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Old June 10th, 2014, 07:35 PM
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Default NIOS Senior Secondary Exam political science (317) exam paper

Give me question paper for National institute of open schooling senior secondary exam-political science (317) examination ?

Here I am giving you question paper for National institute of open schooling senior secondary exam-political science (317) examination in PDF file attached with it ..

1. According to the liberals, what is meant by the term politics? 2
2. What is meant by the concept Nation? 2
3. What was the main task of the Constituent Assembly of India? Name the
person who presided over its meetings? 1+1=2
4. Which type of cases can be transferred from a Subordinate Court to the High
Court? 2
5. The people of Rampur want the primary school building of their village to be
repaired. But they don’t have adequate funds. Suggest any four ways in order to
collect money for the said purpose. 2
6. ‘The minimum age for the Right to Vote varies from country to country.’ Give
any two examples from outside India to prove that the above statement is
correct. 1+1=2
7. What is meant by countermanding the elections? 2
8. Mention any two ill effects of population growth on good governance. 2
9. Highlight the nature of help India got from USA under PL-480. 2
10. What is meant by State’? Explain any three points of distinction between the
State and the Government. 2+3=5
11. What is Marxism? Mention any three basic postulates on which Marxism is
based. 2+3=5
12. Identify and describe any five Directive Principles of State Policy which promote
social welfare of the people.

NIOS Senior Secondary Exam political science exam paper

As you want I am here giving you Political Science (317) Exam Paper for Senior Secondary Exam of National Institute of Open Schooling (NIOS).

Sample Paper :

1. Define Political Science. 2
2. What is the meaning of liberalism ? 2
3. Mention any two essential elements of the state. 1 + 1 = 2
4. What is the relevance of the Preamble of the Indian Constitution ? 2
5. Define Republic. 2
6. Mention any two qualfications of the judges of the Supreme Court. 1 + 1 = 2
7. What is the meaning of communalism ? 2
8. What is the meaning of pressure groups ? 2
9. Identify any two areas of co-operation between India and Russia. 1 + 1 = 2
10. Describe briefly any five salient features of the Constitution of India. 5
11. Explain any five executive functions of the President of India. 5
12. Explain any five function of the Election Commission of India. 5
13. Describe any five features of the Indian Party System. 5
14. Define governance. Mention any three hindrances in the way of good governance. 2 +3 = 5
15. Explain any five basic principles of India’s foreign policy. 5
16. Describe the India-Pakistan relationship during the last decade. 5
17. Define nation. Mention the eesential elements of nationality. 2 + 6 = 8
Describe any four tenets of Gandhism. 4 × 2 = 8
18. Explain that the Indian Constitution is federal in form but unitary in spirit. 8
Describe the legislative relation between the Union and the States. 8
19. How is the Prime Minister of India appointed ? Analyse his powers, position and role. 2 + 4 = 8

NIOS sample paper Political Science
1. Political Science deals with the state and government as it was, it is and it should be
2. Liberalism is an idea committed to freedom as a method of policy in government and as a way of life for
the individual and community.
3. The essential elements of the state are : (i) Population (ii) Definite territory, (iii) Government and (iv)
Sovereignty (any two).
4. The Preamble of the Indian Constitution is relevant in so far as it states the objectives of the Constitution
(justice, liberty, equality and fraternity) and explains the governmental structure in India, to be democratic
sovereign, republic, based on the sovereignty of the people.
5. Republic refers to a system of government headed by the official elected directly or indirectly by the
6. The two qualifications of the judges of the supreme court are : (1) A person has to be a citizen of India,
and (2) He/she should have been a judge of the High Court(s) for at least a period of 5 years or is an
eminent jurist.
7. Communalism is the use of religion for political gains.
8. Pressure groups are interests’ groups which influence decisions of the government so as to favour the
groups seeking the fulfillment of their respective interests.
9. The two areas of co-operation between India and Russia are : (a) Russia’s help in India’s economic
projects. (b) Mutual trade relations between the two countries.
10. The five basic features of the Constitution of India are : (i) It is the most lengthy constitution in the
world; the original constitution had 395 articles; (ii) It is partly flexible and partly rigid; (iii) It is federal
in nature and unitary in spirit; (iv) It provides for a parliamentary form of government; (v) There is a
provision for singular judiciary.
11. The five executive functions of the President of India are : (a) The President appoints the Prime Minister
and on his/her advice, other ministers; (b) He appoints the Governors of the states; (c) He is the Supreme
Commander of the armed forces; (d) He appoints ambassadors and accept credentials from ambessadors
and (e) High Commissioners coming form vaious states.
12. The five functions of the Elections Commission are : (i) Preparation of the electoral rolls for all types of
elections in India; (ii) Supervision of the election machinery with regard to all elections; (iii) Determination
of the dates relating to election schedules; (iv) Granting election symbols to the political parties; (v)
Recognising national and regional parties.
13. The five features of the Indian party system are : (i) Dominant party system with emphasis on leadership
(ii) Multiparty system (iii) Politics of defection (iv) Increasing role of the opposition (v) Increasing role
of regional political parties.
14. Governence is concerned with powers, strategies, policies, plans and projects to improve the substance
or quality of life.
Hindrances : (a) Growth of population (b) corruption (c) increasing culture of violence.
15. (i) Faith in United Nations, (ii) Faith in Non-alignment Movement, (3) Advocacy of the Panch sheets,
(4) Friendly and peaceful relations with all the countries, in particular with neighbouring countires;
(5) Settlement of disputes through negotiations.
16. With the friendly stance in the relationship, during the last decade inspite of Kargil, terrorism and
Kashmir. The exchange of visits by the heads of the state and government, signing of treaties relating to
trade and commerce; starting of trains and bus services for the exchange of visits by the general public.
17. A nation is a body of people who feel themselves to be naturally linked together by strong affinities
Elements of Nationality. Common geography, common religion, common political aspirations, common
culture. These elements are to be briefly explained.
Gandhism : (a) Non-violence/Ahimsa, (b) satya and Satyagraha, (c) Ramrajya, (d) close relationship
between politics and religion, (d) faith in the policy of trusteeeship (any four). The above tenets are to be
briefly explained.
18. The Indian Constitution is partly federal and partly unitary, as it contains the features of both the form of
government. The condidates are expected to explain briefly their features and conclude that India is
normally federal and can become unitary during emergencies.
The candidates are expected to high-light the division of powers between the union and the states through
the Union, the State and the Concurrent lists as provided in the constitution, as well as to show that the
Union Government is more powerful than the states governements.
19. India has adopted the parlimentary system in which the Prime Minister is appointed by the President of
India wherein the leader of the majority party or that of the coalition of parties is invited to be Prime
All the powers of the President as mentioned in the Constitution are exercised by the Prime Minister.
The students should briefly explain them.
The Prime Minister is the real head of the executive as well as the head of the goverment.
The chief justice and the judges of the High Court are appointed by the President of India as per the
proivision of the Constitution of India.
The High Court enjoys, the following jurisdictions : (a) Original Jurisdiction, (b) cases relating to the
substantial question of law, (c) superintendence of the subordinate courts, (d) the Court of Record.
These points may be briefly explained.
The High Court is subordinate to the Supreme Court but is one that supervises the lower/subordinate
20. India’s social structure is based on caste and jati. Verna Vyvastha provides more the theory than the
actuality of the caste.
Caste is a collection of families or group of families having a common name, claiming a common
descent and form a single homogeneous community. In independent india - a democratic caste system
has started playing a nefarious role. Be it choice of candidates at the time of election, or filling
governmental jobs preferance is given to the caste. Even people cast their votes keeping in mind the
candidate’s caste.
Reservation policy is based on protective discrimination. Equality of opportunity in the absence of
equality of conditions results in the deepening of inequalities instead of promoting equalities.
In india, reservations have been provided for the people belonging to the Schedule Caste, the Scheduled
Tribes, the Other Backword Classes, as well as have been provided in order to fulfil the promises of
women empowerment.
The candidates are supposed to make the case for or against the policy of reservation.

Here is the attachment.
Attached Files Available for Download
File Type: pdf NIOS sample paper Political Science.pdf (30.4 KB, 75 views)

Last edited by Aakashd; December 23rd, 2019 at 10:07 AM.
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Old October 23rd, 2015, 01:53 PM
Default Re: NIOS Senior Secondary Exam political science (317) exam paper

Can you please give here Political Science (317) Exam Paper for Senior Secondary Exam of NIOS?
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