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Old December 31st, 2013, 06:15 PM
Nilesh
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Can you give me syllabus for the JRF Plant Biotechnology examination organized by Indian Council of Agricultural Research?

Here I am giving you Syllabus and previous years question papers of ICAR JRF Plant Biotechnology Exam.

Syllabus of ICAR JRF Plant Biotechnology Exam:

MAJOR SUBJECT GROUP “A” – PLANT BIOTECHNOLOGY:
Basic Sciences & General Agriculture: Importance of agriculture in national economy; basic principles of crop production; cultivation of rice, wheat, chickpea, pigeon-pea, sugarcane, groundnut, tomato, and mango. Major soils of India; role of NPK and their deficiency symptoms. General structure and function of cell organelles; mitosis and meiosis; Mendelian genetics. Elementary knowledge of growth, development, photosynthesis, respiration and transpiration; Elements of economic botany. General structure and function of carbohydrates proteins, nucleic acids, enzymes and vitamins. Major pests and diseases of rice, wheat, cotton, chickpea, sugarcane and their management. Organic farming; biofertilizers; biopesticides. Recombinant DNA technology; transgenic crops. Important rural development programmes in India; organizational set up of agricultural research, education and extension in India. Elements of statistics.


MAJOR SUBJECT GROUP “B” – PLANT SCIENCES:
Importance of Agriculture in national economy; basic principles of crop production; cultivation of rice, wheat, chickpea, pigeon-pea, sugarcane, groundnut, tomato, potato and mango. Major soils of India, role of NPK and their deficiency symptoms. Structure and function of cell organelles; mitosis and meiosis; Mendelian genetics; elementary knowledge of photosynthesis; respiration, and transpiration; structure and functions of carbohydrates, proteins, nucleic acids, enzymes and vitamins. Major pests and diseases of rice, wheat, cotton, chickpea, sugarcane and their management.

MAJOR SUBJECT GROUP “C” – PHYSICAL SCIENCE:
Importance of Agriculture in national perspective; basic principles of crop production, diversification, diversification of Agriculture, principle of nutrient and water management, package of practices for rice, wheat sorghum, maize, chickpea, pigeon pea, potato, sugarcane, groundnut, major vegetable crops. Role of essential plant nutrients, their deficiency symptoms and management options. Structure and function of plant cells, cell division, Basic concept of plant physiology relating to crop production- Biochemical compounds viz, carbohydrates, proteins, enzymes, fats, liquid vitamins and their function, developmental programmes relating to rural upliftment and livelihood security; organisational set up of agricultural education research and extension and future strategies for upgradation.

MAJOR SUBJECT GROUP “D” – ENTOMOLOGY AND NEMATOLOGY:
Importance of Agriculture in national economy; basic principles of crop production; cultivation of rice, wheat, chickpea, pigeon-pea, sugarcane, groundnut, tomato, cole crops, mango, grapes, banana, oilseeds other than groundnut, soybean and mustard. Major soils of India, role of NPK and their deficiency symptoms. Mendelian genetics; elementary knowledge of photosynthesis; respiration, and transpiration; Major cropping systems (rice-wheat cropping, crop rotations, mixed cropping); soil degradation-soil salinity and acidity and management; some aspects of post-harvest technology; varietal improvement; importance of heterosis in crop production; crop protection principles in field and storage. Major insect pests and diseases of agricultural crops like rice, cotton, pulses, oilseed crops like groundnut, soybean and mustard, vegetables like tomato, cole crops; fruit crops like mango and banana and their management principles. Transgenic crops. Important rural development programmes in India; organizational set up of agricultural research, education and extension in India; Elements of statistics.

MAJOR SUBJECT GROUP “E” – AGRONOMY:
Importance of Agriculture in national economy; basic principles of crop production; cultivation of rice, wheat, chickpea, pigeon-pea, sugarcane, groundnut, rapeseed and mustard, potato. Major soils of India, role of NPK and their deficiency symptoms. Structure and function of cell organelles; mitosis and meiosis; Mendelian genetics: elementary knowledge of photosynthesis; respiration, photorespiration and transpiration; structure and functions of carbohydrates, proteins, nucleic acids, enzymes and vitamins. Major pests and diseases of rice, wheat, cotton, chickpea, sugarcane and their management. Important rural development programmes in India; organisational set up of agricultural research, education and extension in India; Elements of statistics.

MAJOR SUBJECT GROUP “F” – SOCIAL SCIENCES:
Importance of Agriculture in national economy; basic principles of crop production; cultivation of rice, wheat, chickpea, pigeon-pea, sugarcane, groundnut, tomato and mango. Major soils of India, role of NPK and their deficiency symptoms. Structure and function of cell organelles, mitosis and meiosis; Mendelian genetics; elementary knowledge of photosynthesis; respiration, and transpiration; structure and functions of carbohydrates, proteins, nucleic acids, enzymes and vitamins. Major pests and diseases of rice, wheat, cotton, chickpea, sugarcane and their management. Important rural development programmes in India; organisational set up of
agricultural research, education and extension in India; Elements of statistics. Measures of central tendency and dispersion, regression and correlation; concept of probability, sampling techniques and tests of significance.

MAJOR SUBJECT GROUP “G” – STATISTICAL SCIENCES:
Agriculture: Importance of Agriculture/Forestry/Livestock in national economy. Basic principles of crop production. Major diseases and pests of crops. Elementary principles of economics and agriextension. Important rural development programmes in India. Organizational set up of Agricultural research, education and extension in India.

MAJOR SUBJECT GROUP “H” – HORTICULTURE:
Importance of Agriculture in national economy; basic principles of crop production; cultivation of rice, wheat, chickpea, pigeon-pea, sugarcane, groundnut, tomato and mango. Major soils of India, role of NPK and their deficiency symptoms. Structure and function of cell organelles; mitosis and meiosis; Mendelian genetics; elementary knowledge of photosynthesis; respiration, and transpiration; structure and functions of carbohydrates, proteins, nucleic acids, enzymes and vitamins. Major pests and diseases of rice, wheat, cotton, chickpea, sugarcane and their management. Important rural development programmes in India; organizational set up of agricultural research, education and extension in India; Elements of statistics.

MAJOR SUBJECT GROUP “J” – FORESTRY/AGROFORESTRY & SILVICULTURE:
Importance of Agriculture/Forestry/Livestock in national economy. Basic principles of crop production. Important rural development programmes in India Elementary principles of economics and agri-extension. Organizational set up of Agricultural Research, education and extension in India. Major diseases and pests of crops. Elements of statistics. Code 11: MAJOR SUBJECT

GROUP “L” – WATER SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY:
Importance of Agriculture in national economy; basic principles of crop production; cultivation of rice, wheat, chickpea, pigeon-pea, sugarcane, groundnut, tomato and mango. Major soils of India, role of NPK and their deficiency symptoms. Structure and function of cell organelles; mitosis and meiosis; Mendelian genetics; elementary knowledge of photosynthesis; respiration, and transpiration; structure and functions of carbohydrates, proteins, nucleic acids, enzymes and vitamins. Pests and diseases of major crops and their management, important rural development programmes in India; organizational set up of agricultural research, education and extension in India.

MAJOR SUBJECT GROUP “M” – HOME SCIENCE:
Importance of agriculture in national economy; basic principles of crop production; cultivation of rice, wheat, chickpea, pigeon-pea, sugarcane, groundnut, tomato, and mango. Major soils of India; role of NPK and their deficiency symptoms. General structure and function of cell organelles; mitosis and meiosis; Mendelian genetics. Elementary knowledge of growth, development, photosynthesis, respiration and transpiration; Elements of economic botany. General structure and function of carbohydrates, proteins, nucleic acids, enzymes and vitamins. Major pests and diseases of rice, wheat, cotton, chickpea, sugarcane and their management. Organic farming; biofertilizers; biopesticides. Recombinant DNA technology; transgenic crops. Natural Resources: forest, water, mineral, food, energy and land resources. Ecosystems. Biodiversity & its conservation. Environmental pollution. Environmental ethics. Important rural development programmes in India; organizational set up of agricultural research, education and extension in India. Elements of Statistics.

Previous Years Question Papers of ICAR JRF Plant Biotechnology Exam:

1. The average concentration of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere is :
(A) 0.03 ppm (B) 30 ppm
(C)0.3 ppm (D) 300 ppm

2. Agrostology is the study of:
(A) Root (B) Grasses
(C) Flower (D) Fruit

3. Atmospheric layer nearest to earth Surface is
(A) Biosphere (C) Exosphere
(B) Thermosphere (D) Troposphere

4. Plant that grow on extremely dry soil are classified under :
(A)Thalophytes (B) Hydrophytes
(C)Xerophytes (D) Hydroponics

5. Ground water table is measured by :
(A) Tensiometer (B) Piezometer
(C) Pressure plate (D) Neutron probe

6. Mycorrhiza is associated with what part of plants?
(A) Roots (B) Leaf
(C) Stem (D) Fruits

7. The most Suited N fertilizer for tea is:
(A) Urea (B) Calcium nitrate
(C) Ammonium chloride (D) Ammonium sulphate

8. Which food is designated as “Boneless meat”?
(A)Banana (B) Potato
(C)Soybean (D) Tapioca

9. Which of the following control the root initiation, cell elongation and apical dominance?
(A)Auxins (B) ABA
(C) Gibberellins (D) Ethylene

10. Study of soil from the stand point of higher plant is known as :
(A) Pedology (B) Physiology
(C)Edaphology (D) Geo physics

11. Pruning is most essential for:
(A)Cauliflower (B) Rubber
(C)Tea (D) Chinchona

12. The progeny of breeder seed is:
(A)Formation seed (B) Nucleus seed
(C) True seed (D) Certified seed

11. The basis of farm budgeting is:
(A) production function analysis (B) Linear programming
(C) Cost – benefit analysis (D) Farm planning

13. The largest tea production state in India is:
(A)Tamil Nadu (B) Assam
(C)Meghalaya (D) Kerala

14. The plant nutrient which help in translocation of sugars and starch is :
(A) Mg (B) Mo
(C) K (D) Na

15. Saffron is largely produced in:
(A) J & K (B) Kerala
(C) Himachal Pradesh (D) Uttarakhand

16. A crop that can supply oil for petrochemicals is:
(A) Neem (B) Rubber
(C)Macadamia (D) Jatropha

17. IA market guided by rules and regulation is called :
(A) Perfect market (B) Regulated market
(C) Seasonal market (D) Terminal market

18. Most widely cultivated mustard type in India is:
(A)Yellow / brown sarson (B) Black mustard
(C) Toria (D) Indian mustard

19. C4 plant normaly produce more biological yield than C3 plant because of:
(A) More photorespiration (B) Less photorespiration
(C) Less photophosphorylation (D) More photophosphorylation

20. Absolute zero is:
(A)- 273 C (B) 273  C
(C) 273 K (D) 273 F

21. In India maximum area under wheat is occupied by the Species?
(A)Triticum aestivum (B) Triticum dicoccum
(C) Triticum durum (D) Triticum vulgare

22. Which among the following colures absorbs more radiation?
(A) Blue (B) Black
(C)Red (D) White

23. Impect of green house effect is:
(A)Global warming (B) Ice melting
(C) Sea formation (D) Sea level rise

24. Which of the following elements is most mobile in soil ?
(A) Ca (B) K
(C) Mg (D) N

25. The most deficient micro – nutrient in Indian soil is :
(A)Cu (B) Mn
(C) Zn (D) B

26. Magnesium is a constituent of :
(A) Nucleic Acid (B) Enzyme system
(C) Cell wall (D) Chlorophyll

27. The C : N ratio of arable soil commonly ranges from :
(A) 6 : 1 to 7: 1 (B) 18: 1 to 19: 1
(C) 8 : 1 to 15:1 (D) 3 : 1 to 4: 1

28. Dwarfing gene in wheat is :
(A) Nif – gene (B) Norin
(C) Dee – gee – woo – gen (D) Proteina

29. Which of the following element immobile in soil but mobile in plants?
(A)S (B) B
(C) Zn (D) P

30. Which soil has highest efficiency?
(A)Loamy soil (B) Sandy soil
(C) Clay soil (D) None of these


1. Dangerous gas for depletion of ozone layer is:
(A)Ethane (B) Methane
(C)CFC (D) Carbon-dioxide

2. Which of the following is not a biopesticide?
(A) Bioneem (B) Carbaryl
(C) Biolap (D) Dipel

3. Major cropping system of trans-gangatic plains is
(A)Soybean – wheat (B) Rice – rice
(C) Rice –wheat (D) Maize – wheat

4. Photosynthetic inhibition by 02 is called:
(A) Reaction (B) Warburg’s effect
(C) Back inhibition (D) Competitive effect

5. Crop logging is done in
(A) Sugarcane (B) Maize
(C)Tobacco (D) Cotton

6. Blue revolution is related with:
(A) Crops (B) Energy source
(C) Fish (D) Oilseeds

7. Inflorescence in rice is known as
(A) Ear (B) Raceme
(C) Spike (D) Panicle

8. Alluvial soils are found in :
(A) Deserts (B) Forests
(C) River delta (D) Mountains

9. Weight of one cotton bale is
(A)170 Kg (B) 160 Kg
(C) 180 Kg (D) 190 Kg

10. Hybrid cotton in India was evolved for the first time in
(A) 1975 (B) 1980
(C) 1970 (D) 1985

11. Net cultivated area in India during 2004- 05 was
(A)138 million hectare (B) 141 million hectare
(C) 135 million hectare (D) 144 million hectare

12. The relative proportion of sand, silt and clay is called
(A) Soil texture (B) Soil aggregation
(C) Soil structure (D) Soil taxonomy

13. Which of the following crops is thermo-insensitive?
(A) Sunflower (B) Wheat
(C) Rice (D) Jowar

14. The IARI was established in : 24.
(A)1907 (B) 1909
(C) 1904 (D) 1905

15. In which of the following crops GM varieties are available for cultivation in India
(A) Mustard (B) Cotton
(C) Soybean (D) All of the above

16. Photo-periodically rice is a
(A)Day neutral plant (B) Long day plant
(C) Short day plant (D) None of these

17. The present level of carbon-dioxide in atmosphere is :
(A)190 ppm (B) 295 – 300 ppm
(C) 420 – 460 ppm (D) 490 ppm

18. Maize belongs to the category :
(A)Bisexual (B) Monoecious
(C) Dioecious (D) None of these

19. Pheromone trap attracts:
(A)Female moths (B) Female bugs
(C) Male moths (D) Caterpillars

20. Origin place of soybean is
(A)Brazil (B) Mexico
(C) China (D) Peru

21. India rank first in the production of the following crops in the world:
(A)Rice (B) Wheat
(C) Soybean (D) Pigeon-pea

22. In plants, enzyme responsible for the synthesis of the malic acid is :
(A) Rubisco (B) PEP carboxylase
(C)Kinase (D) Urease

23. Which soil has highest efficiency?
(A)Loamy soil (B) Sandy soil
(C) Clay soil (D) None of these

24. Which of the following insecticides may be recommended for the control of termites?
(A)Chlorpyriphos (B) Nimbicidine
(C) Dimethonate (D) Methyl- 0 – demetone

25. Correct order of rice producing countries is
(A) China> India> Indonesia> Thailand (B) India> China> Indonesia> Thailand
(C) Indonesia> Thailand> China> India (D) None on these

26. The depth of seeding in wheat is depends on
(A) Length of mesocotyl (B) Length of radical
(C) Length of coleoptiles (D) None of these

27. IGFRI is located at:
(A) Jallandhar (B) Jodhpur
(C) Jhansi (D) Jorhat

28. The photosynthetically active (PAR) falls in the range of
(A) 400 – 700 nm (B) 100- 400 nm
(C) 700- 1000 nm (D) None of the above

29. Missing data are calculated by using
(A) Field plot technique (B) Missing plot technique
(C) ANOVA (D) None of these

30. Soil mulch is useful in:
(A) Minimize evaporation losses (B) Improving aeration
(C) Improving drainage (D) Removing weeds

Last edited by Aakashd; May 21st, 2019 at 03:23 PM.
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  #2  
Old January 2nd, 2014, 03:25 PM
Aakashd
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Posts: 43,962
Default Re: ICAR JRF Exam Plant Biotechnology Syllabus

Here I am giving you syllabus for the JRF Plant Biotechnology examination organized by Indian Council of Agricultural Research below ..

MAJOR SUBJECT GROUP – PLANT BIOTECHNOLOGY
Subjects:

1.1: Plant Biochemistry/ Bio. Chem.
1.2: Plant Biotechnology & Molecular Biology/Biotechnology,
1.3: Plant Physiology/Crop Physiology

UNIT-I: Basic Sciences & General Agriculture: Importance of agriculture in national economy; basic principlesof crop production; cultivation of rice, wheat, chickpea, pigeon-pea, sugarcane, groundnut, tomato, andmango. Major soils of India; role of NPK and their deficiency symptoms. General structure and function of cell organelles; mitosis and meiosis; Mendelian genetics. Elementary knowledge of growth, development,photosynthesis, respiration and transpiration; Elements of economic botany. General structure and functionof carbohydrates, proteins, nucleic acids, enzymes and vitamins. Major pests and diseases of rice, wheat,cotton, chickpea, sugarcane and their management. Organic farming; biofertilizers; biopesticides.Recombinant DNA technology; transgenic crops. Important rural development programmes in India;organizational set up of agricultural research, education and extension in India. Elements of statistics.

UNIT-II: Plant Biochemistry: Importance of biochemistry in agriculture. Acid-base concept and buffers; pH.Classification, structure and metabolic functions of carbohydrates, lipids and proteins. Structure andfunction of nucleic acids. Enzymes: structure, nomenclature, mechanism of action; vitamins and mineralsas coenzymes and cofactors. Metabolic pathways: glycolysis, TCA cycle, fatty acid oxidation, triglyceridebiosynthesis. Electron transport chain; ATP formation. Photosynthesis: C-3, C-4 and CAM pathways. Nitrate assimilation; biological nitrogen fixation. Colorimetric and chromatographic techniques

UNIT-III: Plant Biotechnology and Molecular Biology/Biotechnology: Characteristics of prokaryotic andeukaryotic organisms; differences between fungi, bacteria, mycoplasms and viruses. Physical and chemicalbasis of heredity; chromosome structure. DNA replication, transcription and translation; genetic code;operon concept. Genetic engineering; restriction enzymes; vectors; gene cloning; gene transfer. Plantcell and tissue culture; micro-propagation; somaclonal variation. Transformation; recombination; Heterosis.General application of biotechnology. Molecular and immunological techniques. Concept of bioinformatics,genomics and proteomics.

UNIT-IV: Plant Physiology/ Crop Physiology: Plant physiology– importance in agriculture. Seed germination,viability and vigour. Photosynthesis- significance of C-3, C-4 and CAM pathway; photorespiration and itsimplications. Translocation of assimilates; dry matter partitioning; Harvest index of crops. Growth anddevelopment; growth analysis; crop-water relationship. Plant nutrients and their functions. Phytohormonesand their physiological role. Photo-periodism, vernalisation; pollination/ fertilization in flowering plants.Post-harvest physiology and its significance.
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  #3  
Old February 26th, 2015, 06:18 PM
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Question icar

can u pls pls pls pls provide with the icar-jrf animal biotech question papers ???// its really urgent....
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  #4  
Old May 2nd, 2015, 01:50 PM
mo sharif
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Default why pohtosynthesis is there in leaf

why pohtosynthesis is there in leaf
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  #5  
Old February 22nd, 2016, 07:57 AM
Mohhandasari
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Default Re: ICAR JRF Exam Plant Biotechnology Syllabus

Plz send me plant sciences material, model questions,previous 5 years complete question papers
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  #6  
Old August 10th, 2019, 04:35 PM
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Default Re: ICAR JRF Exam Plant Biotechnology Syllabus

Can you provide me the Syllabus ICAR JRF (Indian Council of Agricultural Research Junior Research Fellowship) Plant Biotechnology Entrance Exam as I need it for preparation of the Exam?
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  #7  
Old August 10th, 2019, 04:36 PM
Aakashd
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Default Re: ICAR JRF Exam Plant Biotechnology Syllabus

The Syllabus ICAR JRF (Indian Council of Agricultural Research Junior Research Fellowship) Plant Biotechnology Entrance Exam as I need it for preparation of the Exam is as follows:


UNIT-I:



Basic Sciences & General Agriculture: Importance of agriculture in national economy; basic principles of crop production; cultivation of rice, wheat, chickpea, pigeon-pea, sugarcane, groundnut, tomato, and mango. Major soils of India; role of NPK and their deficiency symptoms. General structure and function of cell organelles; mitosis and meiosis; Mendelian genetics. Elementary knowledge of growth, development, photosynthesis, respiration and transpiration; Elements of economic botany. General structure and function of carbohydrates, proteins, nucleic acids, enzymes and vitamins. Major pests and diseases of rice, wheat, cotton, chickpea, sugarcane and their management. Organic farming; biofertilizers; biopesticides. Recombinant DNA technology; transgenic crops. Important rural development programmes in India; organizational set up of agricultural research, education and extension in India. Elements of statistics.


UNIT-II:

Plant Biochemistry: Importance of biochemistry in agriculture. Acid-base concept and buffers; pH. Classification, structure and metabolic functions of carbohydrates, lipids and proteins. Structure and function of nucleic acids. Enzymes: structure, nomenclature, mechanism of action; vitamins and minerals as coenzymes and cofactors. Metabolic pathways: glycolysis, TCA cycle, fatty acid oxidation, triglyceride biosynthesis. Electron transport chain; ATP formation. Photosynthesis: C-3, C-4 and CAM pathways. Nitrate assimilation; biological nitrogen fixation. Colorimetric and chromatographic techniques


UNIT-III:

Plant Biotechnology and Molecular Biology/Biotechnology: Characteristics of prokaryotic and eukaryotic organisms; differences between fungi, bacteria, mycoplasms and viruses. Physical and chemical basis of heredity; chromosome structure. DNA replication, transcription and translation; genetic code; operon concept. Genetic engineering; restriction enzymes; vectors; gene cloning; gene transfer. Plant cell and tissue culture; micro-propagation; somaclonal variation. Transformation; recombination; heterosis. General application of biotechnology. Molecular and immunological techniques. Concept of bioinformatics, genomics and proteomics


UNIT-IV:

Plant Physiology/ Crop Physiology: Plant physiology importance in agriculture. Seed germination, viability and vigour. Photosynthesis- significance of C-3, C-4 and CAM pathway; photorespiration and its implications. Translocation of assimilates; dry matter partitioning; Harvest index of crops. Growth and development; growth analysis; crop-water relationship. Plant nutrients and their functions. Phytohormones and their physiological role. Photo-periodism, vernalisation; pollination/ fertilization in flowering plants. Post-harvest physiology and its significance
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