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Old April 30th, 2012, 04:20 PM
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Default Re: Andhra University Bachelor of Law Syllabus

Here I am attaching a file of syllabus of Andhra University Bachelor of Law. You can download the syllabus from here after doing registration.
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Old March 4th, 2013, 04:41 PM
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Default Re: Andhra University Bachelor of Law Syllabus

Somebody provide me LLB Syllabus of Andhra University or tell me from where can I get it?
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Old March 6th, 2013, 12:22 PM
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Default Re: Andhra University Bachelor of Law Syllabus

You want LLB Syllabus of Andhra University so here I am providing you the same:

LLB 1st Year - I Semester
1. Law of Contract
2. Constitutional Law - I
3. Law of Tort including MV. Accident and Consumer Protection
4. Law of Crimes - I (IPC)
5. Family Law-I (Family Relations)

LLB 1st Year – II Semester
1. Special Contracts9
2. Constitutional Law - II
3. Environmental Law
4. Jurisprudence (Legal Method, Indian Legal system and Basic Theory of Law)
5. Family Law –II (Property Relations)
LLB 2nd Year – III Semester
1 Property Law including Transfer of Property Act and Easements Act
2 Labour and Industrial Law – I
3 Company Law
4 Administrative Law
5 Interpretation of Statutes and Principles of Legislation (Optional Paper-I)

LLB 2nd Year – IV Semester

1. Labour and Industrial Law – II
2. Public International Law
3. Principles of Taxation Law
4. Intellectual Property Rights Litigation (Optional Paper-II)
5. Land Law including Tenure and Tenancy System / Investment Law (Optional

LLB 3rd Year – V Semester

1. Civil Procedure Code and Limitation Act
2. Law of Crimes – II (Cr.P.C, Juvenile Justice and Probationers of Offenders Act))
3. Law of Evidence
4. Banking Law and Negotiable Instruments Act / Insurance Law (Optional Paper-IV)
5 Media Law including Right to Information Act, 2005 / International Human Rights
(Optional Paper-V)

LLB 3rd Year – VI Semester

Practical Training - I
Drafting, Pleading and Conveyance
Practical Training - II
Professional Ethics and Professional Accounting System
Practical Training – III
Alternate Dispute Resolution
Practical Training – IV
Moot Court Exercise and Internship
Paper – V: Penology and Victimology / Women and Criminal Law (Optional Paper-VI)

If you want complete syllabus then you can free download attached word file. It is free for you.
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Old February 12th, 2014, 03:47 PM
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Default Re: Andhra University Bachelor of Law Syllabus

Here I am attaching a file of syllabus of Andhra University Bachelor of Law.

1. Admission into 3 Year LL.B. Course is subject to LAWCET/University rules and regulations and Medium of instruction shall be English.
2. Age on admission: Subject to the conditions stipulated by the Govt. of A.P., the maximum age for seeking admission into 3 year Law Degree Program is limited to thirty years in case of general category of applicants and to thirty five years in case of applicants from SC, ST and other Backward communities.
3. For the award of 3 year LL.B. Degree a candidate shall be required to have i) received instruction and training for the prescribed course of study as full-time students for three academic years, and ii) passed all the examinations prescribed for the award of 3 Year LL.B. Degree.
4. Each academic year comprises of two Semesters (Semester is to be of
15 Weeks duration.) Subjects are divided Semester-wise and a
particular subject as a whole should be taught in the semester concerned.
5. In order to be eligible to take the examination in any subject, candidate
is required to put in 70% of attendance in each subject which
includes lectures, tutorials and practical training.
Provided that if a student for any exceptional reasons fail to attend 70% of the classes held in any subject, the Principal of the College may allow the student to take test, if the student concerned attended at least 65% of the classes held in the subject concerned and attended 70% of classes in all the subjects taken together.
6. Candidate shall take examination in each of the subjects prescribed for
study at the end of the semester by registering for that semester
examination and obtaining hall ticket for the same. Each theory paper
shall be of three hours duration and shall carry a maximum of
85 Marks. For the remaining 15 marks the breakup is as follows:
(i) Test - 5 Marks (Best of two out of three unit tests)
(ii) Assignments - 5 Marks (One Assignment to be given)
(iii) Semester end viva 5 Marks (Viva to be conducted by the
Chairman, Principal/Head, Teacher concerned and with an external examiner, 1/3rd is the minimum marks in each component).

7. The 3 Year LL.B. Course consists of 30 Law Papers including four Clinical Papers (24 Compulsory Law Papers as specified in the BCI rules and also 6 Optional Papers to be selected from the 7 groups of subjects) specified here under.

Compulsory Papers:

1. Jurisprudence (Legal method, Indian Legal System and Basic Theory of Law)
2. Law of Contract
3. Special Contracts
4. Law of Tort including MV Accident and Consumer Protection Laws
5. Family Law- I: (Comparative Family Institutions)
6. Family Law –II (Testamentary and Intestate Succession)
7. Law of Crimes - I: (IPC)
8. Law of Crimes - II : (Cr.P.C.)
9. Constitutional Law -I
10. Constitutional Law -II
11. Property Law
12. Law of Evidence
13. Civil Procedure Code and Limitation Act
14. Administrative Law
15. Company Law
16. Public International Law
17. Principles of Taxation Law
18. Environmental Law
19. Labour and Industrial Law -I
20. Labour and Industrial Law + - II

Practical Papers:

21. Drafting, Pleading and Conveyance
22. Professional Ethics & Professional Accounting System
23. Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR)
24. Moot Court Exercise and Internship

Optional Papers:
A. Constitutional Group
1. Indian Federalism
2. Affirmative Action and Discriminative Justice
3. Comparative Constitutional Law
4. Human Rights Law and Practice
5. Local Self Government including Panchayat Administration
6. Right to Information
7. Law on Education
8. Media Law
9. Health Law
10. Interpretation of Statutes and Principles of Legislation

B. Business Law Group
1. Law and Economics
2. Banking Law
3. Investment Law
4. Foreign Trade
5. Insurance Law
6. Bankruptcy and Insolvency
7. Corporate Governance
8. Competition Law
9. Information Technology Law
10. Law of Corporate Finance

C. International Trade Law
1.International Trade and Economics
2.General Agreement on Tariff and Trade
3. Dumping and Countervailing Duty
4.Trade in Service and Emigration Law
5. Cross Border Investment
6. Agriculture
7. Dispute Resolution
8. International Monetary Fund
9. Trade in Intellectual Property
10.International Banking and Finance

D. Crime and Criminology Group
1. Forensic Science
2. International Criminal Law
3. Prison Administration
4. Penology and Victimology
5. Offence against Child and Juvenile Offence
6. Women and Criminal Law
7. IT Offences
8. Probation and Parole
9. Comparative Criminal Procedure
10. Financial and Systematic Fraud

E. International Law Group
1.International Human Rights
2. Private International Law
3.International Environmental law
4.UNCITRAL Model Codes
5. International Labour Organization and Labour Law
6. International Dispute Resolution Bodies
7. Maritime Law
8. Law of the Sea and International River
9. Humanitarian and Refugee Law
10. International Criminal Law and ICC

F. Intellectual Property Law Group
1. Patent Right Creation and Registration
2. Patent Drafting and Specification Writing
3. Copy right
4. Trade Mark and Design
5. Trade Secret and Technology Transfer
6. IPR Litigation
7. Farmers’ and Breeders’ Rights
8. Bio-diversity Protection
9. IPR in Pharma Industry
10.IPR in SMEs

G. Law and Agriculture

1. Land Laws including Tenure and Tenancy System
2. Law on Agriculture Labour
3. Farmers and breeders’ Right
4. cooperative and Corporation of Agriculture
5. Dispute Resolution and Legal Aid
6. Agriculture Insurance

8. The compulsory Clinical Papers in the final semester shall comprise of four practical training papers as detailed in the syllabus.
9.(a) A candidate shall be declared to have passed in subject, if he has obtained not less than 40% of the marks in the subject.
(b) The results of the candidates who passed all the subjects shall be arranged in four categories viz., first class with distinction, first class, second class and pass class.
(c) Candidates who secure not less than 70% of the marks in the aggregate in all examinations prescribed for the 3 year law course shall be declared to have passed in first class with distinction, provided they passed all the examinations of all the three years as the first appearance for each Semester.
(d) Candidates securing not less than 60% of marks in the aggregate in all the examinations of 3 year LL.B. taken together shall be declared to have passed in first class.
(e) Candidates who obtain less than 60% more than 50% in the aggregate in all the examinations shall be declared to have passed the examination in second class.
(f) Candidate obtaining less than 50% and more than 40% in the aggregate in all the examinations shall be declared to have passed the examinations in pass class.
(g) Candidates who have not passed any of the examinations of any of the three years of study at the first appearance shall not be eligible to be Awardedfor any Medal or Prize by the University.
10. Rules of Promotion for 3 year LL.B.:

S.No. Semester Condition to be fulfilled for promotion
(1) From I to II Semester Undergone a Regular Course of study of Semester-I and registered for the Semester examination.
(2) From II to III Semester Undergone a Regular Course of study of Semester-II and registered for the Semester examination.

(3) From III to IV Semester Undergone a Regular course of study of Semester-III and registered for Semester examination.
(4) From IV to V Semester Undergone a regular course of study in Semester IV and registered for the Semester examination.

(5) From V to VI Semester Undergone a regular course of study of Semester-V and registered for the Semester examination.
(6) For VI Semester Undergone a regular course of study of Semester-VI and registered for the Semester examination

11. The 3 Year LL.B. Degree Course consists of 30 class-hours per week including tutorial, moot room exercise and seminars, provided there shall be at least 24 lecture hours per week.
12. Minimum Period of Internship:
(a) Each registered student shall have completed minimum of 12 weeks internship for Three Year Course during entire period of legal studies under NGO, trial and Appellate Advocates, Judiciary, Legal Regulatory authorities, Legislatures and Parliament, other Legal functionaries, Market Institutions, Law Firms, Companies, Local Self Government and other such bodies as the University shall stipulate, where Law is practiced either in action or in dispute or in Management
Provided that internship in any year cannot be for a continuous period of more than Four Weeks and all students shall at least gone through once in the entire academic period with Trial and Appellate Advocates.
Each student shall keep internship diary in such form as may be stipulated by the University concerned and the same shall be evaluated by the Guide in Internship and also a Core Faculty member of the staff each time. The total mark shall be assessed in the Final Semester of the Course in the 4th Clinical course as stipulated under the BCI Rules.

13. Regulations Concerning Semester end examinations:
(i) The pattern of question paper is
Part-A: Short answer questions – 24 marks (6 question to be answered out of nine questions).
Part-B: Essay questions – 36 marks (two out of four questions to be answered)
Part-C: Case Comment – 25 marks (two out of four questions)
In Part-C, the answer shall cover recitation of facts, framing of issues, reasoned decisions and citation of authority.
(ii) The semester end examination shall be based on the question paper set by an external paper setter.
(iii) In order to be eligible to be appointed as an internal examiner for the semester end examinations, a teacher shall have put in at least three years of Teaching Experience in the concerned subject.

LIST OF SUBJECTS: (Semester-wise)
LLB 1st Year - I Semester
1. Law of Contract
2. Constitutional Law - I
3. Law of Tort including MV. Accident and Consumer Protection
4. Law of Crimes - I (IPC)
5. Family Law-I (Family Relations)

LLB 1st Year – II Semester
1. Special Contracts9
2. Constitutional Law - II
3. Environmental Law
4. Jurisprudence (Legal Method, Indian Legal system and Basic Theory of Law)
5. Family Law –II (Property Relations)
LLB 2nd Year – III Semester
1 Property Law including Transfer of Property Act and Easements Act
2 Labour and Industrial Law – I
3 Company Law
4 Administrative Law
5 Interpretation of Statutes and Principles of Legislation (Optional Paper-I)

LLB 2nd Year – IV Semester

1. Labour and Industrial Law – II
2. Public International Law
3. Principles of Taxation Law
4. Intellectual Property Rights Litigation (Optional Paper-II)
5. Land Law including Tenure and Tenancy System / Investment Law (Optional

LLB 3rd Year – V Semester

1. Civil Procedure Code and Limitation Act
2. Law of Crimes – II (Cr.P.C, Juvenile Justice and Probationers of Offenders Act))
3. Law of Evidence
4. Banking Law and Negotiable Instruments Act / Insurance Law (Optional Paper-IV)
5 Media Law including Right to Information Act, 2005 / International Human Rights
(Optional Paper-V)

LLB 3rd Year – VI Semester

Practical Training - I
Drafting, Pleading and Conveyance
Practical Training - II
Professional Ethics and Professional Accounting System
Practical Training – III
Alternate Dispute Resolution
Practical Training – IV
Moot Court Exercise and Internship
Paper – V: Penology and Victimology / Women and Criminal Law (Optional Paper-VI)

The following are the subjects for Ten optional papers;
1. Interpretation of Statutes and Principles of Legislation
2. Intellectual Property Rights’ Litigation
3 Land Laws Including Tenure and Tenancy System
4. Investment Law (Including Securities)

5. Banking Law including Negotiable Instruments Act
6. Law of Insurance
7. Media Law including Right to Information

8 International Human Rights
9. Penology and Victim logy
10. Women and Criminal Law

Six papers are to be selected from Ten optional subjects in the following order;
Optional Paper-I: Interpretation of Statutes and Principles of Legislation
Optional Paper- II: Intellectual Property Rights’ Litigation

Optional Paper-III: Land Laws Including Tenure and Tenancy System/ Investment
Law (Including Securities)
Optional Paper-IV: Banking Law including Negotiable Instruments Act/ Law of
Optional Paper-V: Media Law including Right to Information/ International Human
Optional Paper-VI: Penology and Victim logy/ Women and Criminal Law



(General Principles of Contract (Secs.1 to 75) including Specific Relief Act)

Unit-1; History and nature of contractual obligations - writs of debt, covenant and account actions on the case and on assumption of consideration - moral basis for contractual obligations subjective and objective theories sanctity of contracts.
Unit-2: Agreement and contract definitions, elements and different kinds.
Unit-3: Proposal and acceptance - their various forms, essential elements, communication and revocation-proposal and invitations for proposal-floating offers-tenders-dumping of goods.
Unit-4: Consideration-nudum pactum-its need, meaning, kinds, essential elements-privity of contract and of consideration-its exceptions-adequacy of consideration-present, past and adequate consideration-unlawful consideration and its effects-views of law commission of India on consideration-evaluation of the doctrine of consideration.
Unit-5: Capacity to contract-meaning-incapacity arising out of status and mental defect-minor’s agreements-definition of minor - accessories supplied to a minor-agreements beneficial and detrimental to a minor affirmation-restitution in cases of minor’s agreements-fraud by a minor-ratification in cases by a person of an agreement made by him while he was a minor-agreements and estopped-evaluation of the law relating to minor’s agreements-other illustrations of incapacity to contract.
Unit-6:Free consent-its need and definition-factors vitiating free consent , Coercion-definition-essential elements-duress and coercion-various illustrations of coercion doctrine of economic duress-effect of coercion-evaluation of Sec. 15., Undue Influence-definition-essential elements-between which parties can it exist? Who is to prove it? Illustrations of the undue influence-independent advice-pardahanash in women-unconscionable bargains effect of undue influence., Misrepresentation-definition-misrepresentation of law and of fact-their effects and illustration, Fraud-definition-essential elements-suggestio falsi suppresio veri-When does silence amounts to fraud? Active concealment of truth-importance of intention.
Unit-7: Legality of Object: Void agreement-lawful and unlawful considerations, objects-void, voidable, illegal and unlawful agreements their effects. Unlawful consideration and objects: Forbidden by law, Defeating the provision of any law, Fraudulent , Injurious to person or property, Immoral , Against public polity, Void Agreements, Agreements without consideration, . Agreements in restraint of marriage, . Agreements in restraint of trade-its exceptions-sale of goodwill, Sec. II restriction, under the Partnership Act, trade combinations exclusive dealing agreements, restraints on employees under agreement of service., . Agreements in restraint of legal proceedings-its exceptions, Uncertain agreements, . Wagering agreements-its exceptions.,
Unit-8: Discharge of a contract and its various modes:, By performance-conditions of valid tender of performance-how? By Whom? Where? When/In what manner? Performance of reciprocal promises-time essence of contract., By breach-anticipatory breach and present breach, Impossibility of performance-specific grounds of frustration -effect of frustration-frustration and restitution, . By period of limitation , By agreement-rescission and alteration-their effect-remission and waiver of performance extension of time-accord and satisfaction.
Unit-9: Quasi-contracts or certain relations resembling those created by contract.
Unit-10:Remedies in Contractual Relations:,Damages-kinds-remoteness of damages-ascertainment of damages, Injunction-When granted and when refused? Why?, Refund and restitution, Specific performance-When? Why?
Unit-11: Specific Relief: Specific Relief Act, 1969
Definition, Recovering possession of property, Specific performance of contracts, Rectification of instruments, Rescission of contracts, Cancellation of Instruments, Declaratory decrees, Preventive relief.
Books Recommended:

1. Anson: Law of Contract, Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1998
2. Cheshire and Fifoot, Law of Contract
3. G.C.V. Subba Rao : Law of Contract, S. Gogia & Co., Hyderabad 1995
4. T.S. Venkatesa Iyer. Law of Contract revised by Dr. Krishnamachary, S. Gogia &
Co., Hyderabad , 1995
5. Avatar Singh: Law of Contract and specific Relief Act- Eastern Book Company,
Lucknow, 1998.

Unit-1: Historical Perspective: Constitutional Developments since 1858 to 1947 Morle Minto Reforms-Dyarchy-Montague-Chelmsford Reforms. Indian National Congress 1885-Various Trends of opinion-social Reform vs. Political Independence. Protest against British Repression. Jalianwala Baag. Rowlatt Act-Sedition Trials of Tilak.
Unit-2: Making of India’s Constitution - concept of constitution and Constitutionalism-Salient features - Constituent Assembly - Sovereignty. Preamble-Status and its goals.
Unit-3: Concept of state and law (Articles 12 & 13)
Unit-4: Equality and Social Justice: Equality before the law and Equal protection of Laws-meaning-Constitutional provisions - Total conspectus - Articles 14, 15, 16, 17, 29 (2), 325 ,Classification for Differential Treatment, Gender Justice. Arts. 15 (1), (2), (3), 16, 29 (2), Administrative discretion and Equality, Compensatory Discrimination for Backward Class/SC & ST.
Unit-5: Freedoms and Social Control: Freedom of speech and expression, Freedom of the press, . Freedom of Speech and contempt of court, Freedom of Assembly, Freedom of Association, Freedom of Movement, Freedom to Reside and Settle, Freedom of profession/business. etc., Property and social control 1950 to 1978, Property and social control - After 1978.
Unit-6: Personal Liberty: Rights to an accused - Double Jeopardy, Right against self-incrimination, Right against Retroactive Punishment, Right to life and Personal Liberty-Meaning of - Art. 21. Gopalan, Personal Liberty-Meaning of-Maneka Gandhi, Sunil Batra, etc. Procedure established by law-Gopalan, Kharak Singh, . Procedure established by law - Due process - Maneka Gandhi and after.
Unit-7: Preventive Detention-Constitutional Policy Art. 22, Preventive Detention-Safeguard under the constitution. And Art. 23
Unit-8: Secularism: Concept of Secularism-Indian Constitutional provisions, Historical Perspective of India Secularism, Religion and State-in India-State control and non-interference with Religion. Concept of Secularism; American Model - Separation of State-Church-Is it Relevant to India? Tradition in India-Equal Respect for All Religions?
Unit-9: Minority Rights-Why? Scope-Meaning of Minority, Minority Rights to Educational Institutions.
Unit-10: Constitutional Remedies: Supreme Court & High Courts.
Unit-11: Fundamental Rights and Directive Principles: Directive Principles-Reasons for incorporation, Directive Principles-Directions of Social Change - A new social order
Fundamental Rights and Directive Principles - Interrelationship -Judicial balancing, Constitutional amendments - Arts, 31A, 31-B and 31-C to strengthen Directive Principles
Judicial policy towards Directive Principles from Champakam to Minerva Mills.
Relationship between fundamental rights , directive principles and fundamental duties.
Books Recommended:
1. Shukla V.N, Constitution of India, Eastern Books Company, Lucknow.
2. Pandey J.N, Constitutional Law of India, Central Law Agency, Allahabad.
3. Austin, Granwille, The Indian constitution - Corner Stone of a Nation, Oxford
University, Press, New Delhi (Indian Reprint 2000).
4. Basu D.D: Constitutional Law of India, Prentice Hall of India, New Delhi.
5. Jain, M.P., Indian Constitutional Law, Wadhwa & Co., Nagpur.
6. Subba Rao, GCV, Indian Constitutional Law, Eastern Books
Company, Lucknow.
7. Tope T.K. : Constitutional Law of India, , Eastern Book Company, Lucknow.
8. Shiva Rao B.: The Framing of India’s Constitution (in 5 volumes), Indian Institute
of Public Admn., New Delhi.
9. Seervai, H.M.: Constitutional Law of India (in 3 volumes), M.M. Tripathi,
10. Constituent Assembly Debates (5 books) - Official report, Lok Sabha Secretariat, New Delhi.

Unit-1: Evolution of Law of Torts:, Its development by courts in England, Forms of Action, Emergence of specific remedies from case to case, Reception of Law of Torts in India, Principles of Equity, Justice and good conscience, Uncodified character-advantages and disadvantages.
Unit-2: Definition, Nature, Scope and Objects: A Wrongful act-violation of a duty (in rem) imposed by law, duty which is owed to people generally, Legal damage-damnum sine injuria and injuria sine damnum., , Tort distinguished from Crime, Breach of Contract etc., , The concept of unliquidated damages, . Changing scope of Law of Torts: Expanding character of duties owed to people generally due to complexities of modern society-scientific and technological progress, industrialisation, urbanisation, specialization, occupational hazards, . Objects-Prescribing standards of human conduct, redressal of wrongs by payment of compensation, proscribing unlawful conduct by injunctions.
Unit-3: Principles of Liability in Torts: Fault, Wrongful intent, Negligence, . Liability without fault, . Violation of Ethical codes, Statutory liability, Fatal Accidents Act, Railway Act, . Workmen’s Compensation Act, Motor Vehicles Act, Carrier Act, Insurance Laws, Place of motive in Torts.
Unit-4: Justification in Torts: Volenti non fit injuria - What is free concent?: Informed consent, mere knowledge and knowledge coupled with assumption of risk, . Necessity, Private and Public, . Plaintiff’s default, . Act of God and Inevitable Accident, Private defence, . Statutory authorization, . Judicial and Quasi-judicial Acts, Parental and quasi parental authority.
Unit-5: Extinguishment of Liability in Certain situations: Death, actio personalis moritur cum persona Exceptions, Law Reform (Miscellaneous Provisions) Act. 1934, Waiver and acquiescence, Release, Accord and satisfaction, Limitation.
Unit-6: Standing: Who may sue in torts, Aggrieved individuals, Class Action, 0 1 R 8, Social Action Groups, Statutes granting standing to certain persons groups, . Who may not be sued, . Ambassadors, Lunatics, Infants.
Unit-7: Doctrine of Sovereign immunity and its Relevance in India: Liability of States-Sovereign and non-sovereign functions, Crown Proceedings Act of U.K., Federal Tort Claims Act of U.S.A. Constitution of India, Arts 299 and 300, Act of State.,
Unit-8: Vicarious Liability: Basis, scope and justification, Express authorization, Ratification, Abetment, Special Relationship, Master and servant-arising out of and in the course of employment who is master? - Control test who is servant? Borrowed servant Independent Contractor, Principal and Agent, Corporation and Principal Officer.,
Unit-9: Torts Against Persons and Personal Relations: Assault, Battery, Mayhem, False Imprisonment, Defamation-Libel, slander including law relating to privileges, Marital Relations, domestic Relations, parental Relations Master and Servant relations, Malicious prosecution, Shortened Expectation of life, Nervous shock, . Defences.
Unit-10: Wrongs Affecting Property: Trespass to land, Trespass ab initio, Dispossession, Movable Property-Trespass to goods, Detinue, conversion, Torts against Business interests-Injurious falsehood, misstatements, passing off, Defences.
Unit-11: Negligence: Basic concepts, Theories of Negligence, . Standards of care, Duty to take care carelessness inadvertence, Doctrine of contributive negligence, Res ipsa loquitor and its importance in contemporary, . Professional liability due to Negligence with special reference to consumer Protection Law.
Unit-12: Absolute/Strict Liability: The Rule in Ryland vs. Fletcher. Principle for application of these rules, Storing of dangerous things, . Escape of dangerous things - application of principles in concrete cases of damage arising out of industrial activity. (The Bhopal Disaster, Oleam Gas Escape, Machua Dam Burst, M.C. Mehta Case, Nuclear Installations and their hazards), Defences, . Liability under Motor Vehicle Act, Railway Act etc.
Unit-13: Nuisance: Definition, Essentials, Types, Acts which constitute nuisance-obstructions of highways, pollution of air, water, noise, interference with light and air.
Unit-14: Legal Remedies: Legal Remedies, Award of damages-simple, special, punitive, . Remoteness of Damages-foreseability and directness tests, Injunction, Specific Restitution of Property, Extra-Legal Remedies-self help, Re-entry in land, Recapture of goods, distress damage feasant abetment to nuisance.,
Unit-15: Judicial Process in Tort: Dilatoriness, Complicated rules of procedures and evidence, Experts in trial process, Reports of Testing labs, Court fees, Problems of access.
Unit-16: Tort and Consumer Protection Law: Duty to take care and liability for negligence: Manufacturers and traders and providers of services such as lawyers, doctors and other professional, Caveat emptor and caveat venditor, Deceit and false advertisement, . Liability for hazardous and inherently dangerous industrial activity, Product liability - EEC directives, Right to common property resources-right to pass and repass on pathways.Consumer Protection Act, 1986.
Unit-17: Motor Vehicles Act, 1988.
Books Recommended:
1. Winfield & Jolowicz: Tort, XII Edition, Sweet and Maxwell, London - 1994
2. Salmond and Heuston: Law of Torts, India reprint Universal Books Traders,
New Delhi - 1994.
3. Ramaswamy Iyer: The Law Torts
4. Achutan Pillai: The Law of Torts, Eastern Book Co., Lucknow.
5. Durga Das Basu: The Law of Torts, X Edition Prentice Hall of India, New Delhi
6. Ratna Lal & Dhiraaj Lal: The Law of Torts, Wadhwa & Company, Nagpur, 1992
7. R.K. Bangia: The Law of Torts, Allahabad Law Agency, Allahabad, 1999
8. J.N. Panday: The Law of Torts, Central Law Publications, Allahabad, 1999
9. Vivienne Harpwood: The Law of Torts, Cavandish Publishing Ltd., London, 1993
10. Hepple & Mathews: Tort - cases and materials, Butterworth, London, 1980.
11. D.N. Saraf, Law of Consumer Protection in India, MN Tripathi, Bombay.

Unit-1: General: Conception of Crime, State’s power to determine acts or commissions as crimes, State’s responsibility to detect, control and punish crime, Distinction between crime and other wrongs., Pre-colonial notion of crime as reflected in Hindu, Muslim and Tribal Law, The colonial reception-Macaulay’s Draft based essentially on British notions, IPC a reflection of different social and moral-values, Applicability of I.P.C., Salient Features of the I.P.C.
Unit-2: . Elements of Criminal Liability, Author of crime-natural person and a fit subject for punishment, companies and corporations, Mens rea-Evil intention, Importance of mens rea, Recent Trends to fix liability without mens rea in certain socio-economic offences, An act in furtherance of guilty intent, An omission as specifically includes in the code, Injury to another
Unit - 3: Group Liability:, Stringent provision in case of combination of persons attempting to disturb peace, Common intention, . Abetment, Instigation, aiding and conspiracy, Mere act of abetment punishable, Unlawful Assembly, Basis of liability, Criminal conspiracy, Rioting as a specific offence.
Unit-4: Stages of Crime :, Guilty intention - Mere intention not punishable , Preparation, Preparation not punishable, Exception in respect of certain offences of grave nature or of a peculiar kind such as possession, counterfeit coins, false weights and measures, Attempt, Attempt when punishable specific IPC provisions, Tests for determining what constitutes attempt proximity, equivocality and social danger, Impossible attempt
Unit-5: Factors Negativing Guilty Intention :, Mental incapacity, Minority, Insanity-impairment of cognative facilities, emotional imbalance, Medical and legal insanity, Intoxication-involuntary, Private Defence-justification and limits, When private defence extends to causing of death to protect body and property, Necessity, Mistake of fact.
Unit-6: Types of Punishment : , Death, Social relevance of capital punishment, Alternatives to capital punishment, Imprisonment-for life, with hard labour, simple imprisonment, Forfeiture of property, Fine, Discretion in awarding punishment, Minimum punishment in respect of certain offences
Unit-7: Specific Offence Against Human Body :, Causing death of human beings , Culpable homicide, Murder, Distinction between culpable homicide and murder, Specific mental element requirement in respect of murder, Situation justifying treating murder as culpable homicide not amounting to murder, Grave and sudden provocation, Exceeding right to private defence, Public servant exceeding legitimate use of force, Death in sudden fight, Death caused by consent of the deceased-Euthansia, Death caused of person other than the person intended , Miscarriage with or without consent, Rash and negligent act causing death, Hurt-grievious an simple, Assault and criminal force, Wrongful restraint and wrongful confinement - kidnapping from lawful guardianship and from outside India, Abduction.
Unit-8: Offences Against Women: Insulting the modesty of a woman, Assault or criminal force with intent to outrage the modesty of a women, Causing miscarriage without woman’s consent, Causing death by causing miscarriage without woman’s consent, Kidnapping or abducting woman to compel her to marry or force her to illicit intercourse, Buying a minor for purposes of prostitution, Rape, Custodial rape, Marital rape, . Cruelty by husband or relatives of the husband, Common law remedies to protect against obscene / indecent depiction of women.
Unit-9: Offences Against Property: Theft, Cheating, Extortion, Robbery and Dacoity, Mischief, . Criminal misrepresentation and criminal Beach of Trust,
Unit-10: Forgery, Defamation and Tress Pass and Offences Against the State.
Unit-11: Prevention of Corruption Act 1986.
Books Recommended:
1. Ratan Lal and Dhiraj Lal: Indian Penal Code, Wadhwa & Co., Nagapur
2. Achutan Pillai: Criminal Law, Butterworth Co.,
3. Gour K.D.: Criminal Law - Cases and material, Butterworth Co.,
4. Kenny's: Outlines of Criminal Law,

Paper - V - FAMILY LAW-I (Comparative Family Institutions)

Unit -1: Concept of family, nuclear family and joint family, Joint Hindu Family (Mitakshara and Dayabhaga): Mitakshara joint family Mitakshara coparcenary - formation and incidents, Property under Mitakshara law-separate property and Copercenary property, Dayabhaga coparcenary - Formation and incidents, Property under Dayabhaga Law, Karta of the joint family-his position, powers, privileges and obligations, Alienation of property-separate and coparcenary, Debts-doctrines of pious obligation and antecedent debt. Partition and Reunion Joint Hindu Family as a social security institution and impact of Hindu Gains of Learning Act and various tax laws on it.

Unit-2: Marriage And Kinship: Evolution and importance of institutions of marriage and family. Role of Religions, Indian Family Law., Impact of customs on marriage and family.
Unit-3: Applicability & Sources of Law: Who is a Hindu, who is a Muslim, who is a Christian, Sources of Hindu Law, Sources of Muslim Law, Schools of Law. Hindu and Muslim laws.
Unit-4: Essential Conditions of Marriage State intervention through various legal measures, Essentials conditions of valid Hindu Marriage Hindu Marriage Act, essential conditions of valid Muslim marriage, concept of dower, essential conditions of marriage for valid Christian Marriage 4/ Indian Christian Marriage Act, 1882, special marriage Act, kinds of marriages under Hindu and Muslim systems, kinds marriage.
Unit–5: Matrimonial Remedies: Annulment, RCR Judicial separation, Divorce Conditions for grant of matrimonial remedies under Hindu Marriage Act, Indian Divorce Act; Matrimonial Remedies for Muslims (Talaq, Ila, Zihar, Tafwiz, khula, Mubara) Muslim wife’s grounds of divorce 4/ Dissolution of Muslim Marriage Act, 1939, Bars to Matrimonial Relief.
Unit-6: Maintenance: Maintenance of divorced wives, neglected wives, minor children and parents under Hindu Marriage Act & Hindu Adoptions and Maintenance Act; Maintenance of Muslims wives during and after divorce; Protection of Rights on Divorce Act, 1986 S.125 of Cr.P.C.
Unit- 7: Child and the family: Legitimacy, Adoption, Custody and Maintenance 4/ Hindu Law (HMA,1956) & Muslim law Guardianship, guarandianship law of Hindu and Muslims.
Unit-8: Costmary practices and the law: Dowry and Dowry Prohibition Act, 1961 Child Marriage and Child Marriage Restraint Act, 1929. Sati and Sati Act, 1987
Unit-9: Family Courts, Need for UCC: composition, power and functions of Family Courts (Family Courts Act 1984) Article 44 of the Indian Constitution

Books Recommended:

1. Maine’s Treatise on Hindu Law and Usage, Bharat Law House, Delhi
2. Muslim Law; the Personal Law of Muslim in India on Pakistan, Faiz Badruddin Tyabji , N.M Tripathi Publications, N. Delhi
3. Paras Divan, Modern Hindu Law, Central Law Agency.
4. Paras Divan, Family Law, Central Law Agency.
5. Mohammedan Law, Dr.Mohammed Nazmi Central Law Agency
6. Vasudha, Towards Uniforms Civil Code, ILI, Delhi
7. Marriage and Family Law Reforms in India, Archana Parasher Sage Publications.



Unit-1 Indemnity and Guarantee: Indian Contract Act, 1872, Contract of Indemnity and guarantee (Secs. 134, 127)
Definition, Rights to Indemnity holder, Liability of the Indemnifier, Contract of Guarantee, Definition of Guarantee, Essential characteristics of contract of Guarantee, Distinction between contract of indemnity and contract of Guarantee, Kinds of guarantee, Rights and liabilities of surety, Discharge of surety, Contract of Bailment (Secs. 148-181 of Indian Contract Act, 1872).
Unit-2: Bailment: Definition, Essential requisites of Bailment, Kinds of Bailment, Rights and Duties of Bailor and Bailee, Termination of Bailment, Pledge, Definition, Rights and duties of Pawn or and Pawnee, Pledge by Non Owners.
Unit-3: Contract of Agency: (Secs. 182-238 of the Indian Contract Act 1872), Definition of Agent, Creation of Agency, Rights and duties of Agent, Delegation of authority, Personal liability of Agent, Relations of Principal with Third parties, Termination of Agency.
Unit-4: Contact of Sale of Goods: (The Indian Sale of Goods Act, 1934), Formation of Contract, Subject-matter of Contract of Sale, Conditions and Warranties, Express and implied conditions and warranties, Caveat Emptor, Property, Possession and risk, Passing of Property, Sale of non-owners, Delivery of goods, Rights and duties of Seller and buyer before and after sale, Rights of unpaid seller.
Unit-5: Contracts of Partnership: (The Indian Partnership Act, 1932), Definition and nature of Partnership, Formation of Partnership, Test of Partnership, Partnership and other associations, Registration of Firm, Effect of non registration, Relation of Partners, Rights and duties of Partners, Properties of the Firm, Relation of Partners to third parties, Implied authority of a partner, Kinds of partners, Minor as partner, Reconstitution of a firm, Dissolution of firm.
Unit-6: Hire purchase
Unit-7: Negotiable Instruments Act, 1881: Definition of negotiable instrument, essential features of promissory note, bill of exchange and cheque, holder, holder in due course, payment in due course, dishonors of cheque.
Books Recommended:
1. Anson’s Law of Contract, Oxford University Press, London
2. Venkatesh Iyer: The Law of Contracts and Tenders.
Gogia & Co., Hyderabad
3. Cheshire & Fifoot: Law of Contract, Buttersworth, London,
4. Mulla: The Indian Contract Act, N.M. Tripathi (P) Ltd. Bombay
5. G.C.V. Subba Rao: Law of Contract, S. Gogia & Co., Hyderabad
6. K. Krishnan Nair: Law of Contract, S. Gogia & Company, Hyderabad
7. Avtar Singh: Law of Contract, Eastern Book Company, Lucknow,
8. A. Ramaiah’s Sale of Goods Act, 4th Edition 1998, The Law Book Co. Allahabad
9. Benjamins Sale of Goods, 1st Edition. 1978, Sweet & Maxwell, London
10. P.S. Atiyah: Sale of Goods Act 1997, Universal Book Traders, Delhi
11. Chales D. Drale: Law of Partnership, Sweet & Maxwell,
12. Bowstead on Agency, Sweet and Maxwell, London.


Unit-1: Parliamentary Government: Westminster Model-Indian experience before Independence-choice of Parliamentary Government, President of India-Election Qualifications, Impeachment, Salary, etc., Council of Minister-President’s Constitutional position, Governor and State Government-President’s constitutional relationship. Legislative Process-Privileges, freedom of speech. Practice of law-making, etc., Legislative privileges-vs. Fundamental Rights. In re. Art 143 of the constitution of India, Prime Minister - cabinet system - collective responsibility -Individual responsibility President P.M. Relationship. Party System-Anti-defection Law. Freedom of an M.P./M.L.A. to dissent.
Unit-2: Federalism: Federalism-principles-Comparative study of other Federations. Why India has a federal Government, Indian Federalism-President of India-Council of State Process of Constitutional amendment. Identification of Federal Features, Legislative Relations between the Centre and the StatesAdministrative relations-Centre-States, Financial Relations-Centre-States, Governor’s position from the perspective of Federalism, Centre’s Powers over the States-Art. 356, J & K - Special Status, Critical problems of India Federalism Sarkaria Commission-Greater autonomy vs Central Control one party domination. Emergence of Political Federalism. Growth of Regional parties.
Unit-3: Governor under the constitution: Powers and functions
Unit-4: Independency the Judiciary and Judicial process: Judicial process under the Constitution: Judicial Review - Art. 32, 226, 227, Nature of Judicial Review, Court system in India: Backlogs. Arrears, alternatives. Lok Adalats etc. Judges; ppointments, Conditions of service, etc. Subordinate Judiciary, Jurisdiction of Supreme Court and High Court, Advisory Jurisdiction of the Supreme Court, Public Interest Litigation.
Unit-5 Freedom of Trade and Commerce:
Unit-6: Services under the Constitution: Doctrine of pleasure (Art. 310), Protection against Arbitrary Dismissal, Removal, or Reduction in Rank (Art. 311), Tulsiram Patel case- Exceptions to Art. 311.
Unit-7; Election Commission of India: Powers and functions
Unit-8 Emergency Provisions under the constitution: Emergency. Need for such a provision. Types of Emergencies. Experience in other democracies , Proclamation of Emergency-conditions-Art. 352-Effect of Emergency on Centre-State relations, Emergency and suspension of fundamental rights. Arts. 358, 359 - Makhan Singh Tarasikha to A.D.M. Jabbalpore, Financial Emergency.
Unit-9: Amendment to the Constitution: Constitutional Processes of Adaptation & Alteration: Methods of constitutional Amendment-Written-Unwritten-Rigid-Flexible Constitutions, Provisions which can be amended by ordinary procedure. Special procedure, review of Constitutional Amendments, Limitations upon constitutional amendments Shankari Prasad, Sajjan Singh, Golak Nath vs. Punjab - Why should Fundamental Rights be immune from the process of constitutional Amendment, Basic structure doctrine as a limitation-Kesavananda Bharati. Development of the Basic Structure Doctrine Constituent power of the Supreme Court. Waman Rao, Minerva Mills, etc., Indira Gandhi vs Raj Narain; Judicial consensus on Basic Structure, Legislative and Judicial Attempts to bury the Basic Structure Doctrine; Legitimation of the Basic Structure Doctrine. Special Bench to Reconsider the Basic Structure Issue. Forty-second Constitutional Amendment. Forty-fourth constitutional Amendment.
Minerva Mills and subsequent developments of the Basic Structure Doctrine. Responsibility of the court; Activism vs. Restraint.
Books Recommended:

1. Shukla V.N.: Constitution of India, Eastern Books Company, Lucknow.
2. Pandey J.N.: Constitutional Law of India, Central Law Agency, Allahabad.
3. Austin, Granwille: The Indian Constitution - Corner Stone of a Nation, 1966,
Oxford University, Press, New Delhi.
4. Basu D.D.: Constitutional Law of India, Prentice Hall of India, New Delhi.
5. Jain, M.P.: Indian Constitutional Law, Wadhwa & Co., Nagpur.
6. Subba Rao, GCV.: Indian Constitutional Law, Eastern Books Company, Lucknow.
7. Tope T.K.: Constitutional Law of India, Eastern Book Company, Lucknow.
8. Shiva Rao B.: The Framing of India’s Constitution (in 5 volumes), Indian Institute of Public Admn., New Delhi.
9. Seervai, H.M.: Constitutional Law of India (in 3 volumes), M.M. Tripathi, Bombay.
10. Constituent Assembly Debates (5 books) - Official report, Lok Sabha Secretariat, New Delhi.

Unit -1: Basic Aspects: Meaning and definition of environment and pollution, kinds of pollution, sources and consequences of pollution: Significance of environmental Law: Ancient Indian Philosophy relating to environment protection.
Unit-2: Territory law, Constitution provisions concerning environment Articles 14,15,(2) (b) 19 (e),21,31,32,38,39,42,47, 48-A,49,51,51-A: Constitutional provisions about states powers concerning acquisition, regulation and distribution of natural resources (water, forests, mines, oil) with special emphasis on Arts 14, 15, 19, 31A, 31B, 31C, 39 (b) & (c): Union lists ( Entries 6,52,56,57) State list (Entries 17,18,21,23) Concurrent List (Entries17,17-I,17B,18,20) of Ninth Schedule and land reforms abolition of intermediaries and land ceiling.
Unit-3: Primary Protective Laws: Water Act, 1974, Air Act, 1981, Environment (Protection) Act 1972 and Forest Act,1927 and Forest Conservation Act, 1980, Biodiversity Act, 2002, NET 1995,NEAA 1997, Schedule Tribe (Forest Rights) Act, Act, Unit-4: Secondary Laws noise pollution regulations: Environment Impact Assessment (EIA), rules relating to waste management (Solid wastes, hazardous wastes, bio-medical wastes, CRZ Notification).
Unit-5: Common Law & Criminal Law Remedies for Environmental Problems: Nuisance, Negligence, strict liability and absolute liability, Provisions of IPC relating to environmental problems (public nuisance u/s 268 and others (Sections 269,270,277,284,285,286,425 to 440) Section 133 0f Cr.P.C.
Unit-6: International Law and Environmental Protection: Stockholm Conference 1972, Rio summit, 1992, UNEP, WSSD, 2002, Trail Smelter Arbitration
Unit-7: Environment and Development: Meaning and concept of development - Its impact on environment; conflict between environment and development, Concept of Sustainable Development. (Principles of integration, polluter pay principle, precautionary principle, interpenetrated equity), Public Trust Doctrine. people’s movements (Chipko, Tehri, Silent valley and NBA) Land Acquisition for development projects – Social and legal problems.
Unit-8: Judicial Activism and Environment: Public interest litigation for environmental protection; landmark Judgments – (Reference cases; Bhopal case, Olium gas leakage case, Rural Litigation and Entitlement Kendra, Dehradun, (Dehradoo case, (1985) Supp SCC 487), A.P Pollution Control Board v. Prof M.V. Nayudu ,(1999) 2 SCC 718), Vellore Citizen Welfare Forum v. Union of India, (1996) 5SCC 647), Ganga Pollution case (1988) I SCC ), Olga Tellis v. Bombay Muncipal Corporation ((1985) 3 SCC5 45), S. Jagannath v. UOI (1997) SCC867) Samatha case, M.C.Mehta V. Kamalnath( (1997) I SCC 388) and other latest landmarks judgments.
Books Recommended:
1. Armin Rosencranz, Shyam Divan, Martha L. Noble: Environmental Law
2. A. Agarwal (ed.): Legal Control of Environmental Pollution
3. Chetan Singh Mehta: Environmental Protection and Law
4. V.R. Krishna Iyer, Environment Pollution and Law
5. Shah, Environmental Law
6. Leela Krishna, P, The Evolving Environmental Law and Policy in India
6. Leela Krishna, P, Environmental Law
7. Paras Diwan, Environmental Law, Policy, Administration
8. Animal Laws of India, Maneka Gandhi, University Law Publishing Co. Pvt. Ltd.
9. S. Shanthkumar, E L, Surya Publications, Delhi.

(Legal Method, Indian Legal System and Basic Theory of Law)
Unit-1 Need to study jurisprudence - its relationship with political and power structures and just society.
Unit-2: What is a norm, What is a normative system..Kelsen Pure theory.
Unit-3: Concept of law, its difference with laws of natural sciences, social sciences, statistics, history,Laws on obligations.H.L.A.HART’s Concept of Law.Law as system of Rules.
Unit-4: Why are laws obligatory? Define and discuss the following legal concepts liability, obligations, sanction, coercion, compulsion, duty, estoppel, promise, dharma with case material,
Unit-5: Contractarian Theories - general-will theories and free-will theories and autonomous theories particularly positivist theories and autonomous theories particularly positivist theories connected (development of Austin onwards; Reference to Dworkin, Rawls and Marxian terms of the doctrine of withering away of State, Transcendental Theories, Law as a means of social control, Law as Volksgeist.
Unit- 6: Personality; people; state-with particular reference to Directive Principles of State policy; locus standi Randhir Singh, Golaknath and other relevant cases.
Unit-7: Theories of Authority, Types of authority - legislative, judicial and customary - their binding nature, Bindingness with regard to Precedent, Determination of ratio
Unit-8: Limits on legislative authority., Positivist view that there are no limits. Discuss with reference to Austin, Kalsen.Refer Indian cases like Golaknath and D.C. Wadhwa’s case,
Unit-9: Natural Law view that the limits are defined by principles of morality or natural justice - the legislation, from whatever source, must be in
accordance with such principles. Discuss with reference to Aquinas, Finnis, The Rationalis view that the limits are get by rational principles of justice - Discuss with reference to Kant, Rawls,
Unit-10: The Basic Structure Doctrine - that the limits are set by the basic structure of the constitution or the law itself; any legislation contrary to the basic structure is non-law (Refer Kesavananda and Coelho cases)., Define and discuss the basic legal concept of reasonableness with reference to Indian cases. State of Madras V.G. Row (1952 SC 196), Dwaraka Prasad Laxmi Narayan V. State of U.P. (AIR 1954 SC 224), Krishnachandra V. Commissioner of Police (1961 3 SCR 135) Hardhan Shah V. State of West Bengal (1975 3 SCC 198). AIR India V. Nargesh Meerza (AIR 1987 SC 1829). Maneka Gandhi V. Union of India (1978 2SCR 621).Judicial Decions particularly the decions of Indian Supreme Court on contemporary socio political , legal and economic issues.
Unit-11: The functions of Law, Law as the upholder of the moral order in the society, Concept of dharma and connection between law and morality, Law for bringing efficiency and social stability; the utilitarian views,
Unit-12: The differences between the ends of a legal order, a political order and a religious order. Are they inter changeable? Can one replace another? Issue concerning the dialectics of law,
Books Recommended:
1. Salmond, Jurisprudence, Universal Publishers.
2. Paton, Jurisprudence
3. Allen, Law in Making, Universal Publishers.
4. Mahajan V.D, Legal Theory and Jurisprudence.
5. Dias, Jurisprudence.
6. Lloyd, Introduction to Jurisprudance
7. S.N. Dyani, Fundamental of Jurisprudance: Indian Approach
8. G.C.V.Subba Rao, Jurisprudence and Legal Theory

(Testamentary and Intestate Succession)

Unit-1: Concept of property: property concept, scope and evolution, New Property concepts, Such As Skill, Job, etc. as new forms of property.
Unit -2: Inheritance: Hindus, historical perspective of traditional Hindu law as a background to the study of Hindu succession Act, 1956. Succession to property of a Hindu male dying intestate under the provisions of Hindu Succession Act. 1956.
Unit-3: Devolution of interest in Mitakshara coparcenary with reference to the provisions of Hindu Succession Act, 1956.
Unit-4: Succession to property of Hindu female dying intestate under the Hindu succession Act. 1956. Disqualifications relating to succession, General Rules of Succession, Hindu Succession amendment Act, 2005
Unit-3: Disqualifications, general principles.
Unit-4: Muslim Law of Inheritance and Succession , Rules governing Sunni and Shia law of inheritance, Differences between Shia and Sunni Law, Administration of Estates, Wills under Muslim Law.
Unit-5: Indian Succession Act: Domicile, Intestate Succession, Will-Codicil, Interpretation - Revocation of Will, Bequests-conditional - contingent or void bequests, Legacies, Probate and letters of administration, Executor-administrators, Succession certificate.
Books Recommended:
1. Tahir Mahmood: The Muslim Law of India, Law Book Company, Allahabad:
2 Aquil Ahmed: Text Book of Mohammadan
3. Prof. G.C.V. Subba Rao:
Family Law in India, , S. Gogia & Company, Hyderabad.
4. Asaf A.A. Fyzee: Outlines of Mohammadan Law, , Oxford University Press,
5. Mulla: Principles of Mohammedan Law
6. Paras Divan: Family Law (Hindu, Muslim, Christian, Parsi and others) Allahabad
Law Agency, Allahabad.
7. M.A. Qureshi: Text Book on Muslim Law, , Central Law Publications, Allahabad.
8. Hidayatullah : Mulla Principles of Mohammadan Law, (4th reprint), N.M.
Private Limited, Bombay.
9. Tondon M.P.: Muslim law in India, Allahabad Law Agency, Allahabad.
10. Prasad V.: The Indian Succession Act, 1982, Allahabad Law Agency, Allahabad.


Unit-1: Concept and meaning of property - kinds of property - movable and immovable property - tangible and intangible property, private and public property.
Unit-2: General Principles of transfer of property, transfer of property, what property cannot be transferred? Condition retraining alienation, condition restraining enjoyment, vested and contingent interest, condition precedent and condition subsequent, transfer to unborn person and rule against perpetuity.
Unit-3: Doctrine of election – covenants- transfer by ostensible owner, doctrine of feeding the grant by estoppel, doctrine of acquiescence, doctrine of lis pendens, fraudulent transfer, doctrine of part- performance.
Unit-4: Sale: Definition, contract for sale, rights and liabilities of seller and buyer.
Unit-5: Mortgages: Kinds of mortgages, - when registration is necessary?, Rights of mortgagor - right to redeem, clog on redemption, partial redemption, rights and of mortgagee, right to foreclose or sale, right to sue for mortgage money, accession to mortgaged property, rights of mortgages in possession, substituted securities, liabilities of a mortgagee in possession, marshalling and contribution, subrogation - legal subrogation and conventional, "redeem up and foreclose down",
Unit -6: Lease: Definition, right and liabilities of lessor and lessee, kinds of leases. tenancy-at- will, tenancy by- holding-over, tenancy-at-sufferance.
Unit-7: Gifts: definition, essentials, onerous gift, conditional gifts, universial donee, donatio mortis causa.
Unit- 8: Exchange of Properties and Assignment of actionable claims.
Unit- 9: Easements: Definition, nature and characteristics of easements, acquisition or creation of easements, classification or kinds of easement, termination or determination of easements, difference between easement and licence.
Books Recommended:
1. Mulla, Transfer of Property, Butterworths Publications.
2. Subba Rao, GCV, Commentaries on the Transfer of Property Act.
3. Krishna Menon, Law of Property.
4. Sanjeev Rao, Transper of Property
5. Grover, Transfer of Property


Unit-1: Historical Perspective on Labour: 1.1 Labour through the ages – slave labour – guild system – division on class basis – labour during feudal days; 1.2 Labour – capital conflicts: Profit motive, exploitation of labour, poor working conditions, poor bargaining power, unorganized labour, surplus labour, division of labour and super-specialisation, lack of alternative employment; 1.3 From Laissez faire to Welfare State: Transition from exploitation to protection and from contract to status;1.4 International Labour Standards and their implementation.
Unit-II: Trade Unionism: Colonial labour law and policy; Labour Movement as a counter measure to exploitation – History of trade union movement in India;Right to trade union as part of human right to freedom of association. Role of trade unions in the changing economic scenario.
Unit-III: Legal control and protection of trade unions: Indian Trade Union Act of 1926: registration, rights and liabilities of trade union, Amalgamation and dissolution of trade union;3.2 Problems: multiplicity of unions, over politicization, intra-union and inter-union Rivalry, outside leadership, closed shop and union-shop, recognition of unions.
3.3 Amendments to Trade Union Act and reforms in law.
Unit-IV: Collective Bargaining: 4.1 Concept of collective bargaining – essential characteristics – merits and demerits – conditions for the success for collective bargaining; 4.2 Bargaining process: Negotiation – Pressurization techniques: Strike and lockout, go-slow, work to rule, gherao; Structure of bargaining: plant, industry and national levels;4.4. Recognition of trade union for collective bargaining;
Unit-V: Law relating to service conditions: Industrial Employment (Standing Orders) Act, 1946 - 5.1 Scope and object of the Act, Model standing orders, and matters to be incorporated in standing orders (schedule to the Act) 5.2 Submission of draft standing order, certification and modification of standing orders; 5.3 Interpretation of standing orders and power of appropriate Government to make rules; 5.4 Concept of misconduct, disciplinary action and punishment for misconduct.
Unit-VI: Law relating to Industrial disputes: Industrial Disputes Act, 1947 -
6.1Conceptual conundrum: industry, industrial dispute, workmen; (Sec.2’j’k’&’s’); 6.2 Dispute settlement machinery: Conciliation officers, Board of Conciliation, labour court, Industrial Tribunal and National Tribunal – duties and powers; (Sec3-10); 6.3 Reference for adjudication and Voluntary Arbitration (Sec.10 & 10A); Award and its binding nature and judicial review of awards. (Secs.18 & 11-A);6.4 Statutory limitations on strikes and lock-outs; unfair labour practices – prohibition and penalties. (Sec.22-31&25-T, 25U); General and special provisions relating to lay-off, retrenchment & closure (Sections 25A-25S & 25K-25R);6.5Recommendations of Second Labour Commission on industrial disputes.
7.1 Unit-VIII: Discipline in Industry: 7.1 Meaning of discipline and causes of indiscipline in industry; 7.2 Doctrine of hire and fire – history of management’s prerogative; 7.2.1 Restraints on managerial prerogatives: Fairness in disciplinary process, right to know the charge sheet and right of hearing ; 7.2.2 Domestic enquiry – notice, evidence, cross-examination, representation, unbiased inquiry officer and reasoned decision; 7.3 Prenatal (permission) and Postnatal (approval) control during pendency of proceedings (Sec.33 of ID Act)
Books Recommended:
1. R.F. Rustomji: The Law of Industrial Disputes in India.
2. J.N. Malik: Trade Union Law.
3. Bagri: Law of Industrial Disputes, Kamal Law House, 2001.
4. Srivastava: Law of Trade Unions., Eastern Book Company, 4th Edition 2002.
5. Dr. V.G.Goswami, Labour and Industrial Law, Central Law Agency, Allahabad.
6. S.N. Mishra, Labour and Industrial Law, Central Law Agency, Allahabad.
7. Khan and Khan Labour Law, Asia Law House, Hyderabad.

Unit-1: Meaning of Company, essential characteristics, corporate personality and lifting the corporate veil; Forms of Corporate and non-Corporate Organisations; Corporations, partnerships and other associations of persons, state corporations, government companies, public sector private sector, their-role, functions and accountability of companies.
Unit-2: Incorporation, Memorandum of association - various clauses - alteration therein - doctrine of ultra vires, Articles of association - binding force alteration - its relations with memorandum of association - doctrine of constructive notice and indoor management exceptions, Prospectus - issue - contents - liability for misstatements -statement in lieu of prospectus, Promotors - position - duties and liabilities
Unit-3: Shareholders: Shares - general principles of allotment statutory restrictions - share certificate its objects and effects - transfer of shares - restrictions on transfer - procedure for transfer - refusal of transfer - role of public finance institutions - relationship between transferor and transfers - issue of shares at premium and discount, Shareholder - who can be and who cannot be a shareholder modes of becoming a shareholder calls on shares - forfeiture and surrender of shares - lien on shares rights and liabilities of shareholder, Share capital - kinds - alteration and reduction of share capital - further issue of capital - conversion of loans and debentures into capital duties of court to protect the interests of creditors and shareholders.
Unit-4: Directors - position - appointment - qualifications, vacation of office - removal, resignation - powers and duties of directors -meeting, registers, loans remuneration of directors - role of nominee directors-compensation for loss of office - managing directors and other managerial personnel, Meetings - kinds procedure – voting.
Unit-5: Dividends, Debentures, Borrowing Powers: Dividends - payment - capitalization of bonus shares, Audit and accounts, Borrowing - powers - effects of unauthorised borrowing -charges and mortgages - loans to other companies investments - contracts by companies, Debentures - meaning- floating charge - kinds of debentures - shareholder and debenture holder - remedies of debenture holders.
Unit-6: Majority rule: Protection of minority rights, Prevention of oppression and miss-management, who can apply - when can he apply, powers of the court and of the Central Government.
Unit-7: Other Allied Aspects: Private companies - nature advantages conversion into public company foreign companies, government companies, holding and subsidiary companies, Investigations– Powers, Reconstruction and amalgamation, Defunct Companies. National company Law Tribunal, powers and functions.
Unit-8: Law and Multinational Companies: Collaboration agreements for technology transfer, Control and regulation of foreign companies taxation of foreign companies, share capital in such companies.
Unit-9: Winding Up: Winding up - types - by court - reasons - grounds - who can apply - procedure, powers of liquidator - powers of court consequences of winding up order- voluntary winding up by members and creditors winding up subject to supervision of court.
Unit-10: Winding up proceedings: appointment of liquidator, powers and duties of official liquidator; Liability of past members - payment of liabilities - preferential payments, unclaimed dividends - winding up of unregistered company.

Books Recommended:
1. Palmer, Company Law
2. 2. Gover, Company Law
3. Ramaih, A Guide to Companieis Act, Wadhwa Publications
4. Avatar Singh: Company Law, Eastern Book company, Lucknkow
5. Anantha Raman, lectures on company Law, Wadhwa and Company
6. Tadon M.P. ,Company Law, Allahabad Law Agency, Allahabad
7. Kailash Rai, Company Law , Allahabad Law Agency, Allahabad
8. Majumdar, Company Law, Taxman Publications

Unit-1: Evolution, Nature and scope of Administrative Law, From a laissez faire to a social welfare state State as regulator of primary interest State as provider of services Other functions of modern state - relief, welfare., Evolution of administration as the fourth branch of Government Necessity for delegation of powers on administration., Evolution of agencies and procedures for settlement of dispute between individual and administration., Regulatory agencies in the United States, Conseild’ state of France, Tribunalization in England and India., Relationship between Constitutional Law and Administrative Law Public Administration., Separation of Powers - to what extent of relevant in administrative functions,Rule of Law and Administrative Law., Definitions of Administrative Law, Scope of Administrative Law, Emerging trends - positive duties of administration under the modern social welfare legislation and compulsions of planning.
Unit-2: Bureaucracy in India: Nature and organisation of civil service, Central and State, Its hierarchical character, accountability and responsiveness, powers and functions, Disciplinary proceedings and prosecutions under Prevention of Corruption Act.
Maladministration: Disciplenery proceedings under Prevention of Corruption Act, 1988, Ombudsman, Parliamentary Commissioner, Lok Pal, Lok Ayukta, Vigilance commission, Congressional and Parliamentary Committees.
Unit-3: Legislative Powers of Administration : Necessity for delegation of legislative power, Constitutionality of delegated legislation-powers of exclusion and inclusion and power to modify statute, Requirements for the validity of delegated legislation, Consultation of affected interests and public participation decision-making., Publication of delegated legislation, Administrative directions, circulars and policy statements, Legislative control of delegated legislation, Laying procedures and their efficacy, Committees on delegated legislation- their constitution function and effectiveness, Hearings before legislative committees, Judicial control of delegated legislation - doctrine ultra vires, sub-delegation of legislative powers.
Unit-4: Administrative Adjudicatory Process: Administrative tribunals and other adjudicating authorities their ad-hoc character - Compare administration of Justice in Courts with that of Tribunals (Ref. Robson), Nature of tribunals - constitution, procedure, rules of evidence, etc., with special reference to the following, Central Board of Customs and Excise, MRTP Commission, ESI Courts, Service Tribunals, Jurisdiction of administrative tribunal and other authorities : Distinction between quasi-judicial and administrative functions and relevance of this distinction in the light of recent decisions of the supreme court.
Unit-5: Principles of Natural Justice: The right to hearing - Essentials of hearing process, Bias (no one can be a judge in his own cause) oral hearing, etc., Requirements regarding reasoned decisions, the right to counsel, institutional decisions. Exception to the rule of natural justice, violation of principles of natural justice, viod or viodable. Administrative Appeals, Council of Tribunals and Inquiries in England, U.S. Regulatory Agencies and Administrative procedures Act 1946., Emerging Trends of Tribunalization in India as a relief to congestion in the courts and utilization of administrative expertise. Exceptions to the rules of natural justice, violation of principles of natural justice, void or viodable.
Unit-6: Judicial Control of Administrative Action: Preliminary. Courts as the final authority of determine legality of administrative action-problems and perspectives. Exhaustion of administrative remedies, Standing, standing for social action litigation, laches, res judicate, grounds of Judicial Review : Scope of Judicial Review, Jurisdictional error/ultra vires, abuse and non exercise of jurisdiction, Error apparent on the face of the record., violation of principles of natural justice, violation of public policy, primary jurisdiction, Doctrine of legitimate expectation, doctrine of public accountability and doctrine of proportionality, Methods of Judicial Review, statutory appeals, mandamus, certiorari, prohibition, quo-warranto, hebeas corpus, declaratory judgments and injunctions, specific performance and civil suits for compensation , Fact-finding commissions
Unit-7: Administrative discretion and its judicial control and its judicial control,Need for administrative discretion, Administrative discretion and rule of law, Male fide exercise of discretion, Constitutional imperatives and use of discretionary authorityIrrelevant considerations, Non-exercise of discretionary power, Discretion to prosecute or to withdraw prosecution, Limiting, confining and structuring discretion-General discretion, technical discretion.
Unit-8: Liability for Wrongs (Tortious and contractual), Tortious liability sovereign and non-sovereign functions, Crown Proceedings Act of U.K. and Torts Claims Act of U.S., Statutory immunity, Act or state., Contractual liability of government, Government privilege in legal proceedings-State Secrets,
public interest, etc., Right to information and open government, Estoppel and Waiver
Unit-9: Corporations and Public Undertakings : , State Monopoly - Remedies against arbitrary action or for acting against public policy, Liability of public and private corporations of Departmental undertakings., Legal Remedies, Accountability - Committee on Public Undertakings, Estimates Committee, etc.
Unit-10: Powers of Enquiry and Investigation of the Administration: Powers of the government under the commissions of Inquiry Act, 1952, Working of the Act.
Unit-11: Right to know: Right to Information Act, 2005.
Books Recommended:
1. Griffith and Street: Principles of Administrative Law.
2. H.W.R. Wade: Administrative Law, Oxford Publications, London.
3. De Smith: Judicial Review of Administrative Action, Sweet and Maxwell.
4. S.P. Sathe: Administrative Law, Butterworths.
5. I.P. Massey: Administrative Law, Eastern Book Company.
6. Jain and Jain: Principles of Administrative Law, Wadhawa Publication, Naapur.
Paper - V:
Unit-1: Introduction: Difference Between Construction and Interpretation, Concept and Power of Interpretation, Literal Construction, Other principals of Interpretation, General Principals of interpretation: The Primary rule: Literal construction , the other main Principals of interpretation, Reading words in their context: the external aspect, Reading words in context: the statutory aspect.
Unit-2:Beneficial construction and restrictive construction, Consequences to be considered, Presumption against changes in the common Law, mens rea in statutory offences.
Unit-3:Theoretical or ideological approaches to interpretation, Judicial Restraint, Judicial activism, Juristic Restraint, Juristic activism
Unit-4:Presumptions regarding jurisdiction, Presumptions against ousting established jurisdictions, Presumptions against creating new and enlarging established jurisdictions, How far statutes affect the crown Further presumptions regarding jurisdiction, Territorial extent of British legislation, How far statutes conferring rights affect Foreigners, Presumption against violation of International Law.
Unit- 5: Construction to avoid collision with other provisions, construction most agreeable to justice and reason, Presumption against intending what is inconvenient or unreasonable, Presumption against intending injustice or absurdity, Presumption against impairing obligations, permitting advantage from ones own wrong, Retrospective operation of statutes.
Unit-6: Exceptional Construction, Modification of the Language to meet the intention, Equitable construction, Strict Construction of penal Laws, Statues encroaching on rights or imposing burdens, Construction to prevent evasion, Construction to prevent abuse of powers.
Unit-7: Intentions attributed to the legislature when it expresses none, Imperative and directory and enactments, Absolute and qualified duties, Impossibility of compliance, Waiver, Public and private remedies
Unit- 8: Rules of statutory interpretation: their judge made character, Legalism and Creativity: Mischief and Golden Rule, Rule of Construction in Fiscal and Criminal Statutes, Technicality: Rules as to necessary and implied repeal: Rule for interpretation of codifying, consolidating and amending statute, Values and Interpretation, countemporaneo expositto, nositur a sociis, ejusdem generis.
Unit-9: Constitutional interpretation, differentiation from statutory interpretation Rex Vs Burah as example, Literal interpretations, Harmonious construction, Reference to constituent assembly debates, Pith and substance, Occupied field, Residuary power, Repugnancy, Amending power Directive Principles as source of constitutional interpretation. stare decisis, the doctrine has inherited by us, Techniques of innovation (Subversion) of stare decisis, Supreme Court’s authority to over rule its own decisions
(Eg: Antulay Case), Advisory jurisdiction and its import on precedent, retrospective overruling in India, Objections to judicial review as anti-majoritarian
Unit-10: Principles of legislation: Principles of the civil code, principles of the penal code of punishments
Books Recommended:
1. D.D. Basu — Limited Government and Judicial Review.
2. Jeremy Bentham: Theory of Legislation, Butterworths Publications.
3. Vepa P. Sarathi: Interpretation of Statutes, Eastern Book Co, Lucknow
4. Maxwell: Interpretation of Statutes, Butterworths Publications.
5. Crawford: Interpretation of Statutes, Universal Publishers, Delhi
6 Chatterjee: Interpretation of Statutes.
7. G.P. Singh: Principles of Statutory Interpretation, Wadhwa and Company,



Unit-1: Remuneration for Labour:

Unit-2: Law relating to wages and bonus: Theories of wages: marginal productivity, subsistence, wage fund, supply and demand, residual claimant, standard of livingConcepts of wages (minimum wage, fair wage, living wage, need-based minimum wage); Constitutional provisions; components of wages: 2.1 Minimum Wages Act, 1948: Objectives and constitutional validity of the Act; procedure for fixation and revision of minimum rates of wages – exemptions and exceptions; 2.2 Payment of Wages Act, 1936: Regulation of payment of wages; Authorized Deductions, 2.3 Payment of Bonus Act; Bonus - Its historical background, present position and exemptions ; Payment of Bonus (Amendment) Act, 2007
Unit-3: Social security against employment injury and other contingencies : 3.1 Concept and development of social security measures; 3.2 Employers liability to pay compensation for employment injury; Legal protection: Workmen’s Compensation Act, 1923 - 3.1.1 Concept of ‘accident arising out of’ and ‘in the course of the employment’; Doctrine of notional extension and doctrine of added peril; 3.1.2 Total and partial disablement; 3.1.2 Quantum and method of distribution of compensation. 3.3 Employees State Insurance Act, 1948: 3.2.1 Benefits provided under the Act; 3.2.2 Employees State Insurance Fund and Contributions; 3.2.3 Machinery for the implementation of the Act; 3.2.3 ESI court and appeal to High Court.
Unit-4: Law relating to retirement benefits: 4.1 Employees Provident Fund and Miscellaneous Provisions Act, 1952; Family Pension Scheme 1971 and Employees Pension Scheme 1995; 4.1.1 The changing rules regarding Employees Provident Fund and Pension Schemes; 4.2 Payment of Gratuity Act, 1972 – Concept of gratuity; Eligibility for payment of gratuity; Determination of gratuity; Forfeiture of gratuity.
Unit-5 Labour Welfare: 5.1 Philosophy of Labour Welfare; Historical Development of Labour welfare legislation; 5.2 Health, Safety and welfare measures under Factories Act, 1948; 5.3 Welfare of women and child labour: Protective provisions under Equal Remuneration Act & Maternity Benefit Act.
Unit-6:Contract Labour:6.1 Problems of contract labour; Process of contractualisationof labour ; 6.2 Legal protection: Contract Labour (Regulation and Abolition) Act, 1970; Controversy regarding Abolition of contract labour and their absoption; Land mark cases: Air India Statutory Corpn. V. United Labour Union, (1997) & SAIL case (2002); 6.2 proposed amendment and its impact on the contract labour.
Unit-7: Unorganised Sector: 7.1 Problem of Definition and Identification; Unionization problems 7.2 Historical backdrop of proposed bills on social security for unorganized sector (2004, 2005 & 2007); 7.3 Unorganized Sector Workers’ Social Security Act, 2008
Unit-8: Protection of Weaker Sections of Labour: 8.1 Problems of bonded labour, bidi workers, domestic workers, construction workers inter-state migrant workmen; 8.2 Legal protection: Bonded Labour System (Abolition) Act, 1976; Inter State Migrant Workmen (Regulation of Employment and Conditions of Service) Act, 1979
Books Recommended:
1. R.F. Rustomji: The Law of Industrial Disputes in India.
2. J.N. Malik: Trade Union Law.
3. Bagri: Law of Industrial Disputes, Kamal Law House, Delhi.
4. Srivastava: Law of Trade Unions., Eastern Book Company.
5. Dr. V.G.Goswami, Labour and Industrial Law, Central Law Agency, Allahabad.
6. S.N.Mishra, Labour and Industrial Law, Central Law Agency, Allahabad.
7. Khan and Khan Labour Law, Asia Law House, Hyderabad.


Unit-1: Basic Aspects of International Law;: Nature and basis of International Law, definition of International Law, Relationship between Muncipal Law and International Law, Sources of International Law (Treaties custom, general principles, recognized by civilized Nation, ICJ decisions).
Unit-2: State as subject of international law: essentials of statehood, not fully sovereign states and other entities, right and duties of states, modes of acquisition and loss of state territory, state responsibility.
Unit-3:Recognition succession: Concept of recognition, theories, kinds and consequences of recognition, recognition
Unit-4, Individual as a subject of International Law: The Basic modification, post charter in the position: Nationality, extradition, UNO & Human Rights, UDHR, Covenant on Civil Political Rights,1966, Covenant on Economic Social and Cultural Rights, 1966.
Unit-5: Equitable resource utilization and justification: law of sea air space, law of outer space, common heritage of mankind.
Unit-6: State jurisdiction: Basis of jurisdiction sovereign immunity, diplomatic privileges and immunities.
Unit-7: , Treaties: Making of Treaty, Reservations to treaty, Pacta sunt servanda, modes of termination of treaty.
Unit-8: UNO, Principles and Purpose of UNO, Security Council (Composition, powers and functions), General Assembly (Composition, powers and functions, ECOSOC (Composition, powers and functions) Trusteeship Council, ICJ ( Composition, types of jurisdiction)
Unit-9: International Economic Institutions: a) WTO (Organization and functions) b) IMF (Compositions, powers and functions) c) IBRD (Composition, powers & function) and d) UNCTAD.

Books Recommended:
1. Oppenhieum, International Law
2. Ian Bronnlie, Principles of Public Internal Law Oxford University pres,
3. Malcom N Shaw, International Law, Cambridge Publication.
4. H.O Agarwa;. International Law and Human Rights, Central Law Publications Allahabad.
5. S.K.Kapoor, Public International Law, Central Law Agency.
6. J.G.Starke, Introduction to International law, Aditya Books, New Delhi.
7. S.K.Varma, An Introduction to International Law, Printice Hall of India, New Delhi
8. Bowett, International Institutions.
9. International Law; Sir Robert Jennings and sir Arthur Watts (ed) Longman


Unit-1: Constitutional Provisions- Arts. 265 to 289 - Scope of Tax Laws: b. Tax and Fee. Capital Receipt and Revenue Receipt distinguished.
Unit-2: Direct Tax Laws : Income Tax Law: Historical out line, Definitions-‘Income’ ‘Agriculture Income’ Previous Year’ and Assessee’ Incidence of Tax and Residential Status. Statutory exemptions (Ss 10 to 13A) classification of Income and Heads of Income (Ss 14 to 59): b. Assessment (Ss.109 to158) Collection and Recovery of Tax (ss19A-234) Double Taxation Relief Clubbing of Incomes Ss50-66).
Unit-3: Income Tax Authorities, Settlement of cases (S.245). Appeals and Revisions (Ss 246-269), Penalties, offences and prosecution (Ss 270-280).
Unit-4: Wealth Tax Act: Definitions of Asset, Net Wealth. Valuation Date Deemed Assets. Exempted Assets.
Unit-5: Indirect Tax Laws: a) Central Sales Tax Act. 1956 - Historical outline-Definitions-A detailed study of Ss. 4 to 6A-Registration of Dealers-Liability in special cases (Ss 16 to 18): b) A.P. General Sales Tax Act, 1957 Definitions: Business-Dealer-Casual Dealer-Total turn-over-Registration of dealers (S. 12) Sales Tax Authorities (Ss 3 and 4).
Unit-6: VAT, Scope of VAT, problems and prospects in its application,
Books Recommended:
1 Dr. Vinod K. Singhania, Student Guide to Income Tax, Taxman.
2 Dr. Vinod K. Singhania, Direct Taxes Law & Practice, Taxman Allied Service
Pvt. Limited.
3 Myneni S.R., aw of Taxation, Allahabad Law Series.
4 Kailash Rai, Taxation Laws, llahabad Law Agency.
5 Dr. Gurish Ahuja, Systematic Approach to Income Tax, Bharat Law House Pvt.
Limited, Delhi
6 V.S. Datey: Law and Practice Central Salkes Tax Act, 2003, Taxman
7. Nani Palkivala: Income Tax, Butterworths Publications.
8. Dr. GK Pillai, VAT- A Model for Indian Tax Reforms
9. Naidu’s Sales Tax Act

(Optional Paper-II)

Unit-1: Introductory: The meaning of intellectual Property. The main forms of intellectual property: copy rights, marks, patents, designs. The competing rationales for protection of rights in Copyright Trade marks Patents designs Introduction to the leading international instruments concerning intellectual property rights: the Berne convention, Universal Copyright Convention, the Paris Union, the World Intellectual Property Rights Organization (WIPO) and the UNESCO; TRIPS; WIPO.
Unit-2: Meaning of Copyright Copyright in literacy, dramatic and musical works ,Copyright in Musical and Works and cinematograph films , Ownership of Copyright, Assignment of Copyright, Author’s special rights, Infringement of copyright, Fair use Provisions, Remedies.
Unit-3: Intellectual Property in Trademarks: The rationale of protection of trade marks as (a) an aspect of commercial and (b) of consumer rights, definition, conception of Trade Marks, Registration; Distinction Between Trade Mark and Property Mark, Geographical Indicators.
Unit-4: The law of intellectual property: Patents: Conception of Patent. Historical Overview of the patents Law in India, Patentable inventions with special reference to biotechnology products entailing creation of new forms of life, Process of obtaining a patent. Various grounds for refusing patent grant.
Unit-5: Rights and obligations of a patentee, limitations and patents as chose in action, Duration of Patents Law
Unit-6: Litigation in Copyright Law.
Unit-7: Litigation in Trade Mark Law
Unit-8: Litigation in Patents Law.
Books Recommended:
1. P. Narayanan: Patent Law, Eastern Law House.
2. Roy Chowdhary, S.K. & Other, Law of Trademark, Copyrights, Patents and
3. Dr. G.B. Reddy, Intellectual Property Rights and the Law, Gogia
Law Agency.
4. John Holyoak and Paul Torremans, Intellectual Property Law.
5. B.L. Wadhera, Intellectual Property Law, Universal Publishers.
6. W.R. Cornish, Intellectual Property Law, Universal Publishers.
Paper - V:

Unit- 1: Ownership of land - Doctrine of eminent domain -doctrine of Escheat.
Unit-2: Movement of Law reforms: Pre-Independence position - Zamindari Settlement - Ryotwari Settlement -Mahalwari System - Intermediaries - Absentee Landlordism - Large holdings. Post-dependence Reforms: Abolition of Zamindaries Laws relating to abolition of Intermediaries.
Unit-3, Land Ceiling: Urban Land Ceiling and Agrarian Land Ceiling
Unit-4: Laws relating to acquisition of property and Governmental control and use of land -Land Acquisition Act of 1894.
Unit-5: Laws relating to tenancy reforms: Land to the Tiller, Rent control and protection against eviction, AP (Andhra Area) Tenancy Act, 1956.
Unit-6: Laws relating alienation / assignment in scheduled areas: A.P. Schedule Areas Land Transfer regulation 1959. (Samatha Case), A.P. Assigned Lands (Prohibition of Transfer) Act, 1977.
Unit-7: Laws relating to Grabbing. A.P.Land Encroachment Act, 1905, AP Land Grabbing (Prohibition) act, 1982.
Unit-8: Forest Laws - Conservation of Forest Act, 1980, A.P. Forest Act, 1967.
Unit-9: Tribal Right to Land (Recent Act) and A.P. Land Revenue Code.

Books Recommended:
1. P. Rama Reddi and P. Srinivasa Reddy: Land Reform Laws in A.P., Asia Law House. 5th Ed. Hyderabad..
2. P.S. Narayana: Manual of Revenue Laws in A.P., Gogia Law Agency, 6th Ed. 1999.
3. Land Grabbing Laws in A.P.: Asia Law House, 3rd Ed. 2001, Hyderabad.
4. G.B. Reddy: Land Laws in A.P., Gogia Law Agency, Hyderabad, 1st Edition, 2001.
Paper - V:
(Optional Paper-III)
Unit-1: Securities: The concept and kinds: Government Securities, Securities issued by banks, Secured issued by corporations, Securities in mutual fund and Collective investment schemes, Depository receipts.
Unit-2: Government Securities: Bonds issued by government and semi government institutions, Role of Central Bank (the RBI in India), Impact of issuance of bonds on economy, Government loan from the general public, External borrowing, World Bank, I.M.F, Asian Development Bank, Direct from foreign government and Treasury deposits, government loan: the constitutional dilemma and limitations, dilution of powers of Central Bank.
Unit-3: Securities issued by Banks: Bank notes, issue of bank notes, changing functions of banks form direct lending and borrowing to modern system, Bank draft, travelers’ cheques, credit cards, smart cards, nature of deposits, current, saving and fixed deposits, interest warrants.
Unit-4: Corporate Securities: Shares, Debentures, Company deposits, Control over corporate securities, a) Central government, b) National Company Law Tribunal c)SEBI guide lines on capital issues d) RBI; Protection of investor, a) Administrative regulation, b) Disclosure regulation, c) Protection by criminal sanction.: Basic features of the Securities Contracts(Regulation) Act, 1956 – recognition of stock exchange, option in securities- listing of securities, guidelines for listing of shares, debentures etc.
Unit-5: Basic features of the Securities and Exchange Board of India Act, 1992 – establishment of SEBI, sanctions and Powers of SEBI, powers of the Central Government under the Act, guidelines for disclosure and investors protection – SEBI Appellate Tribunal and Appeals.
Unit-6:Collective Investment: Unit Trust of India, Venture capital, Mutual find, Control over issue and management of UTI.
Unit-7: Depositories: Denationalized securities, Recognition of securities, Types of depository receipts: IDR, ADR, GDR and Euro receipts, SEBI guidelines on depositories.
Unit-8: Investment in non-banking financial institutions: Control by usury laws, control by RBI, Regulation on non-banking financial and Private–financial companies; law Relating to NBFCs – AP Protection of Depositors Act, 1999.
Unit-9: Foreign Exchange management in India: Concept of foreign exchange management and administration of exchange control.

Books Recommended:
1. Avatar Singh, Company Law, Eastern Book Company, Lucknkow.
2. Ramaih, A Guide to Companieis Act, Wadhwa Publications.
3. Anantha Raman, Lectures on Company Law, Wadhwa and Company
4. Majumdar, Company Law, Taxman Publications.
5. Gupta, S.N., The Banking Law in Theory and Practice, (1999) Universal, New
6. Tannan, M.L., Tannan’s Banking Law and Practice in India, (2000) India Law
House, New Delhi
7. Bhandari, M.C., Guide to Company Law Procedures, (1996) Wadhwa and Co.,
New Delhi.


Unit-1: Introduction: Conceptions of Civil Procedure in India before the advent of the British Rule, Evolution of Civil Procedure from 1712 to 1901, Principal features of the Civil Procedure Case. Importance of State Amendments, Types of Procedures – Inquisitorial and Adversary-Importance of observance of procedure. Law Reforms, the Code of Civil Procedure (Amendment) Act, 2002.
Unit-2: Suits: Concept of Law Suit, Order I, Parties to Suit, Order II, Frame of Suit, Order IV, Institution of suits, Bars & Suit: Doctrines of Sub Judice & Res Judicata, Place of Suing (Section 15, 20) - Territorial Jurisdiction., “Cause of Action” and Jurisdictional Bars, Summons (Sections 27,28,31, Orders IV,VI,IX), Service of Foreign Summons (Section 29), Power for Order (Section 30 order XI).
Unit-3: Pleadings: (Order VI), Material Facts, Forms of Pleading, Condition Precedent, Presumptions of Law, Striking Out/Amendment. Plaint: (Order VII), Particulars (esp., in money suits/suits for immovable Property), Showing of doferosni’s interest and liability, Ground of Limitation, Return of Plaint, Rejection of Plaint, Production and listing of Documents, Written Statement, Counter Claim, Set off, Framing of issues; Appearance and Examination:, Appearance, Ex-parte procedure, Default of Portion, Summoning and attendance of witnesses, Examination, Admissions, production, importing, return of documents, hearing, affidavit; Adjournments:, Order XVII, Adjournment, Judicial Discretion& problems Arrears;
Unit-4: Judgment and decree: Concepts of judgment, Decree, and Interim Orders and stay Injunctions, Appointment of Receivers, Costs. Execution: (Order XXI), Concept of “Execution”, General Principles of Execution, Power for Execution of Decrees (Section 38-46), Procedure for Execution (Section 51-54), Enforcement: Arrest and Detention (section 55-59), Attachment (Section 60-64), Sale (Section 65-67).
Unit-5: Suits in Particular Cases: Suits by or against Government (Section 79-82), Suits by Aliens and by or Against Foreign Rulers, Ambassadors and (Section 91-93), Suits relating to public matters, Incident and supplementary proceedings (Section 75-78, 94-95), and Suits against Minors, persons with unsound mind, indigent persons etc., Interpleader suits.
Unit -6: Appeals: Appeals from Original Decrees (Section 96-99-A) and Order XLI., Appeals from Appellate Decrees (Sections 100-101), Appeals from Orders (Sections 104-106) (Order XLII), General Provisions Relating to Appeals (Section 107-108), Appeals to the Supreme Court (Section 108).
Unit-7: Commissions: The Rationale of Commissions, Order XXVI, Socio-Legal Commissions of Inquiry in “Social Action” or “Public Interest Litigation”.

Unit -8: Limitation: Concept of Limitation – Why limitation, General principles of limitation, Extension – sufficient causes – acknowledgment, Legal disability – Condonation – when comes to an end, Limitation Act, 1963 (excluding Schedules).

Books Recommended:

1. Mulla: Code of Civil Procedure: Tripathi (Abridged Edition), (Student Edition).
2. A.N. Saha: Code of Civil Procedure.
3. C.K. Takwani: Civil Procedure, 4th Edition, Eastern Book Co., Lucknow, 2007.
4. B.B.Mitra: Limitation Act, 17th Edition, Eastern Law House, Calcutta, 1974,
Allahabad, 1973.
5. Sanjiva Row: Limitation Act, 7th Edn. (in 2 Vol.s), Law Book Co., Allahabad, 1973.
6. Sanjiva Row: Code of Civil Procedure, 3 rd Edn, (in 4 Vols), Law Book Co.,
7. AIR Commentaries on Limitation Act, W.W. Chitaley, AIR Ltd., Nagpur.

(Criminal Procedure Code, Juvenile Justice Act and Probation of Offenders Act)

Unit 1: Criminal justice system: 1.1 Inquisitorial and Adversary\Accusatorial; International norms regarding the basic principles of criminal justice system; Constitutional perspectives - Articles 14, 20, 21 & 22; 1.2 The rationale of criminal procedure; Salient features of the Criminal Procedure Code, 1973; The organization of police, prosecution & defense and prison authorities – duties, functions and powers; 1.3 Constitution of criminal courts and the significance of the segregation of magistrates into judicial and executive magistrates categories under the code;1.4 Important definitions: Investigation, first information, cognizable and non cognizable offence, bailable and non bailable offences, complaint, inquiry, charge, trial, summons and warrant cases, compoundable and non compoundable offences, discharge and acquittal, appeal, revision and reference.

Unit-2: Investigation proceedings: 2.1 Initiation of investigation proceedings (sec.154-157); Interrogation powers of police officer (Secs.160& 161); evidentiary value of FIR and statements made to police officer (Sec162 of Cr.P.C. and Sec.145 &157 of Evidence Act); 2.2 Arrest with and without a warrant : exercise of power and execution rules (Secs.41-60 & 70-80);Preventive powers of the Police (Sec.149-153);Rights of arrested person (Secs.50,50A,54-57,75,76,303,304 of Cr.P.C & Art.22); 2.3 Search and Seizure (Secs.51,93-103, 165,166 & 166A,166B); Proclamation and attachment (sec.82-89) 2.4 Recording of confessions and statements (sec.164); Special remand order (Secs.167); Police diary (Secs.172); Police report (Sec.173); Inquest proceedings (Secs.174-176);

Unit-3: Jurisdiction of Courts, Inquiry proceedings & Bail provisions: 3.1 General principle of jurisdiction of criminal courts (Sec.177); Exceptions to the principle (sec.178-188); 3.2 Initiation of Inquiry proceedings (Sec.190-194); Exceptions to the general principle of moving criminal courts (Secs.195-199); 3.3 Complaint to magistrates (Secs.200-203); Inquiry proceedings before magistrates (Secs.204-209); 3.4 Bail provisions (Secs.436-450)

Unit-4: Security and Maintenance proceedings: 4.1 Security for keeping peace and for good behavior (Secs.106-124); 4.2 Maintenance of Public order and tranquility: Unlawful Assemblies (Secs.129-132); Public Nuisance (Secs133-144); Disputes as to immovable property (Secs.145-148); 4.3 Maintenance of wives, children and parents: Order of maintenance (Secs.125); The Muslim Women (Protection of Rights on Divorce) Act,1986); Procedure, alteration and enforcement (Secs.127&128)

Unit-5: Trail Proceedings: 5.1 Concept of fair trial: Presumption of innocence, right of silence & right to speedy trial; 5.2 Charge: Content and form (Secs.211-217); General principle to be tried separately for every charge and its exceptions (Secs.218-224); 5.3 Trial before a court of session (Secs.225-237); Trial of warrant cases before magistrates (Sec.238-250); Trial of summons cases (Sec.251-265); Summary trials (Secs.260-265);
5.4 Pleas and limitations to bar trail: Principle of Autrefois acquit and autrefois convict (Secs.300& Art20); Compounding of offences (Sec.320); Withdrawal from prosecution (Secs.321); ); Irregular proceedings (Secs.461,462 & 479); Limitations to take cognizance of offences (Secs.467-473); 5.5 Evidence in inquires and trials Secs.272-283); Tender of pardon (Secs.307-309); Provisions as to Accused persons of unsound mind (Secs.328-339)

Unit-6: Judgment, Appeals, Reference, Revision and Execution: 6.1 Judgment: Mode and other provisions (Sec.353-365); Confirmation of death sentence (Secs.366-371); 6.2 Appeals (Secs.372-394); Reference and Revision (Sec.395-405); Transfer of criminal cases (Secs.406-412); 6.3 Execution, suspension, remission and commutation of sentences (Secs.413-435)

Unit-7: Juvenile Justice System: 7.1 Concept of juvenile justice; Historical perspective of juvenile justice system; Provisions relating to juvenile offenders under IPC(Secs.82&83) and Criminal Procedure Code(Secs.27&260); 7.2 Juvenile Justice Act, 1986 – Distinction between juvenile offender and neglected juvenile; Constitution of Child welfare boards and juvenile courts; Observation and juvenile homes; Powers of the State Government to constitute Advisory Boards and release the juvenile from juvenile or special home; 7.3 Juvenile Justice (Amendment) Act, 2000 – major changes made to the JJ Act, 1986;

Unit-8: Probation of offenders and Parole: 8.1 Concept of probation; Development of probation system in India; 8.2 Probation of Offenders Act 1958: Salient features; Role of probation officers; 8.3 Role of Judiciary in the implementation of the Act; 8.4 Parole system: Concept and distinction with the probation system

Unit-9: Reforms in Criminal Procedure: 9.1 Major recommendations made in the Mall math Committee, 2002 in relation to Criminal Procedure Code; 9.2 The Code of Criminal Procedure Code (Amendment) Act, 2005 – important changes; 9.3 The Code of Criminal Procedure Code (Amendment) Act 2006 – significant changes.
Books Recommended:
1. Ratan Lal and Dhiraj Lal: Indian Penal Code, Wadhwa & Co.
2. Achutan Pillai: Criminal Law, Butterworth Co.
3. Gour K.D.: Criminal Law - Cases and material, Butterworth Co.
4. Kenny's: Outlines of Criminal Law.
5. R.V. Kelker, Lecturers on Criminal Procdedure Code
6. S.N. Mishra, Criminal Procedure Code

Unit-1: Introductory: Conceptions of evidence in classical Hindu and Islamic Jurisprudence, The Introduction of the British “Principles” of evidence, The Main Features of the Indian Evidence Act, 1872. Applicability of Evidence Act, Administrative Tribunals, Industrial Tribunals, Commissions of Enquiry, Court-martial. Central Conceptions in Law of Evidence:, Facts: Section 3 definition relevant facts/facts in issue, Evidence: Oral and documentary and real Primary and secondary evidence, Circumstantial Evidence and Direct and indirect Evidence-Hearsay Evidence, “proving” not proved and “disproving”, Witness, Appreciation of Evidence
Presumption (Section 4),
Unit-2: The Doctrine of res gestae (Sections 6,7,8), Test identification parade(Sec.9), Evidence of Common Intention (Section 10), The problems of relevancy of “Otherwise” Irrelevant Facts (Section 11), Proof of Custom (Section 13), Facts concerning state of body and mind (Sections 14,15 & 16)
Unit-3: Admissions and Confessions:, General Principles concerning Admissions (Sections 17-23), Differences between “Admission” and “Confession”, The problems of non-admissibility of confessions caused by , “any inducement, threat or promises” (Section 24), Inadmissibility of confession made before a police officer, (Section 25), Admissibility of “Custodial” Confessions (Section 26), Admissibility of information” received from an accused person in custody; with special reference to the problem of discovery based on “joint statement” (Section 27), Confession by co-accused (Section 30), The problems with the judicial action based on a “retracted
Unit-4: Statement of persons who cannot be called as witnesses: Dying declarations: The justification for reliance on dying declarations (Section 32), The judicial standards for appreciation of evidentiary value of dying declarations. Other statements by persons who cannot be called as witnesses, Sections 32(2) to (8) and 33:
Unit-5: Relevance of judgments, general Principles (Sections 40-44), Admissibility of Judgments in Civil and Criminal matters (section 43), “Fraud” and collusion” (Section 44)
Unit-6: Expert testimony: General principles (Sections 45-51), Who is on expert? Types of expert evidence, The problems with expert testimony. Evidence of character.
Unit-7: Oral evidence: general principles concerning Oral Evidence (Sections 59-60), exceptions to hearsay evidence.
Unit-8: Documentary evidence: General Principles concerning documentary evidence, primary and secondary evidence,(Ss. 61-66) Public document and private document(Sections 74-78) General Principles Regarding Exclusion of Oral by Documentary Evidence.(Sections 91-92) attested documents (Ss 67-72) Ambiguous documents (Ss93-100) presumptions regarding documents (Ss 79-90)
Unit-9: Of Witnesses: Competency and compellability of witnesses, Examination of witnesses, Competency to testify (Section 118-122),Privileges of communications: matrimonial privileges(Section 122) State Privilege (Section 123), Professional Privilege (Sections 126,127,128), Accomplice (Section 133), General Principles of Examination (Sections 135-166), Leading Questions (Sections 141-143), Lawful Questions in Cross-Examination (section 146), Hostile witness (Section154), Impeaching of the standing the credit of witnesses (Section 155), refreshing the memory (Sec. 164)
Unit-10: Burden of proof: The general conception of burden of proof (Section 101-104), General and Special Exceptions to burden of proof, Presumption as to dowry death (Sections 113-B), The Scope of the doctrine of judicial notice (Sections56-57) Facts admitted need not be proved (Sec 58)
Unit-11: Estoppel: What is Estoppel? Estoppel, res judicata and waiver; and presumption, promissory estoppel, (Secs. 115-117) Improper admission and of witness in civil and criminal cases.(S. 167)
Unit-12: Law reform: Amendment to Indian Evidence Act by the IT Act, 2000.
Books Recommended:

(1) Batuk Lal: The Law of Evidence, Central Law Agency, Allahabad.
(2) M. Monir: Principles and Digest of the Law of Evidence, the Universal Book Agency, Allahabad.
(3) Vepa P. Saradhi: Law of Evidence, Eastern Book Co., Lucknow.
(4) Avtar Singh: Principles of the Law of Evidence, Central Law Publications.
(5) V. Krishnama Chary: The Law of Evidence, S.Gogia & Company, Hyderabad

Paper - IV:
(Optional Paper-IV)
Unit-1: Banker and customer: General relationship between banker and customer, essential features of general relationship, special relationship.
Unit-2:Business aspects of banking: Opening of new account, kinds of accounts; current account, savings account, deposit account, joint account, accounts of special customers. (Minor, partnership, company, trust, married women etc.)
Unit-3: Pass book; over-over; draft-appropriation of payments; right of set-off, combining of several accounts, receipt of valuable for safe custody,. garnishee orders.
Unit- 4: Rights of banker over securities for bank advances: Banker’s lien, pledge, guarantee, documents of title goods a) bill of lading, dock warrant, warehouse keeper certificate, delivery order, railway receipt, Bankers commercial of letters credits.
Unit-5efinition of Negotiable instrument, essential features of negotiable instruments, difference between negotiability and assign ability, Promissory note-bill of exchange, cheque and other analogous instruments(Bankers draft, travelers cheque, dividend warrant).
Unit-6: Cheque: Kinds of cheques, crossing of cheques, endowments and its kinds, holder and older in due, payment in due course, marking of cheques.
Unit-7: Liabilities of the parties to the negotiable instruments: Dishonour of cheques, statutory protection of paying banker and collecting banker; forgeries.
Unit-8: Banking Companies Regulation Act, 1949: General and specific powers of the Reserve Bank of India and central government, restrictions and loans and advances .
Unit- 9: The Reserve Bank of India Act, 1934: Functions and promotional role of the Reserve Banks of India, RBI and commercial banks.
Unit-106:Nationalisations of Banks: Effect of nationalization, achievements and drawbacks; globalization and its impact.
Unit-11: Innovations in Banking: e-Banking, off-shore banking and RBI guide lines.
Books Recommended:
1. Paget-Law of Banking
2. Sheldon-Practice and Law of Banking
3. Tannan-Law of Banking
4. Gulati- Banking Companies Act
5. Maheswari- Banking Law and Practice
6. Bashyam and Adiga-Negotiable Instruments Act
7. Parthasarathi, Negotiable Instruments Act.

(Optional Paper-IV)
Unit-1 Contract of Insurance: Subject matter of the insurance principles applicable - Formation of Contract.
Unit-2: Definition and meaning of the term insurance.
Unit-3: History of Insurance in England and India in brief butline.
Unit-4: Nature of Insurance Contract : Contract uberrima fidei - Contract of Indemnity - Contract of wager and conditional contracts.
Unit-5: Classification of Insurance - construction of Insurances policies.
Unit-6: General principle of insurance common to all branches - insurable interest -premium - risk and proximate cause-non-disclosure-representations and Warranties assignment contribution and subrogation-double insurance and over insurance-reinsurance.
Unit-7: Life Insurance: Nature and scope, definition, Kinds of life insurance, the policy formation of life insurance contract-Life insurance conditions, circumstances affecting the risk, assignment & nomination, amounts recoverable, persons entitled to payment, settlement of claims and payment of money.
Unit-8: Fire Insurance: Definition and scope of fire insurance, nature of fire insurance contract, meaning of fire, formation of contract, insurable interest, indemnity, reinstatement, causaproxima, Kinds of policies, conditions in fire policies. The and alteration, notice of abandonment, average conditions. Right after loss, amount recoverable.
Unit-9: Marine Insurance: Nature and scope of Marine Insurance contract, nature of the contract, the Marine Adventure. The step in Marine Insurance, classification of Marine Policies, Deviation and change of voyage. The perils of the sea and Maritime perils, proximate cause, Loss: Partial, General average and particular over age: total loss actual total loss and constructive loss. Notice of Abandonment, inchemeree clause, sue and labour clause, Adumption. Burgalary Insurance: Nature and scope, Meaning the term burglary, exceptions in the policy Accident Insurance: Nature and scope meaning, the risk Gurantee insurance: Nature and scope, contract, contracts of gurantee and insurance contracts, fidelity policies, insurance of debts.
Unit-10: Liability Insurance: General, defence by insurer of assured, statutory suborgation, practice, employer’s liability insurance.
Unit-11: Motor Vehicle Insurance: Relevant Provisions, Rights of Third parties. Clauses restricting cover.
Unit-12: Statutory Materials: The Insurance Act 1938: 2. The Life Insurance Corporation Act, 1956: 3. The Marine Insurance Act 1963: 4. The General Insurance Act, 1972 5. The motor Vehicles Act.

Books Recommended:
1. Mac Gillivray, Insurance Law
2. Porter, Insurance
3. Brijmohan Singh, Fire Insurance
4. Arnold’s Marine, Insurance
5. Houseman, Life Insurance
6. Chambers Marine, Insurance Act, 1906
7. M.N. Srinivasan: Principles of Insurance Law
8. K.S.N. Murthy, Modern Law of Insurance in India
9. Brijmohan Singh, Law of Insurance.
10. Collinvaux, Insurance
11. Johan Bird, Insurance

(Optional Paper-IV)
Unit - I: Mass media - Types of – Press Films, Radio Television:
Ownership patterns – Press – Private – Public, Ownership patterns – Films – Private, Ownership patterns – Radio & Television, Public, Difference between visual and non-visual media – impact on peoples minds.
Unit-2: Press – Freedom of speech and Expression – Articles 129 (1) (a):
Includes Freedom of the press, Laws of defamation, obscenity, blasphemy and sedition, Law relating to employees wages and service conditions, Price and page Schedule Regulation, Newsprint and Control Order, Advertisement – is it included with in freedom of speech and expression? Press and the Monopolies and Restrictive Trade Practices Act
Unit-3: Films - How far included in freedom of speech and expression?:
Censorship of films – Constitutionally, The Abbas Case, Difference between films and press – Why Pre-censorship valid for films but not for the press? Censorship under the cinematography Act.
Unit-4: Radio and Television - Government Monopoly:
Why Government department? Should there be an autonomous corporation? Effect of television on people, Report of the Chanda Committee, Government Policy, Commercial advertisement, Internal security of serials, etc, Judicial Review of Doordarshan decisions: Freedom to telecast.
Unit-5: Constitutional Restrictions :
Radio and television subject to law of defamation and obscenity, Power to legislate – Article 246 read with the seventh schedule , Power to impose tax – licensing and license fee.
Unit-6. Right to Information: Development of RTI in India
Unit-7: Right to Information Act, 2005: Its implementation
Unit-8: Right to Information Decisions: Decisions of Judiciary, RTI and Decisions of Chief Central Information commissions and State Information Commission under the RTI Act, 2005.
Books Recommended:
1. M.P. Jain, Constitutional Law of India (1994) Wadhwa.
2. H.M. Seervai, Constitutional Law of India Vol. 1. (1991) Tripathi, Bombay.
3. Rajeev Dhavan “On the Law of the Press in India” 26 JI.L/288 (1984).
4. Rajeev Dhavan, “ Legitimating Government Rehtoric: Reflections on some Aspects of
the Second Press commission”26 J.L/.391 (1984) .
5. Soli Sorabjee, Law of person Censorship in India (1976).
6. Justice E.S. Venkaramiah, Freedom of Press: Some Recent Trends (1984)
7. D.D.Basu, The Law of Press of India (1980)
8. Right to Information Act, 2005, SP Sathe, 2006
9. Right to Information in India, Solu Nigam

Paper - V:

(Optional Paper-IV)

Unit-1: Origin and development of concept of Human Rights: Meaning of human rights and jurisprudential dimensions, Evolution of the concept of human rights, first generation, second generation and third generation human rights, sovereignty vs human rights.
Unit-2: Human Rights and United Nations Organization: Human rights and UN Charter, promotion and protection of human rights, Universal Declaration of Human Rights, Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, Covenant on Economic Social and Cultural Rights.
Unit-3: Human Rights and Regional Arrangements: Europium Convention on Human Rights, American Convention of Human rights, African Charter of Human Rights,
Unit-4: Protective agencies and mechanism, international commissions on human rights, ILO and Human Rights , UNICEF and human rights, Centre for human rights, OHCHR, Amnesty International, Amnesty International, Red Cross.
Unit-5: Venerable Groups in International Human Rights Law: International human rights law relating to women - CEDAW, international human rights law relating to children - UN Declaration and Charter on Right of Child, Indigenous groups and UNO, Refugees and international law of human rights
Unit-6: International Humanitarians Law (IHL): Basic principles of IHL, Geneva conventions, Rights of POW, Rights of civilians, Woman and IHL
Unit-7: International Enforcement of Human Rights: International Court of Justice, International Criminal Court, Role of European Court of Justice
Unit-8: Indian and International Human Rights Law: Constitutional mechanism for implementation of international human rights law, protection of Human Rights Act.

Books Recommended:
1. Dr. H.O. Agarwal, international Law on Human Rights, Central Law Agency, Allahabad
2. M.K. Balachandran, Rose Varghese, Introduction to Humaniterian Law, ICRA..
3. Angela Hegarthy, Slobban Leonard, Human Rights – an Agenda for the 21st Century.
4. Wace, Rebecca, Intelrantional Human Rights, Text and Materials, Loandan, Sweet and Maxwell.


Paper-I - Practical Training I:
Class room instructions and simulation exercises on the following items shall be extended:
(a) Drafting:
General principles of drafting and relevant substantive rules shall taught.
(b) Pleadings:
1. Civil: (i) Plaint, (ii) Written Statement, (iii) Interlocutory Application, (iv) Original Petition, (v) Affidavit, (vi) Execution Petition, (vii) Memorandum of Appeal and Revision and (viii) Petition under Article 226 and 32 of the Constitution of India.
2. Criminal: (i) Complaints, (ii) Criminal Miscellaneous Petition, (iii) Bail Application and (iv) Memorandum of Appeal and Revision.
(c) Conveyancing:
(i) Sale Deed, (ii) Mortgage Deeds, (iii) Lease Deed, (iv) Gift Deed, (v) Promissory Note, (vi) Power of Attorney and (vii) Will etc of 15 exercises.
Drafting and pleadings will include 15 exercises and carries 45 marks.
Conveyancing will include 15 exercises and carries 45 marks.
These 30 exercises shall be recorded. Each student shall be served with different problems for the purpose of exercise.
These exercises shall be evaluated by a Board of Examiners consisting of one Teacher of the University college concerned, Principal/Head and Teacher concerned.
The same board will also conduct Viva Voce on the above concepts. It carries 10 marks. The proceedings of the Viva Voce shall be recorded.
The candidate shall get a minimum 1/3 of marks allocated for each component and 40% on the aggregate in order to qualify and pass in the above paper.
Books Recommended:
(1) R.N. Chaturvedi : Pleadings and Conveyancing, Central Law Publications.
(2) De Souza : Conveyancing, Eastern Law House.
(3) Tiwari : Drafting, Pleading and Conveyancing, Central Law Agency.
(4) Mogha: Indian Conveyancer, Eastern Law House.
(5) Mogha: Law of Pleadings in India, Eastern Law House.
(6) Shiv Gopal : Eastern Book Company.
(7) Narayana P.S. Justice: Civil Pleadings and Practice, Asia Law House.
(8) Narayana P.S. Justice: Criminal Pleadings and Practice, Asia Law House.
(9) Noshirvan H.Jhabvala: Drafting, Pleadings, Conveyancing & Professional Ethics.

Paper-II - Practical Training II:

(Out line of the Course: Professional Ethics, Accountancy for Lawyers and Bar-Bench Relations)
Unit-1: Law and Legal profession - Development of Legal profession in India, Right to practice a right or privilege ? - Constitutional guarantee under Article 19(g) and its scope.
Unit- 2: Regulation governing enrolment and practice - Practice of Law -Whether a business ?, Solicitors firm - Whether an industry , Elements if Advocacy
Unit-3: Ethics, Seven lamps of advocacy, Advocates duties towards Public, Clients, Court, towards other advocates and Legal Aid, Bar Council of Ethics
Unit- 4: Disciplinary proceedings , Professional misconduct -disqualifications , Functions of Bar Council of India/State Bar Council in dealing with the Disciplinary proceedings, Disciplinary Committee
Disqualifications and removal from rolls
* 50 selected opinions of the Disciplinary Committees of Bar Councils and 10 major judgements of the Supreme Court on the subject to be covered.
Unit- 5: Bar-Bench relations.
Unit-6: Accountancy of Lawyers: Nature and functions of accounting, important branches of accounting.
Accounting and Law, Use of knowledge of accountancy in Legal Disputes especially arising out of Law of Contracts, Tax Law, etc., Accountancy in Lawyers office/firm. Basic financial statements, -Income & Loss account, -Balance sheet- Interpretation thereof, -Feature of Balance sheet Standard Costing.
There shall be a University written examination on this paper for 80 marks and viva voce examination carrying 20 marks. The viva voce board shall be as mentioned under VIII. The candidate shall get a minimum 1/3rd of marks allocated for each component and 40% on the aggregate.
Books Recommended:
1 Myneni S.R.: Professional Ethics, Accountancy for Lawyers and Bench-Bar Relation.
2 Gupta S.P.: Professional Ethics, Accountancy for Lawyers and Bench-Bar Relation.
3 Kailash Rai: Professional Ethics, Accountancy for Lawyers and Bench-Bar Relation.
4 Siroh: Professional Ethics, Central Law Publications, Allahabad.
5 Ramachandra Jha: Selected Judgements on Professional Ethics published by Bar Council of India Trust.
6 Dr. G.B. Reddy: Practical Advocacy of Law, Gogia Law Agency.
6 The Contempt of Law and Practice
7 The Bar Council Code of Ethics
8 50 Selected Opinions of the Disciplinary Committees of Bar Councils and 10 Major Judgments of the Supreme Court on the subject
9 Examination rules of the university shall include assessment through case-study, viva, and periodical problem solution besides the written tests.

Paper-III, Practical Training III:

Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR) paper is by written examination for 60 marks and for 30 marks, a student is required to participate and learn a) Negotiation skills b) Conciliation skills c) Arbitrational practice including international arbitrational and arbitration rules by simulation programmes and case studies to be conducted by either by a legal practioner or a senior teacher. c) The third component of this paper will be Viva Voce examination on all the above two aspects. This will carry 10 marks.

Unit-1: Judicial dispute resolutions: Characteristics, Operating Principles, Party participation and Control, Short focus on issue, Reasoned Decision, Finality, Adversary Process, What course do and do not do effectively? Advantages and Disadvantageous of such resolution.
Unit-2: Alternative dispute resolution: Alternative to formal adjudication - Techniques processes, Unilateral - Bilateral - Triadic (Third party) Intervention, Advantages – Limitations, Distinction between arbitration - conciliation and negotiation, Distinction between judicial settlement and alternative dispute resolution.

Unit-3: Self-help, avoidance and lumping, Negotion, mediation, conciliationnal, arbitration and distinctions in between, Alternate models of dispute resolutions: Role of Panchayat, Role of Grama Sabhas, Lokpal, Lakayukta, Lok Adalats, Family Courts.
Unit-4: The Arbitration and conciliation Act, 1996, Background of the Act, Definitions of “Arbitration” , “Arbitrator”, Arbitration agreement”, Appointmentof “Arbitrator”, grounds for changing the arbitrator , terminator of Arbitrator.
Unit-5: Proceedings in arbitral tribunals and enforcement of awards, Arbitral Award
Termination of Proceedings, Setting aside of arbitral award, Finality and Enforcement, Appeals, Enforcement of foreign awards, New York and Geneva Convention Awards.
Unit-6: Section 89 and O-10, R-1-AB and C of CPC Conciliation, Meaning and definition conciliation agreement, appointment of conciliator, powers and function of conciliator, techniques of successful conciliation proceedings, enforceability.
Unit-7: Other Alternative modals of dispute resolution, Family Courts, Family Courts Act, 1984, family council ling techniques, Tribunals, Motor Accent Tribunals, MV Act, relevant provisions, Administrative Tribunals, Consumer Forms.
Unit-8: Legal Services Authority
Unit-9: Role of N.G.Os. in dispute resolutions
Books Recommended:

(1) O.P. Tiwari : The Arbitration and Conciliation Act (2nd Edition): Allahabad Law
(2) Johar's : Commentary on Arbitration and Conciliation Act, 1996: Kamal Law
(3) Acharya N.K.: Asia Law House, Hyderabad.
(4) Tripathi S.C.: Central Law Agency, Allahabad.
(5) Avatar Singh: Arbitration and Conciliation, Eastern Law Book House, Lucknow.
(6) Murthy KKSR: Gogia Law Agency, Hyderabad.
(7) P.C. Rao Alternate Dispute Resolution 2001 Ed. Universal Book Traders, New
(8) S.D. Sing: Alternate Dispute Resolution 2001 Ed. Universal Book Traders, New

Paper- IV- Practical Training - IV:

This paper will have three components of 30 marks each and Viva Voce for 10 marks.
A) Moot Court - 30 Marks
1. Three Moot Courts in a year
2. Each 10 Marks
3. Moot Courts shall be based on assigned problems to be prepared by the faculty
4. Evaluation by Principal/Head concerned an advocate and Teacher concerned
5. Out of ten marks allotted for each problem. 5 marks are to be allotted for written
submissions and five for oral advocacy
(a) Written submissions shall include brief summary of facts, issues involve
provisions of Land agreements, citation, Prayer, etc.,
(b) Marks for oral advocacy may be awarded for communication skills, presentations,
language, provisions of law, authorities quoted court manners, etc.
B) Observance of Trial in Two Cases, one civil and the criminal case - 30 marks
Student has to attend courts to observe one civil and one criminal case minimum and record his observations step by step of different stages of litigations/proceedings in the 2/3rd year of 3-year Law Course.
This court assignment should be evaluated by an internal Teacher and an advocate and average be taken. Court attendance shall be compulsory and attendance has recorded in a register kept therefore. This may be carried under the supervision of a Teacher of the college.
C) Interviewing Techniques and Pre-trial Preparation and Internship Diary - 30 Marks
1. Each student has to maintain a diary to record interactions with clients, preparation of documents and court papers.
2. The student should observe two ‘interview sessions’ with clients either in the Lawyers office or in the legal aid office. This shall be recorded in the Diary. This carries 15 marks.
3. Each student has to observe the preparation of documents and court papers and record such observance in the diary. This carries 7 1/2 marks.
4. Each student shall observe the procedure for filing suit/petition and record the same in the diary. This carries 7 1/2 marks.
D) The fourth component of this paper will be Viva Voce examination on all the above three aspects. This will carry 10 marks.

Books Recommended:
(1) Dr. Kailash Rai: Moot Court Pre-Trial Preparation and Participation in Trial Proceedings.
(2) Amita Danda: Moot Court for Interactive Legal Education, Gogia Law Agency, Hyderabad.
(3) Blackstone's: Books of Moots, Oxford University Press.
(4) Mishra: Moot Court Pre-Trial Preparation and Participation in Trial Proceedings.

Paper - V:
(Optional Paper-VI)

Unit-1: Dimensions of Crime in India , Nature and extent of Crime in India, Reporting of Crime statistics and problem of accurate reporting of Crime, Victim Studies, self-reporting, Costs of Crime, Some factors for evaluating the rate of crime in India-Terricory: Population: Heterogeneity: Human values, General approaches to crime control, Continental approaches: Social defence, Social approaches: Crime Prevent Control, Crimes of the powerful, Organised crime-smuggling, traffic in narcoties, White collar crime:- corruption in public life, Socio-economic crime: Adulteration of Food and Drugs: fraudulent trade practices, Crimes in the professions-Medical, Legal, Engineering, State Criminality., Perpetrators of ordinary crime, The situation criminal, The chronic offender, Criminality of Women., Young offenders, Criminal gangs, Crimes of the marginalized with special reference to i. Forest offences; ii. States offenders, vagrants, prostitution.

Unit-2: The Police and to Criminal Justice The Police system, Structural organisation of police at the centre and the states, Mode of recruitment and training, Powers and duties of police under the police acts, Criminal Procedure Code and other laws, Arrest, search and seizure and Constitutional imperatives, Methods of police investigation, Third degree methods, Corruption in police, Relationship between police and prosecution, Liability of police for custodial violence, Police Public relations., Select aspects of National Police Commission Report.
Unit-3: Punishment of Offenders Some discarded modes of punishment, Corporal punishment : Whipping and flogging : Mutilation and Branding, Transportation Exile, Public execution, An appraisal of these modes of punishment, Punishments under the Indian Criminals Law, Capital punishment, Imprisonment, Fine, Cancellation or withdrawal of licences, etc., The prison system, Administrative organisation of prisons, Mode of recruitment and training, The Jail Manual, Powers of prison officials, Prisoners classification - Male, Female : Juvenile and Adult : Undertrial, Constitutional imperatives and prison reforms and convicted prisoners, Open Prisons, Violation of prison code and its consequences, Appraisal of imprisonment as a mode of punishment.
Unit-4: Treatment and correction of Offenders, The need for reformation and rehabilitation of offenders undergoing punishment/imprisonment, Classification of offenders through modern diagnostic techniques, The role of psychiatrists, psychoanalysts and social workers in the prison, Vocational and religious education and apprenticeship programmes for the offenders, Group counselling and resocialisation programmes, Prisoners organisations for self-government., Participation of inmates in community services, An appraisal of reformative techniques, Suggested forms of treatment of offenders under the IPC (Amendment) Bill, 1972, Efficacy of imprisonment as a measure to combat criminality and the search for substitutes.
Unit-5: Resocialization processes Probation, The Probation of Offenders Act, 1958., The attitude of judges towards probation, Mechanism of probation and standards of probation services, Problems and prospects of probation, The suspended sentence, Parole, Nature of Parole, Authority for granting parole, Supervision paroles, Parole and conditional release, Release of the offender, Problems of the released offender, Attitudes of the community towards released offender, Prisoner Aid Societies and other voluntary organization, Governmental action, An appraisal.
Unit-6: Nature and Development, its expanding dimensions, typology of victims, compensation, compensation by application of Article 21 and 300A, victim and criminal justice, emerging trends and policies
Books Recommended:
1. Ahmmad s, criminology aand penology, Central law Agency, Alhabadiddiqui
2. Iyer, Prospective in Criminology, Law and Social Change;
3. Ross, H. Lawrence (Ed.), Law and Deviance (1981);
4 Suthcrland, E. and Cressy, Principles of Criminology (1978);
5. Walker, N., Crime and Criminology (1961): A Critical Introduction (1987);
6. J.M. Sethna, Society and to Criminal (1980); A. Siddique, Criminology: Problems
and Perspectives, Central Law Agency. Lucknow
7. M. Ponioan, Crinology and Penology, Poineer Books, Delhi.
8. E. Sutherland, White Collar Crime (1949);

Paper - V:
(Law Relating to Violence against Women)
(Optional Paper-VI)

Unit-1: Introduction: Root causes of violence against women – Religion, patriarchy, marriage institution and changing cultural values; Perpetuation of violence: Social evils – Prostitution, Sati, child marriages, female feticide and infanticide, witchcraft, incest; International norms relating to protection of women and children against violence: CEDAW, UNIFEM Declaration on the Elimination of Violence Against Women, 1993.
Unit-2: Protection under IPC: Protective provisions under IPC: Definition of rape (Sec.375); Criminal Law Amendment Act, 1983 – Incorporation of new sections 376(A-D); Landmark cases: Mathura rape case; Bandit Queen case,; Marital offences: Cohabitation by a man with a woman other than his wife (Sec.493); Bigamy (Secs.494 & 495), Mock marriages (Sec.496); Adultery (Sec.497); Enticing a married woman (Sec.498); Offences against minor girls (Secs. 366, 366A, 366B,372,373)
Unit-3: Procedure Laws and Protection to Women: Indian Evidence Act, Secs. 113A, 113B, 114A and Relevant provisions of Criminal Procedure Code.
Unit-4: Protection under special laws: Child Marriage Restraint Act, 1929; Immoral Traffic (Prevention ) Act, 1956 (1986 Amendment) Medical Termination of Pregnancy Act, 1971; Commission of Sati (Prevention) Act, 1987; The Indecent Representation of women (prohibition) Act (1987) ;Pre-natal Diagonstic Techniques (Regulation and Prevention of Misuse) Act, 1994 (PNDT Act) widening its scope through an amendment in 2003.
Unit-5: Domestic violence and the law: Different forms of domestic violence; Amendments made to IPC (304B, 406 and 498A) and Dowry Prohibition Act, 1961(1983 and 1986 Amendments) dealing with domestic violence. Legal protection: Protection of women from Domestic Violence Act, 2005 - Civil remedy; Definition of domestic violence; Role of Police officers, Protection officers and Service providers.
Unit-6: Sexual Harassment: Defintion and types of Sexual harassment; IPC provisions dealing with Sexual harassment (Sec.294, 354,509); Land mark cases: VisakhaVs. State of Rajasthan; Apparel Export Promotion Council Vs. A.K. Chopra; Guidelines formulated by the SC: Formation of Complaints Committees; Preventive and Remedial measures; Legislative attempts made and reasons for failure to bring a comprehensive legislation; Sexual Harassment of women at work place (Prevention) Bill, 2003 (National Commission for Women); The Protection against sexual harassment of women at the workplace and other establishments Bill, 2005; Reforms in law.
Unit-7: Role of Statutory bodies: National Commission for Women and State Commissions for Women; constitution, powers and functions; National Commission for Women Act, 1990, Free legal aid to women,
Answered By StudyChaCha Member

Last edited by shabnams; February 12th, 2014 at 03:52 PM.
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