Go Back   2021-2022 StudyChaCha > StudyChaCha Discussion Forum > Career and Jobs

  #2  
Old June 29th, 2012, 05:27 PM
Super Moderator
 
Join Date: Nov 2011
Default Re: UPSC Question Papers Mains Psychology

Here I’m uploading files for the Question Papers of Mains Psychology of IAS exam UPSC. Click on the below attachment to download:



Attached Files Available for Download
File Type: pdf UPSC IAS papers1.pdf (97.7 KB, 142 views)
File Type: pdf UPSC IAS papers2.pdf (100.1 KB, 100 views)
__________________
Answered By StudyChaCha Member

Last edited by Vinodt; February 11th, 2014 at 11:21 AM.
Reply With Quote
  #3  
Old February 18th, 2014, 11:55 AM
Sashwat's Avatar
Super Moderator
 
Join Date: Jun 2011
Default Re: UPSC Question Papers Mains Psychology

As you are looking for the question paper of Psychology mains , here i am providing list of few questions for Psychology mains exam which is given below.

1. Answer the following, each in not more than 150 words : 12x5=60
(a) Elucidate the contributions of Sir Francis Gallon in shaping psychology.
(b) Discuss the criteria of question-writing in a survey research.
(c) Bring out the difference between 'sampling error' and 'error in sampling'. How 'sampling error' is reduced ?
(d) Describe the role of epigenetic model in determining human behaviour.
(e) Discuss the 'pay-off matrix' in relation to the signal detection theory.

2. Answer the following, each in not more than 250 words. 20x3=60
(b) Compare Sperling's experiments with that of Neisser's experiments in the study of sensory memory. What did these two experiments prove ?
(c) With suitable examples, critically evaluate both primary and secondary reinforcements and bring out their role in establishing conditioning.

3. Answer the following, each in not more than 400 words. 30x2=60
(a) In which way IRT is an improvement over classical test theory ? Compare the two
approaches and critically evaluate Rasch's model of IRT.
(b) Describe Broadbent's filter theory of attention.Why this elegant theory turned out to be inadequate ? Comment upon the alternate approaches.

4. Answer the following, each in not more than 250 words. 20x3=60
(a) What is McCrary-Hunter 'invariance hypothesis'? Discuss the shape and characteristics of serial position error curve in terms of 'invariance hypothesis'.
(b) Evaluate °duplicity theory' of vision. Cite experimental evidences in support of this
theory.
(c) Examine the impact of cultural factors on socialization process among children.

5. Answer the following, each in not more than 150 words : 12x5=60
(a) Discuss various, dimensions of thought processes in relation to concept.
(b) Is facial expression of emotion innate or acquired ? Support your answer with suitable
evidence.
(c) Discuss the modifications of Chornsky's 'transformational generative grammar'.
(d) Compare LISREL programme with that of SPSS in the analysis of multivariate data.
(e) Evaluate various factors which influence intrinsic motivation.

Question 1: Answer the following, each in not more than 150 words. 10×5=50 marks
1. Critically evaluate the cognitive approach to the study of psychological phenomena.
2. What is ethnocentrism? How is it reflected in psychological research?
3. What factors contribute to the encoding of information into LTM?
4. How do genes affect development?
5. Describe different reinforcement schedules and indicate their effects on the strength of learning.

Question 2: Answer each in not more than 250 words :15+20+15
1. What do you understand by ‘effect size’ and ‘statistical power’? Explain their significance.
2. Discuss the importance of early relationship for developmental outcomes in the light of researches by Bowlby and Anisworth.
3. Compare template matching and feature detection accounts of pattern recognition.

Question 3: Answer the following, each in not more than 400 words. 25+25
1. The discipline of psychology has grown and developed through debate between those who held that it should be modelled on natural science and those who subscribed to the view that it has to follow the model of social science. What arguments you envision for or against these views? What position you would like to endorse and why?
2. Bring out the key developmental challenges faced by adolescents in the cognitive and social domains.
Question 4: Answer the following, each in not more than 250 words: 15+20+15
1. Why our representations of the external world are not entirely accurate?
2. Describe and evaluate the modal model of short-term memory.
3. Describe the basic elements of observation and bring out the
implications of the dimension of participation in observational research.

Question 5: Answer each in 150 words. 10 x 5 =50
1. What is the situational critique of trait psychology?
2. Explain Sternberg’s view of intelligence and bring out its implication for schooling.
3. Every function in the child’s development appears twice : first on social level and later. on the individual level.” Vygotsky. Discuss the above statement and indicate your own position on this proposition.
4. What are the process of language production?
5. How do novices differ from experts?

Question 6: Answer the following, each in not more than 250 words :15+20+15
1. Bring out the role of left and right hemispheres in emotional experience.
2. What is intrinsic motivation? Why it gets reduced if the person gets external rewind for undertaking a task that he or she loves?
3. Explain correspondence bias. Is it universal or culturally variable?

Question 7: Answer the following each in more than 400 words :25+25
1. What is the role of social categorization in the formation of prejudice? Suggest some strategies to reduce prejudice.
2. How the psychoanalytic view differs from physiological or cognitive view of dream?

Question 8: Answer the following. each in not more than 250 words: 15+20+15
1. What are the requirements to be met by psychological assessment tools for offering accurate and useful measure of psychological constructs?
2. What makes a persuasive attempt effective? Discuss.
3. Describe the Indian approach to personality as reflected in the principle of three Gunas.

Psychology Paper 1: Section A
Question 1: Answer the following, each in not more than 150 words. 10×5=50 marks
1. Critically evaluate the cognitive approach to the study of psychological phenomena.
2. What is ethnocentrism? Bow is it reflected in psychological research?
3. What factors contribute to the encoding of information into LTM?
4. How flow of genes affect development?
5. Describe different reinforcement schedules and indicate their effects on the strength of learning.

Question 2: Answer each in not more than 250 words :15+20+15
1. What do you understand by ‘effect size’ and ‘statistical power’? Explain their significance.
2. Discuss the importance of early relationship l’or developmental outcomes in the light of researches by Bowlby and Anisworth.
3. Compare template matching and feature detection accounts of pattern recognition.

Question 3: Answer the following, each in not more than 400 words. 25+25
1. The discipline of psychology has grown and developed through debate between those who held that it should be modelled on natural science and those who subscribed to the view that it has to follow the model of social science. What arguments you envision for or against these views? What position you would like to endorse and why?
2. Bring out the key developmental challenges faced by adolescents in the cognitive and social domains.

Question 4: Answer the following, each in not more than 250 words: 15+20+15
1. Why our representations of the external world are not entirely accurate?
2. Describe and evaluate the modal model of short-term memory.
3. Describe the basic elements of observation and bring out the implications of the dimension of participation in observational research.

Psychology Paper I: Section B
Question 5: Answer each in 150 words. 10 x 5 =50
1. What is the situational critique of trait psychology?
2. Explain Sternberg’s view of intelligence and bring out its implication for schooling.
3. Every function in the child’s development appears twice : first on social level and later. on the individual level.” Vygotsky. Discuss the above statement and indicate your own position on this proposition.
4. What are the process of language production?
5. How do novices differ from experts?

Question 6: Answer the following, each in not more than 250 words :15+20+15
1. Bring out the role of left and right hemispheres in emotional experience.
2. What is intrinsic motivation? Why it gets reduced if the person gets external rewind for undertaking a task that he or she loves?
3. Explain correspondents’ bias. Is it universal or culturally variable?

Question 7: Answer the following each in more than 400 words :25+25
1. What is the role of social categorization in the formation of prejudice? Suggest some strategies to reduce prejudice.
2. How the psychoanalytic view differs from physiological or cognitive view of dream?

Question 8: Answer the following. each in not more than 250 words: 15+20+15
1. What are the requirements to be met by psychological assessment tools for offering accurate and useful measure of psychological constructs?
2. What makes a persuasive attempt effective? Discuss.
3. Describe the Indian approach to personality as reflected in the principle of three Gunas.

Psychology Paper 2 Section A
Question 1: Answer the following questions in about 150 words each. 10 x 5 =50m
1. How will you ensure that a newly constructed personnel selection test measures that it purports to measure and predicts what it intends to predict? Explain.
2. Reflect on the major issues and contradictions related to the understanding of well-being. Discuss with reference to current social trends.
3. How would you identify gifted children? Explain with examples.
4. Discuss the steps that can be taken to improve the quality of group decision-making.
5. India rates very high on carbon emission. What use can be made of psychological knowledge to reduce the level of carbon emission in India?

Question 2: Answer the following questions in about 200 words each: 15+15+20
1. What is your understanding of organizational politics? Discuss how it impacts decision-making processes in bureaucratic organizations.
2. Discuss the psychological implications of the ‘glass ceiling’ effect from the perspective of an administrator.
3. Reflecting on the status of education in India, state whether it can help in reducing the gap which has been experienced due to social inequality.

Question 3: Answer the following questions in about 200 words each.15+20+15
1. Discuss the relative efficacy of psycho-social and community-based rehabilitation models in case of the physically challenged.
2. Identify relevant indices for understanding the emergence of ingroup and outgroup processes. Discuss with the help of a suitable theoretical framework.
3. Discuss the key determinants of consumer behaviour in India. How do cultural values influence it?

Question 4: Answer the following questions in about 200 words each. 15+20+15
1. What psychological approach/approaches can be used to persuade those who oppose family planning on religious grounds?
2. Identify the factors in arousal of community consciousness and also the
3. strategies for handling social problems keeping in view some of the recent protest movements in India.
4. What are the necessary conditions required in client-centred therapy? Discuss the therapeutic process involved in it.

Psychology Paper II Section B
Question 5: Answer the following questions in about 150 words each. 10 x 5 =50
1. Discuss how the psychological training given to sports persons can be useful for administrators with reference to maintaining team spirit and group morale.
2. How can psychological resilience of the personnel of the armed forces be enhanced? Discuss.
3. Discuss how cognitive and motivational factors influence entrepreneurial behaviour.
4. How can psychological principles be used to conserve water? Develop a plan.
5. Define ‘self-fulfilling prophecy’. Can it affect the students’ performance belonging to special categories?

Question 6: Answer the following questions in about 200 words each: 20+15+15
1. Discuss the relative significance of group factors versus personality factors in explaining the behaviour of terrorists.
2. Identify the ethical and non-ethical uses of psychological tests especially measuring individual differences. Provide suitable examples.
3. What bases of power are used by successful leaders to exercise influence within organizations? Discuss.

Question 7: Answer the following questions in about 200 words each: 15 + 20+15
1. What lessons can be drawn from psychological research to promote gender equality in the workplace?
2. What explanations are offered by psychological theories about the manner in which media influences antisocial behavior?
3. Discuss the influences of information technology in modifying the career perspectives of young adults with special reference to the values of life.

Question 8: Answer the following questions in about 200 words each: 20+15+15
1. Reflect on the possibility of fostering positive mental health through indigenous therapies along with cultural practices.
2. Is religion in India at the root of social conflicts? Discuss and provide suitable ways to deal with such conflicts.
3. “Poverty alleviation is a dream spread with ulterior motives.” Do you agree? Justify your views.
__________________
Answered By StudyChaCha Member
Reply With Quote
  #4  
Old February 25th, 2014, 02:33 PM
Unregistered
Guest
 
Default Re: UPSC Question Papers Mains Psychology

I want to download the syllabus of the UPSC Mains Psychology Exam. So will you provide the syllabus to me?
Reply With Quote
  #5  
Old February 25th, 2014, 02:34 PM
Sashwat's Avatar
Super Moderator
 
Join Date: Jun 2011
Default Re: UPSC Question Papers Mains Psychology

As you want to get the syllabus of UPSC Mains Psychology Exam, so here I am providing the following syllabus:

UPSC Mains Psychology Exam Syllabus
Paper 1

Introduction:
Definition of Psychology; Historical antecedents of Psychology and trends in the 21st century; Psychology and scientific methods; Psychology in relation to other social sciences and natural sciences; Application of Psychology to societal problems.

Methods of Psychology:
Types of research: Descriptive, evaluative, diagnostic and prognostic; Methods of Research: Survey, observation, case-study and experiments; Characteristics of experimental design and non-experimental design, Quasi-experimental designs; Focussed group discussions, brain storming, grounded theory approach.

Research Methods:
Major steps in Psychological research (problem statement, hypothesis formulation, research designs, sampling, tools of data collection, analysis and interpretation and report writing) Fundamental versus applied research; Methods of data collect ion ( interview, observat ion, quest ionnaire); Research designs (ex-post facto and experimental); Application of statistical technique (t - test, two way ANOVA correlation, regression and factor analysis); Item response theory.

Development of Human Behaviour:
Growth and development; Principles of development, Role of genetic and environmental factors in determining human behaviour; Influence of cultural factors in socialization; Life span development - Characteristics, development tasks, promoting psychological well-being across major stages of the life span.

Sensation, Attention and Perception:
Sensation: concepts of threshold, absolute and difference thresholds, signal-detection and vigilance; Factors influencing attention including set and characteristics of stimulus; Definition and concept of perception, biological factors in perception; Perceptual organization-influence of past experiences, perceptual defence-factors influencing space and depth perception, size estimation and perceptual readiness; The plasticity of perception; Extrasensory perception; Culture and perception, Subliminal perception.

Learning:
Concept and theories of learning (Behaviourists, Gestaltalist and Information processing models); The Processes of extinction, discrimination and generalization; Programmed learning, probability learning, self-instructional learning, concepts; Types and the schedules of reinforcement, escape, avoidance and punishment, modeling and social learning.

Memory:
Encoding and remembering; Short term memory, Long term memory, Sensory memory, Iconic memory, Echoic memory: The Multistore model, levels of processing; Organization and Mnemonic techniques to improve memory; Theories of forgetting: decay, interference and retrieval failure: Metamemory; Amnesia: Anterograde and retrograde.

Thinking and Problem Solving:
Piaget’s theory of cognitive development; Concept formation processes; Information processing, Reasoning and problem solving, Facilitating and hindering factors in problem solving, Methods of problem solving: Creative thinking and fostering creativity; Factors influencing decision making and judgment; Recent trends.

Motivation and Emotion:
Psychological and physiological basis of motivation and emotion; Measurement of motivation and emotion; Effects of motivation and emotion on behaviour; Extrinsic and intrinsic motivation; Factors influencing intrinsic motivation; Emotional competence and the related issues.

Intelligence and Aptitude:
Concept of intelligence and aptitude, Nature and theories of intelligence - Spearman, Thurstone, Gullford Vernon, Sternberg and J.P; Das; Emotional Intelligence, Social intelligence, measurement of intelligence and aptitudes, concept of IQ, deviation IQ, constancy of IQ; Measurement of multiple intelligence; Fluid intelligence and crystallized intelligence.

Personality:
Definition and concept of personality; Theories of personality (psychoanalytical, sociocultural, interpersonal, developmental, humanistic, behaviouristic, trait and type approaches); Measurement of personality (projective tests, pencil-paper test); The Indian approach to personality; Training for personality development; Latest approaches like big 5 factor theory; The notion of self in different traditions.

Attitudes, Values and Interests:
Definition of attitudes, values and interests; Components of attitudes; Formation and maintenance of attitudes; Measurement of attitudes, values and interests; Theories of attitude change; Strategies for fostering values; Formation of stereotypes and prejudices; Changing others behaviour; Theories of attribution; Recent trends.

Language and Communication:
Human language - Properties, structure and linguistic hierarchy, Language acquisition-predisposition, critical period hypothesis; Theories of language development - Skinner and Chomsky; Process and types of communication - effective communication training.

Issues and Perspectives in Modern Contemporary Psychology:
Computer application in the psychological laboratory and psychological testing; Artificial intelligence ; Psychocybernetics; Study of consciousness - sleep - wake schedules; dreams, stimulus deprivation, meditation, hypnotic/drug induced states; Extrasensory perception; Intersensory perception Simulation studies.

Paper 2
Psychology: Issues and Applications
Psychological Measurement of Individual Differences:
The nature of individual differences; Characteristics and construction of standardized psychological tests; Types of psychological tests; Use, misuse and limitation of psychological tests; hical issues in the use of psychological tests.

Psychological well being and Mental Disorders:
Concept of health-ill health; Positive health, well being; Causal factors in mental disorders (Anxiety disorders, mood disorders, schizophrenia and delusional disorders; personality disorders, substance abuse disorders); Factors influencing positive health, well being, life style and quality of life; Happiness disposition.

Therapeutic Approaches:
Psychodynamic therapies ; Behaviour therapies; Client centered therapy; Cognitive therapies; Indigenous therapies (Yoga, Meditation); Bio-feedback therapy; Prevention and rehabilitation of the mentally ill; Fostering mental health.

Work Psychology and Organisational Behaviour:
Personnel selection and training; Use of psychological tests in the industry; Training and human resource development; Theories of work motivation – Herzberg, Maslow, Adam Equity theory, Porter and Lawler, Vroom; Leadership and participatory management; Advertising and marketing; Stress and its management; Ergonomics; consumer psychology; Managerial effectiveness; Transformational leadership; Sensitivity training; Power and politics in organizations.

Application of Psychology to Educational Field:
Psychological principles underlying effective teaching-learning process; Learning styles; Gifted, retarded, learning disabled and their training; Training for improving memory and better academic achievement; Personality development and value education, Educational, vocational guidance and career counseling; Use of psychological tests in educational institutions; Effective strategies in guidance programmes.

Community Psychology:
Definition and concept of community psychology; Use of small groups in social action; Arousing community consciousness and action for handling social problems; Group decision making and leadership for social change; Effective strategies for social change.

Rehabilitation Psychology:
Primary, secondary and tertiary prevention programmes - role of psychologists ; Organising of services for rehabilitation of physical ly, mental ly and social ly chal - lenged persons including old persons, Rehabilitation of persons suffering from substance abuse, juvenile delinquency, criminal behaviour; Rehabilitation of victims of violence, Rehabilitation of HIV/AIDS victims, the role of social agencies.

Application of Psychology to disadvantaged groups:
The concepts of disadvantaged, deprivation; Social, physical, cultural and economic consequences of disadvantaged and deprived groups; Educating and motivating the disadvantaged towards development; Relative and prolonged deprivation.

Psychological problems of social integration:
The concept of social integration; The problem of caste, class, religion and language conflicts and prejudice; Nature and manifestation of prejudice between the in-group and out-group; Causal factors of social conflicts and prejudices; Psychological strategies for handling the conflicts and prejudices; Measures to achieve social integration.

Application of Psychology in Information Technology and Mass Media:
The present scenario of information technology and the mass media boom and the role of psychologists; Selection and training of psychology professionals to work in the field of IT and mass media; Distance learning through IT and mass media; Entrepreneurship through e-commerce; Multilevel marketing; Impact of TV and fostering value through IT and mass media; Psychological consequences of recent developments in Information Technology.

Psychology and Economic development:
Achievement motivation and economic development; Characteristics of entrepreneurial behaviour; Motivating and training people for entrepreneurship and economic development; Consumer rights and consumer awareness, Government policies for promot ion of ent repreneurship among youth including women entrepreneurs.

Application of psychology to environment and related fields:
Environmental psychology-effects of noise, pollution and crowding; Population psychology: psychological consequences of population explosion and high population density; Motivating for small family norm; Impact of rapid scientific and technological growth on degradation of environment.

Application of psychology in other fields:
Military Psychology Devising psychological tests for defence personnel for use in selection, Training, counseling; training psychologists to work with defence personnel in promoting positive health; Human engineering in defence.
Sports Psychology Psychological interventions in improving performance of athletes and sports. Persons participating in Individual and Team Games.
Media influences on pro and antisocial behaviour.
Psychology of terrorism.

Psychology of Gender:
Issues of discrimination, Management of diversity; Glass ceiling effect, Self fulfilling prophesy, Women and Indian society.
__________________
Answered By StudyChaCha Member
Reply With Quote
  #6  
Old August 29th, 2015, 09:02 PM
Unregistered
Guest
 
Default

sir im a student of class 11 i dont know any answer in this question and i want to attempt this exam very much so can you please help me outZ?
Reply With Quote
Reply


Tags
psychology

Reply to this Question / Ask Another Question
Your Username: Click here to log in

Message:
Options



All times are GMT +6.5. The time now is 06:48 AM.


Powered by vBulletin® Version 3.8.11
Copyright ©2000 - 2021, vBulletin Solutions, Inc.
Search Engine Friendly URLs by vBSEO 3.6.0 PL2

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8