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Old June 26th, 2016, 09:39 AM
shabnams
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Join Date: Dec 2012
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Default Re: Indian Forest Services Papers

Hey!!! There are two paper for Agriculture in Indian Forest Services Exam that is of paper I and paper II

Here I am providing you paper of both the paper

Question paper of Agriculture of Indian Forest Services part







Syllabus for this Agriculture in Indian Forest Services

Paper - I


-Ecology and its relevance to man, natural resources, their sustainable
management and conservation.

-Physical and social environment as factors of crop distribution and production.
Climatic elements as factors of crop growth, impact of changing environment on
cropping pattern as indicators of environments.

-Environmental pollution and associated hazards to crops, animals, and humans.
Cropping Pattern Topics:

-Cropping pattern in different agro-climatic zones of the country.

-Impact of high-yielding and short-duration varieties on shifts in cropping pattern.

-Concepts of multiple cropping, multistorey, relay and inter-cropping, and their
importance in relation to food production.

-Package of practices for production of important cereals, pulses, oil seeds, fibres,
sugar, commercial and fodder crops grown during Kharif and Rabi seasons in
different regions of the country.


Propagation of Plants:

-Important features, scope and propagation of various types of forestry
plantations such as extension, social forestry, agro-forestry, and natural forests.


-Weeds, their characteristics, dissemination and association with various crops;
their multiplication; cultural, biological and chemical control of weeds.

-Soil-physical, chemical and biological properties. Processes and factors of soil
formation.

-Modern classification of Indian soils, Mineral and organic constituents of soils and
their role in maintaining soil productivity.

-Essential plant nutrients and other beneficial elements in soils and plants.
Principles of soil fertility and its evaluation for judicious fertiliser use, integrated
nutrient management.

-Losses of nitrogen in soil, nitrogen-use efficiency in submerged rice soils, nitrogen
fixation in soils.

-Fixation of phosphorus and potassium in soils and the scope for their efficient
use. Problem soils and their reclamation methods.


Soil conservation:

-Soil conservation planning on watershed basis. Erosion and run-off management
in hilly, foot hills, and valley lands; processes and factors affecting them.

-Dryland agriculture and its problems.

-Technology of stabilising agriculture production in rainfed agriculture area.


Water-use:

-Water-use efficiency in relation to crop production, criteria for scheduling
irrigations, ways and means of reducing run-off losses of irrigation water.

-Drip and sprinkler irrigation.

-Drainage of water-logged soils, quality of irrigation water, effect of industrial effluents on soil and water pollution.

Farm Planning & Management:

-Farm management, scope, important and characteristics, farm planning.

-Optimum resources use and budgeting.

-Economics of different types of farming systems.

-Marketing and pricing of agricultural inputs and outputs, price fluctuations and
their cost; role of co-operatives in agricultural economy; types and systems of
farming and factors affecting them.

-Agricultural extension, its importance and role, methods of evaluation of
extension programmes, socio-economic survey and status of big, small, and
marginal farmers and landless agricultural labourers; farm mechanization and its
role in agricultural productioin and rural employment.

-Training programmes for extension workers; lab-to- land programmes.


Paper – II

-Cell Theory, cell structure, cell organelles and their function, cell division, nucleic
acids-structure and function, gene structure and function.

-Laws of heredity, their significance in plant breeding. Chromosome structure,
chromosomal aberrations, linkage and cross-over, and their significance in
recombination breeding.

-Polyploidy, euploid and an euploids.

-Mutation-micro and macro-and their role in crop improvement.

-Variation, components of variation.

-Heritability, sterility and incompatibility, classification and their application in crop
improvement.

-Cytoplasmic inheritance, sex-linked, sex-influenced and sex-limited characters.

History of Plant Breeding:

-History of plant breeding.

-Modes of reproduction, selfing and crossing techniques.

-Origin and evolution of crop plants, centre of origin, law of homologous series,
crop genetic resources-conservation and utilization.

-Application of principles of plant breeding to the improvement of major field
crops.

-Pure-line selection, pedigree, mass and recurrent selections, combining ability, its
significance in plant breeding.

-Hybrid vigour and its exploitation, backcross method of breeding, breeding for
disease and pest resistance, role of interspecific and intergeneric hybridization.

-Role of biotechnology in plant breeding.

-Improved varieties, hybrids, composites of various crop plants.

-Seed technology, its importance. Different kinds of seeds and their seed
production and processing techniques.

-Role of public and private sectors in seed production, processing and marketing in
India.

Physiology:

-Physiology and its significance in agriculture.

-Imbibition, surface tension, diffusion and osmosis.

-Absorption and translocation of water, transpiration and water economy.

-Enzymes and plant pigments; photosynthesis-modern concepts and factors
affecting the process, aerobic and nonaerobic respiration; C, C and CAM
mechanisms.

-Carbohydrate, protein and fat metabolism.

Growth & Development:

-Growth and development; photoperiodism and vernalization.

-Auxins, hormones, and other plant regulators and their mechanism of action and
importance in agriculture.

-Physiology of seed development and germination; dormancy

-Climatic requirements and cultivation of major fruits, plants, vegetable crops and
flower plants; the package of practices and their scientific basis.

-Handling and marketing problems of fruit and vegetables.

-Principal methods of preservation of important fruits and vegetable products,
processing techniques and equipment.

-Role of fruits and vegetables in human nutriton.

-Raising of ornamental plants, and design and layout of lawns and gardens.

Diseases of plant pests & diseases:

-Diseases and pests of field vegetables, orchard and plantation crops of India.

-Causes and classification of plant pests and diseases.

-Principles of control of plant pests and diseases Biological control of pests and
diseases.

-Integrated pest and disease management.

-Epidemiology and forecasting.

Pesticides:

-Pesticides, their formulations and modes of action.

-Compatibility with rhizobial inoculants.

-Microbial toxins.

Storage pests and diseases of cereals and pulses, and their control.

Food Production:

-Food production and consumption trends in India.

-National and international food policies.

-Production, procurement, distribution and processing constraints.

-Relation of food production to national dietary pattern, major deficiencies of
calorie and protein.
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