Go Back   2021-2022 StudyChaCha > StudyChaCha Discussion Forum > General Topics

  #2  
Old February 4th, 2014, 05:11 PM
Super Moderator
 
Join Date: Jun 2013
Default Re: CET M.Sc. Microbiology syllabus

As you need the CET M.Sc. Microbiology syllabus, here I am providing you the CET M.Sc. Microbiology syllabus

SECTION A
General Microbiology: Scope and importance of Microbiology-human, animal, plant and industrial importance.
Development of Microbiology in twentieth century. Major mile stones in the historical development of Microbiology.
Important contributions of Scientists and their role in Microbiology-Taxonomic status of the microorganisms-concepts of
Whittaker and Carl Woese, general characteristics and classification of fungi, bacteria, viruses, microalgae and protozoa.
Principles of microscopy- and types of micro scopy and microscopic observation- observation of microorganisms.
Structure of microorganisms- of prokaryot and eukaryot. Chemical constituents of cells-Proteins, carbohydrates, lipids,
glycoproteins, glycolipids, nucleic acids, nucleoproteins, pigments.
Sterilization-Principles and methods of sterilization and disinfection (dry, wet, heat, radiation, filtration and chemical).
Isolation of microbes-Principles of isolation, cultivation, enumeration and maintenance of various microbial cultures.
Isolation from different natural sources, methods for obtaining pure cultures, cultivation of aerobes and anaerobes.
General properties- of-Prokaryotic and eukaryotic microorganisms viruses, bacteria, mycoplasma, rickettsia, algae, fungi
and parasitic protozoa. Microbial production and replication-Principles of reproduction of bacteria, fungi, algae and
protozoa Discovery and nature of viruses. Nomenclature and classification of viruses as per ICTV. Biological, physical
and biochemical (proteins and nucleic acids) properties of viruses. Composition, morphology, and replication of viruses-
TMV, HIV, T4 and lambda phages. Cultivation and assay of phages, plant and animal viruses.

Microbial Physiology and Metabolism: The concepts of microbial metabolism and their significance. Elemental nutrient
requirements of microbes-nutritional groups of bacteria; autotrophy-photoautotrophy and bacterial photosynthesis;
chemoautotrophy and autotrophic metabolism; heterotrophy-photoheterotrophy and chemoheterotrophy, heterotrophic
metabolism in bacteria; nutritional mutants and their use in metabolic studies. Transport of nutrients in microbes-types
and mechanisms of transport methods for studying of transport, coupling of transport of ions and metabolites to
ATP/Proton gradient.

Bacterial Growth: Building of macromolecules from elemental nutrients, supramolecules, cell components and cells; cell
cycle in microbes and generation times; batch culture phases and importance of each phase, continuous cultures,
synchronous culture, factors influencing the microbial growth.

Bioenergetics : Concepts of free energy and thermodynamic principles in biology, energy transformation, ATP
cycle, standard free energy of hydrolysis of phosphate compounds, energy transducers, redox potentials, free energy
changes in redox reactions.

Bacterial Photosynthesis : Oxygenic and anoxygenic types of photosynthesis, basics of photochemistry,
halobacterial photosynthesis, sulphur. Chloroplast mediated and chemolithotrophic electron transport systems.

Microbial Respiration: Different metabolic pathways-Glycolysis, EMP, ED, HMP and phosphoketolase in
microorganisms, gluconeogenesis; synthesis of peptidoglycans and glycoproteins. Aerobic and Anaerobic respiration of
microbial organisms.

Microbial toxins and extra cellular enzymes : Exo-and endotoxins: physiology of toxin production; mode of action of
toxins and extra cellular enzymes and their importance in pathogen virulence and pathogenesis.

Molecular Biology:Structural organization of prokaryotic cells, eukaryotic cells, ultra structure of animal and plant cells.
Structure and functions of cell organelles and their chemical composition. Types of cell division and its importance in
prokaryotic and eukaryotic organisms. Mendelian genetics, identification of DNA and RNA as genetic material.
Chromosomes-Chemical composition, structural rganization and banding patterns of chromosomes.
Sex determination implants and animals, sex-linkage, chromosomal theory of inheritance, linkage and crossing over,
mapping of genes, chromosomal aberrations and hereditary effects. Microbial genetics - isolation of auxotrophs, replica
plating, analysis of mutations in biochemical pathways, one gene-one enzyme hypothesis, plasmids, insertion sequences,
transposons. DNA replication - Models, mechanism and enzymology of DNA replication in pro-and eukaryotes, DNA
damage and repair. Transcription - organization of protein and RNA coding genes, types of RNA transcripts and their role.
Promoters and RNA polymerases, mRNA transcription and processing. Translation - Genetic code, ribosomes and
tRNAs, and events of protein biosynthesis in pro - and eukaryotes. Regulation of gene expression - concept of operon,
repression and induction of genes regulation of genes in lac operon. Outlines and scope of genetic engineering,
molecular vectors-cloning, shuttle and expression vectors. Restruction endonucleases and their biological significance,
applications in genetic engineering.
Cloning strategies - construction of recombinant vectors and molecules and DNA genomic DNA libraries.
Expression of cloned genes in pro-and eukaryotic cells. Different types molecular techniques and their application -
Radioactive and non-radioactive nucleic acid probes and nucleic acid hybridization, southern and northern blotting,
nucleic acid sequencing, PCR, RFLP, DNA fingerprinting and site directed mutagenesis.

SECTION B
Immunology: History, scope and important milestones of immunology. Types of immunity - and cell mediated, active.
Immune cells, primary and secondary lymphoid organs of the immune system. Types of antigens - bacterial, viral, fungal,
parasites, haptens, mitogens and immunogens. Antibodies - Polyclonal and Monoclonal antibodies - structure, Types and
production of antibodies and their applications. Types of complements and Complement cascade system, complement
fixation test. Antigen antibody reactions - in vitro and in vivo serological reactions. Properties and functions of
lymphokines, cytokines, chemokines, interferons and intrleukins. Types of hypersensitivity and allergic reactions,
autoimmune and immunodeficiency diseases. Transfusion immunology - blood cell components, ABO blood grouping, Rh
typing. Transplantation immunology-graft versus host reactions, tissue and organ transplantation. Tumor immunology -
types of tumor and their immunological response. Production and types of vaccines and immunization - passive and
active immunization, killed inactivated, live attenuated and recombinant vaccines.

Medical Microbiology: Basics of Medical Microbiology : History and scope of medical microbiology, Classification of
medically important microorganisms. Normal microbial flora of human body.

Infection : Definition of infection, sources of infection for man; vehicles or reservoirs of infection. Exogenous and
endogenous infections, mode of spread of infection.

Microbial Pathogenicity: Transmissibility, infectivity and virulence, opportunistic pathogens, true pathogens, toxigenicity;
invasiveness and other aggressins, organotropism, variation and virulence. Antimicrobial therapy: Methods of drug
susceptibility test, antibiotic assay in body fluids, mechanisms of drug resistance. General account of Medically important
diseases: Causal organisms, pathogenesis, epidemiology, diagnosis, prevention and control - Air borne diseases
(Tuberculosis, Influenza), Food and waterborne diseases (Cholera, Typhoid, Hepatitis-A), Insect borne diseases (Malaria,
Japanese B encepahalitis, Dengue fever, Chikungunya), Contact diseases (Syphilis, herpes), Zoonotic diseases (Rabies,
Anthrax), Blood borne diseases (Serum hepatitis, AIDS), Prion diseases (Kuru, Madcow, CJD). Laboratory cultivation,
Isolation and diagnosis of Microorganisms: Principles of bacterial, viral and fungal cultivation by conventional and
advanced methods. Serological diagnosis, Immunochemical methods and Molecular methods for identification of
infectious diseases. Laboratory methods for diagnosis of Microbial diseases: General characteristics, epidemiology,
pathogenesis, spectrum of diseases, laboratory diagnosis. Prevention and control of microbial diseases-chemotherapy,
interferons and base analogues, immunization, vaccines (killed, live attenuated, recombinant).

Applied Microbiology: Microorganisms related to plant growth promoting - mycorrhizae, rhizobia, Azospirillum,
Azotobacter, Cyanobacteria Frankia and phosphate solubilizing microorganisms), Nitrogen fixing microorganisms –

symbiotic, non-symbiotic. Role of microorganisms in environment - soil, water and air; nutrient cycling - carbon, nitrogen
and phosphorus; microbial interaction - mutualism, commensalisms, antagonism, competition, parasitism and predation.
Food Microbiology-Microorganisms foods spoilage, food intoxication, food borne diseases.
Scope of microbial technology - Design and operation of conventional fermenters, down stream processing, cell and
enzyme mmobilization technology, bioreactors, applications of the technology to industry. Fermentation technologyproduction
of alcohols, amino acids, organic acids and solvents, vitamins, sugars, antibiotics and biocatalysts. Food
fermentation technology-production of bread, wines, beverages and cheese. Production of single cell proteins (SCPs),
biofertilizers-cultivation and mass production of BGA and bacterial based inoculants (BBI). Production application of
biopesticides - viral, fungal based pesticides. Scope, utilization and production of biofuels. Environmental biotechnologyrole
of microorganisms in petroleum and mining industry, cleaning up of heavy metals, microbes and enzymes in waste
water treatment.Recombinant DNA technology-large scale production of human and animal recombinant vaccines.

SECTION C
Chemistry related to Biological Sciences :

Introduction to chemistry of life-Macro and microelements of biological importance. Chemical bonding-Principles of
chemical bonding, covalent, non-covalent, electrovalent, ionic bonds, bond lengths and angles and bond dissociation
energies. Organic reagents and reactivity - electrophilic, mesophilic and free radical reagents. Buffer solutions -
Handerson equations, applications of buffers, hydrolysis of salts, pH calculation of salt solutions and pH variation in acidbase
titrations, acid-base indicators. Biological macromolecules-Classification, structure, properties of carbohydrates,

lipids, proteins, enzymes, nucleic acids, porphyrins and other macro molecules. Bioenergetics-Concepts of free energy,
energy transformation, redox potentials. elementory account of bioenergetics, respiration, glycolysis, krebs cycle,

fermentation, electron transport and oxidative phosphorylation.
Photosynthesis - mechanism, photosynthetic electron transport. C3, C4 and CAM pathways for CO2 fixation. Factors
affecting photosynthesis. Nitrogen metabolism - Nitrogen fixation and nitrogen cycle. Out lines of biosynthesis of amino
acids and proteins. Nucleic acids types, structures and properties. Nitrogen excretion in animals. Enzymes-General
account of enzymes-Introduction to biocatalysis, chemical and biological catalysis, apoenzymes and coenzymes,
activation energy, transition state, allosteric enzymes. Growth hormones and vitamins in plants and animals.

Biophysical and Biochemical techniques :
Principles and applications of microscopy - light and electron microscopy.
Chromatography - paper, thin layer, column, ion-exchange, affinity and HPLC.
Types, principles and applications of filtration. Principle and applications of Colorimetry.
Centrifugation-types and applications of differential, equilibrium and density gradient centrifugation methods.

Electrophoresis-principle and applications of paper, agarose and polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis.
Nuclear chemistry-Composition of nucleus, radioactive disintegrations, use of radisotopes in Agriculture, Industry,
Medicine and chemical analysis. Tracer techniques-counting of radioactivity by liquid scintillation counter.
Environmental chemistry - Inorganic metals in Biological systems, Air, water, soil and Radio active, pollution, harmful
effects of organic and inorganic pollutions.
__________________
Answered By StudyChaCha Member
Reply With Quote
  #3  
Old October 26th, 2015, 11:52 AM
Unregistered
Guest
 
Default Re: CET M.Sc. Microbiology syllabus

I have applied for the CET exam of M.Sc. Microbiology and want to get the syllabus of it for the preparation of exam so can you please provide me this?
Reply With Quote
  #4  
Old October 26th, 2015, 11:52 AM
Super Moderator
 
Join Date: Dec 2012
Default Re: CET M.Sc. Microbiology syllabus

CET stands for Common Entrance Test.

As you want to get the syllabus of the CET exam of M.Sc. Microbiology so here it is as follows

General Microbiology: Scope and importance of Microbiology-human, animal, plant and industrial importance.
Development of Microbiology in twentieth century. Major mile stones in the historical development of Microbiology.
Important contributions of Scientists and their role in Microbiology-Taxonomic status of the microorganisms-concepts of
Whittaker and Carl Woese, general characteristics and classification of fungi, bacteria, viruses, microalgae and protozoa.
Principles of microscopy- and types of micro scopy and microscopic observation- observation of microorganisms.
Structure of microorganisms- of prokaryot and eukaryot. Chemical constituents of cells-Proteins, carbohydrates, lipids,
glycoproteins, glycolipids, nucleic acids, nucleoproteins, pigments.
Sterilization-Principles and methods of sterilization and disinfection (dry, wet, heat, radiation, filtration and chemical).
Isolation of microbes-Principles of isolation, cultivation, enumeration and maintenance of various microbial cultures.
Isolation from different natural sources, methods for obtaining pure cultures, cultivation of aerobes and anaerobes.
General properties- of-Prokaryotic and eukaryotic microorganisms viruses, bacteria, mycoplasma, rickettsia, algae, fungi
and parasitic protozoa. Microbial production and replication-Principles of reproduction of bacteria, fungi, algae and
protozoa Discovery and nature of viruses. Nomenclature and classification of viruses as per ICTV. Biological, physical
and biochemical (proteins and nucleic acids) properties of viruses. Composition, morphology, and replication of virusesTMV,
HIV, T4 and lambda phages. Cultivation and assay of phages, plant and animal viruses.
Microbial Physiology and Metabolism: The concepts of microbial metabolism and their significance. Elemental nutrient
requirements of microbes-nutritional groups of bacteria; autotrophy-photoautotrophy and bacterial photosynthesis;
chemoautotrophy and autotrophic metabolism; heterotrophy-photoheterotrophy and chemoheterotrophy, heterotrophic
metabolism in bacteria; nutritional mutants and their use in metabolic studies. Transport of nutrients in microbes-types
and mechanisms of transport methods for studying of transport, coupling of transport of ions and metabolites to
ATP/Proton gradient.
Bacterial Growth: Building of macromolecules from elemental nutrients, supramolecules, cell components and cells; cell
cycle in microbes and generation times; batch culture phases and importance of each phase, continuous cultures,
synchronous culture, factors influencing the microbial growth.
Bioenergetics : Concepts of free energy and thermodynamic principles in biology, energy transformation, ATP
cycle, standard free energy of hydrolysis of phosphate compounds, energy transducers, redox potentials, free energy
changes in redox reactions.
Bacterial Photosynthesis : Oxygenic and anoxygenic types of photosynthesis, basics of photochemistry,
halobacterial photosynthesis, sulphur. Chloroplast mediated and chemolithotrophic electron transport systems.
Microbial Respiration: Different metabolic pathways-Glycolysis, EMP, ED, HMP and phosphoketolase in
microorganisms, gluconeogenesis; synthesis of peptidoglycans and glycoproteins. Aerobic and Anaerobic respiration of
microbial organisms.
Microbial toxins and extra cellular enzymes : Exo-and endotoxins: physiology of toxin production; mode of action of
toxins and extra cellular enzymes and their importance in pathogen virulence and pathogenesis.
Molecular Biology:Structural organization of prokaryotic cells, eukaryotic cells, ultra structure of animal and plant cells.
Structure and functions of cell organelles and their chemical composition. Types of cell division and its importance in
prokaryotic and eukaryotic organisms. Mendelian genetics, identification of DNA and RNA as genetic material.
Chromosomes-Chemical composition, structural rganization and banding patterns of chromosomes.
Sex determination implants and animals, sex-linkage, chromosomal theory of inheritance, linkage and crossing over,
mapping of genes, chromosomal aberrations and hereditary effects. Microbial genetics - isolation of auxotrophs, replica
plating, analysis of mutations in biochemical pathways, one gene-one enzyme hypothesis, plasmids, insertion sequences,
transposons. DNA replication - Models, mechanism and enzymology of DNA replication in pro-and eukaryotes, DNA
damage and repair. Transcription - organization of protein and RNA coding genes, types of RNA transcripts and their role.
Promoters and RNA polymerases, mRNA transcription and processing. Translation - Genetic code, ribosomes and
tRNAs, and events of protein biosynthesis in pro - and eukaryotes. Regulation of gene expression - concept of operon,
repression and induction of genes regulation of genes in lac operon. Outlines and scope of genetic engineering,
molecular vectors-cloning, shuttle and expression vectors. Restruction endonucleases and their biological significance,
applications in genetic engineering.
Cloning strategies - construction of recombinant vectors and molecules and DNA genomic DNA libraries.
Expression of cloned genes in pro-and eukaryotic cells. Different types molecular techniques and their application -
Radioactive and non-radioactive nucleic acid probes and nucleic acid hybridization, southern and northern blotting,
nucleic acid sequencing, PCR, RFLP, DNA fingerprinting and site directed mutagenesis.
SECTION B
Immunology: History, scope and important milestones of immunology. Types of immunity - and cell mediated, active.
Immune cells, primary and secondary lymphoid organs of the immune system. Types of antigens - bacterial, viral, fungal,
parasites, haptens, mitogens and immunogens. Antibodies - Polyclonal and Monoclonal antibodies - structure, Types and
production of antibodies and their applications. Types of complements and Complement cascade system, complement
fixation test. Antigen antibody reactions - in vitro and in vivo serological reactions. Properties and functions of
lymphokines, cytokines, chemokines, interferons and intrleukins. Types of hypersensitivity and allergic reactions,
autoimmune and immunodeficiency diseases. Transfusion immunology - blood cell components, ABO blood grouping, Rh
typing. Transplantation immunology-graft versus host reactions, tissue and organ transplantation. Tumor immunology -
types of tumor and their immunological response. Production and types of vaccines and immunization - passive and
active immunization, killed inactivated, live attenuated and recombinant vaccines.
Medical Microbiology: Basics of Medical Microbiology : History and scope of medical microbiology, Classification of
medically important microorganisms. Normal microbial flora of human body.
Infection : Definition of infection, sources of infection for man; vehicles or reservoirs of infection. Exogenous and
endogenous infections, mode of spread of infection.
Microbial Pathogenicity: Transmissibility, infectivity and virulence, opportunistic pathogens, true pathogens, toxigenicity;
invasiveness and other aggressins, organotropism, variation and virulence. Antimicrobial therapy: Methods of drug
susceptibility test, antibiotic assay in body fluids, mechanisms of drug resistance. General account of Medically important
diseases: Causal organisms, pathogenesis, epidemiology, diagnosis, prevention and control - Air borne diseases
(Tuberculosis, Influenza), Food and waterborne diseases (Cholera, Typhoid, Hepatitis-A), Insect borne diseases (Malaria,
Japanese B encepahalitis, Dengue fever, Chikungunya), Contact diseases (Syphilis, herpes), Zoonotic diseases (Rabies,
Anthrax), Blood borne diseases (Serum hepatitis, AIDS), Prion diseases (Kuru, Madcow, CJD). Laboratory cultivation,
Isolation and diagnosis of Microorganisms: Principles of bacterial, viral and fungal cultivation by conventional and
advanced methods. Serological diagnosis, Immunochemical methods and Molecular methods for identification of
infectious diseases. Laboratory methods for diagnosis of Microbial diseases: General characteristics, epidemiology,
pathogenesis, spectrum of diseases, laboratory diagnosis. Prevention and control of microbial diseases-chemotherapy,
interferons and base analogues, immunization, vaccines (killed, live attenuated, recombinant).
Applied Microbiology: Microorganisms related to plant growth promoting - mycorrhizae, rhizobia, Azospirillum,
Azotobacter, Cyanobacteria Frankia and phosphate solubilizing microorganisms), Nitrogen fixing microorganisms -
symbiotic, non-symbiotic. Role of microorganisms in environment - soil, water and air; nutrient cycling - carbon, nitrogen
and phosphorus; microbial interaction - mutualism, commensalisms, antagonism, competition, parasitism and predation.
Food Microbiology-Microorganisms foods spoilage, food intoxication, food borne diseases.
Scope of microbial technology - Design and operation of conventional fermenters, down stream processing, cell and
enzyme mmobilization technology, bioreactors, applications of the technology to industry. Fermentation technologyproduction
of alcohols, amino acids, organic acids and solvents, vitamins, sugars, antibiotics and biocatalysts. Food
fermentation technology-production of bread, wines, beverages and cheese. Production of single cell proteins (SCPs),
biofertilizers-cultivation and mass production of BGA and bacterial based inoculants (BBI). Production application of
biopesticides - viral, fungal based pesticides. Scope, utilization and production of biofuels. Environmental biotechnologyrole
of microorganisms in petroleum and mining industry, cleaning up of heavy metals, microbes and enzymes in waste
water treatment.Recombinant DNA technology-large scale production of human and animal recombinant vaccines.
SECTION C
Chemistry related to Biological Sciences :
Introduction to chemistry of life-Macro and microelements of biological importance. Chemical bonding-Principles of
chemical bonding, covalent, non-covalent, electrovalent, ionic bonds, bond lengths and angles and bond dissociation
energies. Organic reagents and reactivity - electrophilic, mesophilic and free radical reagents. Buffer solutions -
Handerson equations, applications of buffers, hydrolysis of salts, pH calculation of salt solutions and pH variation in acidbase
titrations, acid-base indicators. Biological macromolecules-Classification, structure, properties of carbohydrates,
lipids, proteins, enzymes, nucleic acids, porphyrins and other macro molecules. Bioenergetics-Concepts of free energy,
energy transformation, redox potentials. elementory account of bioenergetics, respiration, glycolysis, krebs cycle,
fermentation, electron transport and oxidative phosphorylation.
Photosynthesis - mechanism, photosynthetic electron transport. C3, C4 and CAM pathways for CO2 fixation. Factors
affecting photosynthesis. Nitrogen metabolism - Nitrogen fixation and nitrogen cycle. Out lines of biosynthesis of amino
acids and proteins. Nucleic acids types, structures and properties. Nitrogen excretion in animals. Enzymes-General
account of enzymes-Introduction to biocatalysis, chemical and biological catalysis, apoenzymes and coenzymes,
activation energy, transition state, allosteric enzymes. Growth hormones and vitamins in plants and animals.
Biophysical and Biochemical techniques :
Principles and applications of microscopy - light and electron microscopy.
Chromatography - paper, thin layer, column, ion-exchange, affinity and HPLC.
Types, principles and applications of filtration. Principle and applications of Colorimetry.
Centrifugation-types and applications of differential, equilibrium and density gradient centrifugation methods.
Electrophoresis-principle and applications of paper, agarose and polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis.
Nuclear chemistry-Composition of nucleus, radioactive disintegrations, use of radisotopes in Agriculture, Industry,
Medicine and chemical analysis. Tracer techniques-counting of radioactivity by liquid scintillation counter.
Environmental chemistry - Inorganic metals in Biological systems, Air, water, soil and Radio active, pollution, harmful
effects of organic and inorganic pollutions.
__________________
Answered By StudyChaCha Member
Reply With Quote
Reply


Reply to this Question / Ask Another Question
Your Username: Click here to log in

Message:
Options



All times are GMT +6.5. The time now is 09:23 PM.


Powered by vBulletin® Version 3.8.11
Copyright ©2000 - 2021, vBulletin Solutions, Inc.
Search Engine Friendly URLs by vBSEO 3.6.0 PL2

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8