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Old July 16th, 2016, 12:42 PM
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Default NVBDCP Strategies

Can you tell me about the Strategies Scheme announced by National Vector Borne Disease Control Programme (NVBDCP) for the control of Malaria?
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  #2  
Old July 16th, 2016, 01:08 PM
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Join Date: May 2011
Default Re: NVBDCP Strategies

The Strategies Scheme announced by National Vector Borne Disease Control Programme (NVBDCP) for the control of Malaria are as follows:

Strategy

Control Strategies under Urban Malaria Scheme:


Malaria Control strategy will comprise of (i) Parasite control & (ii) Vector control

i. Parasite control:
Treatment is done through passive agencies viz. hospitals, dispensaries both in private & public sectors and private practitioners.
In mega cities malaria clinics are established by each health sector/ malaria control agencies viz. Municipal Corporations, Railways, Defence services

ii. Vector control comprises of the following components

o Source reduction
o Use of larvicides
o Use of larvivorous fish
o Space spray
o Minor engineering
o Legislative measure

The control measures recommended under UMS are as below:

Source reduction (Guidelines for Source Reduction)

Photo Environmental methods of controlling mosquito breeding including source reduction minor engineering works, by filling ditches, pits, low lying areas, streamlining, canalizing, desilting, deweeding, trimming of drains, water disposal and sanitation, emptying water containers once in a week and observing weekly Dry Day etc.

Anti-larval methods

Chemical


Photo Recurrent anti-larval measures at weekly intervals with approved chemical larvicides to control the vector mosquitoes are recommended.

The following chemical larvicides are used in the Urban Malaria Scheme programme:

- Temephos

- Bti (WP & 12 AS)

Biological Control (Guidelines for Larvivorous fish)

In some urban areas larvivorous fish like Gambusia and Guppy are also used in certain situations where the chemical control is not practical.

Biological larvicide, Bacillus thuringiensis israelensis either wettable powder or aqueous postponement are also used for control of aquatic stages of vector mosquitoes.

Aerosol Space Spray

Space spraying of pyrethrum extract (2%) in 50 houses in and around every malaria and dengue positive cases to kill the infective mosquitoes is recommended.

NVBDCP Strategies


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