in Hindu society; Social organisation of Minorities-Muslims, Christians and
others – their marriage and family patterns; Indian Tribes – Major forms of their social and religious organisations – clan, kinship, marriage, family;
Social problems – casteism, untouchability, dowry, poverty un-employment, beggary, crime, delinguency, prostitution, Alcoholism and communal
tensions, Child Labour, Environmental problems, and violence against women; Social change in modern India-Sanskritisation, Westernization and
PART-A: (40 Marks)
Eluthu, Chol, Porul, Correct the sentence.
PART-B: (60 Marks)
Aathi Choodi, Thirukkural, Periya Puranam, General Knowledge (Pertaining to Tamil language cum literature)
PART-A: (40 Marks)
Classical poetry; Modern Poetry.
PART-B: (60 Marks)
History of Literature, Criticism, Andhra Culture, Prosody, figures of Speech, Grammer (Sandhi & Samasa).
PART – A (40 Marks)
1. World Theatre – History and Development of World Theatre (Greek, Britain, German, France, Japan, Russian, Poland, American) 2. Sanskrit Theatre
– The History of Sanskrit Theatre, Major Playwrights and their contribution.
PART – B (60 Marks)
1. Folk Theatre Forms of Andhra Pradesh – Major and Marginal folk forms of A.P. with special reference to Veedhi Natakam, Burra Katha, Oggu Katha
and Puppetry. 2. (a) Telugu Theatre: History and development of Telugu Theatre (1860 to upto date) – Major Playwrights, Plays, Associations, Actors,
Directors and their contribution. i) Origin of Telugu Theatre, ii) Padya Natakam (Musical Theatre), iii) Modern Telugu Theatre and iv) Modern Street
Theatre (b) Indian Theatre.
36. URDU
PART-A: (40 Marks)
All the Prose lessons from the Book “ INTEKHAB-E-ADAB” part-I & Part-II, compiled by the Department of Urdu, Osmania University and published
by Urdu Academy, Andhra Pradesh, Hyd.
PART-B: (60 Marks)
All the Poetry (Ghazals, Nazmein, Qasida & Massaih) from the Book “INTEKHAB-E-ADAB” Part-I and Part-II complied by the Department of Urdu,
Osmania University and published by Urdu Academy, Andhra Pradesh, Hyderabad.
41. M.Com/M.Com(IS)/PGD in TAXATION
PART – A (40 Marks)
1. Business Laws: Law of contracts including essential elements of a valid contract, contingency contracts, performance, discharge, breach and
remedies for breach of contract – Quasi contracts – Special contracts including Bailment contracts, Agency contracts – Sale of Goods Act – Conditions
and warranties – Consumer Protection Act – District, State and National level councils – Companies Act 1956 including appointment, duties, powers
of directors, doctrine of Ultravires – Doctrine of indoor management. 2. Financial Accounting: Introduction to Accounting including accounting
concepts and conventions – Accounting process – journalizing, posting to ledger accounts – subsidiary books including cashbook. Bank Reconciliation
Statement and Bills of Exchange – Preparation of trial balance and Final Accounts – Errors and Rectification – Consignment and joint ventures –
Depreciation and reserves. Royalties and Hire purchase and installment system – Single Entry and non trading concerns – Partnership Accounts
including admission, retirement, death of a partner and dissolution of a firm – Branch and Departmental Accounts – Company Accounts including issue
of shares and debentures, forfeiture, reissue of forfeiture shares and final accounts. 3. Corporate Accounting: Issue of Bonus Shares – Redemption
of Debentures, Acquisition of Business and Profit prior to incorporation – under writing of shares – Accounting Standards, Need, Importance and
overview of Indian Accounting Standards – valuation of good will – need and methods – Valuation of shares, need for valuation and methods of
valuation – liquidation of companies meaning and important statements – Bank Accounts Legal Provision Preparation of Final Accounts – Insurance
Claims – Amalgamation, absorption and reconstructions (simple problems). 4. Auditing and Business Communication: Types of Audits – Advantages
& Limitation of Audit – Personal Qualities of an auditor – Audit planning & Control – Audit of Limited Companies – Investigation – Difference
between Investigation and Auditing – Organizational vouching and verification. Communication – Verbal and Non Verbal communication – Intra and Inter
personal communication – types of business letters and basic principles. Types of Communication – Barriers to Communication-Methods of
Overcoming barriers. General English (Comprehension): Synonyms, antonyms and comprehending a passage. Fundametals of computers - Word
processing, Spread sheet, MS Excel.
PART-B(60 Marks)
5. Business Economics: Introduction to Economics, Nature, scope and importance including micro and macro economics – Demand Analysis and
theories of Production – Market Structures and Pricing – Theories of Distribution and Business cycles. 6. Industrial Organization and Management:
Concepts of business industry, commerce, trade, plant and firm – Forms of business organizations – Structure and Size of Industry including optimum
firm, Representative firm – State and Industry and Industrial finances including Industrial Policy, Liberalization, Privatization and Globalization, Role
of Multinationals, Small scale industries (SSI) problems and prospects – Long term and short term finances Sources of finances Sources of finance
including definitions, different approaches to management and functions of management – Planning and Organizations including authority, Power and
delegation. 7. Quantitative Techniques: Introduction of Statistics – Meaning, functions and limitations of statistics – Collection of Data – Primary and
Secondary sources – classification, Tabulation and Diagrammatic Presentation of Data – Data analysis interpretation of tables and graphs. Measures
of Central Tendency – Mode, Median – Arithmetic, Geometric and Harmonic mean – Measures of dispersion, range, quartile deviation, mean deviation
and standard deviation – Karl Pearson and Bowley’s Measures of Skewness – Simple Correlation and Regression analysis – Set Theory including Types
of sets, operation on sets – Arithmetic, Geometric and Harmonic Progressions. Analysis of Time series includes trend analysis and seasonal
variations. Index numbers including time and factory reversal tests of Price Index numbers. Probability: Theories of Addition and multiplication
theorem, Binomial, Poisson and Normal distribution. 8. Banking and Financial Services: Types of banks – Banking System in India – Function &
Credit Creations – Banking Sectors Reforms – Impact of Reforms – Money Market Reforms and Capital Market Reforms in India – Merchant Banking
– Banker & Customer Relationship – Negotiable Instrument Act, 1881 – Classification and Characteristics of Cheques consequences of wrongful
dishonor – Lending policies for loans and advances – modes of creating charge – Fledge – Hypothetication – lien:
Note: For further details of syllabus of 1st year and 2nd year, students may refer Common Core B.Com. syllabus.
PART-A : (40 MARKS):
1. Business Economics: Introduction to Economics, Nature, scope and importance including micro and macro economics - Demand and Supply
Analysis - theories of Production - Market Structures and Pricing - Theories of Distribution and Business cycles. 2. Financial Accounting:
Introduction to Accounting including accounting concepts and conventions - Accounting process - journalizing, Posting to ledger accounts - subsidiary
books including cashbook. Bank Reconciliation Statement and Bills of Exchange - Preparation of trial balabce and Final Accounts - Errors and
Rectification - Consignment and joint ventures - Depreciation and reserves. Royalties and Hire purchase and installment system - Single Entry and
non trading concerns - Partnership Accounts including admission, retirement, death of a partner and dissolution of a firm - Branch and Departmental
Accounts - Company Accounts including issue of shares and debentures, forfeiture, reissue forfeiture shares and final accounts. 3. Industrial
Organization and Management: Concepts of business industry, commerce, trade, plant and firm - Forms of business organization -Structure and
Size of Industry including optimum firm, Representative firm - State and Industry and Industrial finances including Industrial policy, Liberalization,
Privatization and Globalization, Role of Multinationals, Small scale industries (SSI) Problems and prospects - Long term and short term finances
Sources of finance including definitions, different approaches to management and functions of management - Planning and Organization including
authority, power and delegation. 4. Banking And Financial Services: Type of banks - Banking System in India - Function & Credit Creations-
Current trends in Banking sector - Banking Sectors Reforms - Impact of Reforms- Money Market reforms and Capital Market reforms in India-
Merchant Banking - Banker & Customer Relationship - Negotiable Instrument Act, 1881 - Classification and Characteristics of Cheques consequences
of wrongful dishonor-Lending policies for loans and advances - Modes of creating charge - Pledge - Hypothecation - lien. Auditing and Business
Communication: Types of Audits - Advantages & Limitation of Audit-Personal Qualities of an auditor - Audit planning & Control - Audit of Limited Companies
- Investigation - Difference between Investigation and Auditing - Organizational vouching and verification. Communication - Verbal and Non Verbal communication
- Intra and Inter personal Communication - Barriers to Communication, Methods of Overcoming barriers.
PART - B : (60 MARKS):
1. Business Laws: Law of contracts including essential elements of a valid contract, contingency contracts, performance, discharge, breach and remedies for breach
of contract - Quasi contracts -Special contracts including Bailment contracts, Agency contracts -Sale of good Act -Conditions and warranties - Consumer Protection
Act District, State and National level councils - Companies Act 1956 including appointment, duties, powers of directors, doctrine of Ultravires - Doctrine of indoor
management. (10 marks) 2. Corporate Accounting: Issue of Bonus Shares - Redemption of Debentures, Acquisition of Business andProfit prior to incorporation
- under writing of shares - Accounting Standards, Need, Importance and overview of Indian Accountion Standards valuation of good will - need and methods -
valuation of shares, need for valuation and methods of valuation - liquidation of companies meaning and important statements Bank Accounts Legal Provision
Preparation of Final Accounts - Insurance Claims - Amalgamation, absorption and reconstructions (Simple problems). (10 marks) 3. Quantitative Techniques:
Introduction to Statistics - Meaning, functions and limitations of statistics – Collection of Data - Primary and Secondary sources - classification, Tabulation and
Diagrammatic Presentation of Data - Data analysis interpretation of tables and graphs, Measures of Central Tendency - Mode, Median Arithmetic, Geometric and
Harmonic mean - Measures of dispersion, range, quartile deviation, mean deviation and standard deviation - Karl pearson and Bowley’s Measures of Skewness - Simple
Correlation and Regression analysis -Analysis of Time series includes trend analysis and seasonal variations. Index numbers including time and factor reversal tests
of price Index numbers. Probability: Theories of Addition and multiplication theorem. (10 Marks) 4. General English (Comprehension)- Synonyms, antonyms
and comprehending a passage,Report Writing -Types of reports - Parts contents - contents - Format of report -Business report and academic report - Essentials of
good report writing.(10 Marks) 5. Aptitude test - Numerical ability test (including arithmetical ability questions) (10 MARKS) : 6. General knowledge and
current affairs in th field of Commerce & Business. (10 MARKS).
PART-A (40 Marks)
Angiosperms Diversity, Systematics.: Principles and types of Classification.ICBN, Diversity among: Annonaceae, Capparidaceae; Rutaceae,
Fabaceae* (SS), Caesalpinaceae, Mimosaceae, Cucurbitaceae, Apiaceae Rubiaceae, Asteraceae* Sapotaceae, Asclepiadaceae, Convolvulaceae,
Acanthaceae, Lamiaceae* Amaranthaceae, Euphorbiaceae, Orchidaceae*, Palmae and Poaceae. (*Pollinatiion mechanism to be studied) Current
concepts in Taxonomy: Palynology, Reproductive Biology General account of Palynology and its importance, Pollen grains of Hibiscus, Acacia
grass. Oscimum, Microsporogenesis and Male Gametophyte Megasporogenesis, Embryo sac, fertilization - Endosperm, Embryogeny – Plant
Physiology : Plant water relations. Mineral nutrition: macro and micro-nutrients. Mineral salt absorption, Enzymes. Photosynthesis: photosystems,.
Photophosphorylation, Calvin’s cycle, C-4 pathway, CAM plants, photorespiration. Respiration: Aerobic, anaerobic and fermentation, Glycolysis,
Kreb’s cycle, electron transport oxidative phosphorylation, Pentose phosphate pathway. Nitrogen metabolism: nitrogen fixation. nitrate reductase
Ammonia assimilation Plant growth and development: Kinetics of growth. Plant growth regulators; Physiology of flowering and seed-dormancy.
PART-B (60)Marks
Diversity of Microbes and Cryptogams: General account of Viruses and Mycoplasma. Bacteria, Algae: Classification and Economic importance
, Structure, Reproduction, Life-history of Chlorophyceae (Volvox, Oedoganium and Chara) Xanthophyceae ( Vaucheria ) Phaeophyceae
(Ectocarpus) Rhodophyceae (Polysiphonia) Cyanobacteria. General account of Bacillariophyceae,
Fungi: Classification and Economic importance,
Structure, Reproduction, Life-history of a)Mastigomycotina (Albugo) b)Zygomycotina (Mucor) c) Ascomycotina (Pencillium and Peziza) d)Basidiomycotina
(Puccinia) e)Deuteromytina (Alternaria). General account of Lichens.
Bryophytes: a)Hepaticopsida (Marchantia) b)Anthocerotopsida (Anthoceros)
c)Bryopsida (Polytrichum) Evolution of Sporophyte
Pteridophytes a)Psilopsida (Rhynia) b)Lycopsida (Lycopodium) c)Sphenopsida (Equisetum)
d) Pteropsida (Marsilea). Evolution of stele, Heterospory and Seed habit.
Gymnosperms: Geological Time Scale. General account of Pteridospermales
(Lyginopteridaceae) and Bennettitales (Williamsoniaceae and Cycadeoidaceae) Pinus and Gnetum, Economic importance .
Anatomy: Apical
meristem, Simple tissues: Complex tissues: A. Xylem B.Phloem C. Laticifers D. Glandular tissue, Tissue system: .Epidermal tissue system,
Fascicular tissue system, Ground tissue system: Normal and abnormal secondary growth. Histology of leaf Vegetative propagation. Anatomy in
Pharmacognosy and Forensic science.
Plant and Environment: Atmosphere, Community Ecology: ecological succession. Ecosystem: food
chains, food web, ecological pyramids, energy flow, biogeochemical cycles. Bio-geographical regions of India. Utilization of Plants. Food plants: (
Rice, Wheat, Sugarcane), Fibers: (Cotton, Jute) Vegetable oils: (Groundnut, Safflower, Coconut), Timber yielding plants: (Teak, Rose Wood, Sandal
Wood, Red sanders, Terminalia.), Spices: (Cloves, Cardamum, Myristica, Zingiber, Allium, Cinnamomum, Curcuma), Medicinal plants: (Strychnos ,
Rauvolfia, Aloe, Withania, Gymnema, Senna), Beverages: (Tea, Coffee), Rubber, Bio-diesel plants(Pongamia, Jatropa).
Cell Biology, Genetics and
Biotechnology. Cellular components: Chromosome, DNA and RNA, Cell division, Mendel’s laws. Linkage and crossing-over. Genetic maping
,Mutations . Biotechnology Structure of gene. Genetic code. DNA replication in eukaryotes. Transcription and translation. Regulation of gene
expression . Protein structure: 1-D, 2-D and 3-D (dimensional). Recombinant DNA technology: Plant tissue culture
PART-A (40 Marks)
Coordination Chemistry, Organometallic compounds, Metal ions in Biological systems, Heterocyclic compounds, Amino acids, Carbohydrates,
Colligative properties, Chemical Kinetics, Photochemistry, Thermodynamics, Electrochemistry.
PART-B (60 Marks)
Chemical Bonding, p-Block Chemistry, Boron group, Carbon group, Nitrogen group, Oxygen group, Halogen group, Compounds of noble gases,
Principles of analytical chemistry, bonding in metals, d-block elements, f-block elements, Nuclear Chemistry, Organic Chemistry, Structure and
reactivity, Nomenclature of Organic compounds, Alkenes, Cycloalkanes, Alkenes, and alkadienes, Alkynes, Arenas, Halogen compounds, Hydroxy
compounds, Ethers, Aldehydes and Ketones, Carboxylic acids and their derivatives, Organic synthesis based on Carbonions, Nitrogen compounds.
Atomic structure, Ionic Equilibria, Gaseous state, Solutions, Solids, Phase rule, Collides, Molecular spectroscopy, IR, UV-Visible and proton magnetic
resonance spectroscopy, Stereo chemistry of carbon compounds, Inorganic reaction mechanism, Semi micro qualitative analysis.
PART-A(40 Marks)
MODERN DATABASE MANAGEMENT: THE DATABASE ENVIRONMENT: Basic Concepts and Definitions. File Processing Systems At pine Valley
Furniture Company. The Range of Database Applications. Advantages of the Database Approach. Costs and Risks of the Database Approach.
Components of the Database Environment. DATA DEVELOPMENT PROCESS: Database Development Within Information Systems Development.
Database Development Process. Three-Scheme Architecture for Database Development. Three-Tiered Database Location Architecture MODELING
DATA IN THE ORGANISATION: Modeling the Rules of the Organization. The E-R Model. Entity – Relationship Model Constructs. Relationships. E-R
Modeling Example: Pine Valley Furniture Company. THE ENHANCED E-R MODEL AND BUSINESS RULES: Representing Supertypes and Subtypes.
Specifying Constraints in Supertype/Subtype Relationships. EER Modeling Example: Pine Valley Furniture. Entity Clustering. Business Rules
Revisited. LOGICAL DATABASE DESIGN AND THE RELATIONAL MODEL: The Relational Data Model. Integrity Constraints. Transforming EER
Diagrams into Relations. Introduction to Normalization. The Basic Normal Forms. Merging Relations. ADVANCED NORMAL FORMS: Boyce-Codd
Normal Form. Fourth Normal Form. Higher Normal Forms. PHYSICAL DATABASE DESIGN AND PERFORMANCE: Physical Database Design
Process. Designing Fields. Designing Physical Records and Denormalization. Designing Physical Files. Using and Selecting Indexes. Designing
Databases. Optimizing for Query Performance. SQL: The SQL Environment. Defining a Database in SQL. Inserting. Updating. And Deleting Data.
Internal Scheme Definitions in RDBMSs. Processing Single Tables.
ADVANCED SQL: Processing Multiple Tables. Ensuring Transaction Integrity. Data Dictionary Facilities. SQL-99 Enhancements and Extensions to
SQL. Triggers and Routines. Embedded SQL and Dynamic SQL. THE CLIENT/SERVER DATABASE ENVIRONMENT: Client/Server Architectures.
Three-Tier Architectures. Partitioning an Application. Role of the Mainframe. Using Parallel Computer Architectures. Using Middleware. Establishing
Client/Server Security. Client/Server Issues. DATA AND DATABASE ADMINISTARTION: The Roles of Data and Database Administrators. Modeling
Enterprise Data. Planning For Databases. Managing Data Security. Backing Up Databases. Controlling Concurrent Access. Managing Data Quality.
Data Dictionaries and Repositories. Overview of Tuning the Database for Performance.
PART - B : (60 Marks)
i) PC Software and Programming in C: Development of Computers and Types – Logical organization of Digital Computers – Memory – Main Memory
– RAM and Cache – I/O Units – Secondary Memory – Operating systems – DOS Commands – Windows 98 and Windows 2000 Concepts – Windows
explorer – Working with files and folders – Running programs – Using Recycle Bin. Microsoft Office – MS Word Basics – Headers, Footers, Tables –
Graphics – Templates – Macros – Mail Merge. Power Point Basics – Creating Presentations – Menus – Tool Bar – Opening a Presentation – Creating a
new slide – Deleting a Slide – Copying a slide – Slide numbering – Saving – Closing – Printing. MS Access – Creating data bases – Tables – Queries
– Forms – Reports – Sorting, Displaying and Printing – Relational Data Bases – Creating Graph Objects. MS Excel – Worksheets – Formatting –
Functions – Charts – Graphics – Worksheets as Data Bases – Linking. Introduction to C – Data Types – Flow of Control – Functions – Storage Classes
– Arrays, Pointers and Strings. Bit-wise Operators and Enumeration Types – Preprocessor – Structures and Unions – Structures and List Processing
– Input/Output and Operating Systems. ii) PROGRAMMING IN C++ and DATA STRUCTURES: Introduction to C++ - Basics – Proce dural Abstraction
and Functions. I/O Streams – Classes and Abstract Data Types – Flow of Control – Tools for Defining ADTS. Arrays- Strings and Three Dimensional
Arrays – pointers and Dynamic Arrays – Recursion. Templates and Abstraction – pointers and Linked Lists – Inheritance. Data structures – Linked lists
– stacks – Queues (creation, insertion and deletion of nodes) – Trees (creation, insertion and deletion of nodes, inorder, preorder and postorder
traversal) – Graphs (Adjacency lists, Adjacency matrix, depth first search, breadth first search methods).
PART-A (40 Marks):
SOLID STATE ELECTRONIC CIRCUITS and DIGITAL ELECTRONICS : 1. Rectifiers and Power supplies : Half wave, Full wave and Bridge rectifiers
– Different filters (Capacitor input, L - section, p - section etc) – Regulated Power supplies. 2. Power Amplifiers : Class A, Class B, Class AB
Amplifiers–Advantages and Disadvantages. 3. Operational Amplifiers and their Applications: Emitter Coupled Difference Amplifier – its parameters,
Operational Amplifier – Characteristics of an ideal Operational Amplifier (Open loop gain, CMRR, Slew rate, Offset Voltages, Bias currents).
Applications of OP-AMPs – Comparator, Differentiator, Integrator, Voltage regulator, Sine, Square, Ramp generators, Logarithmic and Anti – logarithmic
amplifier and multiplier, Astable and monostable Multivibrators with IC 555. 4. Modulation & Demodulation : Need for Modulation – Amplitude Modulation
– Analysis of AM Wave, side bands, AM circuits and its Working, Detection of AM waves. Frequency Modulation - Frequency components in an
FM signal. Simple Frequency Modulator, Detection of FM waves. 5. Electromagnetic Spectrum – Radio broadcasting and reception, Working of a Super
Heterodyne Receiver; .Microwaves - Properties and applications. 6. Number systems : Decimal, Binary, Octal, Hexadecimal number systems;
Conversions of one number system to another system and vice versa; Binary Addition and Subtraction (1’s and 2’s complement methods); Binary
Coded Decimal (BCD or 8421), Gray code, ASCII code and conversion one to other. 7. Logic Gates: OR, AND, NOT gates – Truth tables, realization
of gates using diodes and Transistors; Laws of Boolean Algebra; NAND and NOR gates; Logic families – TTL, CMOS. 8. Half, Full and Parallel
Adders; Flip Flops ( RS, T, D. JK and M/S JK type) – their working and Truth Tables – Binary, Decade counters and Shift registers.
PART–B(60 Marks)
PASSIVE COMPONENTS and CIRCUIT ANALYSIS : 1. Units and Definitions; AC Currents and Voltages - Sinusoidal Voltage, Current, Amplitude and
Frequency - RMS value, Power Factor, Form Factor, “j” operator – Phasor representation of sinusoidal voltages and currents – other common AC
wave forms. (related problems) 2. Properties of Resistors, Capacitors, Inductors and Transformers (related problems) – their voltage- current
relationships, energy stored in capacitor and inductors, mutual inductance and co-efficient of coupling - Transformers. 3. Network definitions – Lumped
and Distributed networks – Passive and Active networks – Linear and Non-linear networks – Mesh and Node analysis – voltage and current sources –
Kirchoff’s Laws – Applications of Nodal and Mesh analysis; Applications of Network theorems (Thevinin’s, Norton’s, Superposition, Maximum Power
Transfer, Reciprocity and Millman’s Theorems) to simple networks; RC, RL circuits - Transient and impulse response of RC, RL circuits, Ringing in
RLC circuits - related simple problems. Series and Parallel Response, Q –Factor, Band Width and selectivity. 4. Two port Networks - One Port and Two
Port networks, Driving point impedance, Transfer impedance; input/out put parameters of two port networks, Z,Y and h parameters (definitions only);
T- networks,  – networks and their conversions; AC Bridge Circuits – Wheatstone, Maxwell, Anderson, De Sauty’s, Wien Bridges.Frequency response
LR and CR circuits ( Low pass and Hi –pass filters) differentiation and integration using passive (RC&RL) circuits; CRT and its working - CRO block
diagram, measurement of voltage, phase and frequency using CRO. ELECTRONIC DEVICES and CIRCUITS: 1. Semiconductor Physics -
Classification of matter on the basis of Resistivity and Energy Band Theory of crystals; conductors, semiconductors and insulators; conduction in
semiconductors – properties of Electrons and Holes – Fermi level – Effect of mobility on Doping and Temperature. Equation of Continuity. 2. Diodes:
properties of PN junction – Characteristics and applications of various types of diodes: Junction diode, Zener diode, Metal-Semiconductor diode,
Varicap, Tunnel diode. 3. Transistors: NPN and PNP transistors, CB, CE & CC configurations (explanation of cutoff, active and saturation regions,
Biasing of transistors – fixed bias, collector to base bias and self bias. Small signal model, h – parameters, (typical values). Analysis of small signal
CE amplifier. High frequency model of a transistor. 4. FETs and Other devices: Types of FETs – characteristics- small signal model of FET and related
parameters (typical values) , UJT, SCR their characteristics and applications – Photo electric devices –Photo Electric effect – Photo conductive cells
– Photo Voltaic cells – Photo diodes, Photo transistors, Solar cells, LEDs. 5. Amplifiers : Concept of an amplifier Definitions, Voltage amplifier, Current
amplifier, Trans Conductive amplifier, Trans – resistive amplifier, Classification based on the conduction angle and coupling. RC coupled CE amplifier
- Frequency and Phase response – gain bandwidth product; Feed back Amplifier - Concept of feed back, Positive and Negative feedback amplifiers,
Effect of Negative feedback in Amplifiers; Emitter Follower, Cascade amplifier, Darlington pair. 6. Oscillators : Criterion for Oscillations ( Magnitude
and Phase crititerion) – Phase Shift, Wien Bridge, Hartley and Colpitt’s Oscillators – Crystal Oscillators. 7. Relaxation Oscillators: Astable, Mono and
Bistable Multivibrators, Schmitt Trigger.
PART - A (40 Marks)
1. Regional Geography of Asia with special reference to India & A.P. a)Physiography, Climate, vegetation Soils & Draingage of Asia with
Special reference to India & A.P. b) Agriculture - Types of Agriculture Food Crops, Commercial crops - Distribution & Production patterns Irrigation -
Type of irrigation, Projects - Multipurpose Projects. c) Minerals - Type, Distribution and Production. d) Industries - Types, Locational factors, Major
Industries and distribution) Transport, Trade - National & International 2.Mapping Techniques : Types of maps, Scales, Projections, Graphs,
Quantitative Techniques for central tendency measurements. Techniques of field Surveying: a) Plane table b) Prismatic Compass c) Chain Survey
PART– B (60 Marks)
1. Elements & Principles of Physical Geography : Lithosphere: a) Earth & Solar Systems, Rocks, Interior of the earth, Earth movements
Volcanoes & Earth quakes Isostacy continental Drift, Cycle of Erosion, landforms made by River, Glacier, Wind, Underground water. B. Atmosphere:
Structure & Composition of atmosphere Insolation, Horizontal & vertical Distribution of Temperature Pressure Belts, Planetary winds Airmasses, clouds
and Precipitation, Cyclones & anticyclones. Koppen’s climatic classification climatic changes. C . Hydrosphere: Oceans, Subniarine relief of oceans,
properties of ocean water - Temperature & salinity, Ocean currents, Tides, Ocean Deposits. 2. Economic Geography: Man- Environment relations,
Primary, Secondary & Tertiary activities., Resource - Types & Distribution, Conservation of Resources.
PART - A (40 Marks)
Interior of the Earth, Weathering, Erosional & Depositional Landforms - Cycle of Erosion, Atmospheric Pressure & Winds, Insolation & Temperature
distribution, forms of condensation, Cyclones & Anticyclones, Classification of climates, submariene relief, Oceanic Circulation, Oceanic resources;
World population distribution pattern, growth trends and density of population, Patterns and pocesses of population migration, Concept of region,
Industrial location, Environmental Pollution, Urbanization Environmental Impact Assessment.
PART - B (60 Marks)
Map Scales, Types of Maps, Sampling, Relief Profiles, Graphic means of communication, Data base management, Projections, Digital Cartography,
Aerial Photographs & Satellite Imagery - High & Medium Resolution data, Spatial Data Structures - Raster & Vector, Utility of Aerial Photographs,
Comparison of Aerial Photograph & Map, Digital Image Processing - Supervised & Unsupervised classifications, Image Rectification, GIS, GPS & their
applications - Ground truth location on satellite Imagery, Remote Sensing Plat forms & sensors; Geo-referencing, Data base connectivity in Visual
Basic. Fundamentals of C-Language, Internet Mapping.
PART - A (40 Marks)
PALEONTOLOGY: Definition of paleonotology, conditions of fossilization, modes of preservation, and uses of fossils. Phylum Echinodermata and
Phylum Brachiopod, Phylum Mollusca* and Phylum Arthropoda* Study of the following fossils with respect to their classification, morphology, and
geological distribution: Cidaris, Micraster, Holaster, Hemiaster, Terebratula, Spirifer, Rhynchonella, Productus, Turritella, Murex, Cypraea, Natica,
Voluta, Pecten, Gryphaea, Glycimeris, Arca Cardita, Exogyra, Nautilus, Ammonoids, Bellemnites, Calymene, Paradoxide. Plant fossils glossopteris,
gangamopteris, ptylophyllum. Indian Geology: Definition of stratigraphy, principles of stratigraphy, standard geological time scale. Physiographic
divisions of Indian with their stratigraphic and structural characteristics. Dharwar system, cuddapah system; Vindhyan system; Kurnool system and
Gondwana System. Triassic of spiti, Jurassic of Kutch, Cretaceous of Tiruchirapalli, Deccan Traps and their Age, Silwaliks with vertebrate fossils,
Geology of Andhra Pradesh. Economic Geology: Definition of Economic geology, mineral resources and minral deposit; importance of economic
minerals and rocks; ore minerals, gangue minerals (gangue), ore, industrial minerals, tenor and grade; syngenetic deposits, epigenetic deposits.
Classification of mineral deposits - Bateman’s classification modified by Jensen. Processes of formation of mineral deposits; endogenetic and
exogenetic processes - cavity filling and replacement, sedimentation; residual and mechanical concentration; oxidation and supergene enrichment.
Study of ore deposits of gold, copper, lead, zinc, aluminum, iron, manganese, chromium, uranium and thorium, with respect to their mineralogy, uses,
mode of occurrence (forms), origin and distribution in India of the industrial minerals and rocks required for the following industries; Abrasives, Cement,
Ceramic & Glass, Fertilizers and Chemicals, Insulators, Regractories and Fluxes. Fuels(Coal, Oil and natural gas) - their origin, occurrence and
distribution in India, Major mineral resources of Andhra Pradesh. Asbestos, Baryte, Bauxite, Coal, Clays, Gemstones, Limestone, Manganese, Mica.,
Oil and Natural gas. Ground Water Exploration: Hydrological cycle. Definition of aquifer, Aquitard and Aquifuge. Porosity and Permeability, Darcy’s
law. Types of acquifers. Suitability of ground water for drinking purposes. Causes of ground water pollution; Basic principles of Geo-physical
exploration methods-Electrical methods – Schlumberger and Wenner configuration. Resistivity profiling.
PART – B (60 Marks)
PHYSCIAL GEOLOGY: General aspects, Definition of geology - Basic assumptions of Geology. Its relationship with other sciences - Braches of
geology Aim and applications of geology. Earth as a planet - its shape, size, density - movements and their effects. Origin and age of earth. Geological
processes - exogenic and ndogenic, Definition of weathering - Types of weathering of rocks- Physical and Chemical; Definition of erosion and
denudation, cycle of erosion; erosion, transportation and deposition; agents of erosion. Rivers: Erosion, transporation and depositionof river (fluvial)
cycle in different stages - Development of typical land forms by river erosion and deposition. V-shaped valley, waterfall, alluvial fans, meander, oxbow
lake - flood pane, natural plane, peneplain and deltas Types of rivers, Glaciers: Definition of a glacier - types of glaciers - development of typical
land forms by a glacial erosion and deposition – cirque, U-Shaped valley – hanging valley, Roches - mentonnees. Morains, drum-line, kames-Eskors
and Varves, Characteristic features of glaciated regions, groundwater - storage of ground water - porosity permeability, aquifer, water table - zone of
saturation, artesian well, spring, geysers - development of typical land forms by erosion and deposition by groundwater (Karst topography) sinkhole,
cavern, stalactities and stalagmites. Seas - Offshore profile - continental shelf- Continental slope. Abyssal plane, deep-movement of sea water-tidescurrents,
waves, development of typical land forms by sea erosion and deposition coral reefs. Lakes-origin of lake basins, geological importance of
lakes, lacustrine deposits. Wind: Devleopment of Characteristic features by winds (arid cycle) erosion and deposition-pedestal rock-mushroom
topography-Incelberg-ventifacts - loess - sand dunes. Earth movements - definition of diastgrophism, epirogenic and orogenic movements. Earthquakes:
Cause, kinds of earthquake waves, mode of progapation, intensity of earthquakes, Richers scale - seismograph and seismogram. Effect of
earthquakes, earthquake zones. Interior of the earth - structure and constitution, Volcanes - parts of a typical volcano, products of Volcanoes,,Origin
of volcano, Mountain: types, causes of mountain building, geosyncline. Basic concepts of isostasy, continental drift and plate tectonics. Crystallography:
Definition of crystal - amorphous and crystalline, States, Morphology of crystals - face, edge, solid angle interfacial angle. Forms: Simple,
combination, closed and open forms. Symmetry: Plane, axis, centre, Crystallographic axis, Parameters, indices; crystallographic notation -
parameter. System of weiss, index following classes of symmetry.I. Cubic system - Normal (Galena)II. Tetragonal system - Zircon type III.
Hexagonal system - Beryl type IV. Trigonal system - Calcite type.V. Orthorhombic system - Barytes type. VI. Monoclinic System - Gypsum type.VII.
Triclinic system - Axinite type.
Twinning in crystals - Definitions of twin, twin plane, twin axis, composite plane. Mineralogy: Definition of a mineral - Classification of minerals into
rock forming and ore forming minerals. Physical properties of minerals - colour, streak, play of colours, opalescence, asterism, transparency, lustre
luminiscence, fluorescence, form hardness, tenacity, cleavage parting, fracture; specific gravity, magnetic properties, Electricla properties, pyro and
piezo-electricity. Modes of Mineral formation: Occurrence and association of Minerals. Chemical properties of minerals - isomorphism, solid solution,
polymorphism, allotrophy, pseudomorphism, radio-activity; silicate structure. Descriptive of the following mineral groups: Nesosilicate (Oliving,
Granet, Aluminum Silicates) Serosilicate (Epidote) ‘Cyclosilicate (Beryl) Inosilicate (Pyroxene; Amphibole) Phyllosilicate (Mica, Hydrous magnesium
silicate) Tektosilicate (Feldspars,Feldspathoids) Miscellaneous: Staurolite, Tourmaline, Zircon, Calcite, Corrundu, Apatite. Optical Mineralogy: Optical
properties of minerals - Isotropic and anisotropic substances - Polarized light refractive index, double refraction, uniaxial and biaxial minerals - Nicol
Prism and its construction - concept of crossed Nicols. Petrological microscope (polarising) - its mechanical and optical parts - behaviour of isotropic
and anisotropic minerals between crossed nicols - extinction, pleochroism, interference colour. optical properties of important minerals. Petrology:
Nature and scope of petrology - definition of rock classification of rocks into igneous, sedimentary metamorphic. Distinguishing features of three
types of rocks. Igneous rocks: Classification in to plutonic, hypabassal and volcanic rocks; Forms- Lava flows, Intrusions, sills, laccolith, lopolith,
dykes ring dykes, cone sheets volcanic necks, phacoliths and batholiths. Structures - vesicular, amygdaloidal, block lava ropy lava pillow, flow,
jointing and sheeting structures.
Plates, columnar and prismatic. Textures - Definition of textures, micro-textures, devitrification, allotrimorophic, hypidiomorphic, paniodiomorphic,
porphyritic, poikilitic,m ophitic, intergranular, intersertal, trachytic, graphic and micro-graphic textures. Reaction structures - corona, myrmekitic,
orbicular, spherulitic, perlitic. Classification of igneous rocks - CIPW and Tyrrell tabular classification. Descriptive study of following rock types:
Granite, Granodiorite, Syentie, Nepheline syenite, Diorite porphyry. Pegmatite, Aplite, Gabbro, Anorthosite, Peridodite, Pyroxenite, Dunite, Dolerate,
Rhyolite, Obsidiam, Trachyte, Andesite and Basalt. Composition and constitution of magma -Crystallization of Magma,,uni-component binary system,
eutectic and solid solutions. Origin of igneous rocks - Bowen’s reaction principle, differentiation and assimilation. Sedimentary Rocks: Sources of
sediments - mechanical and chemical weathering modes of transportation, sedimentary environments. Definitions of diagenetic lithification and
cementation, stratification, Sedimentary structures, Types of bedding, surface marks, deformed bedding, solution structures. Classification of
sedimentary rocks: clastic - rudaceous, arenaceous, argillaceous, non-clastic - calcareous, carbonaceous, ferruginous, phosphatic, evaporites.
Descriptive study of the following sedimentary rocks-Conglomerate, Breccia, sandstone, Grit, Arkose, Graywacke, Shale, Limestone, shelly limestone.
Metamorphic Rocks: Definition of metamorphism, agents of metamorphism, type of metamorphism, grade and zones of metamorphism, Metamorphic
minerals - stress and antistress minerals. Structures of metamorphic rocks - Cataclastic, maculose, schistose, granulose and gneissose. Textures of
metamorphic rocks - crystalloblastic, palimpset, xenoblastic, idioblastic, Classification of metamorphic rocks - concept of metamorphic facies.
Cataclastic metamorphism of argillaceous and arenaceous rocks. Thermal metamorphism of argillaceous, arenaceousand calcareous rocks.
Dynamothermal metamorphism of agillaceous, arenaceous and igneous rocks. Plutonic metamorphism, metasomatism and additive processes.
Drfiniton of anatexis and palingenesis, Descriptive study of the following metamorphic rocks: - Gneiss, schist, slate, phyllite, quartzite, marble,
granulite eclogite amphibolite migmatite. Indian examples - Gondite, Charnockite and Khondalite. Structural Geology: Definition of structural geology,
aim and objectives of the structural Attitude of beds - strike, dip and apparent dip; use of linometer, Primary Structures as Folds - description,
nomenclature of folds, recognition of folds in the field. Joints - geometrical and genetic classification of joints. Faults - geometrical and genetic
classification of faults, recognition of faults in the field effects of faults on the outcrops. Unconformities - definition of unconformity - types of
unconformities, recognition of unconformities in the field distinguishin the faults from unconformities. Definition of overlap, offlap, outlier, inlier,
cleavage, schistosity; foliation and lineation.
PART-A(40 Marks)
Rings: Definition and Basic Properties; Fields; Integral Domains; Divisors of O and Cancellation; Integral Domains; The Characteristics of a Ring;
Some Non-commutative Examples; Matrices Over a Field; The Quaternions; Homomorphisms of Rings; Definition and Elementary Properties; Maximal
and Prime Ideals ; Prime Fields; Rings of Polynomials; Polynomials in An Indeterminate; The evaluation Homomorphisms; Factorization of Polynomials
over a Field; The Division Algorithm in F[x]; Irreducible Polynomials; Ideal Structure in F[X]; Vector Spaces; Vector Spaces; Subspaces; Linear
Combinations and Systems of Linear Equations; Linear Dependence and Linear Independence; Bases and Dimension; Linear Transformation and
Matrices; Linear Transformations, Null Spaces, and Ranges; The Matrix Representation of a Linear Transformation; Composition of Linear Transformations
and Matrix Multiplication; Invertibility and Isomorphism’s; Systems of Linear Equations; Elementary Matrix Operations and Elementary Matrices; The
Rank of a Matrix and Matrix Inverses; Systems of Linear Equations – Theoretical Aspects; Systems of Linear Equations – Computational Aspects
Determinants; Determinants of Order 2; Determinants of Order n – Properties of Determinants; Diagonalization; Eigenvalues and Eigenvectors;
Diagonalizability; Cayley-Hamilton Theorem; Inner Product Spaces; Inner Products and Norms; The Gram-Schmidt Orthogonalization Process and
Orthogonal Complements; The Adjoint of Linear Operator; Normal and Self-Adjoint Operators; Unitary and Orthogonal Operators and their Matrices.
PART-B(60 Marks)
Differential Equations of First Order and First Degree; Linear Differential Equations; Differential Equations Reducible to Linear Form; Exact Differential
Equations; Integrating Factors; Change of Variables; Total Differential Equations; Simultaneous Total Differential Equations; Equations of the Form dx/
P = dy/Q = dz/R (i) Method of Grouping; (ii) Method of Multipliers; Differential Equations of the First Order but not of the First Degree; Equations
Solvable for p; Equations Solvable for y; Equations Solvable for x; Equations that do not contain x (or y); Equations Homogeneous in x and y;
Equations of the First Degree in x and y – Clairaut’s Equations; Higher Order Linear Differential Equations; Solution of Homogeneous Linear Differential
Equations of Order n with Constant Coefficients; Solutions of the Non-Homogeneous Linear Differential Equations with constant Coefficients by
means of Polynomial Operators. (i) When Q(x) = bxk and P(D) = D - = ; (ii) When Q(x) = bxk and P(D) = anD - -1 Dn-1
+ … -a, D; (iii) When Q(x) = bew; (iv)
When Q(x) = b sin ax or b cos ax ; (v) When Q(x) = ewV, where V is a function of x ; (vi) When Q(x) = beax and P(a) = 0 ; (vii) When Q(x) = xV, Where
V is any function x ; Method of Undetermined Coefficients; Methods of Variation of Parameters; Linear Differential Equations with Non-constant
coefficients; The Caucy-Euler Equation; System of Linear Differential Equations; Solution of a System of Linear Equations with Constant Coefficients;
An Equivalent Triangular System; Degenerate Case: p1(D) – p2(D) – p3(D) (Scope as x in Differential Equations and their Applications by Zafar Ahsan,
published by Prentice-Hall of India Private Limited, New Delhi); Elements of Number Theory; Divisibility, Primes; Congruences, Solutions of
Congruences, Congruences of Degree The Function  (n); GROUPS; Definition and Elementary Properties; Finite Groups and Group Tables;
Subgroups; Subsets and Subgroups; Cyclic Subgroups; Permutations; Functions and Permutations; Groups of Permutations; Cycles and Cyclic
Notation; Even and Odd Permutations; The Alternating Groups; Cyclic Groups; Elementary Properties; The Classification of Cyclic Groups; Subgroups
of Finite Cyclic Groups; Isomorphism; Definition and Elementary Properties; How to Show That Groups are Isomorphic; How to Show That Groups are
Not Isomorphic; Cayley’s Theorem; Groups of Cosets; Cosets; Applications; Normal Subgroups and Factor Groups; Criteria for the Existence of a
Coset Group; Inner Automorphisms and Normal Subgroups; Factor Groups; Simple Groups; Homomorphisms; Definition and Elementary Properties;
The Fundamental Homomorphism Theorem; Applications; Vector Differentiation; Differential Operator; Gradient; Divergence; Curl; Vector Integration;
Theorems of Gauss, Green and Stokes and problems related to them. The Plane; Every equation of the first degree in x, y, z represents a plane;
Converse of the preceding theorem; Transformation to the normal form; Determination of a plane under given conditions. (i) Equation of a plane in
terms of its intercepts on the axes (ii) Equations of the plane through three given points; Systems of planes; Two sides of a plane; Length of the
perpendicular from a given point to a given plane; Bisectors of angles between two planes; Joint equation of two planes; Orthoginal projection on a plane;
Volume of atetrahedron in terms of the co-ordinates of its vertices; Equations of a line; Equations of a line; Right Line; Equations of a line; Angle
between a line and a plane; The condition that a given line may lie in a given plane; The condition that two given lines are complanar; Number of arbitrary
constants in the equations of a straight line. Sets of conditions which determine a line; The shortest distance between two lines. The length and
equations of the line of shortest distance between two straight lines; Length of the perpendicular from a given point to a given line. Intersection of three
planes. Triangular Prism; The Sphere; Definition and equation of the sphere; Equation of the sphere through four given points; Plane sections of a
sphere. Intersection of two spheres; Equation of the sphere through four given points; Plane sections of a sphere, Intersection of two spheres;
Equation of a circle, Sphere through a given circle; Intersection of a sphere and a line; power of a point; Tangent plane, Plane of contact, Polar plane,
Pole of plane. Angle of intersection of two spheres. Conditions for two spheres to be orthogonal; Radical plane, Coaxial system of spheres; Simplied
from of the equation of two spheres. Cones, Cylinders; Definitions of a cone, vertex, guiding curve, generators, Equation of the cone with a given
vertex and guiding curve, Enveloping cone of a sphere, Equations of cones with vertex at origin are homogenous Condition that the general equation
of the second degree should represent a cone. Condition that a cone may have three mutually perpendicular generators; Intersection of a line and a
quadric cone. Tangent lines and tangent plane at a point. Condition that a plane may touch a cone, Reciprocal cones. Intersection of two cones with
a common vertex. Right circular cone. Equation of the right circular cone with a given vertex, axis and semi-vertical angle. Definition of a cylinder.
Equation to the cylinder whose generators intersect a given conic and are parallel to a given line. Enveloping cylinder of a sphere. The right circular
cylinder. Equation of the right circular cylinder with a given axis and radius; The Conicoid; The general equation of the second degree and the various
surfaces represented by it. Shapes of some surfaces, Nature of Ellipsoid, Nature of hyperboloid of one sheet; Enveloping cone; Enveloping cylinder;
Real Analysis; The Real Numbers; The Algebraic and Order Properties of R; Absolute Value and Real Line; The Completeness Property of R;
Applications of the Supremum property; Sequences and Series; Sequences and Their Limits; Limit Theorems; Monotone Sequences; Subsequences and
the Bolzano-Weierstrass Theorem; The Cauchy Criterion; Properly Divergent Sequences; Series; LIMITS; Limits of Functions; Limit Theorems; Some
Extensions of the Limit Concept; Continuous Functions; Continuous Functions; Combinations of Continuous Functions; Continuous Functions on
Intervals; Uniform Continuity : Definition, Non Uniform Continuity; Criteria, Uniform Continuity Theorem. Differentiation; The Derivative; The Mean
Value Theorem; L’Hospital Rules; Taylor’s Theorem; The Riemann Integral; Riemann Integral; Riemann Integrable Functions; The Fundamental
PART-A(40 Marks)
Electrostatics-Gauss’s Law and its applications. Dielectrics and Capacitance. Magnetostatics. Moving charge in electric and magnetic fields-Hall
effect, Cyclotron and Synchrocyclotron, Biot Savart’s law. Electromagnetic induction-Faraday’s laws and applications, Lenz law. Varying and
alternating currents – LCR circuits and related concepts, Resonant circuits. Maxwell’s equations and electromagnetic waves. Semiconductor devices
– diodes, transistors, oscillators. Digital principles. Atomic and Molecular physics – atomic spectra, theories; Zeeman effect; X-ray spectra; Molecular
spectra, Raman effect and spectroscopic techniques. Elements of quantum theory- wave nature of matter, uncertainty principle, wave mechanics;
Schrodinger’s wave equation and its applications. Nuclear Physics – Nucleus, its properties and models; Radioactive decay-Laws and theories;
Radiation detectors, Nuclear fission and fusion. Crystals structures and X-ray diffraction; bonding in crystals; Magnetic properties of materials;
PART-B(60 Marks)
Vector analysis- Vector integration, Stokes, Gauss and Greens theorems. Mechanics of particles- Laws of motion, conservation of energy and
momentum, and collisions. Dynamics of a rigid body. Mechanics of continuous media- Elastic constants of istropic solids and their relation, types of
bending. Central forces- nature; Gravitational field; Kepler’s laws. Special theory of relativity. Fundamentals of Vibrations- Simple harmonic oscillators.
Damped and forced Oscillations. Complex Vibrations-Fourier theorem, analysis of periodic, square, triangular and saw tooth wave functions. Coupled
Oscillators. Vibrating strings- transverse wave propagation, strings clamped at both the ends, overtones and energy transport. Ultransonicsproperties,
methods of production and detection, and applications. Kinetic theory of gases- Law of distribution of molecular speeds, application to
Viscosity, thermal conduction and diffusion of gases. Laws of thermodynamics, entropy and disorder. Thermodynamic potentials and Maxwell’s
equations, specific heats and Joule Kelvin effect. Low temperature Physics. Quantum theory of Radiation- Black body, Wein’s law, Raleigh Jeans law
and Planck’s law, and measurement of Radiation. Elements of Statistical thermodynamics. Matrix methods in paraxial optics. Aberrations and methods
of their minimization. Interference and its theories; Interference by films and interferometry Fourier transform theory and its application to diffraction.
Fraunhoffer diffraction and Fresnel diffraction. Polarisation-production and analysis. Phonomenon of double refraction. Babinet’s compensator.
Optical activity. Lasers, fibre optics and holography.
PART-A(40 Marks)
Animal Physiology, Behaviour and Ecology:- A. Animal Physiology: Nutrition: Types of nutrition in animals, autotrophic, heterotropic, vitamins and
minerals; Digestion in Mammals; Respiration: Brief account of types of respiratory mechanisms, respiratory pigments, gas transport with reference
to mammals; Circulation: Composition and functions of blood, coagulation of blood; Myogenic and Neurogenic hearts, mammalian heart-structure and
function, Blood pressure and its role and exchange of materials in capillaries. Osmoregulation pertaining to aquatic animals only. Excretion: Classification
of animals based on end products of excretion; Formation of nitrogen wastes; Nephron: Structure and Functions; Nervous transmission: Structure of
neuron, action potential, production and propagation of nerve impulse and synaptic transmission; Muscle contraction; Endocrine glands of Mammals:
Pineal body, Hypophysis, Hyothalamus, Thyroid, Parathyroid, Thymus, Adrenal, Gut, Pancreas, Testis and Ovary; Hormonal control of reproduction
in mammals; Concept of Homeostasis. B. Animal Behaviour: Taxis, reflexes, instinctive behaviour, motivated behaviour, learning, imprinting,
habituation, classical conditioning, instrumental conditioning, trial and error learning, physiology and phylogeny of learning, biological rhythmscircadian,
lunar and circannual rhythms. C. Animal Ecology: Physico-chemical factors of the animal environment: Temperature, light, pressure,
atmospheric gases i.e., Oxygen and Carbondioxide, Biogeochemical cycles: Nitrogen, Carbon and Phosphorous cycles; Animal Community and
Animal Populations: Ecosystems (Ecological succession, Ecological pyramids, energy flow in an ecosystem). Animal associations (Parasitism,
Commensalism, Symbiosis), Environments and adaptive features of animals inhabiting deep seas, caves, and deserts; Environmental pollution; Wild
life, Wild life Sanctuaries and National parks of India.
PART-B(60 Marks)
Biology of Invertebrates, Chordates, Cell Biology, Genetics, Evolution and Zoogeography:- A. Biology of Invertebrates: General characters
and classification of Major Invertebrate phyla with examples upto orders; Protozoa: Polystomella-type study; Trypanosoma life cycle only; Porifera:
Canals system, Histology and Spicules; Coelenterata: Obelia type study; Polymorphism in Siphonophora; Corals and Coral reef formation; Helminthes-
Fasciola –Detailed type study; Annelida: Metamerism; Comparative study of the following systems of Leech and Nereis:- External Characters;
Digestive System; Reproductive System; Coelom and Coelomoducts; Arthropoda: Comparative study of-External features, Appendages, Respiration,
Circulation, Excretion of Palaemon and Scorpion. Peripatus-Structure and affinities; Mollusca:- External characters of Pila and Fresh Water Mussel
(shell, Mantle complex and Foot-Comparative study); Pearl formation; Torsion in gastropoda; Echinodermata: Detailed study of Starfish; Hemichordata:
Balanoglossus-External features, Tornaria larva-Affinites of Hemichordata. Important Invertebrate larval forms: Amphiblastula; Ephyra larva; Trochophore;
Nauplius, Zoea, Mysis; Veliger, Glochidium; Echinopluteus, Ophiopluteus, Auricularia and Doliolaria. B. Biology of Chordates: General characters of
Chordates and outline classification upto the level of Order; Protochordata: a) Structure and affinities of Amphioxus b) Structure and life history of
Ascidia – Herdmania; Cyclostomata: General characters of cyclostomes and differences between Myxine and Petromyzon; Comparative study of the
following systems with reference to Scoliodon(Pisces), Rana(Amphibia), Calotes(Reptilia), Columbia(Aves) and Oryctolagus(Mammals): Skeletal
system; Skull and Girdles; Respiratory system; Circulatory system: Heart and aortic arches, arterial and venous system; Nervous system: Brain and
functional evolution of brain; Urinogenital system; General topics: Parental care in Amphibia; Dentition in Mammals; Migration of Fishes and Birds;
Developmental Biology: Development in Amphioxus and Frog; Development of Chick upto 96 hours; Extra Embryonic membranes and Placenta; C.
Cell Biology: Ultrastructure of Animal cell; Structure and function of the following cell organelles: Plasma membrane; Membrane transport of small
molecules, cell junctions, cell adhesion; Cytoskeleton; Golgi complex; Lysosomes; Role of Mitochondria in cellular energy transactions; Chromosomes-
Structure and type, Salivary gland chromosomes; Microscopic techniques for the study of cells-fixation, sectioning, staining and preparation of
microslide; D. Genetics: General introduction to Mendelian inheritance and Modified F2 ratios; Linkage and crossing over; Fine structure of Gene,
Operon concept and lethal genes; Cloning and cloning strategies; Chromosomal aberrations and human diseases-Down’s, Klinefelter’s and Turner’s
Syndromes; E. Evolution and Zoogeography: Modern synthetic theory of Evolution, Mutations, Genetic basis of Evolution, Genetic drift, Hardy
Weinberg’s law, Isolation and Speciation; Characteristics of the following Zoogeographic regions and their fauna: Oriental Region; Ethiopian Region;
Australian Region.
Part – A : Chemistry (40 Marks)
The syllabus is same as that of Chemistry entrance test syllabus (Both Part A and Part B).
Part – B (60 Marks)
Candidates have to attempt any one of the following subjects.
1.Elementary aspects of cell structure –function, tissues and body fluids. 2. Chemistry, physiological role and metabolism of biomolecules like
carbohydrates, amino-acids, proteins, Lipids & nucleic acids. 3. Basic aspects of nutrition, endocrinology & Physiology, clinical biochemistry,
enzymology, biological oxidations, photosynthesis. 4. Physiological role of vitamins and minerals. 5. Basic aspects of immunology. 6. Replication,
transcription and protein synthesis. 7. Fundamental aspects of microbiology. 8. Elementary aspects of r-DNA technology and genetic engineering.
9. Principles, methodology and applications of various biochemical techniques used in biochemistry.
of sex determination and sex linked inheritance: Sex determining mechanisms in Birds, Drosophila, Plants and Man, Sex chromatin and inactivation
of X chromosomes, sex linked inheritance, Holandric genes, Incompletely sex linked genes, sex limited genes, Sex influenced genes, Cytoplasmic
inheritance: Chloroplast and mitochondrial genomes, Their evolutionary significance.
Molecular Genetics.
DNA as the genetic material: Evidences for DNA as Genetic material, Transforming Principle - A very et al experiment, Labelling experiment of
Harshey and Chase, Tobaco Mosaic virus infectivity, Nucleic acids: Structure of DNA and RNA, Watson and Crick model, Biosynthesis of nucleic
acid, Replication of DNA, Models of DNA replication - linear and circular DNA, Enzymes involved in DNA Replication. Genome organisation: C value
paradox, Gene Families and their evolutionary significance, Settelite DNA, Selfish DNA, Intervening sequences - introns, Ribosomal genes. Gene
mutation and repair mechanisms: Spontaneous mutatiions and induced mutations, Mode of action of mutagens, Repair of mutations, Photoreactivation,
Excision repair SOS repair Recombinational repair, Error prone repair, Detection of mutations - Procaryotes and Eucaryotes. Fine structure analysis
of the gene: Compound locus in Drosophila, One gene - one enzyme concept, Analysis of rII locus, Colinearity between gene and polypeptide -
Tryptophan synthetase, Intra codon recombination. Gene expression: Transcription, Formation of RNA transcripts - mRNA, Reverse transcription,
translation, genetic code-codons and amino acids, antico on and wobble hypothesis, structure and function of RNA – mRNA, tRNA and rRNA,
Section - I Physics Section – IV Biochemistry
Section - II Botany Section – V Biotechnology
Section – III Zoology Section – VI Genetics
Section – VII Microbiology
For sections -I, II and III, the syllabus will be same
as that of concerned entrance test syllabus (Both
Part A and Part B).
FUNDAMENTALS OF BIOTECHNOLOGY: Perspectives of Biotechnology - Nature and properties of biomolecules involved in information storage
retrieval signaling and executing mediator and catalytic function: DNA, RNA, Proteins and other signal molecules., basic units of living systems,
classification, ultra structure and composition of cells, cell division, cell cycles, cell to cell interactions, Laws of inheritance, linkage and crossing over,
sex determination and sex linked inheritance, mapping, genetic recombination (Prokaryotes & Eukaryotes). Classification, structure function of microorganisms-
microscopy and microbial techniques. Measures of central tendencies and distribution probability distribution, sampling theory, confidence
levels - Applications of computers in biological system.
Biochemical Techniques Intermediary metabolism and biocatalysis: Spectrophotometry and colorimetry - Beer Lambart Law - physical methods
of determining molecular structure - Methods of cell disruption and analysis by fractionation - dialysis centrifugation, chromatography, Electrophoresis,
manometry and its application, Intermediary metabolism - glycolysis, TCA cycle, electron transport, photosynthesis, respiration and fermentation,
Biosysthesis of amino acids, nucleotides, polysaccharides and lipids, Biocatalysis - Enzymes, their catalysis, inhabitation and regulation.
Molecular Biology and Genetic Engineering: Nucleic acids as genetic material structure replication of DNA & RNA. Mutation and damage to DNA
- Molecular basis, Gene expression: Transcription & Processing of RNA - Genetic code - Regulation. Plasmids and transposable elements. Outlines
of DNA technology - enzymes used in gene cloning, vectors, genomic DNA and cDNA libraries and expression of cloned genes. Applications. Immune
system and their functions. Antibody diversity - vaccines and their production. Purification antigens and antibodies, Hybridoma technology and
Monoclonal antibodies ELISA, RIA synthetic vaccines. Application of Biotechnology: Animal Cell Biotechnology, Plant Biotechnology, Microbial
Biotechnology, Environmental Biotechnology.
GENETICS : Genetic Analysis
Mendelian Principles: Law of segregation-Law of Independent Assortment, Extension to mendelian scgregation patterns: Co-dominance,
Incomplete dominance, Lethals, gene interaction - Epistasis - paramutation-Environmental effects on gene exoression-Penetrance-Expressivity,
Multiple alleles, Isoalleles and Pseudoalleles. Chromosomal basis of ineritance: Eucaryotic cell cycle - S and G phases, Chromosomal replication and
segregation, Mitosis, Meiosis. Chromosome structure and organisation: Size and shape of chromosomes, structure of chromosomes, Packing of
DNA, Specialised chromosomes, Lampbrush chromosomes, Polytene chromosomes, puffing and genetic activity at puffs. Supernumerary chromosomes.
Chromosomal changes: Inversions Duplications, Defeciencies, Change in chromosomes number; Linkage, recombination and mapping phases of
linkage, chiasmata and crossing over, Cytological proof for crossing over and recombination, complete and partial linkage, Linkage analysis and gene
mapping, Gene mapping in Neurospora - Tetrad analysis, Recombination in bacteria, Transduction, Transformation, Recombination in viruses, Genetics
structrure and function of ribosomes - subunits of ribosomes, ribosomes and polyribosomes, polypeptide synthesis - initiation, elongation and
termination, Regulation of gene expression: Regulation in bacteria - Operon, Regulator genes, Structural genes, Terminators, Positive and negative
Control, Catabolite repression - cAMP and CRP, Tryptophan regulation - operator, Attenuation, Regulation of termination Antitermination, Lytic cascade
in phage, Regulation in eucaryotes, Gal locus regualtion in yeast, Regulation of mating type in yeast. Transposable elements: Transposable
elements in different organisms, Maize-Dt, Ac Ds and Spm systems, Drosophila - copia, p element, yeast - Ty elements, bacterial plasmids,
Transposon - structure and physical characteristics, Recombinant DNA technology: Restriction enzymes, Cloning, Vectors, Gene isolation and
identification, chromosome walking, Gene libraries, Expression of cloned genes.
Genes in population and evolution
Genetic diversity in natural populations: The concept of populations, structure of populations, Random mating and genetic equilibrium, Hardy
Weinberg law. Quantitative traits and population improvement: Multiple factor inheritance, Breeding plans and selection in plants and animals,
Inbreeding, and genetic basis of inbreeding Cross bredding and Heterosis. The origin of life: Origin of primary compounds, colloidal systems and
primary proteins, Formation of RNA and DNA, origin of the genetic code. Rhylogenetic analysis and evolutionary trends: Evolution of hemoglobin
and cytochrome - Molecular clocks DNA and amino acid sequences - phylogenetic relationship, Protein phylogeny and human evolution.
Applied genetics
Industrial applications of microbial genetics: Vaccines, Synthetic poptide - vaccines, Live attenuated vaccines, Killed vaccines, Subunit
vaccines, Biofertilisers and pesticides, Polymers, Biodegradation of pertroleum, Biodegradationof xenobiotics. Immunogenetics: Basic immunology,
Genetics of immunolglobulins, Immunogenetics of transplantation, Monoclonal antibodies - Hybridome technique, Genetic engineering and crop
improvement Cell and tissue culture techniques, Somatic cell hybrids, Transgenic plants. Genetic engineering and animal improvement : Cloning
transgenic animals for improving protein, milk yield, etc., Genetics of human diseases and gene therapy: Metabolic disorders - PKU, Alkaptonuria
etc., Syndromes, Disorders of the blood, Types of blood groups in man, Inheritance of blood groups, Blood group incompatibility, Genetic basis of
cancer, Diagnosis, Prenatal diagnosis, Diagniss by gene cloning, Diagnosing mutations by linkage assocaiton, Genetic counselling, Human gene
products in therapy - Insulin, Interferon Blood protein etc., Examples of gene therapy in diseases like retinoblastoma, Muscular Dystrophy etc.,
Genetics and society: Euphenics, Eugenics, Genetics and law, Usefulness of prenatal diognosis, genetic counselling and genetic engineering
Scope and importance of Microbiology. Spontaneous generation-biogenesis theory; Germ theory of diseases; Recent developments of Microbiology.
Principles of microscopy. Principles of staining. Culture media. Sterilization methods. Isolation of pure cultures, maintenance and preservation of
microbial cultures. Morphology and ultra structure of typical eubacterial cell. Bacterial classification. Discovery and nature of viruses. TMV, HIV, T4
and lambda phages. Cultivation and assay of phages, plant and animal viruses. Nutritional types of bacteria. Bacterial growth. Respiration.
Fermentation. Antibiotics. DNA and RNA structures and their role as genetic materials. Transcription and translation. Lac operon. Bacterial plasmids
and transposons. DNA damage and repair mechanisms. Mutations. Gene transfer mechanisms in bacteria. Recombinant DNA technology. Types of
immunity. Organs of immune system. Cells of immune system. Antigens. Antibodies. Antigen-antibody reactions. Normal flora of human body.
Infection, Disease, Defense mechanisms. Bacterial toxins, virulence and attenuation. Airborne diseases, Food water borne diseases and Blood borne
diseases. General principles of diagnostic microbiology. Elements of chemotherapy-therapeutic drugs. Drug resistance. Microorganisms in relation to
plant growth. Biological nitrogen fixation, Biofertilizers. Microorganisms of the environment (soil, water and air). Microbial interactions. Microbiology of
potable and polluted waters. Microorganisms of food spoilage and their sources. General account of food .preservation. Microorganisms as food – SCP,
edible mushrooms. Screening and isolation of industrially useful microbes, strain improvement and fermentation. Fermentor. Immobiolization Industrial
production of Alcohols, Glutamic acid, Citric acid, vitamin B12, Enzymes, and Antibiotics.
71. M.Ed.
Part – A (40 Marks)
1) Pedagogy including methodological issues, 2) Current issues in Education, 3) Committees & Commissions in Education (Post Independent India)
and 4) State – Education & Constitutional Provisions.
Part – B (60 Marks)
1) Philosophical Foundations of Education, 2) Sociological Foundations of Education, 3) Psychological Foundations of Education, 4) School Management
and Administration, 5) Systems of Education and 6) Evaluation in Education.
72. M.P.Ed.
PART-A (40 Marks) : 1.Anatomy, physiology and physiology of Exercise;2. Body mechanics and Kinesiology ;3.Tests and Measurements ;4.Recreation
PART-B(60 Marks): 1. Principles, Psychology and Methods of Physical Education ; 2. Organisation and Administration of Physical Education and
Health Education ; 3. Officiating and Coaching in Physical Education ; 4. Physiotherapy and First Aid.
This booklet contains the general rules, regulations and instructions to the candidates appearing for the common entrance tests for
admission to various courses offered by Osmania University (in its constituent and affiliated colleges), Telangana, Mahatma Gandhi and Palamuru
To be Eligible for Admission to Post-Graduate Course in any Academic Year, a candidate
1. must have passed/appeared for the Qualifying Degree Examination and secured the prescribed Minimum Marks in the Subject(s)/course(s)
concerned as mentioned in the Brochure. and
2. i) must have qualified at the common Entrance Test conducted by the University in the Academic year for which admission is sought. For
administrative reasons, the University may, conduct the entrance test before the publication of the results of the qualifying degree
examination concerned. But qualifying at the Entrance Test alone does not confer a right of admission into a course. In addition to being
qualified at the common Entrance Test, a candidate will be eligible for admission only if he/she passes the qualifying degree examination
before the commencement of counselling for admission and secures the prescribed minimum marks in the subject(s)/course(s) concerned.
He/She must submit the necessary documents listed under item VII of this booklet; at the time of counselling.
Note: The memorandum of marks and Pass Certificates of the qualifying examination are not called for along with the application
formand the eligibility of the candidates is not verified/decided at the time of allowing the candidates to appear for the Entrance Test.
Hence, even if candidates are qualified in the Entrance Test, they shall not have any right for admission unless they fulfill the eligibility
criteria as laid down in the rules. Candidates are advised to ensure that they fulfill the eligibility criteria for admission to the course he/she
has applied, before appearing at the common Entrance Test.
Note:The candidates who have passed an examination other than B.C.A/B.A./B.Sc./B.Com./B.C.J./B.Li.Sc/B.Ed. Degree must
ensure their eligibility/equivalence before appearing for the Entrance Test.
1. The candidates are required to fill in carefully the application form and the ICR sheet.
2. Application form should be filled in properly and legibly by the candidate in his/her handwriting
3. The ICR sheet should be filled carefully and properly by strictly following the instructions.
4. The candidate will be held personally responsible for any incorrect entry.
5. Incomplete applications will be summarily rejected.
6. The University reserves the right to cancel the admission at any stage if the particulars furnished by the candidate are found to be incorrect.
1. Application form duly filled in should be submitted at the Office of the Directorate of Admissions, O.U. on or before the prescribed date and time.
2. Candidates sending the applications by post should post them sufficiently early so that they reach on or before the last date and time
prescribed. The University will not be responsible for any postal delay or loss during transit.
3. Xerox copy of S.S.C. should be enclosed
4. Arrange the application form and enclosures in the following order:
a) Acknowledgement Card
b) Bank Demand Draft.
c) Application form (Note: Rules, Regulations and Instructions Booklet supplied along with the application should be retained by the
d) S.S.C. xerox copy
e) ICR sheet should not be tagged or pinned to the application form. It should be submitted separately along with the application form.
1. The original Hall Ticket will be sent by post and will not be issued to the candidates in person. The University will not be responsible for nonreceipt
of Hall Ticket due to postal delay or loss in transit.
2. In case of non-receipt of original Hall Ticket, a duplicate Hall Ticket will be issued to the candidate, only one day before the concerned common
Entrance Test during office hours, on production of
i) Acknowledgement Card/Proof of submission of Application Form.
ii) One passport size photograph, identical to the one affixed to the application form.
iii) Cash/Demand Draft for Rs. 30/- (drawn in favour of Director, Directorate of Admissions and payable at any nationalised Bank in
the twin cities of Hyderabad and Secunderabad). Candidates can download the duplicate Hall Tickets on O.U. Website www.osmania.ac.in
and get attested by the Chief Superintendent of the concerned test center atleast one hour before the commencement of the test.
3. No Hall Ticket will be issued on the day of Entrance Test.
Admissions to various courses are made on the basis of entrance test conducted for that purpose. The Director, Directorate of Admissions
will notify the Schedule of common entrance test(s). The common entrance test paper contains multiple choice objective type questions only
and the answers for the questions are to be marked on the OPTICAL MARK READER (OMR) answer sheet by DARKENING the respective
ovals with a H.B. PENCIL. (The candidate obtaining a minimum of 36 per cent marks at the respective entrance test is declared
eligible to seek admission. However, there is no minimum mark for the SC & ST candidates). In addition to qualifying in the common
entrance test the candidates must fulfill the other eligibility conditions specified for the course for which he/she seeks admission.
Results of Entrance Test will be displayed on the Notice Board of the Directorate of Admissions. The candidate will be sent Rank Card
alongwith the counselling schedule by post. The University, however, accepts no responsibility for loss or postal delay. No request for
change of address will be entertained. If there is any change of address, the candidates must make their own arrangements for proper
redirection of the Rank Card/communication. The results and the counselling schedules will also be available on University Website,
The eligible candidates will be admitted to various courses by centrallised counselling. The counselling schedule will be
informed to the eligible candidates after the declaration of results. The candidates desirous of seeking admission have to attend
the counselling in person alongwith the following original certificates and two sets of xerox copies.
1. Common Entrance Test Rank Card - 2010.
2. Common Entrance Test Hall Ticket - 2010.
3. Transfer certificate (T.C.) from the Institution where the candidate studied last. If the candidate is pursuing any course during the
academic year 2010 - 2011, either regular or correspondence, he/she must submit a proof of admission (certificate issued by the
Head of the Institution) and will have to submit the T.C. from the present course within seven (7) days. Otherwise the admission is
deemed to be cancelled. An under taking has to be given by the candidate to this effect.
4. Original certificate (or provisional certificate if the original is not yet issued as per rules) of the qualifying examination.
5. Consolidated Memorandum of Marks of the qualifying examination.
6. Secondary School Certificate (S.S.C.)
7. Proof of Local/Non-Local candidates, according to rules in force. Those who have studied Intermediate and Degree courses as regular
students need submit only the bonafide certificate from colleges where they have studied the said courses. In case the candidates have
studied four consecutive years preceding the qualifying examination in more then one local area, the candidates must submit bonafide
certificate(s) of 9th and 10th class (In addition to the above). In case the candidate has not studied in any educational institution during part
of 4/7 years preceding the qualifying examination, he/she has to submit a certificate on the lines of the specimen given in Annexure - II).
8. Community, Nativity and Date of Birth Certificate for S.C., S.T., B.C., candidates as per G.O.Ms.No. 58, Social Welfare
(J) Dept, dated 12-5-1997 issued by MRO.
9. Income certificate from relevant authority wherever necessary issued by MRO on or after 1.4.2010.
10. Relevant original certificates in respect of candidates selected for admission against Sports/NCC/NSS, Widow/Children of Armed personnel
(CAP), Physically Handicapped and Teacher and Laboratory Assistant categories.
The candidates will be admitted based on the ranks secured in the P.G. Common Entrance Test. In case of a tie in the rank, the order
of merit will be decided on the following basis.
1. Marks secured in Part A of Common Entrance Test. 2. Percentage of marks secured by the candidate in Part - II of the qualifying
examination. 3. Age of the candidate (senior in age getting higher priority).
a) The eligible candidates will be called for counselling in the order of their ranks for centralised admission. They have to exercise their choice
for the course and the college on the spot. Choice once exercised is final. The eligible candidates are required to submit all relevant
certificates and pay the required fee on the spot. No candidate will be admitted without the fulfillment of the above two
b) If a candidate already admitted under General/BC/SC/ST Category and also applied and got selected provisionally for admission under
special category (NCC/NSS/Sports/CAP/Physically Handicapped), if he/she desires to seek admission under supernumerary category to
derive any advantage in terms of college/course allotment, should attend the concerned counselling session.
c) In case for any administrative reasons if the counselling for category seats (BC, SC, ST, Women and Special) is conducted ahead of
general category, the candidates admitted under the category can also attend the counselling conducted for general category as per their
ranks to derive advantage, if any.
1. Local and Non-Local Candidates
i) Admission to 85% of the available seats in every course shall be reserved in favour of the local candidates in relation to the local
area in respect of O.U. subject to community and other reservations in force.
ii) The remaining 15% of the seats which are open to local and non-locals shall be filled up subject to similar reservation as applicable
to 85% local candidates (See annexure I & II for details).
2. S.C., ST. and B.C. candidates: Of the total number of seats available in each subject/course, following is the schedule of reservation of
seats for these categories.
Schedules Caste* ....... 15 percent
Scheduled Tribe* ....... 6 percent
Backward Class*
Group A ....... 7 percent
Group B ........ 10 percent
Group C ........ 1 percent
Group D .. ........ 7 percent
Group E .......... 4 percent ( subject to court decision )
*For proforma of Community, Nativity and Date of Birth Certificate for S.C., S.T., B.C. candidates as per G.O. Ms.No. 58, Social Welfare (J)
Dept, dated: 12-5-1997, See Annexure - III
Note1. The genuineness or otherwise of the social status claim of the candidates seeking admission under SC/BC categories shall be verified by the
Director of Social Welfare/Director of Backward Classes of Government of A.P., respectively, whose decision in this regards will be final. The
admissions to the seats reserved for SC/BC shall be deemed provisional till the genuineness of the social status of the candidates is verified
by the respective authorities cited above.
2. In the case of ST candidates, they should get their status verified by the Director of Tribal Welfare, Government of A.P., Telugu Samskhema
Bhavan, Masab Tank, Hyderabad - 20 before attending the spot admission, if necessary.
3. S.C. S.T., & B.C. candidates who get seats by merit in General Category will not be counted against the seats reserved for them and such
candidates will go into the list of general seats.
4. While filling up the seats reserved for Backward class-A the qualified Backward Class-A candidates should be considered in the order of merit
after filling up the un-reserved seats. If qualified Backward Class-A candidates are not available, the turn will go to Backward Class-B,
Backward Class-C and Backward Class-D in the order of merit in each group”. If no suitable candidate is available in any of the four groups,
the seats shall be filled up from general pool on the basis of merit.
5. If sufficient number of candidates are not available to fill up the seats reserved for S.C’s they shall be filled up by suitable candidates from
S.T’s and viceversa. If the required number of candidates are not available for filling the quota of seats reserved for S.Cs & S.Ts they may
be filled up by candidates from the general pool on the basis of merit.
IX Wherever applicable, a minimum of 33 1/3% of the available seats in each Post-graduate course will be allotted to women candidates from
each category i.e., open S.C. , S.T., BCs Groups A,B,C,D taking each college for a subject as a unit. This rule is not applicable (i) If women
candidates selected on merit in each category form 33 1/3% or more of the seats therein; and (ii) for seats under various special categories.
In the absence of suitable women candidates in the respective categories, these seats shall be filled in with men candidates of the same category.
The following special category seats are provided in the University, Constituent and Affiliated Colleges.
1. SPORTS/NCC/NSS: One Seat for every block of 30 seats taking the subject/course of study as one unit shall be reserved for Sports/NCC/
NSS, categories put together in each of the courses (for details see Annexure-IV)
2. WIDOW/CHILDREN OF ARMED PERSONNEL, etc.: One Seat for every block of 30 seats taking the subject/course of study as one unit,
for the children of Ex-Servicemen/Servicemen, put together (For details see Annexure - V).
3. PHYSICALLY HANDICAPPED: One seat for every block of 30 seats taking subject/course of study as one unit, for physically handicapped
candidates. (For categories and priorities See Annexure- VI). For courses involving practicals their eligibility will be decided by a Committee
appointed for this purpose.
X (B). NIQ QUOTA: 5% Supernumerary seats in each course are available to the candidates belonging to outside Andhra Pradesh under
National Integration Quota (NIQ).
All candidates shall be of Indian Nationality and shall fall under the category of Local/Non-local (as defined in Annexure-I) except where
otherwise stated.
A candidate already employed is not eligible unless he/she resigns the job or be on leave for the entire duration of the course as the Post-
Graduate courses (M.A./M.Com./M.Sc./M.S.W./B.C.J./B.L.I.Sc./M.C.J./M.L.I.Sc./M.Ed./M.P.Ed.) of Osmania University are full time courses.
A certificate to this effect should be produced at the time of admission. If any candidate suppresses the facts, his admission will be cancelled
and necessary penal action will be initiated. Candidates are therefore advised to note this while seeking admission.
Semester scheme is followed at the Campus, Constituent and Affiliated Colleges of Osmania University and the medium of instruction and
examination is English
XIV CBCS SYSTEM: All P.G. courses offered at University Campus and Constituent Colleges follow the CBCS (Choice Based Credit
system) system from the academic year 2009 –2010. Under this system, the students admitted in P.G courses have to take two
papers from those offered by other departments during the final year of the course. In addition, Grade Point Average (GPA) System is
followed, in which the GPA is based on the total Credit points earned by the students in all courses and the total number of Credits in
a semester. At the end of the course, the result of a student will be indicated by Cumulative Grade Point Average (CGPA), which is
obtained by dividing the total number of Credit points secured by student in all semesters by the total number of Credits of all the semesters.
Candidates once admitted are required to put in not less than 75% of attendance in lectures (and practical wherever applicable). The Vicechancellor,
on the specific recommendation of the Principal/Head of the Department, may condone the deficiency in attendance to the extent
of 10% on medical grounds, subject to production of Medical Certificate and on payment of the prescribed condonation fee.
Candidates are not permitted to pursue more than one course, at any point of time. If such cases are detected, the admission of the candidate
in both the courses will be cancelled at any time.
Limited accommodation is available in the Campus hostels for students who are admitted in the University Colleges only. Admission into
colleges does not confer the right for accommodation in the Hostel. The available accommodation in the Hostel will be filled as per the rules
and regulations that are in force from time to time. No Hostel accommodation is available at District P.G. Colleges. However, a limited
dormitory accommodation is available for Boys only. No Hostel facility will be available to the candidates admitted into various
Self financing/Payment seats/courses, P.G. Diploma courses and evening courses.
In exercise of the powers conferred by Clause (j) of the section (46) of the Osmania University Act 1959 (A.P.Act IX of 1959) the Syndicate
hereby makes the following Ordinance in respect of the discipline of students of the university.
Without prejudice to the general meaning of the term ‘indiscipline’ or ‘ misconduct’ the following acts of students,
among others, shall constitute acts of indiscipline or misconduct.
i) Impolite or offensive behaviour or use/ show of force against any employee / student of the University in the University premises or outside. ii)
Resorting to acts of intimidation or coercion or gheroas. iii) Causing damage to University property. iv) Tampering with any fittings (including sanitary
and electrical) and furniture of the University.
v) Defacing walls or other surfaces of any University buildings / property. vi) Getting enrolled in more than one course of study simultaneously. vii)
Committing forgery, tampering with / misusing of the University documents / records, identification cards, etc. viii) Furnishing false certificates or
information to any office under the control and jurisdiction of the University. ix) Consuming or possessing alcoholic drinks, dangerous drugs or other
intoxicants in the University premises. x) Indulging in acts of gambling in the University premises. xi) Unauthorised entry into any University Office
/ Department / Swimming Pool / Sports field. xii) Unauthorised use of the University property / equipment. xiii) Refusing to leave any Office /
department / swimming pool / sports field when asked to do so by an employee who is authorized in this regard. xiv) Indulging in violence including use
of abusive language against any employee of the University in the premises or outside. xv) Preventing any employee of the University from
discharging his/her duties. xvi) Possessing or using lethal weapon such as knives, lathis, iron chains, iron rods, sticks, explosives or fire-arms in the
University premises. xvii) Bringing or harbouring or entertaining any stranger within the University Hostels buildings, dinning halls, Library without
permission from competent authority. xviii) Arousing, communal, caste or regional feelings or creating disharmony among students. xix) Indulging in
any act of ragging. xx) Not disclosing one’s identity when asked to do so by an employee who is authorized to ask for identity. xxi) Tearing or pages,
defacing, burning or in any way destroying books of the library. xxii) Preventing in any manner the use of the library facility. xxiii) Unauthorized
occupation of the hostel room.
a) Impolite or offensive behaviour
b) Use / show or force against any employees / students of the University in any of the buildings of the University or outside.
c) Tampring with or misusing with any fittings (including sanitary and electrical) and furniture of the University.
xxiv) Unauthorized shifting of furniture in the hostel rooms. xxv) Bringing guests to hostels without necessary permission of the Chief Warden /
Warden. xxvi) Not vacating, hostel room during vacation when asked to do so or when an instruction is issued to that effect or after cancellation of
one’s hostel admission. xxvii) Unauthorized entry into a dinning hall and use of mess facilities therein. xxviii) Improper rendering of accounts for the
money drawn from any office under the control and jurisdiction of the University xxix) Coercing the medical staff to render medical assistance to
unauthorized persons. xxx) Pilfering of medicines or forcibly taking them away. xxxi) Coercing the medical staff to issue certificates. xxxii) Violation
of any other Rules / Instructions/ Regulations issued by the University / College / Department / Library / Hostel / Mess from time to time. xxxiii)
Disobedience of any of the Rules under this ordinance. xxxiv) Any other act of indiscipline not defined herein.
The following penalties may, for acts of indiscipline or misconduct or for good and sufficient reasons and as herein after provided, be imposed on a
student namely.
(i)Warning (ii)Fine up to Rs.100/- (iii) Recovery of pecuniary loss caused to the property. (iv)Cancellation of Scholarships or any financial assistance
from any source, or recommendation to that effect to the sanctioning agency. (v)Debarring from participation in Sports/NCC/NSS and other such
activities.(vi)Disqualifying from holding any representative position in the Class/College/Hostel/Mess/Sports and in similar other activities.(vii)Expulsion
from the College/Hostel/Mess/Library(viii) Debarring from an examination.(ix)Debarring from the University.(x)Disqualifying from further
studies.(xi)Entering the act of indiscipline in the Conduct Certificate/Transfer Certificate.
(i)Where a prima facie case is made out and disciplinary proceeding under this Ordinance is contemplated or is initiated; or where a case against a
student in respect of any criminal offence is under investigation or trial, the person authorized to take disciplinary action may pending enquiry, a)
suspend a student from the Class/College/Hostel/Mess/Library or availment of any other facility. b) Order suspension of Scholarship or any financial
assistance from any source, or recommend to that effect to the sanctioning agency. (ii)An order under clause (i) of this Rule shall be followed by a
Charge-sheet within 7 days, except where a case for a criminal offence against the students is under investigation or trial. (iii) An order clause (i) of
this Rule shall not remain in force for more than a period of one month from the date of its issue except in a case where any criminal offence is under
investigation or trial.
Provided that for reasons to be recorded in writing the said period of one month may be extended if in the opinion of the person passing the order
under clause (i) the enquiry could not be completed within the period of one month for reasons directly attributable to the student.
1. A student may appeal against an order passed by any of the authorized persons to take disciplinary action. An order passed by the Discipline
Committee on such appeal shall be final. 2. An appeal against an original order of the Discipline Committee shall lie to the Syndicate whose decision
shall be final. 3. No appeal under this part shall be entertained unless it is submitted within a period of 15 days from the date of which the appellant
receives a copy of the order appealed against.
Provided that the Appellate Body may entertain the appeal after the expiry of the said period, if it is satisfied that the appellant had sufficient cause
for not submitting the appeal in time.
I . Admission to 85% of the available seats in every course of study provided by the Osmania University, shall be reserved in favour of LOCAL
CANDIDATES in relation to the LOCAL AREA in respect of the Osmania University, subject to community and other reservations that are in
The part of the State comprising the districts of Adilabad, Hyderabad (including twin cities), Karimnagar, Khammam, Mahabbobnagar, Medak,
Nalgonda, Nizamabad, Ranga Reddy and Warangal shall be regarded as the local area for the purpose of admission to the Osmania University
and to any other educational institution (other than State-wide Educational Institution which is subject to the control of the State Government
and is situated in the part).
1. A candidate for admission to any course of study shall be regarded as a Local Candidate in relation to local area:
i). If he/she has studied in an educational institution or educational institutions in such local area for a period of not less than four consecutive
academic years ending with the academic year in which he appeared or as the case may be, first appeared in the relevant qualifying
examination or.
ii) Where, during the whole or any part of the four consecutive academic years ending with the academic year in which he appeared or, as the
case may be, first appeared for the relevant qualifying examination, he/she has not studied in any educational institution if he/she has resided
in that local area for a period of not less than four years immediately preceding the date of commencement of the relevant qualifying
examination in which he/she appeared or, as the case may be, first appeared.
2. A candidate for admission to any course of study who is not regarded as a local candidate under sub-paragraph 1(i) in relation to any local area
a) If he/she has studied in an educational institution in the State for a period of not less than seven consecutive academic years ending with the
academic year in which he/she appeared or, as the case may be first appeared for the relevant qualifying examination be regarded as a local
candidate in relation to
i) Such local area where his/her has studied for the maximum period out of the said period of seven years, or
ii) Where the periods of is study in two or more local areas are equal, such local area where he/she has studied last in such equal periods; or
b) If, during the whole or any part of the seven consecutive academic years ending with the academic year in which he/she appeared, or as the
case may be, first appeared for the relevant qualifying examination, he/she has not studied in the educational institution in any local area, but
has resided in the State during the whole of the said period of seven years be regarded as a local candidate in relation to.
i) Such local area where he/she has resided for the maximum period out of the said period of seven years: or,
ii) Where the periods of his/her residence in two or more local areas are equal, such local area where he/she has resided last in such equal
II. The remaining 15% of the available seats which are open to local and non-local shall be filled up subject to similar reservation as applicable
to 85% local candidates as below :
a) All candidates who have studied in a recognised educational institution or institutions in the State for a period of not less than four consecutive
academic years ending with the academic year in which they appeared or as the case may be, first appeared in the relevant qualifying
examination, or where during the whole or any part of such four consecutive academic years, if they have not studied in any educational
institutions, if they have resided in the State for a period of not less than four years immediately preceding the date of commencement of
the relevant qualifying examination.
b) Candidates who have resided in the State for a total of ten years excluding periods of study outside the State, or either of whose parents have
resided in the State for a total period of ten years excluding the periods of employment outside the state.
c) Candidates who are children of parents who are in employment of this State or Central Government, Public Sector Corporations; Local Bodies,
Universities and other similar quasi-public institutions within the state.
d) Candidates who are spouses of those in the employment of this Sate or Central Government, Public Sector Corporations; Local Bodies,
Universities and Educational Institutions recognised by the Government, a University or other competent authority and other similar quasipublic
Institutions within the State.
e) Candidates who are employees in a State, Central Govt. undertakings, Public Sector Corporations, Local Bodies, Universities and other similar
quasi-public institutions within the state.
I. It is hereby certified
a) That ................. S/o, D/o................. , a candidate for admission to the............ course, appeared for the first time at the ...............
examination (being the minimum qualifying examination for admission to the course mentioned above) in ............. (months) .............
b) That he/she has not studied in any educational institution during the whole/a part of the 4/7 consecutive academic years ending with the
academic year in which he/she first appeared for the aforesaid examination.
c) That during the 4/7 years immediately preceding the commencement of the aforesaid examination, he/she has resided in the following place/
places falling within the local areas in respect of the University, namely.
Village Mandal District period
2. The above candidate is therefore a local candidate in relation to the local area specified in paragraph **3(1)(3)(2)3/3 of the Andhra Pradesh,
Educational Institutions (Regulations of Admissions) Order 1974.
Office Seal Officer of Revenue Dept. not below the
rank of Mandal Revenue Officer.
*Score off the one not applicable
Andhra - Osmania - Sri Venkateshwara
Serial No.
SC. District Code:
S.T. Emblem Mandal Code:
B.C. Village Code:
Certificate No. :
1) This is to certify that Sri/Smt/Kum ....................... Son/daughter or Sri ....................... of village/ Town ................. Mandal ....................
District ..................... of the State of Andhra Pradesh belong to ................. Community which is recognised as S.C./S.T./B.C. under:
The Constitution (Scheduled Castes) Order, 1950
The Constitution (Scheduled Tribes) Order, 1950
G.O.Ms.No. 1793, Education, dates 25-9-1970 as amended from time to time (BCs) S.C.s, S.Ts list (Modification) Order, 1956, S.Cs and S.Ts.
(Amendment) act, 1976.
2) It is certified that Sri/Smt/Kum ......................... is a native of ...................... village/ Town.............. Mandal .......................... District
of Andhra Pradesh.
3) It is certified that the place of birth of Sri/Smt/Kum ..................... is village/Town ...................... Mandal...... ............ District of Andhra
4) It is certified that the date of birth of Sri/Smt/Kum ................. is Day ........... Month............ Year..... ........ (in words) as per the declaration
given by his/her father/mother and as entered in the school records where he/she studied.
Name in Capital Letters:
(Seal) Designation:
Explanatory Note: While mentioning the community the Competent Authority must mention the sub-caste (in case of Scheduled Castes) and
sub-tribe or sub-group (in case of Scheduled Tribes) as listed out in the S.Cs., and S.T., (Amendment) Act, 1976.
(Revised proforma as per G.O. Ms.No. 58 Social Welfare (J) Department dt. 12-05-1997).
1. The selection of the candidates for the Sports/NCC/NSS categories in P.G. Course shall be made in order of the following four categories and
selections within each category will be based on merit at the Entrance-Test.
SPORTS: (Men & Women)
Representing the Nation in World Competitions.
World University Competitions, Common Wealth Competitions, Asian Games.
International Youth Competitions
Junior Youth Competitions
N.C.C.Holders of ‘C’, ‘B’ Certificate for Boys and G-II or ‘C’,’B’ Certificate for Girls who represented the country at the international level.
N.S.S.Representing the nation in the international events in N.S.S. activities OR Recipient of Indira Gandhi NSS National Award.
Sports (Men & Women) Representing State in Senior National Championships.
N.C.C.Holders of ‘C’, ‘B’ Certificate for Boys and G-II or ‘C’,’B’ Certificate for Girls who represented the State at National level in the following
order of priority.
i) Republic Day Camp at New Delhi.
ii) All India Thal Sainik Camp/Nau Sainik Camp/Vayu Sainik Camp for Republic day Banner Competition.
iii) National Integration camp at A & N Islands
iv) Participants of Para Jumps/Skydiving/Mountaineering at National level/Medal Winners at National level shooting Competition with
National Rifle Association/Award Winner in NCC Games at National Level.
N.S.S. Representing the State in Republic Day Parade.
Participating in two National Integration camps of 10days each and participation in two years of General NSS.
Recipient of Sri Satya Sai Baba Gold Medal.
Sports: (Men & Women) Representing the University in Inter University Competitions.
N.C.C. Holders of ‘C’, ‘B’ certificate for Boys and G-II or ‘C’, ‘B’ certificate for girls who participated at State level in the following order of priority
i) Participants of at Republic Day Parade at State level.
ii) Participants of Independence Day Parade at State level.
N.S.S: Participation in One National Integration Camp and one special camp of 10 days each and participation in two years of General NSS.
Sports: Candidates who have represented the State at all India level in Junior National Championship/National Women Festivals.
N.C.C. Holders of N.C.C. ‘C’, ‘B’ certificate for Boys and G-II or ‘C’, ‘B’ certificate for Girls.
N.S.S. Participating in two years of general N.S.S. and attending two special camps of 10 days each.
N.B: The Games detailed below which are approved by the Association of Indian Universities for Inter-Varsity Tournaments shall be considered for
the purpose of admission under the quota reserved for sports.
1. Archery (Men & Women) 2. Athletics (Men & Women)
3. Badminton (Men & Women) 4. Ball Badminton (Men & Women)
5. Basket Ball (Men & Women) 6. Boxing (Men)
7. Canoening & Kayaing (Men&Women) 8. Chess (Men & Women)
9. Cricket (Men & Women) 10. Cycling (Men & Women)
11. Foot Ball (Men & Women) 12. Fencing (Men & Women)
13. Gymnastic & malkamb(Men&Women) 14. Hand Ball (Men & Women)
15. Hockey (Men & Women) 16. Judo (Men & Women)
17. Kabaddi (Men & Women) 18. Kho-Kho (Men & Women)
19. Net Ball (Men & Women) 20. Rowing (Men & Women)
21. Shooting (Men) 22. Softball (Men & Women)
23. Squash Racket (Men) 24. Swimming,Diving&Water Polo(Men&Women)
25. Table Tennis (Men&Women) 26. Tennis (Men & Women)
27. Volley Ball (Men & Women) 28. Weight Lifting (Men & Women)
29. Best Physique (Men) 30. Power lifting (Men & Women)
31. Cross Country (Men & Women) 32. Wrestling (Men)
33. Yogasans (Men & Women) 34. Korf ball
35. Water Sailing
2 a) For admission into M.A./M.Com./ M.F.C./ M.Sc./M.S.W./B.C.J./B.L.I.Sc., the candidate should have obtained the relevant certificate(s
of Sports NCC/NSS during the study of qualifying examination (i.e., degree).
b) For admission into M.Li.Sc./M.C.J./M.Ed./M.P.Ed. the candidate should have obtained the relevant certificate(s) of Sports/NCC/NSS
during the study of either in the degree or in the qualifying examination ofB.L.I.Sc./B.C.J./ B.Ed./B.P.Ed., respectively, provided
the certificate(s) are not used for admission of any course of any University.
3. a) The certificate(s) of participation shall be used only to secure admission under this quota. When once admission is secured, that
certificate(s) shall not be used to secure admission in any other course of study. In the process of verification, if any malpractice/
misuse is detected in the usage of certificates at any time of duration of the course, the admission is cancelled without any notice.
b) The Principal of the college in which the candidates secure admission, under this quota shall make an endorsement on the certificate
concerned about its utilisation to secure admission under his signature and official seal so as to prevent its use for a second time.
4. a) Candidates securing admission under this quota shall continue to participate for the University after getting admission. In case of
sports they shall not play for any other Association/Club except with the written permission of the Director of Physical Education.
Every candidate securing admission under the reserved sports quota shall give an undertaking to this effect in the prescribed form.
b) Candidates who secure admission under the reserved sports quota and who contravene the above rules shall be liable to be removed
from the rolls of the college.
5. The certification of candidates’ admission in the respective categories as per the norms prescribed shall be done by the Physical Directors
of the college and the programme officers, of the colleges for sports and N.S.S. respectively. In case the Physical Director and Programme
Officer of N.S.S. are not available in any college, then such cases shall be decided by the Director of Physical Education and Programme
Co-ordinator N.S.S. who should take steps for categorisation of applications as per rules.
Seats in Post Graduation courses shall be reserved for the Widows / children of Ex-servicemen and serving defence personnel of the three wings of
the Armed Foces i.e., Indian Army, Navy and Air force who are domiciles of Andhra Pradesh at the time of enrolment into the Armed Forces. Such
Defence services personnel should have been born and studied upto 12th standard in Andhra Pradesh prior to joining Armed Forces and should have
settled down in Andhra Pradesh on completion of pensionable service with the Armed Forces. The requirement of studies for four years in Andhra
Pradesh for widow/children of servicemen/Ex-servicemen is not mandatory due to operational requirements, however, such widows/children of
servicemen / Ex-Servicemen of Andhra Pradesh should have qualified in the entrance examination. The four priorities are mentioned below:-
a) Priority I - Widow / Children of Armed Forces Personnel killed in action
b) Priority II - Widow/Children of Armed Forces Personnel disabled in action and invalidated out of service on medical
grounds and in receipt of disability pension.
c) Priority III- Widow / Children of Serving Armed Forces Personnel / Ex -Servicemen who are in receipt of Gallantry award,
the order ofmerit for consideration of the Gallantry awards as given below:
1) Param Vir Chakra 2) Ashoka Chakra 3) Sarvotham Yudh Seva Medal 4) Mahavir Chakra
5) Kirti Chakra 6) Uttam Yuddh Seva Medal 7) Vir Chakra 8) Shourya Chakra
9) Yudh Seva Medal 10) Sena/Nao Sena/Vayu Sena Medal (Gallauntry) 11) Mention in Despatches.
(Note: Sena Medal/Nao Sena medal / Vayu Sena Medal (Devotion to duty) is not a gallantry award hence not eligible under Priority III)
d) Priority IV: Widow/Children of all other categories of eligible Ex-servicemen and serving personnel.
(The certificate should be signed by the Zilla Sainik Welfare Officer of the concerned District).
This is to certify that Ex. No.________________________________________ Rank ___________________ Name
_______________________________ of Regiment / Corps / Unit ____________________ who served in the Army / Navy / Air Force from
____________________ to _______________ and discharged / released on account of ______________________ with ___________________ character
is an Ex.serviceman. The identity card number of the ex.serviceman / widow of ex.serviceman is A.P. ___________________ / _______________
issued by Zilla Sainik Welfare Officer, _________________________ District.
Sri /Kum __________________________________________________ _____________ a candidate applying for admission into *Post Graduate
/ MCA / MBA / LLM / LLB / BCA / PGDMISCA / M.Ed./ M.Tech etc., course is the son / daughter of the above ex.serviceman i.e. Ex. No.
___________________ Rank _______________ Name _______________________________________ and he/she belongs to the following Children of
Armed Forces Personnel Category.
i. WidowChildren of Armed Forces Personnel killed in action.
ii. Widow/Children of Armed Forces Personnel Disabled in action and thus invalidated out from service on medial grounds.
iii. Widow/Children of Armed Forces Personnel who are in receipt of Gallantry Award (Mention the name of Award, Year, Operation
iv. Widow/Children of other categories of eligible ex.servicemen.
The certificate is issued for the purpose of availing the benefits to the Widow/Children of Ex.servicemen for admission into *Post Graduate
/ MCA / MBA / LLM / LLB / BCA / PGDMISCA / M.Ed./ M.Tech etc., courses against the seats reserved for Children of Armed Forces Personnel
Date: Signature
Place: Name and Designation of the Officer
Office seal of Issuing Authority.
*Strike out which ever is not applicable.
The Widow/Children of ex.servicemen are directed to bring the following original certificate and one set of photo copies at the time of
1. Original Discharge Certificate of his/her parent
2. Original identity Card of his/her parent issued by Zilla Sainik Welfare Officer of the concerned district.
3. Original Pension Book/PPO of his/her parent if pensioner
4. Residential Certificate of the parent of the candidate issued by Mandal Revenue Officer.
5. Certificate of Gallantry Award, Gazettee Notification, Copies of Part - II order and other relevant documents if the applicant is claiming
under Priority -I, Prirotiy -II, Priority -III.
6. Widow/Children of Armed Forces Personnel Certificate issued by concerned Zilla Sainik Welfare Officer in original and photocopy.
Failure to produce the above documents in original, his/her application under Widow/Children of Armed Forces Personnel (CAP) category will
not be considered.
This is to certify that No. ____________________________________________ Rank __________________ Name
__________________________________________________ ___ of Regiment / Crops / Unit _______________ is serving in the Army / Navy / Air Force
from ______________ to till to date and is a serving Defence Person. The identity card number of the Serving person is _____________________
issued by ___________________________. The individual belongs to ___________________ vill __________________ District __________ State
___________ whose permanent address at the time of enrolment is as under
Vill, PO: ____________________________
Mandal Tehsel : ______________________
District : ____________________________
State : ______________________________
Sri/Kum __________________________________________________ _____________________ a candidate applying for admission into *Post
Graduate / MCA / MBA / LLM / LLB / BCA / PGDMISCA / M.Ed./ M.Tech etc., courses is the son/daughter of the above Servicemen i.e. No.
___________ Rank ________________________ Name __________________________ and he/she belongs to the following Children of Armed Forces
Personnel Category.
i. Widow/Children of Armed Forces Personnel killed in action.
ii. Widow/Children of Armed Forces Personnel Disabled in action and thus invalidated out from service on medial grounds.
iii. Widow/Children of Armed Forces Personnel who are in receipt of Gallantry Award (Mention the name of Award, Year, Operation
iv. Widow/Children of other categories of eligible ex.servicemen.
The certificate is issued for the purpose of availing the benefits to the Children of servicemen personnel for admission into *Post Graduate / MCA /
MBA / LLM / LLB / BCA / PGDMISCA / M.Ed./ M.Tech etc., courses against the seats reserved for Widow/Children of Armed Forces Personnel
Date: Signature
Place: Name and Designation of the Officer
Office seal of Issuing Authority.
*Strike out which ever is not applicable.
The Widow/Children of servicemen personnel are directed to bring the following original certificate and one set of photo copies at the time of
1. Original Discharge Certificate of his/her parent
2. Original identity Card of his/her parent issued by Zilla Sainik Welfare Officer of the concerned district.
3. Original Pension Book/PPO of his/her parent if pensioner
4. Residential Certificate of the parent of the candidate issued by Mandal Revenue Officer.
5. Certificate of Gallantry Award, Gazettee Notification, Copies of Part - II order and other relevant documents if the applicant is claiming under
Priority -I, Priority -II, Priority -III.
6. Widow/Children of Armed Forces Personnel Certificate issued by concerned Zilla Sainik Welfare Officer in original and photocopy.
7. Original Pay Book/Pay slip of his/her parent
Failure to produce the above documents in original, his/her application under Widow/Children of Armed Forces Personnel (CAP) category will not be
Candidates seeking admission shall submit Medical Certificate from appropriate Medical Authority as prescribed in the Government G.O.
The priorities and the categories are as follows. Categories of the Handicapped (i) Blind (ii) Deaf (iii) Orthopedically Handicapped/Physically
PRIORITIES: 1. First priority to those with visual defects.
Visual defect: Blind: A person who cannot see for all practical purposes being blind in both the eyes. Person with failing eye-sight due to old age or
those who use spectacles and cannot see without them will not however be treated as blind.
1. A person can be said to be visually handicapped if he suffers from any of the following conditions.
a) Total absence of sight.
b) If the vision is from 6/18 upto 6/60 and anything less than shall be considered as an extreme handicap. The above criteria shall also be made
applicable to persons with vision in both the eyes but coming within the range of defects indicated above.
c) Visual acuity not exceeding 6/60 or 20/200 (shellen) in the better eye with correcting lenses.
d) Limitation of the sealed off vision subtending an angle of 20 degrees or more.
2. Second priority to those who have defects of the upper limbs.
Orthopedically Handicapped:The Orthopedically handicapped are those who have a physical defect or deformity which causes and interferes with
the normal functioning of the bone and joint.Defects of Upper Limbs:
a) Quadriplegic (loss of use of 4 limbs) shall be considered the top most priority in this category.
b) Loss of both limbs-preference shall be given to loss of upper limbs from above downwards.
3. Third priority to those with defects in the lower limbs.
The criteria applicable to upper limbs shall be applied to lower limbs with preference to be given for the loss of limbs from above downwards.
Lame: A person who is disabled or deformed in either of legs. Those who use crutches are to be considered as lame.
4. Fourth Priority:
The loss of one eye or one upper limb or one lower limb shall be given a very low priority.
5. Fifth priority.
Deaf: The Deaf are those in whom the sense of hearing is non-functional for ordinary purpose of life. They do not hear understand at all even
with amplified speech. The cases included in this category will be those having less/more than 90 decibels in the better ear (profound impairment)
or total loss of hearing in both cases.
A person is deaf if he cannot hear for all practical purposes being deaf in both the ears. Persons using hearing aids are to be considered as deaf.
6. Sixth Priority:
Dumb. A person who cannot talk.
Crippled: A person who is deformed in any part of the body other than legs and is disabled thereby.
N.B. 1. A committee consisting of the Dean of the Faculty of concerned (Chairman), The Director/Joint Director, P.G. Admissions (Convener) the
Principal of the College concerned the Head of the Department and the Chief Medical Officer of the Osmania University shall select the
candidates eligible for the category.
2. In courses where practicals/field work is involved a committee consisting of (1) The Chief Medical Officer, Osmania University, (2) Two
other Medial Experts specialised in the filed relevant to the physical disability concerned and (3) The Head of the department concerned,
will decide the admission of such candidates.
(The certificate should be signed by the Commanding Officer of the concerned Regiment / Crops / Unit)
Answered By StudyChaCha Member
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Old September 9th, 2020, 12:57 AM
Default Bank Confirmation Form

I am a CPA and need to send a standard bank verification form to the bank. Where do I send it.

Joel Aronson CPA
270 Jamie
Wauconda, IL 60084
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correspondence diploma

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