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Old November 29th, 2017, 03:33 PM
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Default Re: RC Practice For Revised GRE

I am providing you the sample practice question paper of Reading-Comprehension of Graduate Record Examinations (GRE) Exam.

GRE exam Reading-Comprehension question paper

Questions 1 and 2 are based on the following passage:

The levels of dissolved oxygen in the world’s ocean waters are declining precipitously. Just like humans, fish need oxygen to survive, and so in ocean areas experiencing significant levels of oxygen scarcity, or hypoxia, fish populations are plummeting. Although some hypoxic areas, called “dead zones,” occur naturally, hypoxia in coastal areas and inland waters is caused mainly by agricultural run-off and by discharge of industrial waste waters. More than one-hundred permanent dead zones, many covering thousands of square miles, exist worldwide today.

Since reproductive success is the most critical factor in the sustainability of any species, the extent of this threat to marine life and genetic diversity can hardly be overstated. After several months in hypoxic waters, female fish produce fewer eggs. Moreover, hypoxic conditions serve to alter the normal ratio between two particular hormones manufactured during the embryonic stage when a fish’s gender is determined. During gestation and under these conditions, the mother produces more testosterone (and less estradiol), which inhibits the development of female reproductive organs and other female characteristics in the embryo, while promoting the development of male traits.

Question 1

The author would probably view the developments discussed in the passage as

alarming
puzzling
unsurprising
encouraging
unexpected

Explanatory Answer

The author states in the second paragraph that "the extent of this threat to marine life and genetic diversity can hardly be overstated," suggesting that in the author's view hypoxia has reached critical, or alarming, levels. The correct response is (A).
Questions 1 and 2 are based on the following passage:

The levels of dissolved oxygen in the world’s ocean waters are declining precipitously. Just like humans, fish need oxygen to survive, and so in ocean areas experiencing significant levels of oxygen scarcity, or hypoxia, fish populations are plummeting. Although some hypoxic areas, called “dead zones,” occur naturally, hypoxia in coastal areas and inland waters is caused mainly by agricultural run-off and by discharge of industrial waste waters. More than one-hundred permanent dead zones, many covering thousands of square miles, exist worldwide today.

Since reproductive success is the most critical factor in the sustainability of any species, the extent of this threat to marine life and genetic diversity can hardly be overstated. After several months in hypoxic waters, female fish produce fewer eggs. Moreover, hypoxic conditions serve to alter the normal ratio between two particular hormones manufactured during the embryonic stage when a fish’s gender is determined. During gestation and under these conditions, the mother produces more testosterone (and less estradiol), which inhibits the development of female reproductive organs and other female characteristics in the embryo, while promoting the development of male traits.

Question 2

Which of the following is the best title for the passage?

Why are Fish Gender Ratios Changing so Rapidly?
The Dangers of Industrial Waste-water Runoff
A Prescription for Reversing Hypoxia Levels
What Causes Birth Defects in Salt-water Fish?
Dead Zones: Their Causes and Consequences

Explanatory Answer

The first paragraph briefly discusses what causes hypoxic waters (so-called "dead zones"), while the second paragraph discusses one of hypoxia's consequences: a decline in the genetic diversity and population of fish. Choice (E) is the only one that embraces the entire passage without extending beyond its ideas. The correct response is (E).

Questions 3 and 4 are based on the following passage: 2

Preeminent among the hundreds of thousands of images produced by U.S. government-commissioned photographers during the Great Depression is Dorothea Lange's “Migrant Mother” (1936), an impromptu portrait of an impoverished single mother and farm laborer, shown with her three young children. Lange's image perfectly captures at once a sense of individual worth and of undeserved impoverishment that so many working-class Americans were experiencing at the time. Less obvious than its role in promoting the government's New Deal employment policies was the photograph's class-victimage message. Lange covertly veiled her commentary on class in the image's articulation of gender and family relations and in its allusion to religious imagery: the photograph's compositional similarities to traditional paintings of the Madonna and Child are undeniable.

Lange, a prolific photojournalist, was no doubt concerned chiefly with documenting the plight of working-class people during the Depression. Yet the publication of the "Migrant Mother" and the immediate and extensive publicity surrounding it turned out to mark an important transitional moment in public art. Lange's image is seen as the first significant transcription of the iconic Madonna and Child from painting to photography, and from the Mother of Christ to an anonymous working-class woman. Both shifts demonstrate how traditional iconic images can be translated from religious to secular art and from fine-arts institutions to public media. Indeed, far more has been written about the iconic appeal of the "Migrant Mother" than about its social and political messages.

Question 3

Which of the following issues about Lange and her image of the "Migrant Mother" does the passage address?

Select all choices that apply.
Whether the photograph's similarity to an iconic religious image was intended by Lange
Whether it was appropriate for Lange to incorporate religious imagery into a government-commissioned work
Whether Lange's personal attitudes toward class difference played a part in her choice of the photograph's specific subject

Explanatory Answer

In stating that Lange "covertly veiled her commentary on class" in an allusion to the iconic image of the Madonna and Child, the passage clearly suggests that the allusion was intentional and that her attitudes toward class difference played a role in her choice of the specific subject of the photograph. However, the passage does not discuss whether Lange's use of religious imagery was proper. You would need to select both the first and third choices (and only these two choices) to gain credit for answering this question correctly.

Questions 3 and 4 are based on the following passage: 2

Preeminent among the hundreds of thousands of images produced by U.S. government-commissioned photographers during the Great Depression is Dorothea Lange's “Migrant Mother” (1936), an impromptu portrait of an impoverished single mother and farm laborer, shown with her three young children. Lange's image perfectly captures at once a sense of individual worth and of undeserved impoverishment that so many working-class Americans were experiencing at the time. Less obvious than its role in promoting the government's New Deal employment policies was the photograph's class-victimage message. Lange covertly veiled her commentary on class in the image's articulation of gender and family relations and in its allusion to religious imagery: the photograph's compositional similarities to traditional paintings of the Madonna and Child are undeniable.

Lange, a prolific photojournalist, was no doubt concerned chiefly with documenting the plight of working-class people during the Depression. Yet the publication of the "Migrant Mother" and the immediate and extensive publicity surrounding it turned out to mark an important transitional moment in public art. Lange's image is seen as the first significant transcription of the iconic Madonna and Child from painting to photography, and from the Mother of Christ to an anonymous working-class woman. Both shifts demonstrate how traditional iconic images can be translated from religious to secular art and from fine-arts institutions to public media. Indeed, far more has been written about the iconic appeal of the "Migrant Mother" than about its social and political messages.

Question 4

Select the sentence in the passage that best underscores the influence of Lange's "Migrant Mother" within the field of photographic art.

To highlight a sentence for review, hover over it.

(NOTE: During the exam you would ultimately select a sentence as your response by clicking on it and then confirming your selection.)

Explanatory Answer

The second paragraph's second sentence ("Yet the publication....") strongly suggests that Lange's approach — i.e., alluding to iconic religious imagery — has since been embraced by other photographers and visual artists who produce works for the media. To gain credit for a correct answer you would need to select that sentence by clicking on it.
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