#1
 
 
Best option among IIT and CA
I have completed my 12th standard and now I am confused between CA and IIT and I have interest in both of these fields so can you please deal with my confusion and solve it?

#2
 
 
Re: Best option among IIT and CA
As you want to get the details of about which field to choose between CA and IIT so here is the information of the same for you: I want to tell you that you are talking about the two education field giants I will suggest that firstly you should give entrance exam of IIT then see if you get best college of IIT then you should go there because its future is bright if you don’t et admission in best college then you should go for CA. In my opinion IIT will be the best option because you can get your performance result in a sort spam of time, but if u go for CA than it will take slight longer time to show your performance as 2nd n 3 rd stage of CA is very much difficult and most of the students leave the CA after shaming the time of 34yrs To choose any course you need to analyse your interests. You must analyse your thinking power, capacity to solve problems. Both the courses are top courses and have very good future. IIT is the entrance exam for entry in engineering course, IIT is one of the toughest exam in India.
__________________ Answered By StudyChaCha Member 
#4
 
 
Re: Best option among IIT and CA
Both CA and the IIT JEE are different and both are the best in their field. Choose the course according to your interests and in which field you want to make career Both the courses are top courses and have very good future. IIT is the entrance exam for entry in engineering course and it is one of the toughest exam in India Eligibility for IIT exam Candidate must passed 12 with at least 60 percent marks in PCM. CA is the course where a sharp mind is in need, good command on solving problems. It is top choice for commerce students Eligibility for CA Candidate must be 12 passed in any stream. Here I am providing you the syllabus of both these exams Syllabus of IIT JEE exam JEE Mathematics Syllabus Algebra Algebra of complex numbers, addition, multiplication, conjugation, polar representation, properties of modulus and principal argument, triangle inequality, cube roots of unity, geometric interpretations. Quadratic equations with real coefficients, relations between roots and coefficients, formation of quadratic equations with given roots, symmetric functions of roots. Arithmetic, geometric and harmonic progressions, arithmetic, geometric and harmonic means, sums of finite arithmetic and geometric progressions, infinite geometric series, sums of squares and cubes of the first n natural numbers. Logarithms and their properties. Permutations and combinations, Binomial theorem for a positive integral index, properties of binomial coefficients. Matrices as a rectangular array of real numbers, equality of matrices, addition, multiplication by a scalar and product of matrices, transpose of a matrix, determinant of a square matrix of order up to three, inverse of a square matrix of order up to three, properties of these matrix operations, diagonal, symmetric and skewsymmetric matrices and their properties, solutions of simultaneous linear equations in two or three variables. Addition and multiplication rules of probability, conditional probability, independence of events, computation of probability of events using permutations and combinations. Trigonometry Trigonometric functions, their periodicity and graphs, addition and subtraction formulae, formulae involving multiple and submultiple angles, general solution of trigonometric equations. Relations between sides and angles of a triangle, sine rule, cosine rule, halfangle formula and the area of a triangle, inverse trigonometric functions (principal value only). Analytical geometry Two dimensions: Cartesian coordinates, distance between two points, section formulae, shift of origin. Equation of a straight line in various forms, angle between two lines, distance of a point from a line. Lines through the point of intersection of two given lines, equation of the bisector of the angle between two lines, concurrency of lines, centroid, orthocentre, incentre and circumcentre of a triangle. Equation of a circle in various forms, equations of tangent, normal and chord. Parametric equations of a circle, intersection of a circle with a straight line or a circle, equation of a circle through the points of intersection of two circles and those of a circle and a straight line. Equations of a parabola, ellipse and hyperbola in standard form, their foci, directrices and eccentricity, parametric equations, equations of tangent and normal. Locus Problems. Three dimensions: Direction cosines and direction ratios, equation of a straight line in space, equation of a plane, distance of a point from a plane. Differential calculus Real valued functions of a real variable, into, onto and onetoone functions, sum, difference, product and quotient of two functions, composite functions, absolute value, polynomial, rational, trigonometric, exponential and logarithmic functions. Limit and continuity of a function, limit and continuity of the sum, difference, product and quotient of two functions, l'Hospital rule of evaluation of limits of functions. Even and odd functions, inverse of a function, continuity of composite functions, intermediate value property of continuous functions. Derivative of a function, derivative of the sum, difference, product and quotient of two functions, chain rule, derivatives of polynomial, rational, trigonometric, inverse trigonometric, exponential and logarithmic functions. Derivatives of implicit functions, derivatives up to order two, geometrical interpretation of the derivative, tangents and normals, increasing and decreasing functions, maximum and minimum values of a function, applications of Rolle's Theorem and Lagrange's Mean Value Theorem. Integral calculus Integration as the inverse process of differentiation, indefinite integrals of standard functions, definite integrals and their properties, application of the Fundamental Theorem of Integral Calculus. Integration by parts, integration by the methods of substitution and partial fractions, application of definite integrals to the determination of areas involving simple curves. Formation of ordinary differential equations, solution of homogeneous differential equations, variables separable method, linear first order differential equations. Vectors Addition of vectors, scalar multiplication, scalar products, dot and cross products, scalar triple products and their geometrical interpretations. JEE Chemistry Syllabus Physical chemistry General topics: The concept of atoms and molecules; Dalton's atomic theory; Mole concept; Chemical formulae; Balanced chemical equations; Calculations (based on mole concept) involving common oxidationreduction, neutralisation, and displacement reactions; Concentration in terms of mole fraction, molarity, molality and normality. Gaseous and liquid states: Absolute scale of temperature, ideal gas equation; Deviation from ideality, van der Waals equation; Kinetic theory of gases, average, root mean square and most probable velocities and their relation with temperature; Law of partial pressures; Vapour pressure; Diffusion of gases. Atomic structure and chemical bonding: Bohr model, spectrum of hydrogen atom, quantum numbers; Waveparticle duality, de Broglie hypothesis; Uncertainty principle; Quantum mechanical picture of hydrogen atom (qualitative treatment), shapes of s, p and d orbitals; Electronic configurations of elements (up to atomic number 36); Aufbau principle; Pauli's exclusion principle and Hund's rule; Orbital overlap and covalent bond; Hybridisation involving s, p and d orbitals only; Orbital energy diagrams for homonuclear diatomic species; Hydrogen bond; Polarity in molecules, dipole moment (qualitative aspects only); VSEPR model and shapes of molecules (linear, angular, triangular, square planar, pyramidal, square pyramidal, trigonal bipyramidal, tetrahedral and octahedral). Energetics: First law of thermodynamics; Internal energy, work and heat, pressurevolume work; Enthalpy, Hess's law; Heat of reaction, fusion and vapourization; Second law of thermodynamics; Entropy; Free energy; Criterion of spontaneity. Chemical equilibrium: Law of mass action; Equilibrium constant, Le Chatelier's principle (effect of concentration, temperature and pressure); Significance of DG and DGo in chemical equilibrium; Solubility product, common ion effect, pH and buffer solutions; Acids and bases (Bronsted and Lewis concepts); Hydrolysis of salts. Electrochemistry: Electrochemical cells and cell reactions; Electrode potentials; Nernst equation and its relation to DG; Electrochemical series, emf of galvanic cells; Faraday's laws of electrolysis; Electrolytic conductance, specific, equivalent and molar conductance, Kohlrausch's law; Concentration cells. Chemical kinetics: Rates of chemical reactions; Order of reactions; Rate constant; First order reactions; Temperature dependence of rate constant (Arrhenius equation). Solid state: Classification of solids, crystalline state, seven crystal systems (cell parameters a, b, c, a, b, g), close packed structure of solids (cubic), packing in fcc, bcc and hcp lattices; Nearest neighbours, ionic radii, simple ionic compounds, point defects. Solutions: Raoult's law; Molecular weight determination from lowering of vapor pressure, elevation of boiling point and depression of freezing point. Surface chemistry: Elementary concepts of adsorption (excluding adsorption isotherms); Colloids: types, methods of preparation and general properties; Elementary ideas of emulsions, surfactants and micelles (only definitions and examples). Nuclear chemistry: Radioactivity: isotopes and isobars; Properties of a, b and g rays; Kinetics of radioactive decay (decay series excluded), carbon dating; Stability of nuclei with respect to protonneutron ratio; Brief discussion on fission and fusion reactions. Inorganic Chemistry Isolation/preparation and properties of the following nonmetals: Boron, silicon, nitrogen, phosphorus, oxygen, sulphur and halogens; Properties of allotropes of carbon (only diamond and graphite), phosphorus and sulphur. Preparation and properties of the following compounds: Oxides, peroxides, hydroxides, carbonates, bicarbonates, chlorides and sulphates of sodium, potassium, magnesium and calcium; Boron: diborane, boric acid and borax; Aluminium: alumina, aluminium chloride and alums; Carbon: oxides and oxyacid (carbonic acid); Silicon: silicones, silicates and silicon carbide; Nitrogen: oxides, oxyacids and ammonia; Phosphorus: oxides, oxyacids (phosphorus acid, phosphoric acid) and phosphine; Oxygen: ozone and hydrogen peroxide; Sulphur: hydrogen sulphide, oxides, sulphurous acid, sulphuric acid and sodium thiosulphate; Halogens: hydrohalic acids, oxides and oxyacids of chlorine, bleaching powder; Xenon fluorides; Fertilizers: commercially available (common) NPK type. Transition elements (3d series): Definition, general characteristics, oxidation states and their stabilities, colour (excluding the details of electronic transitions) and calculation of spinonly magnetic moment; Coordination compounds: nomenclature of mononuclear coordination compounds, cistrans and ionisation isomerisms, hybridization and geometries of mononuclear coordination compounds (linear, tetrahedral, square planar and octahedral). Preparation and properties of the following compounds: Oxides and chlorides of tin and lead; Oxides, chlorides and sulphates of Fe2+, Cu2+ and Zn2+; Potassium permanganate, potassium dichromate, silver oxide, silver nitrate, silver thiosulphate. Ores and minerals: Commonly occurring ores and minerals of iron, copper, tin, lead, magnesium, aluminium, zinc and silver. Extractive metallurgy: Chemical principles and reactions only (industrial details excluded); Carbon reduction method (iron and tin); Self reduction method (copper and lead); Electrolytic reduction method (magnesium and aluminium); Cyanide process (silver and gold). Principles of qualitative analysis: Groups I to V (only Ag+, Hg2+, Cu2+, Pb2+, Bi3+, Fe3+, Cr3+, Al3+, Ca2+, Ba2+, Zn2+, Mn2+ and Mg2+); Nitrate, halides (excluding fluoride), sulphate, sulphide and sulphite. Organic Chemistry Concepts: Hybridisation of carbon; Sigma and pibonds; Shapes of molecules; Structural and geometrical isomerism; Optical isomerism of compounds containing up to two asymmetric centers, (R,S and E,Z nomenclature excluded); IUPAC nomenclature of simple organic compounds (only hydrocarbons, monofunctional and bifunctional compounds); Conformations of ethane and butane (Newman projections); Resonance and hyperconjugation; Ketoenol tautomerism; Determination of empirical and molecular formula of simple compounds (only combustion method); Hydrogen bonds: definition and their effects on physical properties of alcohols and carboxylic acids; Inductive and resonance effects on acidity and basicity of organic acids and bases; Polarity and inductive effects in alkyl halides; Reactive intermediates produced during homolytic and heterolytic bond cleavage; Formation, structure and stability of carbocations, carbanions and free radicals. Preparation, properties and reactions of alkanes: Homologous series, physical properties of alkanes (melting points, boiling points and density); Combustion and halogenation of alkanes; Preparation of alkanes by Wurtz reaction and decarboxylation reactions. Preparation, properties and reactions of alkenes and alkynes: Physical properties of alkenes and alkynes (boiling points, density and dipole moments); Acidity of alkynes; Acid catalysed hydration of alkenes and alkynes (excluding the stereochemistry of addition and elimination); Reactions of alkenes with KMnO4 and ozone; Reduction of alkenes and alkynes; Preparation of alkenes and alkynes by elimination reactions; Electrophilic addition reactions of alkenes with X2, HX, HOX and H2O (X=halogen); Addition reactions of alkynes; Metal acetylides. Reactions of benzene: Structure and aromaticity; Electrophilic substitution reactions: halogenation, nitration, sulphonation, FriedelCrafts alkylation and acylation; Effect of o, m and pdirecting groups in monosubstituted benzenes. Phenols: Acidity, electrophilic substitution reactions (halogenation, nitration and sulphonation); ReimerTieman reaction, Kolbe reaction. Characteristic reactions of the following (including those mentioned above): Alkyl halides: rearrangement reactions of alkyl carbocation, Grignard reactions, nucleophilic substitution reactions; Alcohols: esterification, dehydration and oxidation, reaction with sodium, phosphorus halides, ZnCl2/conc.HCl, conversion of alcohols into aldehydes and ketones; Aldehydes and Ketones: oxidation, reduction, oxime and hydrazone formation; aldol condensation, Perkin reaction; Cannizzaro reaction; haloform reaction and nucleophilic addition reactions (Grignard addition); Carboxylic acids: formation of esters, acid chlorides and amides, ester hydrolysis; Amines: basicity of substituted anilines and aliphatic amines, preparation from nitro compounds, reaction with nitrous acid, azo coupling reaction of diazonium salts of aromatic amines, Sandmeyer and related reactions of diazonium salts; carbylamine reaction; Haloarenes: nucleophilic aromatic substitution in haloarenes and substituted haloarenes  (excluding Benzyne mechanism and Cine substitution). Carbohydrates: Classification; mono and disaccharides (glucose and sucrose); Oxidation, reduction, glycoside formation and hydrolysis of sucrose. Amino acids and peptides: General structure (only primary structure for peptides) and physical properties. Properties and uses of some important polymers: Natural rubber, cellulose, nylon, teflon and PVC. Practical organic chemistry: Detection of elements (N, S, halogens); Detection and identification of the following functional groups: hydroxyl (alcoholic and phenolic), carbonyl (aldehyde and ketone), carboxyl, amino and nitro; Chemical methods of separation of monofunctional organic compounds from binary mixtures. JEE Physics Syllabus General: Units and dimensions, dimensional analysis; least count, significant figures; Methods of measurement and error analysis for physical quantities pertaining to the following experiments: Experiments based on using vernier calipers and screw gauge (micrometer), Determination of g using simple pendulum, Young's modulus by Searle's method, Specific heat of a liquid using calorimeter, focal length of a concave mirror and a convex lens using uv method, Speed of sound using resonance column, Verification of Ohm's law using voltmeter and ammeter, and specific resistance of the material of a wire using meter bridge and post office box. Mechanics: Kinematics in one and two dimensions (Cartesian coordinates only), projectiles; Circular motion (uniform and nonuniform); Relative velocity. Newton's laws of motion; Inertial and uniformly accelerated frames of reference; Static and dynamic friction; Kinetic and potential energy; Work and power; Conservation of linear momentum and mechanical energy. Systems of particles; Centre of mass and its motion; Impulse; Elastic and inelastic collisions. Law of gravitation; Gravitational potential and field; Acceleration due to gravity; Motion of planets and satellites in circular orbits. Rigid body, moment of inertia, parallel and perpendicular axes theorems, moment of inertia of uniform bodies with simple geometrical shapes; Angular momentum; Torque; Conservation of angular momentum; Dynamics of rigid bodies with fixed axis of rotation; Rolling without slipping of rings, cylinders and spheres; Equilibrium of rigid bodies; Collision of point masses with rigid bodies. Linear and angular simple harmonic motions. Hooke's law, Young's modulus. Pressure in a fluid; Pascal's law; Buoyancy; Surface energy and surface tension, capillary rise; Viscosity (Poiseuille's equation excluded), Stoke's law; Terminal velocity, Streamline flow, Equation of continuity, Bernoulli's theorem and its applications. Wave motion (plane waves only), longitudinal and transverse waves, Superposition of waves; progressive and stationary waves; Vibration of strings and air columns. Resonance; Beats; Speed of sound in gases; Doppler effect (in sound). Thermal physics: Thermal expansion of solids, liquids and gases; Calorimetry, latent heat; Heat conduction in one dimension; Elementary concepts of convection and radiation; Newton's law of cooling; Ideal gas laws; Specific heats (Cv and Cp for monatomic and diatomic gases); Isothermal and adiabatic processes, bulk modulus of gases; Equivalence of heat and work; First law of thermodynamics and its applications (only for ideal gases). Blackbody radiation: absorptive and emissive powers; Kirchhoff's law, Wien's displacement law, Stefan's law. Electricity and magnetism: Coulomb's law; Electric field and potential; Electrical Potential energy of a system of point charges and of electrical dipoles in a uniform electrostatic field, Electric field lines; Flux of electric field; Gauss's law and its application in simple cases, such as, to find field due to infinitely long straight wire, uniformly charged infinite plane sheet and uniformly charged thin spherical shell. Capacitance; Parallel plate capacitor with and without dielectrics; Capacitors in series and parallel; Energy stored in a capacitor. Electric current: Ohm's law; Series and parallel arrangements of resistances and cells; Kirchhoff's laws and simple applications; Heating effect of current. BiotSavart law and Ampere's law, magnetic field near a currentcarrying straight wire, along the axis of a circular coil and inside a long straight solenoid; Force on a moving charge and on a currentcarrying wire in a uniform magnetic field. Magnetic moment of a current loop; Effect of a uniform magnetic field on a current loop; Moving coil galvanometer, voltmeter, ammeter and their conversions. Electromagnetic induction: Faraday's law, Lenz's law; Self and mutual inductance; RC, LR and LC circuits with d.c. and a.c. sources. Optics: Rectilinear propagation of light; Reflection and refraction at plane and spherical surfaces; Total internal reflection; Deviation and dispersion of light by a prism; Thin lenses; Combinations of mirrors and thin lenses; Magnification. Wave nature of light: Huygen's principle, interference limited to Young's doubleslit experiment. Modern physics: Atomic nucleus; Alpha, beta and gamma radiations; Law of radioactive decay; Decay constant; Halflife and mean life; Binding energy and its calculation; Fission and fusion processes; Energy calculation in these processes. Photoelectric effect; Bohr's theory of hydrogenlike atoms; Characteristic and continuous Xrays, Moseley's law; de Broglie wavelength of matter waves Syllabus of CA CPT Exam One Paper, Two Sessions, 200 Marks, 4 hours Session I Section A – Fundamentals of Accounting, 60 Marks Section B – Mercantile Laws, 40 Marks Session II Section C – General Economics, 50 Marks Section D – Quantitative Aptitude, 50 Marks SESSION – I (Two Sections– 2 hours – 100 Marks) Section A: Fundamentals of Accounting ( 60 Marks ) Contents 1. Theoretical Framework (i) Meaning and Scope of accounting (ii) Accounting Concepts, Principles and Conventions (iii) Accounting Standards – concepts, objectives, benefits (iv) Accounting Policies (v) Accounting as a measurement discipline – valuation principles, accounting estimates 2. Accounting Process Books of Accounts leading to the preparation of Trial Balance, Capital and revenue expenditures, Capital and revenue receipts, Contingent assets and contingent liabilities, Fundamental errors including rectifications thereof. 3. Bank Reconciliation Statement 4. Inventories – Basis of inventory valuation and record keeping. 5. Depreciation Accounting Methods, computation and accounting treatment of depreciation, Change in depreciation methods. 6. Preparation of Final Accounts for Sole Proprietors. 7. Accounting for Special Transactions (a) Consignments (b) Joint Ventures (c) Bills of exchange and promissory notes (d) Sale of goods on approval or return basis. 8. Partnership Accounts Final accounts of partnership firms – Basic concepts of admission, retirement and death of a partner including treatment of goodwill. 9. Introduction to Company Accounts Issue of shares and debentures, forfeiture of shares, reissue of forfeited shares, redemption of preference shares. Section B: Mercantile Laws ( 40 Marks ) Contents 1. The Indian Contract Act , 1872 An overview of Sections 1 To 75 covering the general nature of contract , consideration , other essential elements of a valid contract , performance of contract and breach of contract. 2. The Sale of Goods Act, 1930 – Formation of the contract of sale – Conditions and Warranties – Transfer of ownership and delivery of goods – Unpaid seller and his rights. 3. The India Partnership Act, 1932 – General Nature of Partnership – Rights and duties of partners – Registration and dissolution of a firm. SESSION – II (Two Sections– 2 Hours – 100 Marks) Section C: General Economics ( 50 Marks ) Contents (I) Micro Economics 1. Introduction to Micro Economics (a) Definition, scope and nature of Economics (b) Methods of economic study (c) Central problems of an economy and Production possibilities curve. 2. Theory of Demand and Supply (a) Meaning and determinants of demand, Law of demand and Elasticity of demand ─ Price, income and cross elasticity. (b) Theory of consumer ’s behavior – Marshallian approach and Indifference curve approach (c) Meaning and determinants of supply, Law of supply and Elasticity of supply. 3. Theory of Production and Cost (a) Meaning and Factors of production (b) Laws of Production – The Law of variable proportions and Laws of returns to scale. (c) Concepts of Costs ─ Shortrun and longrun costs, Average and marginal costs, Total, fixed and variable costs. 4. Price Determination in Different Markets (a) Various forms of markets – Perfect Competition, Monopoly, Monopolistic Competition and Oligopoly (b) Price determination in these markets. (c) Indian Economic Development 5. Indian Economy – A Profile (a) Nature of the Indian Economy (b) Role of different sectors – Agriculture, Industry and Services in the development of the Indian economy, their problems and growth (c) National Income of India – Concepts of national income, Different methods of measuring national income, Growth of national income and per capita income in various plans. (d) Basic understanding of tax system of India – Direct and Indirect Taxation 6. Select Aspects of Indian Economy (a) Population – Its size, rate of growth and its implication for growth (b) Poverty – Absolute and relative poverty and main programs for poverty alleviation (c) Unemployment – Types, causes and incidence of unemployment (d) Infrastructure ─ Energy, Transportation, Communication, Health and Education (e) Inflation (f) Budget and Fiscal deficits (g) Balance of payments (h) External debts. 7. Economic Reforms in India (a) Features of economic reforms since 1991 (b) Liberalization, Privatization and Disinvestment (c) Globalization 8. Money and Banking (a) Money – Meaning and functions (b) Commercial Banks – Role and functions (c) Reserve Bank of India – Role and functions, Monetary policy. Section D: Quantitative Aptitude ( 50 Marks ) Contents 1. Ratio and proportion, Indices, Logarithms 2. Equations Linear – simultaneous linear equations up to three variables, quadratic and cubic equations in one variable, equations of a straight line, intersection of straight lines, graphical solution to linear equations. 3. Inequalities Graphs of inequalities in two variables ─ common region. 4. Simple and Compound Interest including annuity ─ Applications 5. Basic concepts of Permutations and Combinations 6. Sequence and Series – Arithmetic and geometric progressions 7. Sets, Functions and Relations 8. Limits and Continuity ─ Intuitive Approach 9. Basic concepts of Differential and Integral Calculus (excluding trigonometric functions) 10. Statistical description of data (a) Textual, Tabular & Diagrammatic representation of data. (b) Frequency Distribution. (c) Graphical representation of frequency distribution – Histogram, Frequency Polygon, Ogive 11. Measures of Central Tendency and Dispersion Arithmetic Mean, Median – Partition Values, Mode, Geometric Mean and Harmonic, Mean, Standard deviation, Quartile deviation 12. Correlation and Regression 13. Probability and Expected Value by Mathematical Expectation 14. Theoretical Distributions – Binomial, Poisson and Normal. 15. Sampling Theory Basic Principles of sampling theory, Comparison between sample survey and complete enumeration , Errors in sample survey , Some important terms associated with sampling , Types of sampling , Theory of estimation , Determination of sample size . 16. Index Numbers
__________________ Answered By StudyChaCha Member 